Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/AH/EDR> Pigeon rotavirus - Australia: emerging, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - 1 hour 52 min ago
Rotavirus -- Australia
Information received on [and dated] 22 Mar 2017 from Dr Mark Schipp, Chief Veterinary Officer, Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Australian Government, Canberra, Australia
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 20 May 2016
Date of confirmation of the event: 21 Jan 2017
Reason for notification: emerging disease
Morbidity: 50 percent
Mortality: 20 percent
Zoonotic impact: No
Causal agent: Rotavirus
New outbreaks (6)
Outbreak 1: Western

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Americas (33): PAHO/WHO, Brazil

ProMED Mail Reports - 3 hours 11 min ago
Yellow Fever -- Brazil
Since epidemiological week (EW) 1 to EW 11 of 2017, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, the Plurinational State of Bolivia, and Suriname have reported suspected and confirmed yellow fever cases.
Following is a summary of the situation in Brazil and Peru.
In Brazil, since the beginning of the outbreak in December 2016 to 17 Mar of 2017, there were 1561 cases of yellow fever reported, of which 28.7 percent were laboratory-confirmed (n=448), 16.9 percent were discarded (n=263), and 54.8 percent

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Americas (32): Brazil, monkey

ProMED Mail Reports - 4 hours 11 sec ago
Yellow Fever -- Brazil
A yellow fever epidemic sweeping through parts of Brazil has killed off thousands of howler monkeys, leaving a population of northern muriqui monkeys solitary in a near-silent forest.
The northern muriqui monkeys of Brazil -- popularly known as "hippie" primates -- are vegetarians, begin their day with a group hug, and are one of the planet's most peaceful and egalitarian animals. They normally share their forest habitat with noisy howler monkeys that eat their food and appear to get on

PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (10): Africa

ProMED Mail Reports - 4 hours 2 min ago
Cholera -- Worldwide/Unknown
1. Guerrant RL, Carneiro-Filho BA and Dillingham RA. Cholera, diarrhea, and oral rehydration therapy: triumph and indictment. Clin Infect Dis. 2003;37(3):398-405.
2. Gregorio GV, Gonzales ML, Dans LF and Martinez EG. Polymer-based oral rehydration solution for treating acute watery diarrhoea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009;(2):CD006519. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD006519.pub2.
3. Gore SM, Fontaine O and Pierce NF. Impact of rice based oral rehydration solution on stool output and duration of

PRO/AH/EDR> Crimean-Congo hem. fever - Oman: case numbers

ProMED Mail Reports - 4 hours 26 min ago
Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever -- Oman
A total of 3 people have died and 6 other treated for Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) in Oman since the beginning of 2017, the Ministry of Health said. The fever claimed 7 lives in the country last year [2016], according to the Ministry of Health.
In 2016, a number of livestock farms were shut down in the North and South Sharqiyah governorates of Oman, to limit the spread of CCHF.
Oman's Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries has taken measures to limit the spread of the virus in

PRO/EDR> Tetanus, obstetric - USA: (KY) unvaccinated woman

ProMED Mail Reports - 6 hours 36 min ago
Tetanus -- United States
On [11 Jul 2016], state and local health departments in Kentucky were notified of a case of obstetric tetanus in an unvaccinated woman. Obstetric tetanus, which occurs during pregnancy or within 6 weeks of the end of pregnancy, follows contamination of wounds with _Clostridium tetani_ spores during pregnancy, or the use of contaminated tools or practices during nonsterile deliveries or abortions. CDC did not identify any cases of obstetric tetanus in the United States during 1972-2008 (1,2).

PRO/EDR> Foodborne illness - Egypt (03): schoolchildren, RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - 7 hours 3 min ago
Foodborne Illness -- Egypt
Egypt's Health Ministry announced on [Wed 22 Mar 2017] that 312 students in schools in Cairo, Suez and Aswan were hospitalized with symptoms of food poisoning, in a succession of mass food poisoning incidents that started earlier in March 2017 caused by the school meals, produced by a military-owned company. Some 2200 students were treated last week [week 13 to 19 Mar 2017] for the same symptoms in the southern province of Sohag.
The manager of Beni Suef's central hospital, Mohamed

PRO/AH/EDR> Canine distemper, wildlife - USA (02): (VI) raccoon, skunk, fox, susp.

ProMED Mail Reports - 7 hours 9 min ago
Canine distemper -- United States
The Martinsville Henry County SPCA is warning about possible distemper outbreak. Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (SPCA) director Nicole Harris said they have had 5 cases of animals acting suspiciously since [Sat 18 Mar 2017] and a total of 15 in the last few months. In many cases, animals such as foxes, raccoons and skunks are walking up to people.
Pet owners are encouraged to take extra precautions as this disease is contagious. "Your canines especially your outside canines.

PRO/AH/EDR> E. coli EHEC - Canada (03): O121

ProMED Mail Reports - 8 hours 12 min ago
E. coli -- Canada
This outbreak has been investigated for just over 3 months (1st cases identified in December 2016) with a national outbreak team but they have had no luck identifying a source (not uncommon). The PHAC notification provides general advice. The 12 cases in BC have been spread out geographically and by age, with the latest case detected in February 2017. Consumer loyalty cards as well as a standard national questionnaire are being used to try to determine any common food items

PRO/EDR> Influenza (09): WHO global update

ProMED Mail Reports - 8 hours 14 min ago
Influenza -- Worldwide/Unknown
Influenza activity in the temperate zone of the northern hemisphere appeared to decrease. Influenza activity in many countries especially in East Asia and Europe already peaked. Worldwide, influenza A(H3N2) virus was predominant. In South Asia influenza activity with mainly H1N1 has been increasing. The majority of influenza viruses characterized so far were similar antigenically to the reference viruses contained in vaccines for use in the 2016-2017 northern hemisphere

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (81): USA, poultry, LPAI H7N9, HPAI H7N9, RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - 9 hours 50 min ago
Avian Influenza H7N9 -- United States
Federal and state authorities say a case of low pathogenic avian influenza has been detected in a commercial poultry flock in western Kentucky.
Kentucky State Veterinarian Robert C Stout said the National Veterinary Services Laboratory in Ames, Iowa, confirmed the presence of H7N9 low pathogenic avian influenza in samples taken from the Christian County premises.
The virus exposure at the premises was initially detected by the Murray State University Breathitt Veterinary Center in

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

WHO Disease Outbreaks news - 10 hours 36 min ago
On 17 March 2017, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China (NHFPC) notified WHO of 22 additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in mainland China.

PRO/AH/EDR> Hantavirus - Americas (23): Chile (LL)

ProMED Mail Reports - 11 hours 24 min ago
Hantavirus -- Chile
Los Rios health authorities confirmed a new case of [a] hantavirus infection in a 41-year-old woman who resides in the Río Bueno community.
This information was confirmed this [Tue 21 Mar 2017] by the Health SEREMI [local ministerial office] Denise Hermann, after tests were done on the affected person.
The physician stated that this new case implicates risk factors in more than one region, so that they must determine if the place where the infection occurred will be added to the Los

PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed rash - Cameroon (02): (EN) fatalities, commentary

ProMED Mail Reports - 13 hours 13 min ago
Rash -- Cameroon
Assuming that the signs and symptoms reported in this outbreak are all related to a single infectious disease, Gideon () gives highest ranking to leptospirosis, followed by typhoid, visceral leishmaniasis, and trypanosomiasis. If causal, the findings of lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly would discount malaria and yellow fever, respectively.
Prof. Steve Berger
Geographic Medicine
Tel Aviv Medical Center

[ProMED thanks Steve Berger for his continued contributions. - Mod.LL

PRO/AH/EDR> Pentobarbital, dog food - USA (03): recall

ProMED Mail Reports - 13 hours 36 min ago
Poisoning -- United States
One dog died and others became ill after eating canned food contaminated with pentobarbital.
Joel Sher, the vice president of Illinois-based Evanger's Dog and Cat Food Company, which his family owns, said a now-former supplier apparently sent his company beef from at least one cow that had been euthanized with pentobarbital. 5 pugs in Washington state showed signs of acute neurologic illness and one of them died after sharing a can of Hunk of Beef Au Jus in late December 2016, leading to a

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (71): USA (WI): turkey, HPAI H7N9 NOT, LPAI H5N2 corr

ProMED Mail Reports - 13 hours 41 min ago
Avian Influenza H7N9 -- United States
The subject line is incorrect as the Wisconsin case in turkeys was low pathogenicity and H5N2 (not HPAI H7N9).
The body of the information is later correct, citing the LPAI H5N2 character of the virus.
You may also wish to reference your previous post "Avian influenza (68): USA (WI) poultry, LPAI H5N2, OIE" under your "see also" section for the subject post.
Communicated by:
Randall L Levings, DVM, PhD, DACVM
Science, Technology and Analysis Services
Veterinary Services

PRO/AH/EDR> Murray Valley encephalitis - Australia: (WA), alert

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 03/22/2017 - 23:37
Murray Valley encephalitis -- Australia
The family of a WA police officer left devastated by the mosquito-borne [Murray Valley encephalitis] virus has urged people to be careful after it was detected again in northern WA.
Murray Valley encephalitis (MVE) can cause milder symptoms such as swollen joints, sore muscles, skin rashes, fever, headaches, and fatigue but can also leave people with permanent impaired neurological function, such as paralysis and loss of verbal function.
MVE has been detected for the 1st time this year

PRO/AH/EDR> MERS-CoV (16): Qatar, Saudi Arabia (SH, MD, RI)

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 03/22/2017 - 16:30
MERS -- Qatar
The Ministry of Public Health (MOPH) has announced that a new Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Corona Virus (MERS-CoV) case has been confirmed in a 62 years old resident in Qatar, marking the 1st MERS-CoV case to be confirmed in the country this year [2017] and bringing the cumulative number of confirmed MERS-CoV cases since 2012 to 19 cases, among whom, 7 have died.
The patient, with history of comorbid conditions, had fever, night sweating, and abdominal pain several days ago and was seen

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - Russia: (YN) reindeer vaccination programme

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 03/22/2017 - 15:20
Anthrax -- Russia
In 2017, over 140 000 reindeer will be vaccinated against anthrax, the Nenets Autonomous Area website quoted Alexander Antonov, the local chief veterinary inspector, as saying at an emergency anti-epizootic commission session. "Like last year, the vaccination campaign will cover the maximum number of reindeer owned privately by individual herders and by the Yamb-To family herding community whose reindeer graze in the northeast of the Nenets area," the report says.
In 2016, the anthrax
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