Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/AH/EDR> Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (11): equine

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 10/18/2017 - 21:19
Eastern Equine Encephalitis -- United States
The Equine Disease Communication Center (EDCC) reported on 10 Oct 2017 that additional New York horses have tested positive for eastern equine encephalitis (EEE).
The New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets (NYSDAM) reported that an Oswego County horse tested positive for EEE and has been euthanized, the EDCC said.
A viral disease, EEE affects the central nervous system and is transmitted to horses by infected mosquitoes. Clinical signs of EEE include moderate to high fever,

PRO/AH/EDR> Monkeypox - Africa (12): Nigeria

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 10/18/2017 - 21:14
Yellow Fever -- Nigeria
The monkeypox virus may have spread to 11 states with 74 suspected cases recorded, Minister of Health, Isaac Adewole, has said.
Mr. Adewole made the disclosure in Abuja on Wednesday [18 Oct 2017] when he briefed State House correspondents on the outcome of the meeting of the Federal Executive Council, FEC.
President Muhammadu Buhari chaired the meeting held at the State House Council Chamber, Abuja.
The Federal Government on 11 Oct [2017] confirmed that 33 suspected cases of the virus

PRO/EDR> Diphtheria - Haiti (02)

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 10/18/2017 - 17:06
Diphtheria -- Haiti
Since year 2014 we have registered diphtheria cases. For the period 2014-2017, more than 90 cases were notified in the National epidemiologic surveillance system, for a letality rate of 30 percent. Most of the deaths were aged between 5 and 14 years old. Diphteria's cases still a big concern in Haiti.
Communicated by:
EpiCore Surveillance Project member
Apollon M Destine

Date: Thu 12 Oct 2017
Source: EpiCore Global Surveillance Project [edited]

Re: ProMED-mail

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever - Europe (26): Ukraine, domestic swine, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 10/18/2017 - 15:25
African Swine Fever -- Ukraine
Information received on [and dated] 18 Oct 2017 from Dr Andrii Zhuk, 1st deputy head of the State Service of Ukraine on Food Safety and Consumer Production, International Cooperation of the State Service of Ukraine on Food Safety and Consumer Protection, UKR Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food, Kiev, Ukraine
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 12 Oct 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 13 Oct 2017
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed

PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis, st Enteritidis - Canada (04): frozen chicken, alert, recall, RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 10/18/2017 - 15:19
Salmonella -- Canada
Janes Pub Style Chicken Burgers and Pub Style Snacks Popcorn Chicken have been recalled because of possible _Salmonella_ contamination, as part of an investigation of an illness outbreak. The burgers carry a best before date of 12 May [2018] with UPC code 0 69299 12491 0 and the popcorn chicken 18 May [2018] with UPC code 0 69299 12542 9, with both in the 800-gram size. The frozen food products were sold at stores across Canada. The recalled products should be thrown out or returned to the

PRO/AH/EDR> Plague - Seychelles (06): NOT, WHO results

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 10/18/2017 - 13:16
Plague -- Seychelles
Samples from patients in Seychelles suspected to be ill with pneumonic plague tested negative at a WHO partner laboratory in Paris, France on Tue 17 Oct 2017. The 10 samples were shipped by the Seychelles Ministry of Health and WHO to the collaborating centre for Yersinia at the Institut Pasteur to confirm the status of several suspected and one probable case -- a 34-year-old Seychelles national who had returned from Madagascar with plague-like symptoms.
WHO is working with the Seychelles

PRO/AH/EDR> Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (11): (MI) deer

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 10/18/2017 - 13:02
Eastern Equine Encephalitis -- United States
The Michigan Department of Health and Human Services has informed the Branch-Hillsdale-St Joseph Community Health Agency that a Hillsdale County fawn has become the 1st deer in Michigan to test positive for eastern equine encephalitis (EEE).
The disease is an infectious, often fatal disease of horses, humans, and pigs that is spread by mosquitos. White-tailed deer can also become infected.
So far, 6 horses have also tested positive for EEE in Michigan. Health officials are reminding

PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (120): Africa

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 10/18/2017 - 13:00
Cholera -- Sudan
1. Guerrant RL, Carneiro-Filho BA, Dillingham RA. Cholera, diarrhea, and oral rehydration therapy: triumph and indictment. Clin Infect Dis. 2003; 37(3): 398-405; available at
2. Gregorio GV, Gonzales ML, Dans LF, Martinez EG. Polymer-based oral rehydration solution for treating acute watery diarrhoea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009; (2): CD006519. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD006519.pub2; available at
3. Gore SM, Fontaine O, Pierce NF. Impact of rice based oral rehydration solution on stool

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (148): Netherlands (ZE) poultry, LPAI H5N2, OIE, corr

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 10/18/2017 - 08:44
Avian Influenza H5N2 -- Netherlands
As is mentioned in the immediate notification to OIE (see ) this case of avian influenza in the Netherlands was caused by a low pathogenic strain, subtype H5N2. Therefore the correct title for the posting is: Avian influenza (148): Netherlands (Zeeland) poultry, LPAI H5N2, OIE.
My apologies for this error.
Cristina Ramirez David
ProMED-mail Animal Health Liaison Moderator

A HealthMap/ProMED-mail map can be accessed at: .]
[See Also:
Avian influenza (148): Netherlands (ZE)

PRO/AH/EDR> MERS-CoV (65): Saudi Arabia (RI, JZ)

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 10/17/2017 - 18:29
MERS -- Saudi Arabia
As of Tue 17 Oct 2017, there have been a total of:
1726 laboratory-confirmed cases of MERS-CoV infection, including
699 deaths [reported case fatality rate 40.5 percent],
1013 recoveries, and
14 currently active cases/infections.
[As previously mentioned, the numbers of deaths, recoveries, and currently active cases come from my spreadsheet tallies and differ from those listed on the Saudi MOH website; my spreadsheet counts asymptomatic infections as they are reported. One complication

PRO/AH/EDR> Monkeypox - Africa (11): Nigeria

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 10/17/2017 - 16:46
Monkeypox -- Nigeria
The Federal Government on [Mon 16 Oct 2017] confirmed 3 fresh cases of monkeypox virus [in Bayelsa], insisting that all cases from Lagos tested negative. The Minister of Health, Isaac Adewole said the 3 suspected samples of the virus sent to Senegal for testing, have been confirmed.
TheNewsGuru.com reports that the samples were sent to the World Health Organization, WHO's laboratory in Dakar, the Senegalese capital. [These are the same 3 confirmed cases in the ProMED-mail post yesterday (16

PRO/EDR> Viral meningitis - USA (02): (NV, CA)

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 10/17/2017 - 16:34
Viral Meningitis -- United States
Outbreaks of viral meningitis continue here in Washoe County [Nevada] and in Susanville [Lassen County, California]. In Susanville where the outbreak was initially traced to the high school football team and forced the temporary closure of the school as well as the Community College, public health officials say they've had 50 possible cases reported. Of those 22 are suspected and 18 are clinically diagnosed; 16 of which are lab confirmed. Another 10 have been ruled out. Here in Washoe County

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - USA (46): (CA) fatal

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 10/17/2017 - 16:30
Hepatitis A -- United States
Cases / Deaths / Hospitalizations
507 / 19 (3.7 percent) / 351 (69 percent)
The table does not include all reported hepatitis A cases in the county; only local-outbreak-related. Data are provisional and subject to change.
Communicated by:

[The number of cases of diagnosed hepatitis A (HAV) in San Diego county in southern California:
Date / Cases / Hospitalized (percentage) / Deaths (percentage) / New Cases /

PRO/AH/EDR> Plague - Madagascar (20): fatal, numbers growing

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 10/17/2017 - 16:22
Plague -- Madagascar
14 Sep 2017 / 28 / 5
30 Sep 2017 / 73 / 17 / 3
3 Oct 2017 / 194 / 30 / 40
5 Oct 2017 / 258 / 36 / 32
7 Oct 2017 / 343 / 42 / 43
8 Oct 2017 / 387 / 45 / 44
9 Oct 2017 / 449 / 48 / 62
10 Oct 2017 / 500 / 54 / 51
11 Oct 2017 / 561 / 57 / 61
13 Oct 2017 / 684 / 57 / 61
16 Oct 2017 / 805 / 74 / 40
Cases and deaths of plague reported by the WHO for Madagascar 2010-2015 ():
Year / 2010 / 2011 / 2012 / 2013 / 2014 / 2015
Cases 324 / 392 / 256 / 675 / 482 / 275
Deaths / 30 / 93 / 60 /

PRO/EDR> Botulism - Canada (04): (ON) smoked fish, alert, recall

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 10/17/2017 - 16:20
Botulism -- Canada
Yummy Market is recalling "Yummy Market brand Smoked Lake Trout w/Pepper with Cracked Black Pepper" for possible _Clostridium botulinum_ contamination. It was sold from Yummy Market at 1390 Major Mackenize Drive West in Maple, Ontario. The recall was triggered by a consumer complaint.
There has been one illness reported that may be associated with the consumption of this product. If you purchased it, do not eat it. Throw it away in a sealed package, or take it back to the place of purchase

PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (119): Asia (Yemen)

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 10/17/2017 - 11:31
Cholera -- Yemen
Yemen is currently in the midst of a cholera outbreak that, by the WHO's latest count, has killed 2167 people since the end of April 2017 and is suspected to have infected 841 906. In June 2017, as the disease killed one person an hour and the WHO deemed its spread "unprecedented", the International Coordinating Group [ICG] -- the body that manages the global stockpile of emergency cholera vaccines -- decided to deploy one million doses of the vaccine to Yemen for urgent use.
The plan was

PRO/AH/EDR> Plague - Mauritius: ex Madagascar, NOT

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 10/17/2017 - 09:52
Plague -- Mauritius
Plague is gaining ground in the Indian Ocean. While the last report shows 610 cases and 63 deaths in Madagascar [the latest numbers I have seen from Madagascar are 687 and 57 deaths. - Mod.LL], 2 cases including one death in the Seychelles, it is now the turn of Mauritius to record its 1st case of suspected plague. A man was placed in quarantine in Mauritius because of a suspicion of plague. The patient was admitted on [Mon 16 Oct 2017] at Souillac Hospital, a town located in the south of the
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