Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (22): India, HPAI H5N1

ProMED Mail Reports - 1 hour 24 min ago
Avian Influenza H5N1 -- India
As many as 159 birds, mostly guinea fowl, kept at an animal care centre in Memnagar area in the heart of the city, have been culled after some of them, brought here recently, were found to be infected with avian influenza, commonly known as bird flu.
"A team of Animal Husbandry department culled 159 birds, mostly guinea fowls and some ducks, at the rescue centre in Memnagar area. Culling was done after samples of some guinea fowls tested positive for H5N1 avian influenza virus," said an

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (21): Slovakia (PV) poultry, HPAI H5, RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - 1 hour 31 min ago
Avian Influenza -- Slovakia
In the Podhrabina neighbourhood of the village of Chmelov in the Presov district, another outbreak of the avian flu (HPAI, the H5 sub-type) was confirmed; a 2nd confirmed case in a small private breeding farm producing eggs and meat for its own consumption, spokesperson of the Agriculture Ministry, Michal Feik, informed. The breed was placed behind the house, in a fenced place which was, however, not secured against wild birds.
The illness started on [Fri 6 Jan 2017], with diarrhea. The 1st

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza, human (07): China, Macau, H7N9

ProMED Mail Reports - 1 hour 36 min ago
Avian Influenza H7N9 -- China
On [Thu 5 Jan 2017], a human case of infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) was reported from the Department of Health, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR). The case is a 62 year old man with underlying illnesses, who travelled to Zengcheng, Guangzhou on [Thu 15 Dec 2016]. He developed influenza-like symptoms on [Sun 1 Jan 2017] while he was in Guangzhou. He was admitted to a hospital in Dongguan on [Mon 2 Jan 2017] and returned to Hong Kong SAR on [Tue 3 Jan 2017], where he was

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (20): N Korea (PY) poultry, susp, RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - 1 hour 49 min ago
Avian Influenza H5N8 -- North Korea
An outbreak of avian influenza (AI) has been confirmed in Sunchon, South Pyongan Province [map at ]. Due to the discovery, Ungok Ranch has reportedly been placed on emergency alert for preventive measures.
Although the state-run Rodong Sinmun newspaper previously ran a story [Thu 29 Dec 2016] about the risks associated with AI and preventative countermeasures, there was no mention of an outbreak within North Korea at the time.
"In mid-December [2016], there was an outbreak of diarrhea

PRO/AH/EDR> Lassa fever - West Africa (02): Nigeria (NA)

ProMED Mail Reports - 6 hours 52 min ago
Lassa Fever -- Nigeria
The Nasarawa state government has confirmed the re-emergence of Lassa fever disease in the state in north-central Nigeria. The state's commissioner for health, Dr Daniel Iya, confirmed the death of 4 people during an interview with Channels Television.
Dr Iya further disclosed that the state had recorded 16 suspected cases while 36 people, who had contact with the deceased, were being followed up. He noted that all the cases were from Lafia, the state's capital, and that the government had

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

WHO Disease Outbreaks news - 10 hours 41 min ago
On 11 January 2017, the Department of Health, China, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) notified WHO of a laboratory-confirmed human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus affecting a 10-year-old boy and on 12 January 2017, the Health Bureau, China, Macao SAR notified WHO of an additional laboratory-confirmed case of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus affecting a 72-year old female.

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Americas (05): Brazil (MG)

ProMED Mail Reports - 13 hours 46 min ago
Yellow Fever -- Brazil
Brazil public health officials are concerned that a small yellow fever outbreak in Minas Gerais State in south eastern Brazil might cause a larger epidemic. The outbreak has already infected about 110 people and caused 30 deaths as of Friday [13 Jan 2017]. Minas Gerais is an area with low vaccination rates for yellow fever. It is also adjacent to the populous state of Sau Paulo.
Yellow fever is an acute viral hemorrhagic disease with symptoms including fever, nausea, chills, muscle pain,

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (19): Uganda, HPAI H5, 1st rep, comment

ProMED Mail Reports - 13 hours 50 min ago
Avian Influenza -- Uganda
"Except for the H5 confirmation, the N subtype has not yet been determined.
"The National Task Force for Outbreaks sitting today [17 Jan 2017] in Kampala and chaired by the acting director general of health services has activated the Public Health Emergency Operations Center (PHEOC). It has been agreed to maintain [a designation of the virus] as HPAI at this moment, [although] the N classification has not been determined.
"So far, no human transmission has been reported up to today [17

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (18): China (SA) swan, HPAI H5N8

ProMED Mail Reports - 13 hours 55 min ago
Avian Influenza H5N8 -- China
Since mid-December [2016], dead swans have been observed in Ruicheng County [located in the Yuncheng prefecture of Shanxi province in China. See map at ].
The accumulated number of recorded dead swans became, as of 21 Dec 2016, 20. On 30 Dec 2016, the National Avian Influenza Reference Laboratory identified HPAI H5N8 virus in a dead swan, of which samples were received from Shanxi.
At present, the veterinary department of Shanxi Province has been following the wild bird situation in

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (17): Uganda, poultry, wild birds, HPAI H5, 1st report, OIE, RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 01/17/2017 - 17:44
Avian Influenza -- Uganda
Information received [and submitted] on 16 Jan 2017 from Dr Nicholas Kauta, director Animal Resources, Department of Livestock Health and Entomology, Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries, Entebbe, Uganda
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 2 Jan 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 14 Jan 2017
Reason for notification: first occurrence of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent: highly pathogenic influenza A virus
Serotype:

PRO/EDR> Zika virus (01): Americas, Asia, Africa, research

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 01/17/2017 - 17:39
Zika virus -- Worldwide/Unknown
Since epidemiological week (EW) 44 of 2016 [29 Oct-4 Nov 2016], no additional countries or territories of the Americas have confirmed autochthonous, vectorborne transmission of Zika virus disease. To date, 48 countries and territories in the Americas (1) have confirmed autochthonous, vectorborne transmission of Zika virus disease since 2015 (figure 1). In addition, 5 countries in the Americas have reported sexually transmitted Zika cases (2).
Figure 1. [available at the source URL above]

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (16): Europe, HPAI H5, H5N8, wildfowl

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 01/17/2017 - 12:20
Avian Influenza -- Slovakia
After 3 cases of bird flu have been reported in Slovakia recently, 2 more are confirmed. These have been located near Komárno [Nitra region], close to the 3rd source of avian influenza of H5 sub-type in wild birds, the SITA newswire wrote. After a chicken breeding farm in Dúbravka [Bratislava] and cases in Bratislava and the Košice zoo, this is the 3rd source, the Agriculture Ministry informed the SITA newswire.
On [9 Jan 2017], 2 dead swans were reported to the Regional Veterinary and

PRO/PL> Fungal root rots, sugar beet - UK: (East Anglia)

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 01/17/2017 - 12:09
Other Plant Disease -- United Kingdom
Root rots identified in recently lifted sugar beet, primarily on sandy East Anglian soils, have caused 'significant delivery issues', according to the British Beet Research Organisation (BBRO). BBRO has received an increase in samples affected by root rots, mostly caused by fusarium and rhizoctonia.
Unusually high temperatures during late summer [2016] are suspected to have fuelled disease development, according to BBRO's Mark Stevens. "The disease would have been in the soil and because

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (15): Russia (KD) swan, HPAI H5, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 01/17/2017 - 05:51
Avian Influenza -- Russia
Information received on 16 Jan 2017 from Dr Evgeny Nepoklonov, deputy head, Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 1 Jan 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 4 Jan 2017
Reason for notification: reoccurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 2016
Causal agent: highly pathogenic influenza A virus
Serotype: H5
Nature of diagnosis:

PRO/AH/EDR> Hantavirus update - Asia (03): Taiwan

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 01/17/2017 - 05:46
Hantavirus -- China
On 11 Jan 2017, the Taiwan Centers for Disease Control (Taiwan CDC) announced one new case of hantavirus hemorrhagic fever.
As the Chinese New Year holiday is fast approaching, the public is reminded to check inside and outside the house for gaps or holes that allow rodents to enter the home and remove food sources as well as items that provide shelter for rodents. Restaurants, hotels, eateries, markets, food factories and households are urged to maintain good environmental hygiene and

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

WHO Disease Outbreaks news - Tue, 01/17/2017 - 05:41
Between 16 and 31 December 2016 the National IHR Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported fifteen (15) additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) including two (2) fatal cases. Five (5) deaths among previously reported MERS cases were also reported.

PRO/AH> African swine fever - Europe (02): Latvia (KM) domestic

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 01/17/2017 - 05:41
African Swine Fever -- Latvia
The Food and Veterinary Service has established an outbreak of African swine fever [ASF] in a farm in Krimulda County (central Latvia), which is the 1st case of ASF established in a domestic pig farm this year [2017].
The outbreak was established at the Rukus farmstead, which currently has 5023 pigs. As the Food and Veterinary Service [FVS] informed BNS, the pigs at the farm are currently being liquidated [euthanised], and an investigation is under way to find out how the infection

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

WHO Disease Outbreaks news - Tue, 01/17/2017 - 04:45
On 5 January 2017, the Department of Health, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) notified WHO of a case of laboratory-confirmed human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus and on 9 January 2017, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China (NHFPC) notified WHO of 106 additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus.

PRO> Hepatitis E - France (02): comment

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 01/16/2017 - 17:07
Hepatitis E -- France
The case report of a severe infection with hepatitis E traced to a platelet transfusion is the kind of unusually severe infection which is the consequence of a hitherto unsuspected genetic immune defect. The high viral titers are consistent [with] such an event in this patient. With appropriate specimens and current methodologies, it is frequently possible to demonstrate such a mutation from the analysis of a single patient (1).
1. Casanova JL, Conley ME, Seligman SJ, Abel L, Notarangelo
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