Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/PL> Leaf mould, tomato - Switzerland: new strain

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 11/18/2015 - 23:29
Other Plant Disease -- Switzerland
The drastic increase of tomato leaf mould in Switzerland during the last years is due to the emergence of a new race of the causative fungus. Race 2.9 can overcome resistance based on the Cf-9 gene, which is widely used in commercial tomato cultivars.
Leaf mould management is mainly based on use of resistant cultivars. But increasing incidence of the disease points towards failing host resistance in current tomato varieties, which is based on a single gene.
To confirm the presence of a

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (127): WHO, Guinea Ebola-free, vaccine, research, tech, funding

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 11/18/2015 - 23:27
Ebola -- Guinea
Guinea reported no confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in the week to 15 Nov [2015]. The most recent case from Guinea was reported on 29 Oct [2015]. That case is a child who was born in an Ebola treatment centre and who was delivered by medical staff wearing full personal protective equipment (PPE). As such, no contacts are associated with this case, and all contacts associated with previous cases have completed their 21-day follow-up period. A 2nd consecutive blood sample from the

PRO/AH/EDR> Bluetongue - Europe (16): Austria, bovine, st. 4, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 11/18/2015 - 23:22
Bluetongue -- Austria
Information received on [and dated] 18 Nov 2015 from Mr Dr Ulrich Herzog, Chief Veterinary Officer, Verbrauchergesundheit, Bundesministerium fur Gesundheit , VIENNE, Austria
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 13 Nov 2015
Date of confirmation of the event: 17 Nov 2015
Reason for notification: reoccurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 31 Dec 2009
Manifestation of disease: Sub-clinical infection
Causal agent: Bluetongue

PRO/AH/EDR> Mosquito virus - Australia

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 11/18/2015 - 23:21
Other Animal Disease -- Australia
Scientists have discovered a virus carried by mosquitoes that could pave the way to eradicating mosquito-borne diseases such as Ross River virus, and potentially dengue fever. The virus, known as Parramatta River virus, was discovered in a joint research project by scientists at the University of Queensland (UQ) and the University of Sydney.
Dr Jody Hobson-Peters, from UQ's Australian Infectious Diseases Research Centre, said Parramatta River virus only infected mosquitoes and did not

PRO/EDR> Malaria, P. knowlesi - Malaysia (03): (SA)

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 11/18/2015 - 22:54
Malaria -- Malaysia
A new strain of malaria has been found to be spreading across northern Sabah.
Incidences of infections by the strain -- _Plasmodium knowlesi_ -- have increased alarmingly over the past decade and it is now the main cause of human malaria in the state.
A research programme called the Monkeybar project has started work to determine the spread of the new type of malaria by collecting blood samples from 10 000 people in 170 villages in the districts of Ranau, Pitas, Kota Marudu, Kudat, and

PRO/EDR> Zika virus - Brazil (16): (PE) microcephaly cause undetermined

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 11/18/2015 - 22:50
Zika virus -- Brazil
Because of the surprising increase in occurrences of babies born alive with microcephaly in Pernambuco, the state Secretariat of Health will issue a clinical protocol to be carried out by professionals in the area. Just this year [2015], 90 cases were registered. The annual mean is 9 [cases]. Most of these cases have been registered in the past 3 months.
Specialists from the Ministry of Health are investigating and interviewing the mothers of the patients.
Usually, in the majority of

PRO/AH/EDR> MERS-CoV (157): a cautionary tale

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 11/18/2015 - 17:50
Not Yet Classified -- Worldwide/Unknown

PRO/AH/EDR> Snake fungal disease - USA (03): etiology, experimental evidence

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 11/18/2015 - 17:49
Other Animal Disease -- United States
Researchers working for the U.S. Geological Survey have identified the fungal culprit behind an often deadly skin infection in snakes in the eastern U.S.
Published this week in mBio, an online open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology, the research shows that _Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola_ is the definitive cause of snake fungal disease (SFD), which will help researchers pinpoint why it is emerging as a threat to snake populations and how its impacts can be mitigated.
SFD

PRO/AH/EDR> Plague - Madagascar (05): (IT) fatal

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 11/18/2015 - 17:48
Plague -- Madagascar
Two people from 2 different municipalities of the Miarinarivo district died on 31 Oct 2015, reported Dr. Bruno Randrema Marcellin, communications manager of the Division of the Plague Ministry of Health yesterday, 11 Nov 2015.
"These individuals have died following a bubonic plague," he said. The cause of death has been confirmed by the Pasteur Institute of Madagascar, according to the report of the Ministry of Public Health. No other facts have been detected in these 2 municipalities to

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza, human (125): China (ZJ) H7N9, 4th wave H7N9

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 11/18/2015 - 17:47
Avian Influenza H7N9 -- China
On 11 Nov 2015, the National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) of China notified WHO of 2 additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus.
Details of the cases
------
The 1st case is a 62-year-old female from Shengzhou City, Zhejiang Province who developed symptoms on 1 Oct 2015. She visited a poultry market and raised poultry at home. The 2nd case is a 51-year-old female from Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province who developed symptoms

PRO/AH/EDR> Chronic wasting disease, cervid - USA (12): (WY)

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 11/18/2015 - 17:46
Chronic Wasting Disease -- United States
The latest round of tests from the Wyoming Game and Fish Department's (WGFD) chronic wasting disease (CWD) surveillance program has found the disease in 3 new hunt areas, including a hunt area near Cody.
WGFD staff at the wildlife disease laboratory in Laramie confirmed the presence of CWD in a white-tailed buck from deer hunt area 112 southwest of Cody, in a bull elk from elk hunt area 12 northeast of Saratoga, and in a white-tailed doe in deer hunt area 171 north of Lander. Consistent

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (196): Viet Nam (CM) poultry, HPAI H5N1, spread, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 11/18/2015 - 17:44
Avian Influenza H5N1 -- Vietnam
Information received on [and dated] 17 Nov 2015 from Dr Dong Pham Van, director general, chief veterinary officer, Department of Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Hanoi, Viet Nam
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 7 Nov 2015
Date of confirmation of the event: 12 Nov 2015
Reason for notification: reoccurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 27 Oct 2015
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal

PRO/EDR> Chikungunya (33): Americas, Asia

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 11/18/2015 - 17:39
Chikungunya -- Guatemala
Cases by Country / Week / Local Susp. / Local Conf. / Imported Conf. / Deaths
North America
Mexico / week 44 [week ending 6 Nov 2015] / 0 / 9622 / 20 / 0
USA / week 44 [week ending 6 Nov 2015] / 0 / 0 / 567 / 0
Central America
---
Panama / week 42 [week ending 23 Oct 2015] / 123 / 25 / 17 / 0
Latin Caribbean
---
French Guiana / week 44 [week ending 6 Nov 2015] / 6930 / 1756 / 0 / 2
Puerto Rico / week 43 [week ending 30 Oct 2015] / 718 / 199 / 0 / 1
Non-Latin Caribbean (no new

Acute respiratory syndrome – Republic of Korea

WHO Disease Outbreaks news - Sun, 11/15/2015 - 19:00
On 29 October 2015, the National IHR Focal Point of the Republic of Korea notified WHO of a cluster of cases with respiratory symptoms in Seoul.

Between 19 and 29 October, 3 people who work in the same facility developed symptoms of pneumonia. From 22 to 24 October, they were admitted to hospital. On 27 October, the hospital isolated the patients and alerted local health authorities, which then informed the Korean Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC).

Zika virus infection – Suriname

WHO Disease Outbreaks news - Fri, 11/13/2015 - 11:45
On 12 November 2015, the National IHR Focal Point of Suriname notified PAHO/WHO of 4 additional cases of Zika virus infection. The cases were laboratory confirmed by the Caribbean Public Health Agency (CARPHA). Furthermore, one of two previously reported cases (see DON published on 11 November) was also re-confirmed by CARPHA.

Given the increased transmission of Zika virus in the Region of the Americas, PAHO/WHO recommends that its Member States establish and maintain the capacity to detect and confirm cases of Zika virus infection, prepare their health services for a potential additional burden at all levels of health care, and implement an effective public communications strategy to reduce the mosquitoes that transmit this disease, particularly in areas where this vector is present. The complete set of recommendations is available in the latest Epidemiological Update (see related links).

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

WHO Disease Outbreaks news - Fri, 11/13/2015 - 09:00
On 11 November 2015, the National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) of China notified WHO of 2 additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus.

The Chinese Government has taken the following surveillance and control measures:

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

WHO Disease Outbreaks news - Fri, 11/13/2015 - 06:40
Between 26 October and 1 November 2015, the National IHR Focal Point for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia notified WHO of 7 additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection, including 1 death.

Contact tracing of household and healthcare contacts is ongoing for these cases.

Dengue Fever – Egypt

WHO Disease Outbreaks news - Thu, 11/12/2015 - 13:45
On 27 October 2015, the National IHR Focal Point of Egypt notified WHO of an outbreak of Dengue fever in a village in the Dayrout District of Assiut Governorate.

Between 1 and 31 October 2015, a total of 253 cases were admitted to the Dayrout Fever Hospital due to acute febrile illness. Patients developed fever, headache, general body aches and abdominal pain with occasional vomiting and/or diarrhea but experienced no further complications or fatalities. They have been responding to the given medical care. Some of the cases come from the same household.

PRO/AH> White nose syndrome, bats - China: (northeast) 1st rep, clin infect

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 11/07/2015 - 13:05
White nose syndrome -- China
Bats in northeast China are infected with the fungus that causes white nose syndrome [WNS], a deadly disease that has decimated bat populations in North America since it first appeared in upstate New York in 2006. A team of American and Chinese researchers found the fungus in caves where bats hibernate and found bats infected with the fungus.
Although infected bats had lesions characteristic of the disease and similar to lesions seen in North American bats, the researchers do not know the

PRO/AH/EDR> Toxoplasmosis - Brazil: (PR) waterborne susp

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 11/07/2015 - 13:00
Toxoplasmosis -- Brazil
The number of cases of toxoplasmosis among employees of the Agronomic Institute of Parana (IAPAR) in Londrina [Parana] has risen to 40. Still unsure of the cause of the outbreak, the department of health surveillance has asked that the supply of water to the population through pipes located near the institute's headquarters on the banks of the PR-445 [motorway] be suspended.
"Last week [week of 19 Oct 2015] we suspended the water supply for both the general public and the workers, in order
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