Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/PL> Brown streak, cassava - Zambia

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 09/20/2018 - 21:38
Other Plant Disease -- Zambia
The Ministry of Agriculture has confirmed the outbreak of cassava brown steak virus in Luapula, Northern, and North-Western provinces.
Minister of Agriculture Michael Katambo says official surveys have established the existence of the disease. [He] says [it] is a threat to food security because cassava is the 2nd most important food crop after maize. [He] has advised farmers to plant disease-free materials and avoid sharing cassava cuttings.
Mathias Tembo, Zambia Agricultural Research

PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - Guinea-Bissau: (OI) bovine, st O, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 09/20/2018 - 20:15
Foot and Mouth -- Guinea-Bissau
Information received on Wed 19 Sep 2018 from Dr Bernardo Cassama, Dr, Direccao Geral da Pecuaria, Ministerio da Agricultura, Floresta e Pecuaria, Bissau, Guinea-Bissau
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 2 Aug 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 27 Aug 2018
Report date: 19 Sep 2018
Date submitted to OIE: 19 Sep 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 31 Mar 2017
Manifestation of disease:

PRO/AH/EDR> Psittacosis - USA: (VA, GA) poultry plant workers

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 09/20/2018 - 16:23
Psittacosis -- United States
The Virginia and Georgia departments of health are investigating a multistate outbreak of psittacosis occurring at 2 poultry slaughter plants owned by a single corporation. CDC and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) are assisting with the investigation.
Recommendations
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- Contact a healthcare professional if you have fever, cough, headache, or muscle aches after working at a poultry slaughter plant involved in the outbreak. Tell your healthcare professional that you

PRO/EDR> Poliomyelitis update (43): global (Afghanistan, DR Congo)

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 09/20/2018 - 16:18
Polio -- Afghanistan
New wild poliovirus cases reported this week: 1
Total number of wild poliovirus cases in 2018: 18
Total number of wild poliovirus cases in 2017: 22
New cVDPV cases reported this week: 2
Total number of cVDPV cases (all types) in 2018: 43
Total number of cVDPV cases (all types) in 2017: 96
Summary of newly-reported viruses this week:
- Afghanistan - 1 new case of wild poliovirus (WPV1).
- Democratic Republic of Congo - 2 new cases of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2

PRO/AH/EDR> E. coli EHEC - USA (26) : O26, ground beef, alert, recall

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 09/20/2018 - 14:41
E. coli -- United States
Cargill Meat Solutions, a Fort Morgan, CO establishment, is recalling approximately 132 606 pounds of ground beef products made from the chuck portion of the carcass that may be contaminated with _Escherichia coli_ O26, the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) announced today, [Wed 19 Sep 2018].
The ground beef items were produced and packaged on [21 Jun 2018]. The following products are subject to recall: [see original URL - Mod.LL]. The products

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever - Europe (43): Belgium (LX) wild boar, international impact

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 09/20/2018 - 14:17
African Swine Fever -- Belgium
According to the Belgian Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain (Afsca), 13 countries have now officially announced the suspension of Belgian pork imports, following the discovery of 10 dead wild boars infected with African swine fever [ASF] in [Luxembourg province of Wallonia].
Afsca specifies that the trade restrictions vary with respect to different pork product imports, some only affecting gelatine products, while others target the exportation of living animals.
The list of

PRO/EDR> Influenza (27): WHO global update

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 09/20/2018 - 14:15
Influenza -- Worldwide/Unknown
Information in this report is categorized by influenza transmission zones, which are geographical groups of countries, areas or territories with similar influenza transmission patterns.
Summary
-------
In the temperate zones of the southern hemisphere, influenza activity remained elevated in South America and appeared to decrease in Southern Africa. Influenza activity remained at low seasonal levels in Australia and New Zealand and at inter-seasonal levels in most of temperate zone of

PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (35): Africa (Saudi Arabia, Algeria)

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 09/20/2018 - 14:13
Cholera -- Saudi Arabia
On 23 Aug 2018, the Algerian Ministry of Health (MoH) announced an outbreak of cholera in northern parts of the country, in and around the capital province Algiers. From 7 Aug 2018 to 6 Sep 2018, 217 cases with cholera-like symptoms have been hospitalized, 2 of the patients died (CFR: 0.9%). Cases have been reported from 7 provinces (wilayas). Of these, 83 have been confirmed as _Vibrio cholerae_ serogroup O1 Ogawa at the Institut Pasteur Algiers. More than half of the confirmed cases have

PRO/EDR> Dengue/DHF update (18): Asia, co-Infections

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 09/20/2018 - 13:38
Dengue -- Sri Lanka
An uncommon combination of triple diseases -- dengue, chikungunya, and scrub typhus, has shocked Sawai Man Singh Hospital (SMS) hospital doctors. 2 such cases have already been reported in 11 days.
When a 63-year-old was rushed to SMS Hospital from Kotputli of Jaipur district, she had double pneumonia, breathing problems, low platelet count, and abnormal functioning of liver and kidneys. She was brought to SMS hospital on [19 Aug 2018] and died on [23 Aug 2018] while undergoing treatment.

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (93): Congo DR (NK,IT) case update

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 09/20/2018 - 08:56
Ebola -- DR Congo
- The Angumu and Getthy [Geti] alerts in Ituri province were negative.
Support
-------
- On Tue 18 Sep 2018, Dr Oly Ilunga Kalenga, Minister of Health, traveled to Makeke, Mandima health zone, Ituri province to inaugurate the new Ebola treatment center (ETC) built by International Medical Corps (IMC). This 4th ETC of 50 beds will allow to quickly treat any suspected or confirmed case notified in this health zone close to that of Mangina [North Kivu], the epicenter of the current epidemic.

Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo

WHO Disease Outbreaks news - Wed, 09/19/2018 - 23:03
The Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo remains active. While substantial progress has been made to limit the spread of the disease to new areas and the situation in Mangina (Mabalako Health Zone) is stabilizing, the cities of Beni and Butembo have become the new hotspot. Response teams continue to enhance activities to mitigate potential clusters in these cities and prevent spread to other areas.

Cholera – Zimbabwe

WHO Disease Outbreaks news - Wed, 09/19/2018 - 21:00
On 6 September 2018, a cholera outbreak in Harare was declared by the Ministry of Health and Child Care (MoHCC) of Zimbabwe and notified to WHO on the same day.

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - USA (42): (KY, WV)

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 09/19/2018 - 16:57
Hepatitis A -- United States
Total Outbreak: 1701
Hospitalizations: 952
Deaths: 14
Last updated: Fri 14 Sep 2018
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Communicated by:
ProMED-mail

[Date / Cases / Deaths / Average cases per week
14 Apr 2018 / 352 / 3 / --
28 Apr 2018 / 448 / 4 / 48
25 May 2018 / 629 / 6 / 45
9 Jun 2018 / 832 / 6 / 101
27 Jun 2018 / 969 / 6 / 53
7 Jul 2018 / 1094 / 8 / 87
14 Jul 2018 / 1170 / 8 / 76
21 Jul 2018 / 1221 / 8 / 51
28 Jul 2018 / 1276 / 8 / 55
4 Aug 2018 / 1341 / 8 / 65
11 Aug 2018 / 1425 / 9 / 84
18 Aug

PRO/AH/EDR> Plague - Madagascar (03)

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 09/19/2018 - 16:54
Plague -- Madagascar
An outbreak of plague in Madagascar has killed 2 people, a health official said on [Tue 18 Sep 2018], marking the official start of the season when the disease is considered to be at its deadliest. Last year, in 2017, more than 200 people were killed before epidemics of bubonic and pneumonic plague were brought under control in November [2017].
The WHO has warned that 2018's strain could be even more virulent. "According to counts undertaken between [1 Aug 2018] and [13 Sep 2018], we

PRO/EDR> Cyclosporiasis - USA (11): update

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 09/19/2018 - 16:16
Other Human Disease -- United States
[On 18 Sep 2018], the FDA [Food and Drug Administration] a statement from Commissioner Scott Gottlieb on the prevalence of cyclosporiasis cases in the US this year [2018]. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported there have been 2173 cases this spring and summer as of [12 Sep 2018].
The rise in cases, in part, can be attributed to new FDA testing methods applied in routine tests on "appropriate commodities." That includes cilantro, which along with basil, parsley, and

PRO/AH/EDR> West Nile virus (40): Europe (Slovenia) crow, 1st rep, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 09/19/2018 - 12:53
West Nile Virus -- Slovenia
Information received on [and dated] 17 Sep 2018 from Dr Janez Posedi, Director General, Administration of the Republic of Slovenia for Food Safety, Veterinary Sector and Plant Protection (AFSVSPP), Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 13 Sep 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 13 Sep 2018
Report date: 17 Sep 2018
Date submitted to OIE: 17 Sep 2018
Reason for notification: 1st

PRO/AH/EDR> Sheep pox & goat pox - Russia (03): (AM) ovine, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 09/19/2018 - 12:50
Sheep/Goat Pox -- Russia
Information received on [and dated] 18 Sep 2018 from Dr Nikolay Vlasov, Deputy Head of the Rosselkhoznadzor [Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance], Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 12 Sep 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 14 Sep 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 3 Dec 2010
Manifestation of

PRO/AH/EDR> West Nile virus (39): Americas (Canada) fatal

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 09/19/2018 - 12:46
West Nile Virus -- Canada
Hundreds of cases of the West Nile virus have been reported [worldwide] so far this year and 22 people have already died as a result of the mosquito-borne infection. In the most recent case, one person is reportedly dead due to West Nile virus (WNV) in Canada, blackburnnews.com wrote. This is the 1st death of the season attributed to the virus in Canada, the Windsor-Essex County Health Unit [in Ontario] said in a news release on [Fri 14 Sep 2018].
It also warned that WNV continues to be a

PRO/AH/EDR> Classical swine fever - Japan (04): (GF) spread, wild boar, OIE, RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 09/19/2018 - 10:39
Classical Swine Fever -- Japan
Information received on [and dated] 18 Sep 2018 from Dr Norio Kumagai, Director, Chief Veterinary Officer, Animal Health Division, Food Safety and Consumer Affairs Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Tokyo, Japan
Summary
Report type: follow-up report no. 1
Date of start of the event: 3 Sep 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 9 Sep 2018
Report date: 18 Sep 2018
Date submitted to OIE: 18 Sep 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of

PRO/AH/EDR> Tick-borne encephalitis - Switzerland (05): comment

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 09/19/2018 - 10:35
Tick-borne Encephalitis -- Switzerland
1. Foppa IM. The basic reproductive number of tick-borne encephalitis virus. An empirical approach. J Math Biol. 2005; 51(6): 616-28; .
2. Mansfield KL, Johnson N, Phipps LP, et al. Tick-borne encephalitis virus - a review of an emerging zoonosis. J Gen Virol. 2009; 90(Pt 8): 1781-94. doi: 10.1099/vir.0.011437-0; .
3. Randolph SE, 2001. The shifting landscape of tick-borne zoonoses: tick-borne encephalitis and Lyme borreliosis in Europe. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2001; 356(1411):
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