Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/AH/EDR> Listeriosis - South Africa (06): fatal, more cases

ProMED Mail Reports - 2 hours 27 min ago
Listeriosis -- South Africa
The country's listeriosis outbreak shows no sign of slowing down. In the last week alone, 57 people died from the food-borne disease, bringing the death toll to over 160. The source of the outbreak remains unknown.
The manner in which food is prepared in businesses and in homes has been under the spotlight since the outbreak of the disease in December 2017. Fruit and vegetables must be washed well and meat cooked thoroughly.
But awareness of the outbreak remains low. "Somebody preparing

PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (07): Asia (Yemen) WHO

ProMED Mail Reports - 6 hours 8 min ago
Cholera -- Yemen
Cumulative figures
- The cumulative total from 27 Apr 2017 to 28 Jan 2018 is 1 051 789 suspected cholera cases and 2252 associated deaths, (CFR 0.21%); 1102 have been confirmed by culture.
- 59.3% of deaths were severe cases at admission.
- The total proportion of severe cases among the suspected cases is 16.2%. The national attack rate is 379.75 per 10 000. The 5 governorates with the highest cumulative attack rates per 10 000 remain Amran (889), Al Mahwit (848),

PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis, st Typhimurium - USA: (IA, MN) chicken salad, alert, recall

ProMED Mail Reports - 6 hours 11 min ago
Salmonella -- United States
Health officials have identified almost 100 sick people in Iowa and at least one in Minnesota in a multi-state _Salmonella_ outbreak investigation linked to chicken salad sold at Fareway stores.
The company that supplied the deli chicken salad to Fareway Stores Inc. has not been revealed by the regional grocery chain, state officials or federal officials. As of tonight, 16 Feb 2018, the grocer, which has about 120 retail stores, did not have any information about the situation on its

PRO/EDR> Measles update (12): Africa, Europe, North America, Pacific

ProMED Mail Reports - 6 hours 12 min ago
Measles -- Niger
[4] Brampton, Canada
[5] Philippines
[1] Niger
Date: Tue 13 Feb 2018
Source: The Nation [edited]

The Niger state Commissioner of Health, Dr. Mustapha Jibril, has disclosed that the state has recorded 33 cases of measles and one case of yellow fever in the state this year [2018].
According to him, the case of yellow fever was reported in Borgu local government area, adding that reactive vaccination campaigns have started in the local government and

PRO/AH/EDR> Equine Herpesvirus - North America (09): USA (AZ, ID, KY, NY)

ProMED Mail Reports - 6 hours 15 min ago
Equine Herpes Virus -- United States
The Equine Disease Communication Center (EDCC) reported [Tue 12 Feb 2018] that the Arizona Department of Agriculture has confirmed equine herpesvirus myeloencephalopathy (EHM; caused in this case by wild-type equine herpesvirus-1, or EHV-1) in a horse at Turf Paradise, a Thoroughbred and Quarter Horse racetrack in Maricopa County.
"The horse presented with neurologic signs on [Thu 8 Feb 2018], and was moved to a referral hospital," the EDCC stated. "One barn at the racetrack has been

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Americas (14): PAHO/WHO

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 02/17/2018 - 20:44
Yellow Fever -- Brazil
Between January 2016 and January 2018, 7 countries and territories of the Region of the Americas reported confirmed cases of yellow fever: the Plurinational State of Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Peru, and Suriname. The number of human cases and epizootics collectively reported in this period in the Region of the Americas is the highest observed in decades.
Since the 12 Jan 2018 Epidemiological Update on Yellow Fever published by the Pan American Health Organization /

PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis, st I 4,[5],12:b:- and Newport - USA (02): frozen coconut, recall

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 02/17/2018 - 20:39
Salmonella -- United States
CDC, public health and regulatory officials in several states, and the FDA investigated a multistate outbreak of Salmonella infections.
Public health investigators used the PulseNet system to identify illnesses that were part of this outbreak. PulseNet is the national subtyping network of public health and food regulatory agency laboratories coordinated by CDC. DNA fingerprinting was performed on _Salmonella_bacteria isolated from ill people by using techniques called pulsed-field gel

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Americas (13): Brazil

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 02/17/2018 - 18:38
Yellow Fever -- Brazil
From 1 July [2017], 118 people have been killed to the present date in Brazil by the yellow fever, out of a total of 407 cases infected by the disease throughout the country, said the Ministry of Health.
The states with the highest death toll are Sao Paulo (46 fatalities and 183 confirmed cases), Minas Gerais (44 fatalities and 157 cases) and Rio de Janeiro (27 fatalities and 68 cases), said the ministry while reiterating that in the same period of 2017, the disease claimed 166 lives and

PRO/AH/EDR> Brucellosis - Oman: (JA) caprine, ovine, bovine

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 02/17/2018 - 18:21
Brucellosis -- Oman
A study conducted by Sultan Qaboos University (SQU) shows that goats and other [livestock] in Jebel Akhdar, Saham and some areas in Dhofar are infected by brucellosis - a disease caused by [the] bacteria Brucella.
The study titled, 'A Novel Molecular Approach to Study Brucellosis in Cattle, Sheep, Goats and Camels in the Sultanate of Oman' shows that cattle in the area have been infected by brucellosis. In Jebel Akhdar, 11.4 per cent goats were found infected and in Saham one per cent

PRO/EDR> Norovirus - South Korea (03): (KW) Winter Olympics

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 02/17/2018 - 16:09
Norovirus -- South Korea
Two Swiss athletes are the first at the Winter Olympics confirmed to have contracted norovirus, which has affected hundreds of people in Pyeongchang.
The Swiss Olympic delegation said in a statement on [Fri 16 Feb 2018] that the 2 athletes had shown signs of the highly contagious virus "in the past several days," and that they no longer had symptoms after receiving care. It said they were sequestered in private rooms and were not staying at the Olympic Village. The statement did not

PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (06): Africa, Asia, Oceania

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 02/16/2018 - 19:52
Cholera -- Worldwide/Unknown
1. Guerrant RL, Carneiro-Filho BA and Dillingham RA. Cholera, diarrhea, and oral rehydration therapy: triumph and indictment. Clin Infect Dis. 2003;37(3):398-405; available at .
2. Gregorio GV, Gonzales ML, Dans LF and Martinez EG. Polymer-based oral rehydration solution for treating acute watery diarrhoea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009;(2):CD006519. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD006519.pub2; available at
3. Gore SM, Fontaine O and Pierce NF. Impact of rice based oral rehydration solution on

PRO/AH/EDR> Toxic coffee - Malaysia: (PP) methamphetamine

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 02/16/2018 - 19:46
-- Malaysia
The urine and blood samples of 2 more victims who experienced fatigue and dizziness after drinking premixed coffee were found positive for syabu. [Syabu is an amphetamine derivative used in the form of a crystalline hydrochloride. - Mod.TG]
Penang police chief Datuk A. Thaiveegan said the results were obtained last week [week of Sun 4 Feb 2018] but the police were still waiting for the chemistry department to produce results of the coffee samples.
He said so far, test results of blood

PRO/EDR> Sporotrichosis - Australia: (WA)

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 02/16/2018 - 16:32
Sporotrichosis -- Australia
A warning has been issued after an increase in cases of the fungal infection sporotrichosis, also known as rose gardener's disease or mouldy hay disease, in the South West during recent months. There have been 11 cases diagnosed in the region, mostly in the Margaret River area, according to WA Country Health Service South West Population Health Unit.
The fungus lives throughout the world in soil, plants, and decaying vegetation, and outbreaks have been documented in the United States and

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (32): Cambodia (PY) poultry, HPAI H5N1, spread

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 02/16/2018 - 13:47
Avian Influenza H5N1 -- Cambodia
A moratorium on the movement of chickens, dead or alive, has been put into effect in a commune of Prey Veng's Ba Phnom district after a chicken sample tested positive for avian influenza H5N1, the provincial Department of Agriculture, Forests and Fisheries said today [Thu 15 Feb 2017].
The infected bird originated from Prey Phdao village and was one among 100 tested from Sdao Korng commune, according to department director Ouk Samnang, who said that the Ministry of Agriculture had ordered

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - USA (08): (WY)

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 02/16/2018 - 13:25
Hepatitis A -- United States
The Wyoming Department of Health (WDH) and the Casper-Natrona County Health Department continue to investigate a growing Natrona County hepatitis A outbreak that began in October 2017. Since then, 14 cases have been confirmed among Natrona County residents, which is a significant increase over the usual total for Wyoming. Previously, the long-term average statewide was 2 cases annually with the last reported local hepatitis A infection in 2012.
"While some of the Natrona County cases did

PRO/AH/EDR> Psittacosis - China: (HK)

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 02/16/2018 - 13:23
Psittacosis -- China
The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health is investigating 2 linked cases of psittacosis, a bird-borne disease.
The 1st case involves a previously healthy 51-year-old woman who developed fever, cough, shortness of breath and malaise beginning in late January 2018. She was admitted to Ruttonjee Hospital on 11 Feb 2018 and was transferred to the intensive care unit for further management on the next day. Her condition subsequently improved and she was transferred back

PRO/AH/EDR> Equine infectious anemia - Slovakia: (BC) OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 02/16/2018 - 12:59
Equine Infectious Anemia -- Slovakia
Information received on [and dated] 13 Feb 2018 from Dr Jozef Bires, Director and Chief Veterinary Officer, State Veterinary and Food Administration , Ministry of Agriculture, Bratislava, Slovakia
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 12 Feb 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 12 Feb 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 6 Mar 2017
Manifestation of disease: sub-clinical infection
Causal agent:

PRO/EDR> Lymphatic filariasis - Côte d'Ivoire

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 02/15/2018 - 21:53
Filariasis -- Cote d'Ivoire
https://www.7sur7senegal.com/Cote-d-Ivoire-74-districts-sanitaires-touches-par-la-maladie-elephantiasis_a8912.html [Edited]

In a recent PNLMTN-CP [Programme National de Lutte contre les Maladies Tropicales Négligées à Chimiothérapie Préventive/national programme for the control of neglected tropical diseases through preventive chemotherapy] Secretariat report on tropical disease training in Côte d'Ivoire, 74 out of 83 health districts are affected by lymphatic filariasis or

PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonella, pet food - USA: recall

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 02/15/2018 - 21:36
Salmonella -- United States
A total of 4 pet food companies issued recalls after reports surfaced about contamination by salmonella after reports of pets dying or becoming ill.
The recalls involve a variety of products, all surfacing in the last week [week of Sun 4 Feb 2018] after 6 pets died or were sickened. One was a kitten, but the types of the other pets were not disclosed. Also, 2 children became ill, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (US, FDA).
The 6 animal cases were connected to

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (08): Americas (USA) fox, susp., human exposure

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 02/15/2018 - 21:32
Rabies -- United States
A fox attacked 3 people on [Tue 13 Feb 2018] at Saguaro National Park. One of those people is missing and officials want that person to immediately seek medical care for rabies. The incident was originally reported as a fox attacking a bicyclist along the Cactus Forest Loop in the Rincon Mountain District.
Park spokesman Chief Ranger Ray O'Neil says that since it's rare for foxes to attack people, they are concerned that it might have been rabid. "It appears the fox may have approached
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