Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (90): Malaysia (SA) H5N1, poultry, comment

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 08/13/2018 - 22:05
Avian Influenza H5N1 -- Malaysia
The article referenced in the comment made by Mod.TTM in ProMED-MBDS posting http://promedmail.org/post/20180809.5956160 provides useful information on the avian influenza situation in Malaysia.
The abstract of the article indicated:
"Malaysia has experienced avian influenza virus (AIV) outbreaks over the past 3 decades. Four waves of H5N1 high pathogenicity avian influenza (HPAI) took place in 2004, 2006, 2007, and 2017. The 1st epidemics of HPAI H5N1 subtype occurred in Kelantan, Kuala

PRO/AH/EDR> Marijuana, canine - USA: (OR)

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 08/13/2018 - 22:01
Poisoning -- United States
After Oregon legalized marijuana for recreational use, the number of pets poisoned by pot has risen.
Recently, U.S. authorities has been looking into the health benefits marijuana can bring to pets suffering from seizures, anxiety, and other illnesses. Studies show many pet owners have turned to marijuana to treat their pets. However, the increase in pet pot poisoning cases in Oregon may dissuade U.S. authorities from allowing veterinarians to prescribe pot-based treatments to their

PRO/AH/EDR> Newcastle disease, poultry - USA (12): (CA) more cases

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 08/13/2018 - 21:41
Newcastle Disease -- United States
During the week of 3-9 Aug 2018, the United States Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service confirmed 16 additional cases of virulent Newcastle disease [vND] in backyard exhibition chickens in Los Angeles, Riverside and San Bernardino counties, California.
Over the past few weeks, the response team intensified its efforts and identified additional cases of vND within existing disease-control areas. Affected flocks are quickly being euthanized. Together,

PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis - USA (08): (MO) cluster, unclear source

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 08/13/2018 - 21:38
Salmonella -- United States
The number of cases of salmonellosis in Perry County, Missouri increased after it was 1st detected on Mon 6 Aug 2018. According to the Perry County Memorial Hospital, there are now 37 cases of _Salmonella_ infection. Ages of those affected ranged from 2 to 68 years.
The hospital said the cases came through the emergency room and through the physician offices. According to the hospital, 3 people have required acute hospital admission, 2 short-term hospital observation, and treatment, and one

PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed hemorrhagic fever - Brazil: (MG) fatal, RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 08/13/2018 - 17:08
Hemorrhagic Fever -- Brazil
In the face of the situation, the prefecture appointed a task force to deal with the matter. The group is made up of representatives from several secretariats that visit homes and schools, especially at points considered to be at risk, to alert the population.
Understanding the case
----------------------
The 1st confirmed case of the disease was a 24-year-old young woman. She died on [30 Jun 2018] after admission to the São João Hospital with body pain and high fever.
The 2nd case

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - China (06): (NM) bovine, human

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 08/13/2018 - 15:10
Anthrax -- China
Eight people were allegedly infected with anthrax in North China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region due to a suspected outbreak of the sheep and cattle disease, which has killed 9 cows. Authorities in Horqin district, Tongliao, announced on [Sun 12 Aug 2018] that since [7 Aug 2018], 9 cows have died in Shengli village, which were diagnosed with an alleged anthrax infection, the Xinhua News Agency reported on [Mon 13 Aug 2018].
The 8 infected people were taken to a hospital for treatment and

PRO/EDR> Typhoid fever - Pakistan (06): multidrug resistance, spread, travel alert

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 08/13/2018 - 13:50
Fever -- Pakistan
An ongoing outbreak of extensively drug-resistant (XDR) typhoid fever in Pakistan that has triggered the level 2 alert can be controlled by sensitizing public and health professionals on following preventive measures religiously and offering vaccination particularly to the population at risk. The US CDC has already issued a travel alert saying anyone heading to Pakistan should take extra care of food and water and get vaccination against typhoid. The CDC said the XDR typhoid strain in Pakistan

PRO/AH/EDR> Myxomatosis - Spain (02): hare, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 08/13/2018 - 12:24
Other Animal Disease -- Spain
Information received on [and dated] 9 Aug 2018 from Dr Valentín Almansa, [Director General of Health of the Agricultural Production, Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment], Madrid, Spain
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of star of the event: 20 Jul 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 4 Aug 2018
Reason for notification: unexpected change in the distribution or increase in morbidity or mortality of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease: clinical

PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed die-off, fish - USA: (NM) oxygen depletion susp

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 08/13/2018 - 12:23
Animal Die-off -- United States
The New Mexico Department of Game and Fish is investigating a fish die off at Quemado Lake, following reports earlier this week [week of 6 Aug 2018] that fish in the lake were dying.
The die-off affected multiple species including tiger muskies, goldfish, grass carp, crayfish, and fathead minnows and is being attributed to low oxygen levels.
"Due to recent weather patterns across the state, including drought and high temperatures, die-offs have also been noted in the Pecos River, Coyote

PRO/AH/EDR> Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (18): (NC, VA)

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 08/12/2018 - 22:25
Eastern Equine Encephalitis -- United States
Another case of eastern equine encephalitis [EEE] has been reported, this time in Carteret County.
Carteret County Department of Human Services said in a press release that an 8-year-old mare was euthanized after contracting EEE. At least 3 other cases have been discovered in eastern North Carolina: 2 horses in Onslow County and a donkey in Duplin County. No human cases have been identified in the state this year [2018].
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC),

PRO/AH/EDR> Swine influenza - USA (02): (MI) swine

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 08/12/2018 - 22:23
Influenza -- United States
An outbreak of a deadly virus is closing down an attraction at a local county fair. Organizers are figuring out how pigs were infected with swine flu at the Shiawassee County Fair.
Closed signs and fencing cloak the Shiawassee Fair's Swine Barn with not even one pig in sight. That's because on Thursday night [9 Aug 2018], Fair Manager Ric Crawford and barn superintendents noticed that a group of pigs started looking sick, some of them even spiking 105 F [40 C] fevers, triggering Crawford to

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - China (05): (HL) human cases conf.

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 08/12/2018 - 22:19
Anthrax -- China
Fourteen cutaneous anthrax cases have been confirmed in northeast China's Heilongjiang Province, local authorities said on Fri 10 Aug 2018. One of the 14 patients was cured and discharged from hospital, the information office of the provincial government told a press briefing. The epidemic is under control, and the patients have been under effective treatment, it said.
Local authorities are examining the pathogens. A total of 818 sheep in the affected and high-risk areas in Huanan and Yilan

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - USA (35): (KY,TN,IN)

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 08/12/2018 - 16:26
Hepatitis -- United States
Since [Tue 1 Aug 2017], the Kentucky Department for Public Health (DPH) has identified 1276 cases of acute hepatitis A, a liver disease caused by the hepatitis A virus. An increase in cases since [Tue 1 Aug 2017], primarily among homeless people and drug users, prompted declaration of a statewide outbreak in November 2017. Viral sequencing has linked several outbreak-associated cases in Kentucky with outbreaks in California and Utah.
The DPH is working closely with the Centers for Disease

PRO/EDR> Foodborne illness - Afghanistan: (LA) RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 08/12/2018 - 16:22
Foodborne Illness -- Afghanistan
At least 350 people, including women and children, have been poisoned after eating food at a funeral reception in the Dawlat Shah district of eastern Laghman Province, an official said on Thursday [9 Aug 2018].
Sarhadi Zwak, the governor's spokesman, told Pajhwok Afghan News that the incident took place in Masmuti village of the district on Wednesday [8 Aug 2018]. He said 350 people were poisoned after consuming food at the funeral gathering and were immediately transported in ambulances to

PRO/EDR> Measles update (50): Americas, Europe

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 08/12/2018 - 16:19
Measles -- Brazil
[1] Brazil
[2] USA (South Carolina, Georgetown County)
[3] USA (Michigan, Oakland and Washtenaw counties) travel associated
Europe
-----
[4] Ireland
[5] Italy: vaccine
******
[1] Brazil
Date: Tue 7 Aug 2018
Source: Precision Vaccinations [edited]

The Brazil Health Ministry website reported there have been 1053 measles cases and 5 deaths, as of 2 Aug 2018. This negative news is a significant increase from the 20 Jul 2018 Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) report, which

PRO/EDR> Poliomyelitis update (35): (Papua New Guinea, Nigeria, El Salvador) OPV3, RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 08/12/2018 - 16:09
Polio -- Papua New Guinea
Poliovirus weekly update as of Wed 8 Aug 2018, World Health Organization
New wild poliovirus cases reported this week: 0
Total number of wild poliovirus cases in 2018: 13
Total number of wild poliovirus cases in 2017: 22
New cVDPV cases reported this week: 1
Total number of cVDPV cases in 2018: 22
Total number of cVDPV cases in 2017: 96
Headlines
- In Papua New Guinea, a 3rd case of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1 (cVDPV1) has been confirmed, from a newly-infected

PRO/AH/EDR> Hantavirus - Americas (48): Panama (LS) comment

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 08/12/2018 - 09:49
Hantavirus -- Panama
We agree with the moderator stating that Choclo is the only one of the 3 hantaviruses known to be endemic in Panama that causes HPS (hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome) or "hantavirus fever". However, "hantavirus fever," or rather "a fever induced by hantavirus" ("una fiebre por virus hanta"), as mentioned in the 11 Aug 2018 edition of La Prensa/Provincias, should also include the 1st hantaviral pathogen isolated in the New World, being rat-transmitted Seoul virus (SEOV) (LeDuc JW, Smith GA,

PRO/AH/EDR> Japanese encephalitis & other - India (15): (AS)

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 08/12/2018 - 09:45
Japanese Encephalitis -- India
Japanese encephalitis (JE) continues in Assam, with one more person succumbing to the disease in Dibrugarh on Wednesday [8 Aug 2018], thus taking the death toll in the state to 66 this year [2018]. So far, 324 individuals have tested positive to the disease, and another 874 persons have been diagnosed with acute encephalitic syndrome (AES) this year.
A report appearing in The Times of India stated that with all efforts to control the spread of JE having proved futile so far, the Assam
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