Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/AH/EDR> American foulbrood, apis - New Zealand

ProMED Mail Reports - 1 hour 25 min ago
Other Animal Disease -- New Zealand
A Hawke's Bay beekeeper has warned the region may be on the verge of a "major" bee disease outbreak if appropriate action is not taken.
Hawke's Bay Hub of Apiculture New Zealand president John Berry said American Foulbrood, known as "AFB", was rampant this year [2017] and could devastate pollination in the region.
"It normally starts up with 1 or 2 infected cells and there are more than 2 billion spores in each cell. Each of those spores is capable of lasting 40 years so you can see why

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (167): Cambodia (KC) poultry, HPAI H5N1, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - 2 hours 24 min ago
Avian Influenza H5N1 -- Cambodia
Information received on [and dated] 9 Dec 2017 from Dr Sen Sovann, OIE Delegate/Deputy Secretary General, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 22 Nov 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 6 Dec 2017
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 31 Jan 2017
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: highly pathogenic avian

PRO/AH/EDR> E. coli EHEC - USA (38): (CA)

ProMED Mail Reports - 2 hours 29 min ago
E. coli -- United States
The 13 and 9 year old sisters [from Clovis, Fresno county] were active and healthy kids with no medical history. Their parents thought it was a terrible case of the flu. Originally their pediatrician thought it was the norovirus. But after days of worsening symptoms, they were admitted to Valley Children's Hospital [in Madera county] with _E. coli_.
The 13-year-old is finally starting to improve after 16 days in the hospital. She's had more blood transfusions than she can count along with

PRO/AH/EDR> Bluetongue - Europe (11): Turkey, ovine, caprine, serotypes 4, 16, OIE, RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - 2 hours 42 min ago
Bluetongue -- Turkey
Information received on [and dated] 11 Dec 2017 from Dr Nihat Pakdil, Deputy Undersecretary of Ministry, Veterinary Services, Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock, Ankara, Turkey
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 25 Oct 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 8 Dec 2017
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 30 Dec 2015
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: Bluetongue

PRO/AH/EDR> E. coli EHEC - Canada (12) : O157, lettuce

ProMED Mail Reports - 4 hours 26 min ago
E. coli -- Canada
Currently, there are 21 cases of _E. coli_ O157 illness under investigation in 3 provinces: Quebec (3), New Brunswick (5), and Newfoundland and Labrador (13). Individuals became sick in November 2017. 10 individuals have been hospitalized. No deaths have been reported. Individuals who became ill are between the ages of 5 and 72 years of age. The majority of cases (71 percent) are female.
Many individuals who became sick reported eating romaine lettuce before their illnesses occurred. The

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (166): Netherlands (FL) poultry, HPAI H5N6, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - 4 hours 32 min ago
Avian Influenza H5N6 -- Netherlands
Information received on [and dated] 10 Dec 2017 from Dr Christianne Bruschke, chief veterinary officer, Ministry of Economic Affairs, The Hague, Netherlands
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 7 Dec 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 8 Dec 2017
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 16 May 2017
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus

PRO/EDR> Meningitis - Ghana (07): (AH) fatal, students, NOT, influenza H1N1, WHO

ProMED Mail Reports - 6 hours 58 min ago
Influenza H1N1 -- Ghana
The Minister of Health and the WHO Representative held a press briefing to inform the public and provide updates on the outbreak.
The Ministry of Health deployed a multi-disciplinary rapid response team to Kumasi to conduct the outbreak investigation and support response actions. WHO provided technical and logistical support to the investigation mission.
Active surveillance has been enhanced: a case definition was developed and active case search is being done among students and staff at

PRO/AH/EDR> Senecavirus A, swine - USA : warning

ProMED Mail Reports - 7 hours 3 min ago
Other Animal Disease -- United States
Pipestone System [sow management company] reports common clinical signs associated with vesicular diseases like SVA include:
- open or closed blisters located on the snout and/or at the junction where the skin and the hoof wall meet (coronary band);
- sudden lameness with redness and swelling at or around the coronary band. Some cases have reported up to 50 percent of the population being affected at one time.
- Pigs that are suddenly off feed, lethargic, and/or have a fever up to 105 deg F

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Americas (65): Brazil (SP,RS) RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - 7 hours 7 min ago
Yellow Fever -- Brazil
This [Thu 7 Dec 2017] Jundiaí registered its 1st case of suspected human yellow fever. According to the Health Management and Promotion Unit, the patient is a 55-year-old man, resident of the Ivoturucaia neighborhood region. He is hospitalized since [29 Nov 2017] in the intensive care unit of a private hospital in the city.
According to the Director of Epidemiological Surveillance, Fauzia Abul Abbas Raiza, the man was the only member of his family who had not been vaccinated against the

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - USA (59): (CA,MI,UT)

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 12/11/2017 - 21:00
Hepatitis A -- United States
567 / 20 (3.5) / 382 (67.4)
--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail Rapporteur Mary Marshall

[Cumulative case data
Report date / Cases / Hospitalized (percentage) / Deaths (percentage) / New cases per week
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
5 Apr 2017 / 39 / 33 (85) / 1 (3)
4 May 2017 / 80 / 66 (83) / 3 (4) / 10
31 May 2017 / 133 / 103 (80) / 3 (2) / 14
12 Jun 2017 / 160 / 120 (75) / 4 (2.5) / 18
27 Jun 2017 / 196 / 142 (72) / 4 (2) / 20
26

PRO/AH/EDR> MERS-CoV (75): Saudi Arabia (RI, JF, QS)

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 12/11/2017 - 15:49
MERS -- Saudi Arabia
As of Mon 11 Dec 2017, there have been a total of:
1750 laboratory-confirmed cases of MERS-CoV infection, including
708 deaths [reported case fatality rate 40.5 per cent],
1028 recoveries, and
14 currently active cases/infections.
[As previously mentioned, the numbers of deaths, recoveries, and currently active cases come from my spreadsheet tallies and differ from those listed on the Saudi MOH website; my spreadsheet counts asymptomatic infections as they are reported. One complication

PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis, st Agona - France (03): infant formula, alert, global recall

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 12/11/2017 - 11:41
Salmonella -- France
French baby milk formula maker Lactalis has ordered a global product recall over fears of salmonella contamination. Health authorities in France said 26 infants in the country have become sick since early December 2017. The recall affects products and exports to countries including Britain, China, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sudan. It covers hundreds of baby milk powder products marketed globally under the Milumel, Picot, and Celi brands.
Lactalis is one of the world's biggest dairy

PRO/AH/EDR> Strangles, equine - USA (05): (FL) equine

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 12/11/2017 - 10:38
Strangles -- United States
The number of cases of the bacterial equine infection, strangles, has reached 40 to date in 2017, according to the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, with 5 recent cases reported.
As reported by the Equine Disease Communication Center (EDCC), the latest cases were reported from Manatee, Volusia, and Indian River counties. Here are the details:
On 4 Dec 2017 the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services confirmed 3 premises in Manatee County, Florida,

PRO/EDR> Respiratory syncytial virus - Mexico: case surge

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 12/11/2017 - 10:35
Respiratory Syncytial Virus -- Mexico
Cases of respiratory syncytial virus have increased by 900 percent so far this winter season [2017-18] in Mexico. According to the National Institute of Respiratory Diseases (INER), they have treated 100 people to date this season, whereas during the entire year last year [2016] they reported only 10 cases. The respiratory syncytial virus is the causative factor of diseases such as pneumonia
The INER indicated that they do not have accurate and precise statistics at the national level, but

Cholera – Kenya

WHO Disease Outbreaks news - Mon, 12/11/2017 - 00:44
Disease news outbreak for cholera in Kenya.

PRO/EDR> Meningitis - Ghana (06): (AH) fatal, H.S. students, influenza, RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 12/10/2017 - 23:35
Influenza H1N1 -- Ghana
Deaths at Kumasi Academy have been linked to spread of influenza. The health minister is calling for students to still stay on campus. It has emerged that the cause of mysterious deaths at the Kumasi Academy is due to type A influenza, the strain [that] causes the deadly swine flu.
Addressing the press in an emergency briefing, the health minister, Kwaku Agyeman-Manu, revealed that out of 44 cases reported, only 4 have died, bringing a total of 11 deaths in the year alone.
Samples of

Cholera – Zambia

WHO Disease Outbreaks news - Sun, 12/10/2017 - 21:50
Disease news outbreak for cholera in Zambia.

PRO/AH/EDR> Angiostrongylus vasorum, canine - UK: spread

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 12/10/2017 - 18:33
Other Animal Disease -- United Kingdom
It has been confirmed that a dog has contracted lungworm in Plymouth.
A veterinary centre has confirmed that the parasitic worm, which is potentially fatal to canines if left undiagnosed, was picked up by vets at Elm Veterinary Group.
Posting on Facebook, the veterinary centre on Outland Road said: "We have had a confirmed case of lungworm there at Elm; please click on the link below to become lungworm aware."
Slugs and snails carry the lungworm larvae, and dogs can become infected

PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed deaths, bovine - Zambia: (SO) RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 12/10/2017 - 14:58
Undiagnosed -- Zambia
A mysterious cattle disease has broken out in Chikankata district in Southern province and has since claimed 7 head of cattle.
Chikankata District Veterinary Officer Dr Abraham Msoni has disclosed that his office has since dispatched a team of officers to verify the reported outbreak of the peculiar cattle disease, which has so far claimed 7 head of cattle in Chikankata.
Dr Msoni told ZANIS yesterday [7 Dec 2017] in Chikankata that his officers are currently ascertaining the type of
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