Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease, bovine - Colombia

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 07/20/2017 - 20:15
Foot and Mouth -- Colombia
A total of 2 new outbreaks of foot-and-mouth disease which tends to complicate the infection panorama in the country, were detected in Colombia, according to an information spread here today [Wed 19 Jul 2017] by the Agriculture Ministry. One of these points was detected in the San Faustino city council in Cucuta, north of Santander, where a checkpoint of the entity found animals with vesicular diseases, which were transported in a truck for sale.
The 2nd case was located in Tibacuy, in the

PRO/AH/EDR> West Nile virus - Americas (04): USA (WY) equine

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 07/20/2017 - 20:00
West Nile Virus -- United States
Veterinarians at the Animal Medical Center in Gillette, Wyoming received laboratory confirmation this week [week of 16-22 Jul 2017] that a horse under their treatment tested positive for the West Nile Virus.
According to Dr Marshall Kohr the horse presented wobbly and unsteady on his feet. Even though about 33 percent of the horses who exhibit signs of West Nile virus will succumb to the disease, Dr Kohr reports that "this horse is improving and expected to make a full recovery."

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - Kenya (06): (MU) susp

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 07/20/2017 - 19:56
Anthrax -- Kenya
At least 60 people who allegedly ate uninspected meat at Gathaithi village in Kahuro sub-county, Murang'a County have been screened for anthrax. The victims, among them school children, were rushed to Muriranja District Hospital on [Wed 19 Jul 2017] after they developed symptoms associated with anthrax and food poisoning. 2 victims were admitted and referred to Kiria-ini Mission Hospital for further treatment. The victims included pupils from Gathaithi Upper and Maria-ini primary schools in

PRO/AH/EDR> Q fever - Australia: (VI) occupational exposure, animal auction facility

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 07/20/2017 - 19:47
Q Fever -- Australia
Dozens of council workers at the historic Geelong Saleyards have tested positive to the disease Q fever, prompting the Australian Services Union to demand a "please explain".
The City of Greater Geelong has revealed 25 Geelong Saleyards workers had shown positive results for the presence of Q fever antibodies, out of 42 tested for the condition.
Despite the positive tests, the council was not aware of any workers receiving an official diagnosis to date. The zoonotic disease is

PRO/EDR> Legionellosis - USA (12): (TN) hotel, hot tub/pool, RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 07/20/2017 - 19:33
Legionnaires' -- United States
The Shelby County Health Department has confirmed there is a 9th case of Legionnaires' disease from The Guest House at Graceland hotel.
A total of 3 people were originally diagnosed with Legionnaires' disease. The Shelby County Health Department later confirmed a 4th case linked to The Guest House at Graceland on [Fri 1 Jul 2017], a 5th case [Thu 6 Jul 2017] and the 6th was announced on [Fri 14 Jul 2017].
The aquatic facilities at the hotel are located in the 3600 block of Elvis Presley

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza, human (63): China, H7N9, WHO update

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 07/20/2017 - 19:14
Avian Influenza H7N9 -- China
On [Mon 19 Jun 2017], the NHFPC reported 5 laboratory-confirmed human cases of infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China. Onset dates ranged from 25 Apr 2017 to 6 Jun 2017. Of these 5 cases, one was female. The median age was 55 years (range 41 to 68 years). The case patients were reported from Beijing (1), Guangxi (1), Guizhou (1), Hunan (1), and Zhejiang (1). At the time of notification, there was one death. Four cases were diagnosed as having severe pneumonia. Three cases were

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever - Europe (15): Czech Republic (ZK) wild boar, spread, concern

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 07/20/2017 - 18:55
African Swine Fever -- Czech Republic
The police are to investigate the cause of an outbreak of African swine fever in the Zlin region, the 1st ever recorded in the Czech Republic, Czech Television reported on [Tue 18 Jul 2017].
The local branch of the State Veterinary Administration has filed a criminal complaint against an unknown perpetrator over the spreading of the disease. On [Mon 17 Jul 2017] the minister of agriculture, Marian Jurecka, said it was likely there had been human involvement in the outbreak. More than 50

PRO/AH/EDR> Influenza, swine - USA (02): H1N2

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 07/20/2017 - 11:46
Influenza -- United States
Since October 2010, the USDA, in cooperation with State and industry partners, has conducted voluntary surveillance for influenza A virus in swine (IAV-S) in the US. The program tests samples collected from diagnostic submissions to veterinary diagnostic laboratories. This surveillance is not conducted to define prevalence -- the goal is to identify viruses that may be circulating in swine, and gain knowledge to contribute to improved animal health diagnostics and vaccines.

PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis, st Typhimurium - USA (02): laboratory-acquired

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 07/20/2017 - 11:40
Salmonella -- United States
The CDC reported [Wed 19 Jun 2017], 24 people in 16 states were infected with a strain of salmonella from March through June 2017 in an outbreak linked to microbiology laboratories. 6 people were hospitalized, but no deaths have been reported.
The CDC released an investigation notice about the outbreak of the _Salmonella [enterica_ serotype] Typhimurium strain, which was also linked to infections in microbiology labs in 2011 and 2014. The infections occurred in clinical, commercial,

PRO/EDR> Vibrio parahaemolyticus - USA: (WA)

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 07/20/2017 - 11:33
Vibrio parahaemolyticus -- United States
In a follow-up to a report last week [week of 10 Jul 2017] concerning a _Vibrio parahaemolyticus_ outbreak linked to raw oyster consumption in Seattle, Washington, Public Health -- Seattle & King County officials say as many as 25 people may have become ill since early June 2017.
The health department investigation is looking at multiple reports of persons ill with watery diarrhea, abdominal cramping, and vomiting --symptoms consistent with vibriosis -- after eating raw oysters from one of

PRO/PL> Undiagnosed rot, onion - USA: (OR)

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 07/20/2017 - 11:17
Undiagnosed -- United States
[A] disease issue being tackled is an onion rot, which starts at the top of the bulb. Eric Feibert, Malheur Experiment Station [Oregon State University] said the source of the problem is not known. Also unknown is when the rot starts to happen. The rot prevents onions from being fully developed. The disease can develop in the field or in storage.
Feibert is leading research on 2 varieties of onions and said those onions are checked on a weekly basis to try and see when the disease shows up.

PRO/AH/EDR> Hantavirus - Americas (42): USA (CA)

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 07/19/2017 - 20:47
Hantavirus -- United States
A man was hospitalized with hantavirus, a rare and potentially fatal rodent-borne respiratory disease he may have contracted after staying in cabins at California parks, his family said.
The man, 22, began having symptoms of the disease during the 4th of July weekend, his family told Fox 40. The family wrote on a crowdfunding page that they were camping at Lee Vining when he began having consistent headaches over 5 days. One day, he woke up with a 104 F [40 C] fever.
"My mom and I

PRO/EDR> Gonococcal disease - Australia: antibiotic resistance, azithromycin

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 07/19/2017 - 20:41
Gonorrhea -- Australia
A critically drug-resistant strain of [the bacterium that causes] gonorrhoea dubbed a "super-superbug" has been detected in every Australian state and territory by a new national surveillance system.
The National Alert System for Critical Antimicrobial Resistance (CARAlert) identified 1064 bacteria highly resistant to last-line antibiotics between 17 Mar 2016 and 31 Mar 2017 across 73 laboratories. "These are super-superbugs," said Professor John Turnidge, senior medical advisor at the

PRO/AH/EDR> Equine infectious anemia: Spain, FYR Macedonia, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 07/19/2017 - 20:35
Equine Infectious Anemia -- Spain
Information received on 18 Jul 2017 from Dr Valentin Almansa, Director General, Sanidad de la Produccion Agraria, Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentacion y Medio Ambiente, Madrid, Spain
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 13 Jul 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 18 Jul 2017
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 1983
Manifestation of disease: Sub-clinical infection
Causal agent: equine infectious

PRO/AH/EDR> BSE, bovine - USA (02): (AL) atypical L-type, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 07/19/2017 - 20:20
BSE -- United States
Information received on 19 Jul 2017 from Dr John Clifford, Official Delegate, Chief Trade Advisor, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, United States of America
Report type: immediate notification (final report)
Date of start of the event: 5 Jul 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 16 Jul 2017
Date of event resolved: 18 Jul 2017
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 30

PRO/EDR> Influenza (14): Hong Kong, India

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 07/19/2017 - 19:09
Influenza -- China
The National Institute of Virology, [NIV] Pune, ruled out mutation theory and some experts believe that the jump in numbers could be attributed to 2 factors: antigenic drift and the spread of a different strain (sub-type of virus) of H1N1 virus.
According to the US Centres of Disease Control, "antigenic drift are small changes in the genes of influenza viruses that happen continually over time as the virus replicates. These small genetic changes usually produce viruses that are closely

PRO/AH/EDR> Cyclosporiasis - USA: (TX)

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 07/19/2017 - 18:50
Protozoa, miscellaneous -- United States
Within the past month, 68 cases of Cyclospora have been reported across the state, including in Fort Bend and Harris counties.
Experts said it's contracted by eating food or water contaminated with the microscopic parasite.
Past outbreaks have been linked to imported fresh produce, including pre-packaged salad mix, raspberries, basil, snow peas and mesclun greens. Health experts say the best way to keep your family safe is to thoroughly wash all fresh produce.
Symptoms of Cyclospora

PRO/EDR> Botulism - USA (11): (NM) wound, injection drug related

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 07/19/2017 - 17:23
Botulism -- United States
The New Mexico Department of Health is investigating a confirmed case of wound botulism in a 48-year-old man from Dona Ana County. The patient is an injection drug user and the suspected source of infection is either a soiled skin injection site, contaminated injection devices or contaminated heroin. The man is currently hospitalized.
In 2016, NMDOH identified 3 confirmed and one probable wound botulism cases among people who inject drugs.
Botulism is a rare, but potentially deadly

PRO/AH/EDR> BSE, bovine - USA: (AL)

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 07/19/2017 - 17:11
BSE -- United States
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) announced an atypical case of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE), a neurologic disease of cattle, in an 11-year old cow in Alabama. This animal never entered slaughter channels and at no time presented a risk to the food supply, or to human health in the United States.
USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service's (APHIS) National Veterinary Services Laboratories (NVSL) have determined that this cow was positive for atypical (L-type) BSE.

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (34): Americas, USA (TX), bat, human exposure

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 07/19/2017 - 16:57
Rabies -- United States
A woman, KK, told the outlet that she was bitten in an apartment complex parking garage last [Thu 13 Jul 2017] night off Memorial Drive [near Houston's Buffalo Bayou Park]. She said the bat bite felt like tiny needles.
The bat was later trapped by firefighters at the scene and was tested for rabies. A day later she was contacted and told that the bat did in fact carry the disease. Now KK is undergoing a series of rather expensive rabies treatments, which according to her have been in excess
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