Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/AH/EDR> Malaria, avian - New Zealand: kiwi, fatal

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 06/15/2018 - 18:45
Malaria -- New Zealand
A deadly disease has ravaged the little spotted kiwi population in an Auckland sanctuary, killing more than 10 per cent of the endangered birds at the park.
A total of 40 kiwi were moved to Shakespear Open Sanctuary in north Auckland in 2 batches, in March 2017 and in April 2018.
Since then 5 birds have died of avian malaria, with 4 others dying of other causes.
The 2017 kiwis were 10 females from Tiritiri Matangi Island and 10 males from Kapiti Island and all of the birds in 2018

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - USA (23): CDC Health Alert Network

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 06/15/2018 - 18:35
Hepatitis A -- United States
Hepatitis A infection is a vaccine-preventable illness. The primary means of hepatitis A virus (HAV) transmission in the USA is typically person-to-person through the fecal-oral route (i.e., ingestion of something that has been contaminated with the feces of an infected person) (1). Symptoms include fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, dark urine, clay-colored bowel movements, joint pain, and jaundice. Although rare, atypical extra hepatic manifestations include

PRO/AH/EDR> Rift Valley fever - Rwanda (02): (ES) bovine, spread, alert

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 06/15/2018 - 13:34
Rift Valley Fever -- Rwanda
Location: Ngoma, Kirehe, and Kyonza districts, Eastern province, Rwanda
Event: The US Embassy in Kigali wishes to inform American citizens that the Rwandan Ministry of Agriculture has recently confirmed an outbreak of Rift Valley fever (RVF) in cattle in 3 districts of Eastern province: Ngoma, Kirehe, and Kyonza.
RVF is a viral disease that primarily affects animals but can also infect humans. While most human cases are relatively mild, a small percentage of patients develop a much more

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (33): Americas, USA (MN) bat, comment

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 06/15/2018 - 13:28
Rabies -- United States
As a bat rehabilitator, this recommendation, to take a possibly injured animal and fling it high into the air and hope it doesn't crash and exacerbate any existing injury or die on impact, seems unnecessary and inhumane. I get injured bats into care on a regular basis, from people who have rescued them safely with leather gloves and a cloth, and many of these bats with wrist or elbow injuries cannot fly well if at all. Most bats also go into daily torpor, and are incapable of flying if their

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (80): Russia (KS) poultry, HPAI H5, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 06/15/2018 - 13:24
Avian Influenza -- Russia
Information received on [and dated] on 13 Jun 2018 from Dr Evgeny Nepoklonov, Vice-minister, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 7 Jun 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 9 Jun 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 13 Mar 2018
Causal agent: highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype: H5
Nature of diagnosis: clinical,

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever - Europe (18): Romania, domestic swine, wild boar, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 06/14/2018 - 22:01
African Swine Fever -- Romania
Information received on [and dated] 13 Jun 2018 from Dr Geronimo Raducu Branescu, President Secretary of State Chief Veterinary Officer, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 9 Jun 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 10 Jun 2018
Reason for notification: 1st occurrence of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease: Clinical

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (35): Congo DR, cases, response, WHO

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 06/14/2018 - 21:48
Ebola -- DR Congo
Two of the new suspected cases are from Iboko health zone, which includes the Itipo health area, the remaining area of active transmission, according to a situation report yesterday [Tue 12 Jun 2018] from the World Health Organization (WHO). Two days ago the WHO's director-general and the DRC's health minister visited Itipo to assess the situation and support response operations. They also met with patients who recovered from Ebola and visited Itipo's new Ebola treatment center.
In its latest

PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed deaths, caprine - India: (OR), RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 06/14/2018 - 18:03
Undiagnosed -- India
An unknown disease has claimed lives of hundreds of goats in the MV-56 village under Kalimela block in Malkangiri district during the last 3 months [March - May 2018].
The mass deaths have triggered fear among locals who are yet to recover from the mass pig deaths that occurred last year [2017] and particularly because most of them depend on goat farming as livelihood. "The goats fall sick for a few days and then succumb. We do not know the cause," said a villager.
The district

PRO/AH/EDR> White nose syndrome, bats - North America (05): (SD) 1st rep

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 06/14/2018 - 15:40
White nose syndrome -- United States
The National Park Service says a fungus that causes a deadly disease of bats has been detected on bats in South Dakota for the 1st time.
The fungus that causes white-nose syndrome was detected on 1 western small-footed bat and 4 big brown bats in Jackson County at Badlands National Park last month [May 2018]. The Rapid City Journal reports the fungus was detected during testing by the National Park Service Northern Great Plains Network and the University of Wyoming.
White-nose syndrome

PRO/AH/EDR> E. coli EHEC - USA (18): (TN) raw milk, more cases

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 06/14/2018 - 14:48
Foodborne Illness -- United States
"More than a dozen" children now have been treated at East Tennessee Children's Hospital [ETCH] for _E. coli_-related illness, officials confirmed [Thu 14 Jun 2018]. The latest patient was admitted to the hospital with a strain of _E. coli_ bacteria related to raw milk consumption, hospital spokeswoman Erica Estep told the USA Today Network-Tennessee.
On [Tue 12 Jun 2018], the Knox County Health Department confirmed that 11 children, all under the age of 4, have been treated at ETCH in the

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (32): Asia (Kazakhstan) canine, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 06/14/2018 - 14:19
Rabies -- Kazakhstan
Information received on [and dated] 13 Jun 2018 from Dr. Samat Tyulegenov, Director General, RSE "National Reference Center for Veterinary" of the Committee of veterinary control and supervision, Ministry of Agriculture of Republic of Kazakhstan, Astana, Kazakhstan
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Start date: 7 Jun 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 11 Jun 2018
Reason for notification: 1st occurrence of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal

PRO/AH/EDR> Crimean-Congo hem. fever - East Africa (05): Uganda (MD) alert

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 06/14/2018 - 14:14
Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever -- Uganda
- 23 May 2018: a 35-year-old man from Nkoko sub-county in Kakumiro district dies at Mubende Regional Referral Hospital.
- December 2017: a 9-year-old girl dies. 2 other people develop symptoms in Nakaseke and Luweero districts.
- 2015: a 33-year-old male admitted to Mengo Hospital in Kampala tested positive for the infection.
- September 2013: a female patient dies in Nansana on the outskirts of Kampala city. The Ministry of Health had just declared that the country was Crimean-Congo fever

PRO/AH/EDR> Hantavirus - Americas (41): USA (OR)

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 06/14/2018 - 13:35
Hantavirus -- United States
Deschutes County Health Department officials confirmed a local woman died [Wed 13 Jun 2018] from hantavirus pulmonary syndrome [HPS], a disease [virus] transmitted through rodent droppings.
The woman, 67, and her husband, lived in Redmond but also maintained a home in the 3 Rivers community in Culver [Jefferson county].
According to a neighbor, she had come to the Culver home before Memorial Day to prepare for a family visit.
"They have a loft in their barn that they use for extra

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (79): Bulgaria (DO) poultry, HPAI H5N8, spread

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 06/14/2018 - 12:44
Avian Influenza H5N8 -- Bulgaria
An outbreak of a virulent bird flu virus has spread to another farm in northeastern Bulgaria, the national food safety agency said on [Wed 13 Jun 2018].
A 3-kilometer [2-mi] protection zone was set around the farm in the village of Donchevo [Dobrich] and the sale of eggs and the movement of domestic, wild, and other birds was banned within it, the agency said in a statement.
"All contaminated and contact birds in 2 of the farm halls will be culled in a humane manner," it said.
2 weeks

PRO/AH/EDR> Plague - USA (02): (ID)

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 06/14/2018 - 12:37
Plague -- United States
Plague was confirmed this week in an Elmore county child. The child is recovering after receiving antimicrobial treatment. "Plague is spread to humans through a bite from an infected flea. People can decrease their risk by treating their pets for fleas and avoiding contact with wildlife," said Sarah Correll, DVM, Central District Health Department epidemiologist. "Wear insect repellant, long pants, and socks when visiting plague affected areas."
It is not known whether the child was exposed

PRO/PL> Stripe rust, wheat - Australia: (VI) new strain

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 06/14/2018 - 12:34
Other Plant Disease -- Australia
Plant pathologists identified new strains of stripe rust from samples sent in last year [2017] from Victoria. The new rust pathotype is believed to be the first [to overcome] the YR 33 gene which has formed an important part of plant resistance to stripe rust in several widely grown wheat varieties.
It [also] marks the 1st time a new stripe rust pathogen has been identified [in Australia] for 7 years. While farmers are not expecting a high disease load this year [2018] due to the dry summer

PRO/AH/EDR> Japanese encephalitis & other - India (07): (MP)

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 06/14/2018 - 12:31
Japanese Encephalitis -- India
The Bhopal Health department, on [Tue 12 Jun 2018], has issued alert in the state after 2 kids - one each from Vidisha and Hoshangabad, died of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) in Hamidia Hospital. Malaria Officer Akhilesh Dubey said, "As per the alert, hospitals have been directed to conduct Japanese encephalitis test on the patients which complain of cough and fever.
Teams have been constituted to conduct door to door surveys at war footing." Another patient of Ashok Nagar is still

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever - Europe (17): Russia (KN) domestic swine, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 06/14/2018 - 09:09
African Swine Fever -- Russia
Information received on [and dated] 13 Jun 2018 from Dr Evgeny Nepoklonov, vice-minister, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 5 Jun 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 6 Jun 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 2 Apr 2018
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: African swine fever virus
Nature of diagnosis:

PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - China (06): (AH) st O, cattle, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 06/14/2018 - 09:07
Foot and Mouth -- China
Information received on [and dated] 12 Jun 2018 from Dr Zhang Zhongqui, Director General, China Animal Disease Control Centre, Veterinary Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, China (People's Rep. of)
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 20 May 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 7 Jun 2018
Report date: 12 Jun 2018
Date submitted to OIE: 12 Jun 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 20 Jan

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (34): Congo DR, cases, response, WHO

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 06/13/2018 - 21:07
Ebola -- DR Congo
Grade 3; cases: 55, deaths: 28; CFR: 50.9 percent
The outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo remains active. One month into the response, there is cautious optimism about the situation in Bikoro and Wangata (especially Mbandaka) health zones where the last confirmed EVD case was reported on 16 May 2018. The primary focus of the response has moved from the urban areas of Equateur province to the most remote and hard-to-reach places in Itipo and the
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