Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/AH/EDR> Ergotism, bovine - New Zealand: (SO, OT)

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 07/19/2017 - 15:00
Other Animal Disease -- New Zealand
A total of 4 cases of ergot toxicity were initially reported in Southland and South Otago which had affected a large number of cows, according to VetSouth Winton veterinarian Hayden Dore.
The vet said the dry summer and wet autumn conditions contributed to the appearance of the fungus in the region; with many of the cases he had seen affecting the hind limbs of cows. "Over time it effectively causes one or more of the limbs to become gangrenous," Mr. Dore said. "Signs of ergot toxicity

PRO/AH/EDR> Mushroom poisoning - China: (HK) porcini, warning

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 07/19/2017 - 14:46
Poisoning -- China
Product: Porcini mushrooms
Place of origin: China
Net weight: 150 grams per pack
Best-before date: 30 Mar 2018
A CFS spokesman said, "Following up on a food poisoning case in relation to the consumption of porcini mushrooms as notified by the Centre for Health Protection of the Department of Health, the CFS conducted an investigation at a department store in Yau Ma Tei. According to the information provided by the department store concerned, the sale of the product has ceased since the

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever - Europe (14): Ukraine (CH), domestic swine, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 07/19/2017 - 14:43
African Swine Fever -- Ukraine
Information received on 18 Jul 2017 from Dr Andrii Zhuk, first deputy head of the State Service of Ukraine on Food Safety and Consumer Production, International Cooperation of the State Service of Ukraine on Food Safety and Consumer Protection, UKR Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food, KIEV, Ukraine
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 15 Jul 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 16 Jul 2017
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed

Dengue fever – Sri Lanka

WHO Disease Outbreaks news - Wed, 07/19/2017 - 12:05
From 1 January to 7 July 2017, the Epidemiology Unit of the Ministry of Health (MoH) Sri Lanka reported 80 732 dengue fever cases, including 215 deaths. This is a 4.3 fold higher than the average number of cases for the same period between 2010 and 2016, and the monthly number of cases exceeds the mean plus three standard deviations for each of the past six months. Based on sentinel site surveillance for the past seven years the expected peak months of May to July coincides with the south-western monsoon which commences in late April.

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

WHO Disease Outbreaks news - Wed, 07/19/2017 - 11:05
On 19 June 2017, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China (NHFPC) notified WHO of five additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China. On 24 June 2017, the NHFPC notified WHO of 10 additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China. On 30 June 2017, the NHFPC notified WHO of six additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China.

PRO/EDR> Pertussis (07): USA, France, Canada

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 07/18/2017 - 19:06
Whooping Cough -- United States
Pertussis has been on the rise in the United States, and, in 2012, the United States had the highest number of reported pertussis (whooping cough) cases since 1955. This study provides evidence of spatial clustering of nonmedical vaccine exemptions in kindergarteners and spatial clustering of pertussis cases in children age groups 5 years and younger and 10 to 14 years at the community level. The results suggest that states should reconsider allowing nonmedical vaccine exemptions. The data

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (33): Americas, USA (AZ), bobcat, canine & human exposures

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 07/18/2017 - 18:47
Rabies -- United States
A bobcat attack was caught on camera in Anthem this weekend. [Male JG] posted the video to Facebook and provided the footage to ABC15. JG said the bobcat ran after and attacked a dog. A witness saw what was happening and jumped out to help.
[Male SV] was bitten by the bobcat as he got the bobcat off the dog. His hand was punctured, his thumb fractured, and his arm clawed. "Once I saw the cat spring on top of the dog, and the owner was trying to pull the dog back, I said, 'Someone else has

PRO/EDR> Measles update (37): Bangladesh (CG) fatal, children

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 07/18/2017 - 18:15
Measles -- Bangladesh
1. Cabrol JC. War, Drought, Malnutrition, Measles -- A Report from Somalia. N Engl J Med. 2011 Nov 17;365(20):1856-8. doi: 10.1056/NEJMp1111238. Available at:
2. Belamarich PR. Measles and Malnutrition. Pediatr Rev. 1998 Feb;19(2):70-1 (not open access).
A map of Bangladesh can be found at
The HealthMap/ProMED map of the Chittagong Division, Bangladesh can be found at: . - Mod.LK]
[See Also:
Undiagnosed illness - Bangladesh: (CG) fatal, children, RFI

PRO/AH/EDR> Canine distemper, wildlife - USA (04): (MI) raccoon, susp

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 07/18/2017 - 14:25
Canine distemper -- United States
Houghton city [Houghton county] could be facing a distemper outbreak in the raccoon population. Canine distemper is [clinically] similar to rabies. The virus is not contagious to humans. It can spread through the air to skunks, foxes, wolves, and household pets.
Houghton city police have received around 30 calls recently of raccoons showing possible signs of distemper. "Their equilibrium is off, they fall down, and they act like they're not afraid of humans. You might think they look

PRO/PL> Crop diseases - Philippines: (Cordilleras region) survey

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 07/18/2017 - 12:18
Other Plant Disease -- Philippines
A study by Benguet State University assessed the incidence and severity of diseases in the 6 provinces of Cordillera [region] that necessitate quarantine. The provinces are Abra, Apayao, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga, and Mountain Province. The Cordilleras is the foremost producer of major agricultural crops in the country. An estimated total of 33.5 ha [about 82.8 acres] was surveyed.
_Tomato mosaic virus_ is prevalent in Benguet while _Banana bunchy top virus_ had the highest occurrence at

PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - Namibia: (CA) bovine, not typed, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 07/18/2017 - 12:08
Foot and Mouth -- Namibia
Information received on [and dated] 17 Jul 2017 from Dr Adrianatus Florentius Maseke, Chief Veterinary Officer, Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Forestry, Windhoek, Namibia
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 12 Jul 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 14 Jul 2017
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 25 Jan 2016
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: Foot

PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis - USA (05): live poultry, multiple serotypes

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 07/17/2017 - 21:19
Salmonella -- United States
Since the last update on 1 Jun 2017, 418 more ill people have been reported. The most recent illness began on 20 Jun 2017. CDC, multiple states, and the US Department of Agriculture's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (USDA-APHIS) are investigating 10 separate multistate outbreaks of salmonellosis in people who had contact with live poultry in backyard flocks.
These outbreaks are caused by several DNA fingerprints of different _Salmonella_ bacteria: _Salmonella_ Braenderup, _S._

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabbit hemorrhagic disease - UK: England

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 07/17/2017 - 21:00
Hemorrhagic Fever -- United Kingdom
The 1st confirmed case of a new deadly rabbit virus has been found in a 4-month-old rabbit in Bedford. The disease is rabbit haemorrhagic disease variant 2 (RVHD-2), and it is fatal in approximately 25 percent of rabbits that catch it.
Rabbits may die suddenly without any symptoms. Until now, there had been no confirmed cases in the area, but this month [July 2017], a young rabbit that died unexpectedly at home was tested for the new virus and has become the 1st confirmed case of RVHD-2 in

PRO/AH/EDR> Porcine epidemic diarrhea - North America (05): Canada (MB) ongoing

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 07/17/2017 - 19:17
Diarrhea -- Canada
Hog producers, barn managers, employees and veterinarians in southeastern Manitoba have now been battling porcine epidemic diarrhea virus for more than 2 months.
There were signs in early July 2017 that the epidemic was peaking, at around 50 confirmed cases, but a new case was discovered on 12 Jul 2017. However, industry leaders remain hopeful that the epidemic is levelling off.
"At least the number of cases has slowed down, which is a good sign," said Andrew Dickson, general manager of

PRO/AH/EDR> Japanese encephalitis & other - India (10): (AS)

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 07/17/2017 - 19:03
Japanese Encephalitis -- India
State Health Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma today [16 Jul 2017] reported that 131 Japanese encephalitis [JE] acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) related deaths have been reported in the state this year [2017] till Saturday [15 Jul 2017].
"Till yesterday [14 Jul 2017], 305 positive cases of JE have been reported, of which 44 have died. Similarly, 1111 AES cases have been reported, of which 87 have died," he said.
Last year [2016], of the 1713 AES cases, 187 people had died, and of the 427 JE

PRO/AH/EDR> West Nile virus - Americas (03): USA (CA) equine

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 07/17/2017 - 18:44
West Nile Virus -- United States
The California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) reported on [Thu 13 Jul 2017] the state's 1st confirmed equine West Nile virus (WNV) case of 2017. "On 13 Jul 2017, a 14-month-old Quarter Horse filly in Kern County, displaying severe neurologic signs, was confirmed positive for West Nile virus (WNV)," the agency said in a statement. "Due to the severity of signs, the filly was euthanized. CDFA continually monitors and investigates equine neurologic cases for the presence of WNV in

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever - Europe (13): Russia (OM), domestic swine, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 07/17/2017 - 18:36
African Swine Fever -- Russia
Information received on [and dated] 14 Jul 2017 from Dr Evgeny Nepoklonov, vice-minister, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 6 Jul 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 12 Jul 2017
Reason for notification: 1st occurrence of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: African swine fever virus
Nature of diagnosis: laboratory (basic and advanced)
This

PRO/AH/EDR> Equine influenza, equine - Israel: serotype H3N8, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 07/17/2017 - 18:28
Equine Influenza -- Israel
Information received on [and dated] 17 Jul 2017 from Dr Nadav Galon, Director, Veterinary Services and Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, BET DAGAN, Israel
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 8 Jun 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 15 Jul 2017
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: Nov 2013
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: Equine influenza

PRO/EDR> Conjunctivitis - Caribbean (04): Guadeloupe, Martinique, Grenada, alert

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 07/17/2017 - 16:54
Conjunctivitis -- Grenada
Grenada on alert over spread of 'red eye' outbreak, the number of medical consultations due to conjunctivitis during recent weeks was estimated at between 500 and 600 cases per week in Guadeloupe, and 150 to 250 cases per week in Martinique.
Outbreaks of viral conjunctivitis occur mainly in tropical countries with high population density and a hot, humid climate. Since the chikungunya outbreak a few years ago, Grenada has had an active surveillance and monitoring system that has proven to

PRO/AH/EDR> Schistosomiasis: pesticides increase transmission

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 07/17/2017 - 16:50
Schistosomiasis -- Worldwide/Unknown
Pesticides are a double-edged sword: They make farming more productive, but they can harm wildlife and people if not used properly. Now, ecologists have identified a new threat from pesticides in the developing world. By killing off insect predators of worm-infested snails, they can raise the risk of schistosomiasis, the 2nd most common parasitic disease after malaria.
"It's a ground-breaking article," says Russell Stothard, a parasitologist at the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine in
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