Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/AH/EDR> Equine infectious anemia - USA (03): (CO)

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 05/24/2017 - 11:37
Equine Infectious Anemia -- United States
Earlier this month [May 2017] the Colorado Department of Agriculture (CDA) quarantined a Weld County facility after a horse residing there tested positive for equine infections anemia (EIA). Now, 6 additional horses at that premises have tested positive for EIA, as well.
On [Thu 4 May 2017] the CDA's State Veterinarian's Office received notice of the positive test from the USDA National Veterinary Services Laboratory. The index horse was euthanized following the positive test. At the time,

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (25): news, research, vaccine

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 05/24/2017 - 11:01
Ebola -- DR Congo
Healthcare and other front-line workers are at particular risk of infection with Ebola virus (EBOV). Despite the large-scale deployment of international responders, few cases of Ebola virus disease have been diagnosed in this group. Since asymptomatic or pauci-symptomatic infection has been described, it is plausible that infections have occurred in healthcare workers but have escaped being diagnosed. We aimed to assess the prevalence of asymptomatic or pauci-symptomatic infection, and of

PRO/AH/EDR> Varroosis, apis - France: (Reunion Island), 1st report, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 05/24/2017 - 10:40
Other Animal Disease -- Région d'outre-mer de Réunion, France
Information received on [and dated] 22 May 2017 from Dr Loic Evain , Directeur General adjoint, CVO, Direction generale de l'alimentation, Ministere de l'Agriculture, de l'Agroalimentaire et de la Foret, Paris, Reunion (France)
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 4 May 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 9 May 2017
Reason for notification: 1st occurrence of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: _Varroa

PRO/AH/EDR> European foulbrood, apis - Europe (02): Liechtenstein (BA) OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 05/24/2017 - 10:32
Other Animal Disease -- Liechtenstein
Information received on [and dated] 22 May 2017 from Dr. med. vet. Peter Malin, CVO / Chief Veterinary Officer, Ressort Gesundheit, Amt fur Lebensmittelkontrolle und Veterinarwesen, Schaan, Liechtenstein
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 18 May 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 18 May 2017
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: May 2017
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent:

PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (34): Asia (Yemen)

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 05/23/2017 - 21:41
Cholera -- Yemen
The number of cholera cases in Yemen has leapt, a WHO document showed on [Tue 23 May 2017], with 35 217 suspected cases since 27 April 2017 when the outbreak began to spread rapidly. That represents a 50 percent increase in the reported incidence compared with figures given last [Fri 19 May 2017], by the WHO representative in the country, Nevio Zagaria, who said at that point there had been 23 425 cases since 27 April 2017.
A WHO epidemiology bulletin covering the period up to 22 May 2017

PRO/EDR> Undiagnosed disease - Liberia (08): fatal, meningitis diagnosed

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 05/23/2017 - 21:39
Meningitis -- Liberia
In a follow-up on the cluster of acute illness and sudden deaths in Liberia, the World Health Organization (WHO) says the etiology has been established as meningococcal meningitis.
Out of 24 samples analysed, 13 were confirmed as _Neisseria meningitidis_ serotype C using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique. In addition, 4 out of the 5 cases that manifested typical clinical features of meningococcal disease [purpura fulminans (seen in 4 cases), ecchymosis (2 cases), petechial rashes (4

PRO/EDR> Typhoid fever - Syria: (HL)

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 05/23/2017 - 21:19
Typhoid -- Syria
A former Islamic State stronghold in Syria's northern Aleppo province is now facing a public health crisis "beyond the city's capabilities," sources on the ground tell Syria Direct, as dozens of residents are contracting typhoid fever daily as a result of contaminated water. The source of the outbreak is likely contaminated drinking water from makeshift wells inside al-Bab, a city still reeling in the aftermath of a months-long military campaign by Turkish-backed rebels to drive the Islamic

PRO/AH> Hepatitis E - UK (02): EU pork products, commentary

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 05/23/2017 - 21:15
Hepatitis E -- United Kingdom
A recent posting in ProMED discussed the threat of hepatitis E related to pork products imported into the United Kingdom from France, Germany and the Netherlands. Indeed, all countries concerned have been reporting increasing rates for this disease in recent years - see graph [1] :
Reference:
1. Gideon Graphs Tool,
--
Communicated by:
Prof. Steve Berger
Geographic Medicine
Tel Aviv Medical Center
Israel

[ProMED once again thanks Steve Berger and Gideon online for this

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza, human (53): CHINA, H7N9

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 05/23/2017 - 16:11
Avian Influenza H7N9 -- China
China will shutter poultry markets in a district of southwestern Sichuan province after a man fell ill with the H7N9 bird flu, state-owned China News Service reported [Sun 21 May 2017]. The 44-year-old man sold live poultry at a farmers market, China News reported, citing officials in Zigong city.
Poultry markets in Zigong's Ziliujing district will be closed starting from midnight [Mon 22 May 2017], the report said.
Cases of bird flu have been unusually high for China since last year

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis C - USA (08): (TN) pregnant women, 2009-2014

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 05/23/2017 - 16:08
Hepatitis C -- United States
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) affects an estimated 3.5 million people in the USA (1), making it the most common bloodborne infection in the country. Recent surveillance data showed increased rates of HCV infection among adolescents and adults who are predominantly white, live in nonurban areas, and have a history of injection drug use. American birth certificate data were used to analyze trends and geographic variations in rates of HCV infection among women giving birth during 2009-2014. Birth

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis C - USA (07): injection drug use

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 05/23/2017 - 16:01
Hepatitis C -- United States
Viral hepatitis C may affect thousands of Pierce County residents. National Hepatitis Awareness month calls attention to the potentially deadly infection that can cause cirrhosis or liver cancer -- and how to avoid it.
"Cases of acute and chronic hepatitis C in Pierce County are on a dramatic rise, especially among young people," said Kim Desmarais, Tacoma-Pierce County Health Department viral hepatitis coordinator. "Before 2013, we saw up to 5 cases a year. Now we see up to 5 cases a

PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (33): Africa

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 05/23/2017 - 15:54
Cholera -- Tanzania
At least 45 people have been killed following an ongoing outbreak [of cholera] in Southern Africa and Tanzania. Angola and Tanzania are bearing the brunt with 20 and 15 deaths respectively. The water borne disease is most severe in Mozambique where 2159 cases have been recorded. As many as 4 people have died. In total, Southern Africa and Tanzania have suffered 3848 cases according to the Joint Cholera Initiative for Southern Africa (JCISA).
JCISA said for the last few weeks, Malawi,

PRO/EDR> Botulism - USA (09): (CA) gas station food, nacho cheese conf, fatal

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 05/23/2017 - 14:21
Botulism -- United States
Gas station nacho cheese that sickened 10 people and killed one of them was contaminated with botulinum toxin, the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) confirmed Mon 22 May 2017. "The nacho cheese sauce was removed from sale on 5 May 2017. (The California Department of Public Health) believes there is no continuing risk to the public," the agency said in a statement.
"While there are still unanswered questions about this outbreak, these tragic illnesses are important reminders to

PRO/AH/EDR> Crayfish plague - Ireland: white-clawed crayfish

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 05/23/2017 - 14:01
Other Animal Disease -- Ireland
All water users are being urged to take precautions after confirmation of an outbreak of crayfish plague on a stretch of the River Suir downstream of Clonmel to Carrick-on-Suir. It comes after large numbers of dead freshwater crayfish were reported on the river earlier this month [May 2017]. DNA analysis has now confirmed that the cause of death was crayfish plague.
The kill has only impacted white-clawed crayfish and other freshwater animals are not affected. This is a characteristic

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (103): Libya (JG) poultry, LPAI H7, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 05/23/2017 - 13:58
Avian Influenza -- Libya
Information received on 21 May 2017 from Dr Abdelghani Hamed, Chairman of the National Centre for Animal Health (NCAH) Chief Veterinary Officer, National Centre for Animal Health (NCAH), Public Authority of Agriculture, Livestock & Fisheries, Beida, Libya
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 8 May 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 16 May 2017
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: June

PRO/AH/EDR> Lyme disease - USA (03): (WV) canine

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 05/23/2017 - 13:56
Lyme Disease -- United States
Here is the pertinent section about canine Lyme disease on page 174 in my book "Lyme disease: Why it's spreading, how it makes you sick, and what to do about it" (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2015):
"Antibiotic therapy for companion animals
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The risk of _Borrelia burgdorferi_ infection for dogs exceeds the risk for people in a given geographic area. More than half the dogs may be antibody positive in some high-risk areas, while the antibody

PRO/EDR> Measles update (28)

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 05/23/2017 - 13:54
Measles -- New Zealand
Health officials have issued a measles warning after a Christchurch [New Zealand] man contracted measles while holidaying in Bali [Indonesia].
Results from laboratory testing released today [18 May 2017] confirmed the 23-year-old man has measles.
Dr Ramon Pink, Canterbury Medical Officer of Health, says measles is highly infectious.
"The measles virus spreads easily from person to person through the air, via breathing, coughing, and sneezing. It starts with fever, runny nose, cough,

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

WHO Disease Outbreaks news - Tue, 05/23/2017 - 08:14
On 13 May 2017, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China (NHFPC) notified WHO of 23 additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China.
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