Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/EDR> Diphtheria - Americas: PAHO epidemiological update

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 11/19/2017 - 23:43
Diphtheria -- Worldwide/Unknown
1. According to the Haiti Ministry of Public Health and Population, a probable case is defined as a person, regardless of age, with laryngitis, pharyngitis, or tonsillitis with adherent pseudomembranes on tonsils, pharynx, and/or nostrils in conjunction with neck edema. The number of communes reporting confirmed cases in 2017 (22 communes) is lower than the number of communes reporting cases in 2016 (31 communes). The majority of communes reporting confirmed cases are in the departments of

PRO/AH/EDR> Bovine tuberculosis - USA (10): (SD) bovine, RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 11/19/2017 - 20:53
Bovine TB -- United States
Bovine tuberculosis has been confirmed in a Tripp County beef herd.
The infected cow was identified by meat inspectors during a routine inspection in October 2017 at a Texas slaughterhouse, and official records linked the cow to a Tripp County herd, according to State Veterinarian Dustin Oedekoven.
Bovine tuberculosis is a chronic respiratory disease of cattle, and infected animals can transmit the infection to other animals in close proximity.
"We are working closely with the

PRO/PL> Undiagnosed disease, wheat - South Africa

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 11/19/2017 - 19:53
Undiagnosed -- South Africa
Outbreaks of a previously unknown wheat leaf disease have been reported in South Africa, which could have a serious impact on food security and sustainable wheat production in the country. The disease was first observed in 2011 in KwaZulu-Natal and the Northern Cape. Since then, [it] has become widespread in the irrigation wheat-growing areas.
Dr Tarekegn Terefe, ARC-Small Grain, said it usually started as yellow streaks [that] gradually join, turning the infected leaves yellow. In most

PRO/AH/EDR> SFG rickettsioses, anaplasmosis - Mongolia (TO, DG) serology, herders, livestock

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 11/19/2017 - 19:49
Anaplasmosis -- Mongolia
Given the critical role livestock play in Mongolia, transmission of tick-borne diseases can have very real health and economic implications for livestock and the herders that tend to them. Dr. Michael von Fricken explored this association using a multidisciplinary One Health research approach, which focused on the interaction between nomadic herders, the livestock they own, and the tick-borne diseases they are exposed to.
Von Fricken spent a year living in Ulaanbataar as a postdoc with Duke

PRO/AH/EDR> Bluetongue - Europe (09): France, bovine, serotype 4, assessment

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 11/19/2017 - 19:26
Bluetongue -- France
Disease Report
On 6 Nov 2017, France reported a single case of BTV-4 in a bovine in Haute Savoie region (OIE, 2017). The animal in question tested positive for virus under the framework of pre-movement testing and has been humanely destroyed. Disease control measures are in place around the holding of origin, including surveillance and mandatory vaccination in the surrounding 20-km control and 100-km prevention zones and surveillance in the additional 50-km surveillance zone.

PRO/EDR> Aspergillosis - Spain: (MD) nosocomial, ICU, RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 11/19/2017 - 11:22
Hospital-Related Infection -- Spain
Sources at the Fuenlabrada hospital confirmed that they may be able to re-open the ICU by the middle of next week. "They are taking cultures and are on a deadline," they said.
Those affected by the fungus [_Aspergillus_] remain in stable condition and were transferred to a recovery room where they are able to treat the disease. There were 2 people, a 60 year old and an 80 year old, who were in the ICU for a general infection in one of the cases, and the other case was post-operative,

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Africa (14): Nigeria

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 11/19/2017 - 11:20
Yellow Fever -- Nigeria
Since the 1st case of yellow fever was reported in Ifelodun LGA in Kwara State, Nigeria in mid-September [2017], the outbreak has expanded to a number of states, according to the Nigeria Center for Disease Control (NCDC).
A yellow fever (YF) outbreak is currently active in Nigeria with 3 states recording confirmed cases (Kwara, Kogi, and Zamfara). However, total of 7 states have reported suspected cases (Abia Borno, Kogi, Kwara, Kebbi, Plateau and Zamfara).
As at 7 Nov 2017, a total of

PRO/AH/EDR> Japanese encephalitis & other - India (25): (MP)

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 11/19/2017 - 10:53
Japanese Encephalitis -- India
The dreaded Japanese encephalitis [JE] virus is lurking in Bhopal, adding an ominous threat to a city reeling from unprecedented spread of dengue, chikungunya and swine flu this year [2017].
There, 2 persons have tested positive for JE [virus] infection, where the mortality rate is as high as 30 percent, triggering vector-control drives in 4 localities. "JE has been confirmed in 2 cases. As per protocol, measures have been taken to curtail spread of the disease," said MP health director Dr

PRO/AH/EDR> Bovine tuberculosis - Canada (02): (AB) Mexican strain

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 11/19/2017 - 10:43
Bovine TB -- Canada
The beef industry is still working on investigations started by an Alberta cow in September 2016.
As of 3 Nov 2017, the number of positive bovine tuberculosis cases remains at 6, and all 6 cases are from the same herd. This herd has been released from quarantine.
Karin Schmid, Beef Production Specialist with Alberta Beef Producers, says the trace-in testing, which looks at animals sold to the index herd to determine whether they were the cause of the infection, is right on track.

PRO/AH/EDR> Scombroid fish poisoning - USA (02): (CO) susp.

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 11/19/2017 - 10:41
Poisoning -- United States
A pregnant woman ended up in the emergency room after she says she received food poisoning from eating tuna she bought at a Longmont Sprouts store.
The victim said both Sprouts and the vendor that supplied the tuna aren't doing anything about it. Now, she's demanding someone be held accountable.
On Halloween night, Bradley went to the Sprouts on Hover street in Longmont and bought some tuna from the deli for her family. "It's what we had about an hour before I went to the ER," she

PRO/AH/EDR> Leptospirosis - USA (10): (VT) ex Puerto Rico, canine

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 11/19/2017 - 10:37
Leptospirosis -- United States
Puppies from Puerto Rico tested positive for leptospirosis after they got sick. Leptospirosis is caused by the _Leptospira_ genus of bacteria and can infect humans and different kinds of animals.
Several puppies brought to New Hampshire and Vermont from Puerto Rico tested positive for leptospirosis after getting sick. Individuals who interacted with the infected puppies are advised by authorities to consult their healthcare providers.
On 9 Nov 2017, a Vermont dog rescue non-profit

PRO/AH/EDR> Marburg virus disease - Uganda (07): (MX) susp.

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 11/18/2017 - 19:30
Marburg Fever -- Uganda
Moroto district is under health surveillance following the mysterious death of a 16-year-old pupil from Lia primary school.
The primary-6 pupil was rushed to Moroto Army Barracks HC1V on [Tue 14 Nov 2017] night with signs akin to the Marburg virus, a highly virulent epidemic-prone disease associated with high case fatality rates. The virus is transmitted by direct contact with the blood, body fluids and tissues of infected persons or animals.
Medical personnel say that the patient was

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (46): Asia (Israel) animal, spread, human exposure

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 11/18/2017 - 17:56
Rabies -- Israel
A 37-year-old man from the Shfela region [South-center Israel] was bitten at his leg by a jackal during an excursion to the Ein Harod Ihud fishponds, in the Gilboa Region, northern Israel ["Hazafon"]. He is the 8th person bitten by jackals in the area during the past 2 months.[map at ].
The traveler told the medical staff that while he was struggling with the jackal, a woman had shot the animal with a rifle. The woman, who holds a permit to shoot pests of agriculture, was working nearby.

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (41): biomarkers, diagnostics, news

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 11/18/2017 - 17:51
Ebola -- Worldwide/Unknown
In a comprehensive and complex molecular study of blood samples from Ebola patients in Sierra Leone, published today [Thu 16 Nov 2017] in Cell Host and Microbe, a scientific team led by the University of Wisconsin-Madison has identified signatures of Ebola virus disease that may aid in future treatment efforts.
Conducting a sweeping analysis of everything from enzymes to lipids to immune-system-associated molecules, the team -- which includes researchers from Pacific Northwest National

PRO/EDR> Chikungunya (46): Asia (Pakistan)

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 11/18/2017 - 16:17
Chikungunya -- Pakistan
Up to 9 more chikungunya suspected cases have been detected from Karachi city, taking the number of reported cases to 3994 in the city since [Sun 1 Jan 2017].
According to the report issued by Sindh Health Department, a total 4724 chikungunya suspected cases had been reported throughout the province, including 3994 from Karachi and 730 from other districts of the province. A total of 86 chikungunya suspected cases have been surfaced in the city this month [November 2017] so far.

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza, human (79): Asia, silent spread

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 11/18/2017 - 14:35
Avian Influenza -- Worldwide/Unknown
Lam TT, Wang J, Shen Y, et al: The genesis and source of the H7N9 influenza viruses causing human infections in China. Nature. 2013 Aug 21. 502; 241-2; doi: 10.1038/nature12515. - Mod.AS
A HealthMap/ProMED-mail map can be accessed at: .]
[See Also:
Avian influenza, human (78): human-animal interface, WHO http://promedmail.org/post/20171115.5445134
Avian influenza, human (77): China, H7N9, WHO http://promedmail.org/post/20171108.5426416
Avian influenza, human (75): China, H7N9, pandemic

PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis, st. Agbeni - USA (02): pet turtles

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 11/18/2017 - 14:24
Salmonella -- United States
Outbreak Advisory
66 cases - 18 states - 23 hospitalizations - 0 deaths
Since the last update on 29 Aug 2017, 29 more ill people have been reported from 14 states. CDC and multiple states are investigating a multistate outbreak of human salmonellosis linked to contact with pet turtles. A total of 66 people infected with the outbreak strain of _Salmonella enterica_ serotype Agbeni have been reported from 18 states.
States / Case Count
Ca lifornia / 2
Connecticut /
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