Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - China (04): (HL) ovine, human, susp

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 08/12/2018 - 03:44
Anthrax -- China
Anthrax may have been transmitted to a resident of Huanan County in Heilongjiang Province after the person came into contact with sheep that had died of unknown causes at a farm, local authorities said. After receiving the report of the sheep deaths on Tuesday [7 Aug 2018], the county's animal epidemic prevention and control center launched an emergency response.
Experts believed that the sheep may have been infected with anthrax, according to a statement released by the county's publicity

PRO/AH/EDR> Foodborne illness - Peru (02): (AY) fatal, wake, comment

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 08/12/2018 - 03:38
Foodborne Illness -- Peru
The outbreak of fatal illness at a funeral wake in Peru has several elements suggestive of bongkrekic acid poisoning. A similar event reported in Mozambique in 2015 was related to consumption of pombe (a fermented corn-based brew) at a funeral in Mozambique. Bongkrekic acid is produced by _Burkholderia gladioli_ pv. _cocovenenans_, which grows in corn flour. Further details of that outbreak are available at .
Steve Berger
Tel Aviv Medical Center

[I appreciate Dr Berger sharing this with

PRO/AH/EDR> Guinea worm - Angola: first case

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 08/11/2018 - 17:00
Guinea Worm -- Angola
Disease surveillance confirms the presence of dracunculiasis in Angola. The World Health Organization (WHO) has received confirmation of a human case (29 Jun 2018) of dracunculiasis (guinea worm disease) in Angola -- a country not known to have had any cases in the past.
"The patient is an 8 year old girl from Cunene Province. Signs of worm emergence in April this year [2018] were characteristic of guinea worm disease and the worm appeared identical to _Dracunculus medinensis_," said Dr

PRO/EDR> Cyclosporiasis - USA (09): CDC

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 08/11/2018 - 16:55
Foodborne Illness -- United States
Case count: 436
States: 15
Deaths: 0
Hospitalizations: 20
Recall: No
On 26 Jul 2018, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) completed analysis of an unused package of romaine lettuce and carrot mix distributed to McDonald's by the Fresh Express processor in Streamwood, IL. The analysis confirmed the presence of cyclospora in that mix. On 27 Jul 2018, FDA informed Fresh Express of these results.
Fresh Express reported to FDA that the carrots in the mix went

PRO/EDR> Cyclosporiasis - United Kingdom ex Mexico

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 08/11/2018 - 16:51
Foodborne Illness -- United Kingdom
Public Health England (PHE) is investigating an increase in cyclospora infections for the 4th successive year. Up to early August [2018], 57 cases had been reported in England, Scotland and Wales, of which 46 had traveled to Mexico.
For cases for which information is known, people who were infected stayed at several different hotels in the Cancun and Riviera Maya regions, mostly on an all-inclusive basis. Officials say that suggests the source is likely to be a foodstuff distributed to

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (43): Asia (Mongolia) bovine

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 08/11/2018 - 16:43
Rabies -- Mongolia
On 2 Aug 2018, 2 cases of rabies in cattle were recorded in Orkhon soum (administrative subdivision) in the northern Darkhan-Uul aimag (province). Samples from the sick animals were submitted to the aimag's Veterinary Hygiene Center laboratory, where rabies was confirmed on 6 Aug 2018.
The Orkhon Soum Emergency Commission was convened to establish a restrictive regime, in prescribed areas, under the auspices of the Ministry of Food and Agriculture. Mr Gankhuu, deputy director of the

PRO/EDR> Diphtheria - Venezuela: more cases

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 08/11/2018 - 13:01
Diphtheria -- Venezuela
The diphtheria outbreak in Venezuela that began in July 2016 continues. A total of 1904 suspected diphtheria cases have been reported, including 164 deaths: 324 cases and 17 deaths in 2016, 1040 cases and 103 deaths in 2017, and 540 cases and 44 deaths through the halfway mark of 2018.
Of note, in 2016, cases were reported in 5 states (Anzoategui, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro, Monagas, and Sucre), while in 2017 and 2018, 22 states and the Capital District have reported confirmed cases. Cases have

PRO/AH/EDR> Crimean-Congo hem. fever - Spain: (CL) fatal

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 08/11/2018 - 12:55
Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever -- Spain
A 74 year old man from Avila, Spain has died from Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV). He had been taking part in a hunting activity near the Badajoz town of Helechosa de los Montes, Spain.
In Spain, CCHFV was first detected in hyalomma ticks from Caceres in 2010 and again in 2014 (Estrada-Pena et al, 2012; Cajimat et al, 2017). Subsequently, 2 autochthonous CCHFV cases were reported in August 2016, which resulted in the death of a 62 year old man that in turn resulted in a

PRO/AH/EDR> West Nile virus (08): Americas (USA) equine, human

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 08/11/2018 - 12:17
West Nile Virus -- United States
Montana has recorded its 1st case of West Nile virus this year [2018]. The state veterinarian's office confirmed the virus in a horse in the Roundup area. Local veterinarian Maryrose Beasley says the horse had been weak and stumbling around.
Beasley told the Billings Gazette she had previously treated horses with West Nile virus and recognized the signs. Beasley also advised horse owners to have their animals vaccinated against the virus.
West Nile virus typically emerges in Montana in

PRO/AH/EDR> West Nile virus (13): Europe (Serbia, Greece)

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 08/11/2018 - 12:01
West Nile Virus -- Serbia
Since the beginning of the [2018] mosquito season, 9 deaths related to the West Nile virus have been reported in Serbia, 4 of them in the past week [1-7 Aug 2018], the Institute of Public Health of Serbia stated in a press release on [Tue 7 Aug 2018]. The release reads that the virus was confirmed in the population of mosquitoes in northern parts of Serbia, especially in Belgrade, where all 4 fatal outcomes occurred.
The institute said that of 102 cases of West Nile infection this season

PRO/AH/EDR> Rift Valley fever - Eastern Africa (27): Uganda, Kenya, animal, spread

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 08/11/2018 - 06:11
Rift Valley Fever -- Kenya
Rakai veterinary specialists and leaders have closed 4 major cattle markets in the district following an outbreak of Rift Valley Fever (RVF) in neighbouring Isingiro district. Two people and 7 cows have already died of the fever. The closed markets include Ddyango and Kamuli in Kyalulangira and Kiziba sub-counties, respectively. Others are Kacheera and Lwamagwa livestock markets.
Livestock farmers in Kyalulangira, under their umbrella body Nyekundire Farmers' Association, say the district

PRO/AH/EDR> Rift Valley fever - Eastern Africa (26): Rwanda, bovine, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 08/11/2018 - 06:10
Rift Valley Fever -- Rwanda
Information received [and dated] Fri 10 Aug 2018 from Dr Theogene Rutagwenda, director, Rwanda Animal Resources Development Authority (RARDA), Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Resources (MINAGRI), Kigali, Rwanda
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 18 May 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 6 Jun 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: November 2017
Manifestation of disease: clinical

PRO/EDR> Foodborne illness - Peru: (AY) fatal, wake, RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 08/10/2018 - 17:58
Foodborne Illness -- Peru
Authorities in Peru say at least 9 people have died from food poisoning following a funeral ceremony. Health officials said [on Tue 7 Aug 2018] that another 20 people were hospitalized with stomach pains and vomiting after a wake the previous day in the Ayacucho region of south-central Peru.
Regional health director Jhon Tinco tells a local radio station that the victims reported eating a meat dish and consuming a drink of fermented corn called chicha.
Tinco says health officials

PRO/AH/EDR> Die-off, seabird - USA: (AK)

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 08/10/2018 - 12:37
Animal Die-off -- United States
The cause behind unusual bird behavior on Alaska's coastline has scientists on high alert. Beginning in May [2018], wildlife officials began receiving reports of dead and dying seabirds from the northern Bering and southern Chukchi seas, including in the vicinity of the Western Arctic National Parklands.
National Park Service investigators found 100 carcasses in a 4-kilometer [about 2.5 mi] stretch of beach in late June [2018], most of which were murres along the coast of the Bering Land

PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (29: Asia (Yemen)

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 08/10/2018 - 11:51
Cholera -- Yemen
The United Nations children's agency, UNICEF, has warned that a fresh cholera outbreak is spreading quickly in Yemen's vital seaport of Hudaydah, amid ongoing attacks by the Saudi-led coalition against the besieged provincial capital. "Over a year after cholera broke out in Yemen, killing more than 2000 people, the disease is back and spreading fast in ... Hudaydah," said the UN agency in a report on [Mon 6 Aug 2018], adding that port city has been "a target of continued airstrikes" by the

PRO/AH> Equine infectious anemia - USA (06): (GA)

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 08/10/2018 - 05:15
Equine Infectious Anemia -- United States
The Equine Disease Communication Center (EDCC) reported on 6 Aug 2018 that 3 horses in Georgia have tested positive for equine infectious anemia (EIA). "The Georgia Department of Agriculture has confirmed ... EIA in 3 horses in Lamar county," the EDCC said. "The positive horses were identified through surveillance for an EIA trace initiated in another state and were euthanized. The remainder of the herd is under quarantine pending following up testing in 60 days."
Equine infectious anemia

PRO/AH> Equine coronavirus - USA: (MA)

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 08/10/2018 - 05:10
Coronavirus -- United States
The upcoming Massachusetts Morgan Horse Show at the Eastern States Exhibition [West Springfield], planned for 15-18 Aug 2018, has been canceled out of concerns for the horses after a recent case of a type of virus common among horses was linked to the fairgrounds. Instead, the Massachusetts Morgan Horse Show committee voted on [Sun 5 Aug 2018] to call the whole thing off for this year. The group is planning its return for the Eastern States again in 2019.
According to a statement issued by

PRO/AH> Potomac horse fever, equine - USA (05): (MD) alert

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 08/10/2018 - 05:05
Fever -- United States
Maryland horse owners are advised to be on high alert after a pony in Frederick county died from Potomac horse fever last month [July 2018]. The Maryland Department of Agriculture said the pony, which was originally from the University of Kentucky's Equine Diagnostic Laboratory, fell ill on 26 Jul 2018 and died 4 days later. A necropsy of the pony was performed at the Frederick Animal Health Laboratory on 31 Jul 2018.
The Department of Agriculture is urging horse owners -- especially those
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