Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed disease - Angola: (HL) fatalities, RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 05/22/2017 - 22:59
Undiagnosed -- Angola
A still unidentified disease caused the death of 15 people recently in Camunhandi village, a community in Mulondo, Matala municipality in the Huila province in Angola, as announced by local health authorities.
This situation was announced by the Hula Provincial Health Director, Altino Matias, who heads a team of technicians of the Ministry of Health, that is present starting today [Wed 17 May 2017] in that province, to carry out investigations.
According to the Angola news agency, ANGOP,

PRO/AH/EDR> Sheep pox & goat pox - Egypt: (WJ) ovine, 1st rep, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 05/22/2017 - 22:53
Sheep/Goat Pox -- Egypt
Information received on 22 May 2017 from Dr Ibrahim Mahrous Saleh Mohamed, Chairman, General Organization for Veterinary Services (GOVS), Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation, Cairo, Egypt
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 2 Feb 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 28 Feb 2017
Reason for notification: First occurrence of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: Sheep pox virus
Nature of diagnosis:

PRO/AH/EDR> Tick-borne encephalitis virus - Latvia

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 05/22/2017 - 22:47
Tick-borne Encephalitis -- Latvia
The Latvian Infectology Center has received this season's 1st 2 patients with alleged tick-borne encephalitis, Riga Eastern Hospital Representative Aija Lietina said.
This year [2017] 343 ticks have been removed from patients and inspected, and 17 of them were infected with encephalitis [virus].
The 1st tick this year was brought for inspection on 18 February [2017], and the next one on 8 March [2017].
Tick season usually lasts from March to October, but could be longer during a

PRO/EDR> Antibiotic resistance (03): USA (TX) MDR K. pneumoniae, CG307 predominant clone

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 05/22/2017 - 22:45
Klebsiella pneumoniae -- United States
_Klebsiella pneumoniae_ is a major human pathogen responsible for high morbidity and mortality rates. The emergence and spread of strains resistant to multiple antimicrobial agents and documented large nosocomial outbreaks are especially concerning. To develop new therapeutic strategies for _K. pneumoniae_, it is imperative to understand the population genomic structure of strains causing human infections.
To address this knowledge gap, we sequenced the genomes of 1777 extended-spectrum

PRO/AH/EDR> Hepatitis E - UK: EU pork products

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 05/22/2017 - 22:38
Hepatitis E -- United Kingdom
As Britain basks in its warmest weather since September 2016, barbecue-goers have been warned to check their meat is properly cooked to avoid a mutant strain of hepatitis E found in one in 10 sausages. The bug has been dubbed the "Brexit virus" as it is believed to come from pig farms in France, Holland, Germany and Denmark.
More than 60 000 people in Britain are reportedly experiencing flu-like symptoms each year after being infected with a new strain of the virus, which led to serious

PRO/AH> West Nile virus - Americas: USA (MI)

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 05/22/2017 - 22:35
West Nile Virus -- United States
Health experts confirmed [Fri 19 May 2017] the discovery of 3 birds that tested positive for West Nile virus in Michigan -- the earliest detection of the virus in the past decade.
The 1st detection of positive birds in the state this early into the year indicates a higher risk for human West Nile cases later in the summer, said Ned Walker, a researcher of mosquito-borne diseases at Michigan State University.
"Early bird positive means early season transmission activity and heightened

PRO/EDR> Rotavirus - UK: (England) hospital outbreak

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 05/22/2017 - 22:27
Rotavirus -- United Kingdom
Rotavirus infections are common in children ages 3 to 35 months, particularly those who spend time in child care settings. Older adults and adults caring for young children have an increased risk of infection as well.
In the United States, the risk of rotavirus is highest in winter and spring.
Severe diarrhea can lead to dehydration, particularly in young children. Left untreated, dehydration can become life-threatening regardless of its cause.
(excerpted with minor edits from

PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (32): Asia (Yemen)

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 05/22/2017 - 14:37
Cholera -- Yemen
A cholera outbreak in war-ravaged Yemen has killed 315 people since [27 Apr 2017], the UN World Health Organization (WHO) said on [Sun 21 May 2017]. The cholera infection is continuing to spread across Yemen with more than 29 300 suspected cases reported in 19 of the country's 22 provinces, the agency added in a tweet.
The latest tallies come a day after the international charity organisation Doctors without Borders [Médecins Sans Frontières] warned that the cholera outbreak could get out

PRO/EDR> Chikungunya (18): Asia (Pakistan)

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 05/22/2017 - 14:20
Chikungunya -- Pakistan
As many as 627 Chikungunya suspected cases have been reported in Karachi since [1 May 2017], to date, taking the patients toll to 2722 in the city since [1 Jan 2017].
As per statistics released by the Sindh Health Department, at least 627 more suspected chikungunya cases have been surfaced in the city from [1 to 19 May 2017] out of which 343 were reported from Malir, 188 from District West, 42 from District Central, 24 from District South, 23 from District East and 7 from District Korangi,

PRO/AH/EDR> Hantavirus - Americas (33): Chile (LL)

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 05/21/2017 - 21:42
Hantavirus -- Chile
A 67-year-old man from the Puyehue community in Osorno province [Los Lagos region], was taken to the after having had health problems on Thursday afternoon [18 May 2017].
Various signs of illness led the family of the affected individual to accompany him to the health facility in Entre Lagos, where it was determined by rapid test that the symptoms corresponded to a hantavirus infection, a hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome that is transmitted from the long-tailed rat to humans.

PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed illness - Zimbabwe: (MN) RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 05/21/2017 - 18:39
Undiagnosed -- Zimbabwe
Close to 50 people from Change, Dinde and Nekabandama in Hwange District, Matabeleland North have since the beginning of May 2017 been hospitalized at Lukosi Hospital and surrounding health institutions complaining of severe pain which causes paralysis of the backbone, lower and upper body rendering patients immobile.
However, although no deaths have been reported in the area, health officials said they are failing to detect what the disease was or its causes after all patients tested

PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed deaths, bovine, caprine - India: (GJ)castor plant poisoning susp,RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 05/21/2017 - 12:08
Animal Die-off -- India
As many as 29 cows died after eating green fodder containing castor plant residues at Dod village in Tharad taluka [sub district] of Banaskantha [district of Gujarat ] late on Sunday night [14 May 2017]. Over 200 cows were affected at the cattle shed run by a private trust some 15 km [9.3 mi] from Tharad town. Of the cows that suffered food poisoning 18 died on the spot while 11 others succumbed during treatment at the animal hospital, said district animal husbandry officer SB Upadhyay on [Mon

PRO/AH/EDR> Porcine epidemic diarrhea - North America: Canada (MB)

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 05/21/2017 - 11:49
Novel Swine Enteric Coronavirus -- Canada
Facilities that have been in contact or lie within 5 km [3.1 mi] of infected farms have been asked to monitor for the disease. Testing is ongoing and the provincial Emergency Operations Centre has been active since initial reports of the outbreak. Infected farm locations have been revealed to veterinarians with clients in the 5-km bubble.
Sows in infected locations are being exposed to the virus to bolster immunity in the next generation, the pork council has said. All infected locations

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (24): news, research, vaccine

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 05/21/2017 - 11:47
Ebola -- Nigeria
The proposed VSV-ZEBOV program will not involve the whole population, but will be a ring vaccination, in which immediate contacts of patients infected with Ebola are immunized. That was the approach used in the phase III study of VSV-ZEBOV, which took place in Guinea during the 2013-2016 Ebola epidemic. That trial, published in December 2016, showed the vaccine to be 100 percent effective, with no one who received VSV-ZEBOV contracting the virus. (See BioWorld Today, 27 Dec 2016; .)

PRO/AH/EDR> Lyme disease - USA (02): (WV) canine

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 05/21/2017 - 10:05
Lyme Disease -- United States
Anyone with 4-legged loved ones may want to be sure their flea and tick medications are up to date, because area veterinarians say cases are increasing.
Dr Scott Moore, a veterinarian at Fairmont Veterinary Hospital, said his clinic sees 1 to 2 cases per week, not only through the summer but year round.
"Over the last 3 years, it has gone up dramatically in this area," Moore said. "In the state of West Virginia last year [2016], it was about 1 in 16 dogs tested positive for Lyme disease.

PRO/AH/EDR> Phosphine gas poisoning - Spain: (Burgos) fatalities

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 05/20/2017 - 23:08
Poisoning -- Spain
A couple has died today in Villafruela, a village in Burgos with 197 inhabitants. The woman, 56, sounded the alarm after the death of her husband, 54, and succumbed hours later without being able to do anything at the University Hospital of Burgos.
The Judicial Police of the Civil Guard continues at this time collecting samples and investigating the causes of what happened, although everything points to an "inadequate use" of phytosanitary products that caused an aluminum phosphide

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (102): Congo DR (IT), poultry, HPAI, RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 05/20/2017 - 22:55
Avian Influenza -- DR Congo
A bird flu outbreak in eastern part of Democratic Republic of Congo killed thousands of chicken and ducks.
According to veterinary officer in Ituri province Benon Mando, the governor of the province has officially declared the epidemic of the viral infection in the localities of Joo and Kafe on the shores of Lake Albert.
Bird flu, also known as avian flu, is a viral infection, which spreads from bird to bird. Some time back, a particularly deadly strain of bird flu H5N1 continued to

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - UK (03): (Scotland) bakery

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 05/20/2017 - 22:48
Hepatitis A -- United Kingdom
The number of confirmed cases of hepatitis A linked to a bakery in North Lanarkshire has increased to 61. Health officials have urged the public to be on the lookout for symptoms of the infection, especially people living in Airdrie and Coatbridge. The outbreak has been linked to products sold by the JB Christie bakery in Airdrie. Hepatitis A is a viral infection that leads to inflammation of the liver and can cause mild to severe illness.
Dr Femi Oshin, NHS Lanarkshire consultant in public

PRO/AH/EDR> Trypanosomiasis (Chagas disease) - Brazil: under reported

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 05/20/2017 - 17:12
Chagas -- Brazil
Chagas disease, affecting millions of people in Central and South America, is classified as one of the 17 most important neglected diseases by the World Health Organization.
Now, researchers have found that even the non-symptomatic stage of Chagas infection, which can last for many years, more than doubles a person's risk of death.
The new study, published in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, also concludes that deaths from Chagas have likely been under-reported in the past.

PRO/AH/EDR> Cryptosporidiosis - USA (02)

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 05/20/2017 - 13:43
Cryptosporidium -- United States
Outbreaks of a parasitic infection linked to swimming pools and water playgrounds are increasingly being reported to CDC, with twice as many outbreaks in 2016 as in 2014.
At least 32 outbreaks caused by _Cryptosporidium_ (also known as "Crypto") linked to swimming pools or water playgrounds in the United States were reported in 2016, compared with 16 outbreaks in 2014, according to preliminary data published today [Thu 18 may 2017] in CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report [1,2]. The
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