Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/EDR> Botulism - USA (05): (NM) wound, injection drug-related

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 06/13/2018 - 19:59
Botulism -- United States
The New Mexico Department of Health is investigating a case of apparent wound botulism in a 21-year-old woman from Dona Ana County, the department announced on Mon 11 Jun 2018.
The suspected source of infection is contaminated black tar heroin, the department stated in a news release. The woman injected black tar heroin under the skin, also known as "skin popping." The woman is currently hospitalized.
This is the 1st case of wound botulism that has been reported to the department in

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis E - Namibia (08): (OS) more cases

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 06/13/2018 - 19:49
Hepatitis E -- Namibia
Although the number of suspected hepatitis E cases has escalated to 54 from 47 since the last update at the end of May 2018, the region has not recorded any new deaths. The Director of Health Information and Research, Puumue Katjiuanjo, said only 13 of the 55 suspected cases have tested positive.
Laboratory results of the other suspected cases were, as of Fri 8 Jun 2018, still pending. Katjiuanjo said the Tsandi District Hospital has recorded 5 positively confirmed cases, which is the

PRO/AH/EDR> E. coli EHEC - USA (17): (OR) O111, daycare center

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 06/13/2018 - 18:46
E. coli -- United States
An _E. coli_ O111 outbreak at a daycare center in Beaverton, Oregon has sickened 5 people, according to Wendy Gordon, Communications Director for Washington County Health and Human Services. She told Food Poisoning Bulletin that there are 5 confirmed cases, 4 of which have _E. coli_ O111 infections; the fifth is awaiting serotype results. None of the cases have developed hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), which can cause kidney failure, and none have been hospitalized.
Public health officials

PRO/EDR> Trachoma - Ghana: WHO, eliminated as a public health problem

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 06/13/2018 - 18:42
Trachoma -- Ghana
Trachoma was identified in the 1950s as the most important cause of blindness in Ghana. By the 1990s, the disease was known to persist as a significant public health problem in the Northern and Upper West Regions. There were about 2.8 million people at risk of trachomatous blindness nationally, with an estimated 13 000 people suffering from trichiasis. In 2000, the Ministry of Health and Ghana Health Service set up a national Trachoma Elimination Programme.
Ghana's Trachoma Elimination

PRO/AH/EDR> Leptospirosis - Sri Lanka: increase

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 06/13/2018 - 18:35
Leptospirosis -- Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka health officials have reported an increase in the number cases of the bacterial disease, leptospirosis during the 1st 5 months of 2018. From January-May 2017, authorities reported 1022 cases; however, for the same period in 2018, 1525 cases were reported. The districts seeing the most leptospirosis cases year-to-date include Kalutara [Western province], Ratnapura [Sabaragamuwa province], Monaragala [Uva province], and Gampaha [Western province]. For Colombo district in the 1st 5

PRO/PL> Orange rust, sugar cane - Mauritius

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 06/13/2018 - 14:00
Other Plant Disease -- Mauritius
Orange rust, caused by the fungus _Puccinia kuehnii_, was observed on 27 Mar 2018 at Reduit [town] on 6 months old plants of a non-commercial sugarcane variety M 2705/06. Its identity was thereafter confirmed. This variety also planted in trials at [the towns of] Valetta, Rose Belle, and Medine presented the same symptoms.
Orange rust symptoms should not be confused with those of brown rust, caused by _Puccinia melanocephala_, that tends to affect young canes
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Communicated

PRO/AH/EDR> Equine influenza, equine - Uruguay: (SA, PA) st not typed, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 06/13/2018 - 13:57
Equine Influenza -- Uruguay
Information received on [and dated] 11 Jun 2018 from Dr Eduardo Barre Albera, Director General, [Livestock Service, Ministry of Livestock, Agriculture and Fisheries], Montevideo, Uruguay
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 7 Jun 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 11 Jun 2018
Reason for notification: unexpected change in the distribution or increase in morbidity or mortality of a listed disease
Summary description: an increase of cases in horses

PRO/AH/EDR> Invasive tick - USA (06): (AR)

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 06/13/2018 - 13:54
Pests -- United States
The 1st presence of the longhorned tick in Arkansas has been confirmed by the US Department of Agriculture (USDA).
According to the Arkansas Agriculture Department, the tick came from a dog in Benton county.
The longhorned tick is an exotic East Asian tick considered by the USDA to be a serious threat to livestock because heavy tick infestations may cause stunted growth, decreased production, and animal deaths.
The tick is associated with bacterial and viral tickborne diseases of

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Africa (09): Nigeria

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 06/12/2018 - 21:59
Yellow Fever -- Nigeria
In this reporting week 28 May - 3 Jun 2018:
- 69 suspected cases reported from 19 states from NCDC [Nigeria Center for Disease Control] Central Public Health Laboratory (CPHL) Lagos and Maitama District Hospital Laboratory
- No new in-country presumptive positives in the reporting week
- No new confirmed case from Dakar in the reporting week
- Last presumptive positive case in the Nigerian lab was 10 May [2018]
- Last IP Dakar confirmed case from Nigeria was on 15 May 2018.
Summary

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever - Europe (16): Moldova (AN) domestic, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 06/12/2018 - 21:49
African Swine Fever -- Moldova
Information received on [and dated] 11 Jun 2018 from Dr Vitalie Caraus, Head of the Sanitary Veterinary Surveillance Department, Sanitary and Veterinary Surveillance Division, National Food Safety Agency, National Food Safety Agency of the Republic of Moldova, Chisinau, Moldova
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 7 Jun 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 8 Jun 2018
Reason for notification: 1st occurrence of a listed disease
Manifestation of

PRO/AH/EDR> MERS-CoV (21): EMRO/WHO update May 2018

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 06/12/2018 - 20:03
MERS -- Worldwide/Unknown
Highlights
- At the end of May 2018, a total of 2220 laboratory-confirmed cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), including 790 associated deaths (case-fatality rate: 35.6 percent) were reported globally; the majority of these cases were reported from Saudi Arabia (1844 cases, including 716 related deaths with a case-fatality rate of 38.8 percent). During the month of May [2018], a total of 12 laboratory-confirmed cases of MERS were reported globally: 11 cases in Saudi Arabia

PRO/AH/EDR> Crimean-Congo hem. fever - Pakistan (08): (SD)

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 06/12/2018 - 18:53
Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever -- Pakistan
A teenager tested positive for the dreaded Congo Crimean Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) in Karachi and admitted to an isolation ward at Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre (JPMC) on Monday, health officials said.
"A young man of 18-19 years of age had been brought to the JPMC yesterday [Sun 10 Jun 2018] with a high grade fever, rashes, bleeding from nose and mouth and on suspicion we got him tested for CCHF. The lab report confirmed that he is infected with the [Crimean-Congo hem. fever] virus,"

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (33): Congo DR, cases, response, WHO, diagnosis

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 06/12/2018 - 18:49
Ebola -- DR Congo
The last confirmed case of Ebola to date in the Itipo health area, reported on [3 Jun 2018], was a 7-year-old girl whose mother was a probable case who died on [20 May 2018]. The entire chain of transmission around the family (contacts, contacts of contacts) has been identified. A dialogue was initiated with the family that was receptive and agreed to collaborate with the health authorities. Vaccination within this circle is underway.
--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail Rapporteur Mary

PRO/AH/EDR> Powassan virus encephalitis - USA

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 06/12/2018 - 15:53
Encephalitis -- United States
Solomon IH, Spera KM, Ryan SL et al. Fatal Powassan encephalitis (deer tick virus, lineage ii) in a patient with fever and orchitis receiving rituximab. JAMA Neurol. 2018;75(6):746-750. doi: 10.1001/jamaneurol.2018.0132. [Epub ahead of print]
Key Points
----------
Question: What is the most efficient way to diagnose Powassan encephalitis in an immunocompromised patient?
Findings: In this case report of a patient with fatal Powassan encephalitis with negative serology, diagnosis was

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza, human (11): human-animal interface, WHO

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 06/12/2018 - 12:58
Avian Influenza H7N9 -- Worldwide/Unknown
- New infections: Since the previous update, no new human infections with avian or swine influenza viruses were reported.
- Risk assessment: The overall public health risk from currently known influenza viruses at the human-animal interface has not changed, and the likelihood of sustained human-to-human transmission of these viruses remains low. Further human infections with viruses of animal origin are expected.
- IHR compliance: All human infections caused by a new influenza subtype are

PRO/AH/EDR> Trichomoniasis, avian - Canada: (NS) alert

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 06/12/2018 - 12:46
Other Animal Disease -- Canada
Bird feeders are a popular way to get a front row seat to the beauty of winged wildlife, but they can also give people a close-up view of the darker sides of life in the wild.
[RCM], from Hammond's Plains, [Nova Scotia], noticed a purple finch on [30 May 2018] that was not as mobile as the other birds visiting her backyard feeder.
"The poor little thing, she started to have trouble swallowing right at the feeder," [RCM] said.
"She was just perched on the railing on the deck and she

PRO/PL> Berry disease & bacterial blight, coffee - Kenya: (Mt Kenya region)

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 06/11/2018 - 20:27
Other Plant Disease -- Kenya
Coffee farmers in Mt Kenya are staring at huge losses after the crop has been affected by coffee berry disease (CBD) and bacterial blight [ProMED-mail post http://promedmail.org/post/20180604.5837538]. The diseases have been reported in Kirinyaga, Embu, Murang'a, and Nyeri counties. Farmers are calling on government to intervene.
Prolonged rainfall is said to have compounded the problem. A large scale coffee farmer said CBD had affected many farms. "Farmers are likely to lose up to 50 per

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (31): Africa (Kenya), Asia (Israel, Malaysia, Viet Nam) human, animal

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 06/11/2018 - 19:57
Rabies -- Kenya
A jackal suspected of having contracted rabies was caught on 9 Jun 2018. In light of this development, we ask any person exposed to the suspected jackal, or any pet owner that their pet was exposed to a wild animal, or found wounded in the area between 8 to 9 Jun 2018 to urgently contact the Tiberias Health Bureau, Tel 04-6710300 or the nearest health bureau. After working hours and during weekends or holidays, refer to hospital emergency wards. Dog owners should contact the municipal vet to

PRO/AH/EDR> Nipah virus - India (13): (KL)

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 06/11/2018 - 19:39
Nipah/Hendra Virus -- India
The deadly Nipah virus that struck Kozhikode district in Kerala last month [May 2018] and claimed 16 lives in the state has been finally contained, and the last of the 2 positive cases have fully recovered, said Kerala Health Minister KK Shailaja on Sunday [10 Jun 2018].
Including the man who was the 1st person suspected to have died of the infection, the death toll stands at 17.
The virus struck at Kozhikode, which saw 13 people dying, while 3 deaths were reported from nearby Malappuram

PRO/PL> Late blight, tomato - UK: new strain susp

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 06/11/2018 - 19:17
Other Plant Disease -- United Kingdom
A recent outbreak of late blight in UK tomato crops is likely to be a new strain, as symptoms have been seen early in the season on young plants. Some existing plant protection controls are proving ineffective due to the apparent aggressiveness of this strain.
The limited number of applications allowed for authorised protective and curative products for the disease during the growing season is also causing concern for growers, due to its early appearance.
AHDB [Agriculture and
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