Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/AH/EDR> Brucellosis - Nigeria: (BA) butchers, serosurvey

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 02/14/2018 - 09:33
Brucellosis -- Nigeria
The Bauchi State Government has said that 95 butchers in the state have been infected with an animal-related disease known as brucellosis. The Deputy Director, Veterinary Services, Bauchi State Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Dr Istifanus Irimiya, who disclosed this in Bauchi [Fri 9 Feb 2018] in an interview with journalists, added that the figure was out of the 224 butchers from Bauchi, Misau, and Katagum Local Government Areas where they tested positive in a laboratory

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis E - Namibia (04): (KH) fatal

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 02/13/2018 - 20:30
Hepatitis E -- Namibia
"Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is severe during pregnancy, with a pregnant case fatality rate around 30 percent. In Bangladesh, plasma samples from 1100 women during the 1st trimester (TM) and 3rd TM of pregnancy and 3 months postpartum (PP) were tested for anti-HEV IgG. During this time, 40 women developed antibody responses to HEV. These seroconverters are classified as the cases (incidence = 46 infections per 1000 person-years). All except one seroconversion occurred between the 3rd TM

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (30): China (Hong Kong) wild bird, HPAI H5N6, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 02/13/2018 - 20:27
Avian Influenza H5N6 -- China
Information received on [and dated] 10 Feb 2018 from Dr Thomas Sit, Chief Veterinary Officer/Assistant Director (Inspection & Quarantine), Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government, Hong Kong, Hong Kong (SAR-PRC)
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 7 Feb 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 9 Feb 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 21

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (29): Ireland (TY) HPAI H5N6, new strain, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 02/13/2018 - 20:25
Avian Influenza H5N6 -- Ireland
Information received on [and dated] 9 Feb 2018 from Dr Martin Blake, Chief Veterinary Officer, Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine, Agriculture House, Dublin, Ireland
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 31 Jan 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 8 Feb 2018
Reason for notification: new strain of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent: Highly pathogenic avian influenza [AI] virus
Serotype: H5N6
Nature of diagnosis: laboratory

PRO/AH/EDR> Hantavirus - Americas (11): USA, Canada

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 02/13/2018 - 20:23
Hantavirus -- United States
In December 2016, the Wisconsin Department of Health Services (WDHS) notified CDC of a patient hospitalized with fever, leukopenia, elevated transaminases, and proteinuria. The patient owned and operated an in-home rattery, or rat-breeding facility, with approximately 100 Norway rats [_Rattus norvegicus_], primarily bred as pets. A family member developed similar symptoms 4 weeks later, but was not hospitalized. Because both patients were known to have rodent contact, they were tested for

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza, human (06): China (GD) H7N9

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 02/13/2018 - 12:26
Avian Influenza H7N9 -- China
The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health (DH) today [12 Feb 2018] received notification of an additional human case of avian influenza A(H7N9) from the Health and Family Planning Commission of Guangdong Province, and reminded the public to maintain strict personal, food and environmental hygiene both locally and during travel especially in the upcoming Lunar New Year [Fri 16 Feb 2018] holidays.
The case occurred in Zhongshan and this is the 1st case in Guangdong

PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - Russia: (ZB) bovine, st O, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 02/13/2018 - 08:35
Foot and Mouth -- Russia
Information received on [and dated] 12 Feb 2018 from Dr Evgeny Nepoklonov, Vice-minister, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 1 Feb 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 9 Feb 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 7 Nov 2017
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype: O

PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - Nepal: (GA) livestock, st Asia 1, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 02/12/2018 - 21:50
Foot and Mouth -- Nepal
Information received on 9 Feb 2018 from Dr Bimal Kumar Nirmal, Department of Livestock Services, Ministry of Livestock Development, Nepal
Report type: immediate notification (final report)
Date of start of the event: 9 Dec 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 8 Feb 2018
Report date: 9 Feb 2018
Date event resolved: 23 Jan 2018
Reason for notification: Recurrence of listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 2013
Causal agent: foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype: Asia

PRO/PL> Sudden decline, date palm - Pakistan: (SD)

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 02/12/2018 - 21:04
Other Plant Disease -- Pakistan
[A] mysterious blight [is] mowing down date plantations. [It] has caused killing of date trees in Khairpur district, triggering a wave of panic among date producers. Information from farmers and researchers revealed that nobody is capable enough, despite collecting soil samples from plant roots, to identify the exact problems which are making trunk and trees dying one after another.
Agriculture scientists agreed that soil nutrient deficiency is increasing. [A] growing trend of

PRO/AH/EDR> Bovine tuberculosis - Ireland (04): (KY) probable badger source

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 02/12/2018 - 15:40
Bovine TB -- Ireland
The Department of Agriculture has ruled out any link between the increasing numbers of wild deer in south Kerry and the biggest outbreak of bovine TB in living memory in the area. Dozens of farms are in lockdown and 360 cattle have been removed from slaughter, in an area between Kells and Caherdaniel, on the Iveragh peninsula.
Deer and badgers are suspected. At a recent Kerry County Council meeting in Killorglin, questions about the role of deer in the outbreak were raised and emergency

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - Turkey: (Trabzon) bovine, human

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 02/12/2018 - 15:38
Anthrax -- Turkey
One person was killed and 73 people were taken to hospital over suspicions they were infected with anthrax in the Black Sea province of Trabzon on [10 Feb 2018]. The incident occurred in Trabzon's Akçabat district.
A cow had been diagnosed with anthrax in Akçabat last week [week of 11 Feb 2018] during a [veterinary] check-up and samples were sent to Ankara for a detailed examination. But the cow's owner reportedly butchered the infected cow and distributed its meat to his

PRO/AH/EDR> Lassa fever - West Africa (10): Nigeria

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 02/12/2018 - 10:53
Lassa Fever -- Nigeria
To support the government's response, an emergency team from ALIMA, including an epidemiologist, medical doctors, logisticians, and a coordinator, are on the ground at the Owo Federal Medical Center in Ondo State and the Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital in Edo State. Our teams are supporting case management, active case detection, patient triage, public awareness campaigns, and reinforcing Infection Prevention and Control (IPC) measures.
ALIMA is supporting the rehabilitation of a 38-bed

PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis - USA (02): (CO) restaurant, fatal

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 02/12/2018 - 10:28
Salmonella -- United States
One person died and more than 30 were infected in November 2017 in a salmonellosis outbreak among customers of a Colorado restaurant, but the public wasn't notified at the time and the restaurant remains open for business. A 27 Nov 2017 inspection report for the implicated restaurant, La California on Peoria Street in Aurora, Colorado, shows the Tri-County [Adams, Arapahoe, and Douglas counties] Health Department did not find any violations at that time. However, reports for inspections on 6,

PRO/AH> Microbiological laboratory mishaps - UK: 2015-2017

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 02/12/2018 - 09:38
Hospital-Related Infection -- United Kingdom
People who work in microbiology laboratories and related disciplines are at risk from exposure to biological agents. Some will work with biological agents themselves, for example, by culturing them. Others will work with material, which is likely to contain microorganisms although the microorganisms are not actually being grown, for example, blood typing in a haematology laboratory.
In addition to the general duties of COSHH [Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002],

PRO/AH/EDR> Equine herpesvirus, equine: EHV-8, poss association with abortion in mares

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 02/12/2018 - 09:16
Equine Herpes Virus -- Australia
The little-studied equine herpesvirus 8 (EHV-8) -- until now only associated with respiratory disease in donkeys in Australia and horses in China -- may well cause abortion in horses, according to researchers.
A total of 9 herpesviruses have been identified that affect the Equidae family, which includes horses, ponies, donkeys, and zebras.
It is understood that the horse is the natural host of 5 of these viruses (EHV-1, EHV-2, EHV-3, EHV-4, and EHV-5), and the donkey the natural host of

PRO/PL> Undiagnosed diseases, maize & cassava - Uganda: (SX)

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 02/11/2018 - 20:49
Undiagnosed -- Uganda
Over 500 acres of maize and 14 of cassava in Serere district [Eastern Region] have been affected by a strange disease. Affected farmers said the disease eats the crops' tubers making them rot and unsuitable for human consumption. The disease has affected their only source of income.
The area parish councillor asked authorities to dispatch a team of agricultural experts to ascertain the disease which has caused havoc on their crops. "We are going to engage the agriculture officers to curb

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Americas (12): Brazil monkeys

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 02/11/2018 - 20:45
Yellow Fever -- Brazil
Fears of spreading yellow fever are behind the illegal killing of scores of monkeys in Rio de Janeiro, complicating efforts to fight the virus, authorities say.
Locals, mistakenly believing that the animals can spread yellow fever to humans, are blamed for the surge in killings. Just this year [2018], 238 monkeys have been found dead in Rio state, compared to 602 in all of 2017, said the city sanitation service, launching a campaign against the killings. Of those, 69 percent showed signs of

PRO/AH/EDR> Equine herpesvirus - North America (08): USA (OH) equine

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 02/11/2018 - 20:42
Equine Herpes Virus -- United States
About 450 horses stabled at the Warren County Fairgrounds are under a quarantine declared on Thursday [8 Feb 2018] by the Ohio Department of Agriculture.
The quarantine is one of a handful around the state declared because horses have tested positive for equine herpesvirus (EHV).
Still, Miami Valley Gaming in Warren County is expected to hold racing, beginning tonight [9 Feb 2018], using horses from other locations in the region not under quarantine.
"You're not going to get it under

PRO/EDR> Norovirus - Canada (Montreal) raspberries ex China

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 02/11/2018 - 18:16
Norovirus -- Canada
Frozen raspberries imported from China made hundreds of people sick in Quebec [Canada] last summer [2017] and probably resulted in multiple deaths, according to a recent public health report.
The infected fruits led to a wave of recalls in August 2017 by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency because they had been used by a variety of food processors such as brewers, pastry chefs and ice cream makers and had been cooked in hospital cafeterias and residences for seniors.
The raspberries were

PRO/EDR> Norovirus - South Korea (02): (KW) Winter Olympics

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 02/11/2018 - 17:21
Norovirus -- South Korea
Korean officials announced Sun [11 Feb 2018] that 20 additional cases of norovirus have been confirmed, bringing the total to 159 confirmed cases at the Olympics.
The 20 new cases come a day after Olympic organizers expressed confidence the outbreak appeared to be under control. Between Wed 7-Fri 9 Feb 2018, 11 additional norovirus cases were confirmed.
Still, Sung Baik You, spokesman for the Pyeongchang organizing committee (POCOG), expressed confidence that the worst is behind them.
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