Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/AH/EDR> Chronic wasting disease, cervid - USA (10): (MS), importation 2012

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 09/19/2017 - 12:09
Chronic Wasting Disease -- United States
Two Louisiana men have been charged with illegally importing live white-tailed deer into Mississippi and according to authorities, some of the deer came from a facility that has tested positive for chronic wasting disease [CWD].
Acting United States Attorney Harold Brittain and Special Agent in Charge Luis Santiago of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Office of Law Enforcement, announced this week that [a 75 year old man and a 42 year old man] both residents of Pearl River,

PRO/PL> Fungal wilt, guava - South Africa

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 09/19/2017 - 10:42
Other Plant Disease -- South Africa
Guava production in Western Cape province is increasing due to the absence of the devastating guava wilt which is rife in Limpopo and Mpumalanga provinces in the north of the country. The national guava industry depends entirely on one single cultivar, Fan Retief, which would come under serious threat if the disease were to spread south.
A disease resistant cultivar was developed in 2000, but in 2009, it became susceptible as well. It is thought that the pathogen mutated to break host

PRO/EDR> Mumps update (26): USA (TX) Canada (MB,BC)

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 09/19/2017 - 10:40
Mumps -- United States
Authorities are reporting another mumps outbreak at the Lopez State Jail in Edinburg [Hidalgo county, Texas].
The Texas Department of Criminal Justice [TDCJ] confirms there are 149 offenders there who have been quarantined. 3 offenders recently tested positive for the illness.
If anyone has a loved one in the facility, the prison is asking for them to call before you head over for visitation.
A notice posted on the TDCJ website said there is also housing areas at the gurney unit in

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Africa (05): Nigeria

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 09/18/2017 - 22:44
Yellow Fever -- Nigeria
The Federal Government has confirmed a case of yellow fever in a young girl in Oke Owa Community, Ifelodun Local Government Area of Kwara State.
According to the Minister of Health, Prof Isaac Adewole, laboratory diagnosis was carried out at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital and confirmed at the Institut Pasteur, Dakar, Senegal on [Tue 12 Sep 2017].
He said following the confirmation of the case, the State Epidemiology Team has begun investigation in the affected area and

PRO/AH> Japanese encephalitis - Philippines (04): vaccine

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 09/18/2017 - 14:18
Japanese Encephalitis -- Philippines
The Philippine Pediatric Society, Pediatric Infectious Society of the Philippines, and the Philippine Society for Microbiology and Infectious Diseases have warned the public against purchasing vaccines supposedly for Japanese Encephalitis, as these could be counterfeit and substandard. They also stressed the importance of the cold chain for vaccines, which keeps vaccines at a specific temperature until they are administered to the patient.
According to Dr. Salvacion Gatchalian, the vice

PRO/AH/EDR> Malaria, avian - India: (Himalayas) wild birds

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 09/18/2017 - 13:39
Malaria -- India
Bird or avian malaria caused by parasites _Plasmodium_ and _Haemoproteus_ is one of the most common and widespread diseases in birds. Avian malaria leads to decrease in reproductive success, anaemia, changes in body condition, and even mortality in extreme cases. Mosquitoes transmit _Plasmodium_, while biting midges (_Culicoides_ sp.) are responsible for _Haemoproteus_ transmission in birds.
Previous studies from the temperate regions have shown that temperature plays an important role in

PRO/AH/EDR> Crayfish plague - Ireland (03)

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 09/18/2017 - 13:36
Other Animal Disease -- Ireland
There has been a confirmed outbreak of crayfish plague in the River Barrow.
The disease only affects the crayfish species but is 100 percent fatal if contracted by the fish.
An outbreak was confirmed in the River Suir at Clonmel earlier this year [2017], and was branded as "extremely concerning" for the future of the species in Ireland.
A public meeting has been organised in Graignamanagh [county Kilkenny] for this coming Wednesday evening 20 Sep 2017] to discuss the

PRO/EDR> Malaria, autochthonous - Cyprus (02)

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 09/18/2017 - 13:33
Malaria -- Cyprus
On 8 Sep 2017, the United Kingdom reported (through the ECDC Early Warning and Response System) 3 cases of _Plasmodium vivax_ malaria in travellers returning from Esentepe [Agios Amvrosios, Kyrenia], the northern part of Cyprus.
Two of the cases were siblings aged 12 years who travelled independently from the 3rd case. The 3 cases stayed in the northern part of Cyprus for 2 to 3 weeks in August [2017] and developed symptoms on [29 Aug 2017]. They were laboratory confirmed upon returning to

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (142): Japan, HPAI H5N6, migratory birds, epidemiology, research

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 09/18/2017 - 13:32
Avian Influenza H5N6 -- Japan
To elucidate the evolutionary pathway, we sequenced the entire genomes of 89 H5N6 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (HPAIVs) isolated in Japan during winter 2016-2017 and 117 AIV/HPAIVs isolated in Japan and Russia. Phylogenetic analysis showed that at least 5 distinct genotypes of H5N6 HPAIVs affected poultry and wild birds during that period. Japanese H5N6 isolates shared a common genetic ancestor in 6 of 8 genomic segments, and the PA and NS genes demonstrated 4

PRO/AH/EDR> Tick-borne relapsing fever, vivax malaria coinf (02): DE ex AF, NOT TBRF

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 09/18/2017 - 11:56
Malaria, Tick-borne disease -- Germany
Reports of concurrent malaria and relapsing fever must be viewed with caution. Malarial microgametes, particularly those of _Plasmodium vivax_, are released in blood specimens prior to staining, and bear a striking resemblance to _Borrelia_ spp. [1]
1. Berger SA, David L. Pseudo-borreliosis in patients with malaria. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2005; 73(1):207-9; .
Communicated by:
Prof. Steve Berger
Geographic Medicine
Tel Aviv Medical

PRO/EDR> Malaria - Costa Rica: increased risk alert

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 09/18/2017 - 11:46
Malaria -- Costa Rica
The Costa Rica Health Ministry has declared sanitary alert in the country for malaria due to an increase in the risk of transmission after knowing of an important number of infected patients in Nicaragua.
Although between the years 2012 and 2015 Costa Rica had not had any malaria cases there were a few patients in 2016 and this year [2017] there have been isolated native cases, 4 in Matina (Limón), 3 in Sarapiquí, Heredia, and 2 in Pital, San Carlos.
The high and constant migration

PRO/PL> Undiagnosed disease, taro - Nigeria: (EN)

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 09/18/2017 - 10:33
Undiagnosed -- Nigeria
Mr Onyema Nwodo, Enugu State Agricultural Development Programme, says the government is tackling cocoa-yam [taro] disease in the state. The disease withers cocoa-yam plants. [It] manifested 2 years ago and made the farmers lose a lot of the crop.
Samples from the area [were] sent to the National Root Crops Research Institute (NRCRI). Nwodo explained that they had to involve NRCRI to look into the disease and when the report was released, it was [to be] made public. He urged the department

PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis, st. Kiambu - USA (07): papaya, multiple serotypes, multiple farms

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 09/17/2017 - 19:15
Salmonella -- United States
Salmonella outbreaks linked to Maradol papayas from Mexico have sickened 235 people in 26 states, the CDC said on Thu 14 Sep 2017. 78 people have been hospitalized, and 2 people, one from New York and one from California, have died. The CDC noted that 69 percent of those sickened are Hispanic.
The majority of the salmonella cases have been documented in California, New York, New Jersey, Virginia and Texas. Other states affected are Arizona, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Iowa,

PRO/EDR> Elizabethkingia meningoseptica - Peru

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 09/17/2017 - 17:04
Elizabethkingia -- Peru
In the "San Camilo" pavilion of Dos de Mayo Hospital, the 3 children who share a room with a 4th are awake and talk to their families. The youngest girl, who has lost her speech and strength to move, at age 3 is the survivor of the only case reported so far in Peru of infection by an unusual bacterium. In less than 2 months, she has suffered from failure of her organs, widespread infection and necrosis in her hands and feet. The girl, a native of Tingo Maria (Huanuco), has been hospitalized in

PRO/EDR> Vibrio vulnificus - El Salvador: fatal

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 09/17/2017 - 13:59
Vibrio vulnificus -- El Salvador
A report from the Salvadoran Institute of Social Security (ISSS) confirms the deaths of 2 people from an infection caused by the bacterium _Vibrio vulnificus_, caused by eating raw seafood, particularly oysters or by exposing a [wound to] saltwater.
According to the document, which circulated in social networks, and was confirmed by the ISSS, those most vulnerable to the disease are people with liver diseases such as cirrhosis, or those who have a weak immune system because of chronic

PRO/AH/EDR> Malaria, autochthonous - Cyprus: RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 09/17/2017 - 13:47
Malaria -- Cyprus
The health ministry announced on Saturday [16 Sep 2017] that 3 malaria cases have been recorded in the north in British tourists, but there was no cause for concern as the transmission risk is very low.
The ministry said that it had been informed by the World Health Organization that the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) diagnosed 3 malaria cases in British tourists who visited the north in August [2017].
The visitors stayed in a resort in Ayios Amvrosios,

PRO/AH/EDR> Listeriosis - USA (03): (RI) unpasteurized soft cheese, alert

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 09/17/2017 - 13:26
Listeriosis -- United States
At least 2 people in Rhode Island have developed infections from _Listeria monocytogenes_, causing public health officials to warn against eating soft cheese referred to as queso fresco.
An alert posted Wednesday [13 Sep 2017] by the Rhode Island Department of Health did not include any details about the 2 victims but specifically urged pregnant women to not eat cheese made with unpasteurized milk. Pasteurizing milk kills _Listeria_ and other bacteria that often are present in so-called raw
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