Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/AH/EDR> Brucellosis - USA (04): (MT) bison

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 07/17/2017 - 15:53
Brucellosis -- United States
About 2600 bison cows and bulls, with 1800 calves at side, roam the 114 000 acres [about 46 134 ha] of the Flying D ranch [Gallatin Gateway, Montana], but even this vast area and relative isolation can't protect them from illness. In fact, the wide-open spaces that make this ranch ideal for bison are also ideal for other wildlife, including an elk herd that harbours brucellosis and spreads it to bison.
Ted Turner, the largest bison owner in the world, bought the Flying D in 1989 and put it

PRO/AH/EDR> Crimean-Congo hem. fever - Spain (02): (CL) emergence

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 07/17/2017 - 15:47
Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever -- Spain
Negredo A, de la Calle-Prieto F, Palencia-Herrejon E, et al. Autochthonous Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in Spain. N Engl J Med. 2017; 377(2): 154-61. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1615162; available at .]
[Byline: Veronica Hackethal]
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail Rapporteur Kunihiko Iizuka
[The data in the study above highlight the geographic spread of CCHF in European countries, including Spain, and warrants vector as well as animal surveillance to understand the evolutionary dynamics. -

PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - Congo DR: (SK) bovine, not typed, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 07/17/2017 - 13:34
Foot and Mouth -- DR Congo
Information received on 11 Jul 2017 from Mr Honore Robert N'Lemba Mabela, [Director and Head of Service, Animal Health and Production Service, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock, Kinshasa], Congo (Dem. Rep. of the)
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 20 May 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 6 Jul 2017
Report date: 7 Jul 2017
Date submitted to OIE: 11 Jul 2017
Reason for notification: 1st occurrence of a listed

PRO/AH/EDR> Japanese encephalitis - Taiwan (04): (CH)

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 07/17/2017 - 13:31
Japanese Encephalitis -- China
A 2nd Japanese encephalitis (JE) case has been confirmed in Chiayi County, bringing to 14 the total number of such cases in Taiwan this year [2017], health officials of the southern Taiwan county said [Sun 16 Jul 2017].
The patient was a 57-year-old man and resident of Shuishang Township [Chiayi County], who developed a fever and a stiff neck and temporarily lost consciousness on [7 Jul 2017] and sought emergency treatment at a hospital. He was confirmed to have been infected with Japanese

PRO/AH/EDR> Influenza, swine - USA: (OH) H3N2

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 07/17/2017 - 13:27
Influenza H3N2 -- United States
A case of H3N2 swine influenza has been lab confirmed in one hog at the Clinton County Fair. There are no human cases at this time.
The Clinton County Fair Board is working with the Ohio Department of Agriculture and the Clinton County Agricultural Society, along with local and state health officials, to stop further spread of this virus in the animal population. By Friday morning [14 Jul 2017], all swine will have been removed from the Clinton County Fairgrounds.
Swine flu, like any flu

PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - Bangladesh: (RS) bovine

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 07/16/2017 - 21:13
Foot and Mouth -- Bangladesh
Over 100 cows died of foot-and-mouth disease and more than 1500 have been affected in Joypurhat's Kalai upazila [sub-district] during the last 7 days, much to the worry of cattle farmers.
The disease is spreading fast this season, [A farmer] of Hajipara village in the upazila said, adding that 2 of his cows have already died after getting infected with the deadly disease within a span of 4 days. With the fast rise of the infection, most farmers in the area are facing the immense problem to

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (32): news, research, vaccine, funding

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 07/16/2017 - 21:01
Ebola -- Worldwide/Unknown
August 2017: Occupational Exposures to Ebola Virus in Ebola Treatment Center, Conakry, Guinea

[Citation. Savini H, Janvier L, Karkowski L, et al. (Aug 2017) Occupational Exposures to Ebola Virus in Ebola Treatment Center, Conakry, Guinea. Emerg Infect Dis 23(8) DOI: 10.3201/eid2308.161804
Abstract: We report 77 cases of occupational exposures for 57 healthcare workers at the Ebola Treatment Center in Conakry, Guinea, during the Ebola virus disease outbreak in 2014-2015. Despite the

PRO/EDR> Measles update (36): USA, Europe (Wales, Northern Ireland), Pacific (Indonesia)

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 07/16/2017 - 19:51
Measles -- United States
On [10 Apr 2017], the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) was notified about a suspected measles case. The patient was a hospitalized child aged 25 months who was evaluated for fever and rash, with onset on [8 Apr 2017]. The child had no history of receipt of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine and no travel history or known exposure to measles. On [11 Apr 2017], MDH received a report of a 2nd hospitalized, unvaccinated child, aged 34 months, with an acute febrile rash illness with onset on

PRO/EDR> Poliomyelitis update (19): Afghanistan (KD)

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 07/16/2017 - 14:56
Polio -- Afghanistan
Officials said on Friday [14 Jul 2017] that a new polio case has been detected in a toddler in Southern Afghanistan where the Taliban banned vaccination campaigns.
"The virus has been detected in an 18-month-old baby girl in Shah Walikot district of Kandahar province,'' said Dr Hedayatullah Stanekzai from the national anti-polio initiative in the Health Ministry in Kabul.
He told DPA that this was the 2nd polio case in Kandahar this year [2017] and that it was detected in an area under

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Americas (51): PAHO/WHO

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 07/16/2017 - 13:03
Yellow Fever -- Worldwide/Unknown
From epidemiological week (EW) 1 to EW 26 of 2017, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, the Plurinational State of Bolivia, and Suriname have reported suspected and confirmed yellow fever cases.
The following is an update on the situation in Brazil, the Plurinational State of Bolivia, Ecuador, and Peru. No changes in the number of reported cases have been reported in the other countries.
In Brazil, since the beginning of the outbreak in December 2016 up to 31 May 2017, there were 3240

PRO/EDR> Typhoid fever - Pakistan: (SD) multidrug resistance, RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 07/16/2017 - 12:03
Typhoid -- Pakistan
More than 250 children have been affected by multi-drug resistant typhoid (MDR) typhoid in Hyderabad, said Dr Farah Qamar, the Assistant Professor of Pediatric at the Aga Khan University Hospital.
Qamar, who conducted a survey in different areas of Hyderabad and Karachi, warns that it is "typhoid at its worst," adding that the 2 cities are seeing the biggest outbreak of MDR typhoid.
In Karachi, 15 children have been affected by the outbreak, Dr Qamar added. The worst affected areas of

PRO/EDR> Botulism - Canada (02): (QC) whale meat

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 07/16/2017 - 12:00
Botulism -- Canada
During 1985-2005, a total of 91 laboratory-confirmed outbreaks of foodborne botulism occurred in Canada; these outbreaks involved 205 cases and 11 deaths. Of the outbreaks, 75 (86.2 percent) were caused by _Clostridium botulinum_ type E, followed by types A (7, (8.1 percent)) and B (5, (5.7 percent)). Approximately 85 percent of the outbreaks occurred in Alaska Native communities, particularly the Inuit of Nunavik in northern Quebec and the First Nations population of the Pacific coast of

PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (71): Yemen

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 07/16/2017 - 11:56
Cholera -- Yemen
The death toll from the cholera outbreak in war-ravaged Yemen has increased to 1759 since the end of April 2017, the WHO said on its official twitter account on Friday, 14 Jul 2017.
The suspected cases have increased to more than 332 600 as the epidemic has hit 21 out of the 23 provinces in the country, WHO said. The death toll has increased by 53 and suspected cases by nearly 35 162 in just 5 days after a 9 Jul 2017 report by WHO, where it put the death toll at 1706 and suspected cases at

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (32): Malaysia (SK) human, 5th case

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 07/16/2017 - 11:54
Rabies -- Malaysia
A 6-year-old boy was admitted to the Melaka Hospital here last Wednesday [12 Jul 2017] for suspicion of having contracted rabies.
State Health Department director Dr Ghazali Othman said the boy, who is a Bidayuh from Sarawak, was believed to have been bitten by a dog in Serian, Sarawak, recently. "His father is a soldier in Melaka. Further investigation into the case is ongoing," he told Bernama here today [14 Jul 2017].
Ghazali said the boy was currently in stable condition and under

PRO/AH/EDR> Brucellosis - India: (AP) bovine

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 07/16/2017 - 11:49
Brucellosis -- India
More than 50 cows were infected with brucellosis at the Gosamrakshana Sala of the Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams (TTD).
Animals infected by the pathogenic bacteria have been segregated to prevent the spread of the disease. A separate shed has been built for these animals 30 km away from the temple town of Tirupati. There are nearly 3100 cows and bulls at the goshala.
The milk used in all TTD temples is supplied from the same dairy farm. Out of the 30 Indian breeds, nearly 10-12 are seen

PRO/AH/EDR> Cyclosporiasis - Canada (02): (ON, BC)

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 07/16/2017 - 11:46
-- Canada
In a follow-up on the locally-acquired cyclospora outbreak in British Columbia and Ontario, Canada, The Public Health Agency of Canada reports 37 additional cases of the protozoan parasitic infection in the past 2 weeks.
A total of 57 cases have been reported in 2 provinces: British Columbia (5) and Ontario (52). Individuals became sick between May and June of this year [2017]. The majority of cases (58%) are male, with an average age of 50 years.
The investigation into the source of the

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (123): South Africa, H5N8, China, poultry, H7N9, vaccination

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 07/16/2017 - 11:40
Avian Influenza -- South Africa
Another 2 areas have been quarantined following the outbreak of bird flu. The Agriculture Department said the outbreak occurred on commercial layer chicken farms in Gauteng and Mpumalanga.
The 2 farms were placed under quarantine, which means no chickens and chicken products will be moved on and off the farms.
The H5N8 virus does not affect humans; however, the health department has tested workers from the affected farms.
This brings the number of locations affected by the virus to

PRO/AH/EDR> Glanders, equine - India (03): (MH)

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 07/16/2017 - 11:37
Glanders -- India
After a gap of 11 years, glanders, an equine infection that has a high mortality rate among horses, has been reported in Maharashtra.
Kantilal Umap, commissioner, Animal Husbandry department, said positive cases of the disease have been identified in Ahmednagar, Thane, Akola and Satara, and 4 horse deaths have been recorded.
A veterinarian associated with the Pune Race Course said: "The disease is commonly found in horses and mules. Stopping transportation of animals is the most
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