Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/EDR> Coccidioidomycosis - USA: (AZ) increased cases

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 04/13/2018 - 13:23
Valley Fever -- United States
According to the Arizona Department of Health Services, the recorded number of people who have gotten Valley fever [coccidioidomycosis] through March of this year [2018] is more than 1000 people higher than through March of last year.
The biggest increase when comparing this year to last came in January [2018]. There were 1055 recorded cases of Valley fever in January [2018] compared to 529 in January 2017. In February the difference wasn't as large. There were 742 recorded cases in

PRO/PL> Potato virus Y - North America: increase

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 04/13/2018 - 13:18
Other Plant Disease -- Worldwide/Unknown
More crops are impacted by Potato virus Y (PVY). PVY has been around a long time but only recently has become a serious problem for potato growers in North America.
Visual detection of infected plants is more difficult in new cultivars that show no or only mild symptoms when infected. New PVY strains that only cause minor symptoms in foliage have become more prevalent. These circumstances have allowed the amount of PVY in potato-growing regions to increase. It's a "Typhoid Mary" effect

PRO/PL> Wart disease, potato - Sweden, Germany

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 04/12/2018 - 20:29
Other Plant Disease -- Sweden
In 2017, the NPPO [National Plant Protection Organisation] of Sweden has reported several outbreaks of _Synchytrium endobioticum_ (EPPO A2 List). Phytosanitary measures have been taken to eradicate the disease, and laboratory studies will be conducted to identify the race(s).
County of Blekinge
In September 2017 during harvest of potatoes (cv. Quadrigo) grown for starch production, symptoms of potato wart disease were noticed. The infected field (5.5 ha) [13.6 acres] is in the vicinity of

PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed die-off, magpie - Australia: (WA)

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 04/12/2018 - 18:33
Animal Die-off -- Australia
Kanyana Wildlife Rehabilitation Centre in Lesmurdie reported that "a new or unidentified disease" had besieged magpies. "Our 1st casualty appeared in December [2017] and by the end of March [2018] we received 14 cases," the post read. "Affected magpies have a 50-50 chance of survival."
The [clinical signs] included progressive weakness in the legs and wings, clenched feet, inability to stand, neurological deficiency (not defensive, poor response to visual stimuli, poor swallow reflex), weak

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - India (02): (AD) livestock, humans

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 04/12/2018 - 18:27
Anthrax -- India
For the past year, multiple cases of anthrax have been reported from Vishakhapatnam district. In this week alone, 4 people from Andhra Pradesh's Dumbriguda mandal in Vishakhapatnam district were suspected to have contracted anthrax. According to sources, the serum from the patients has been collected and the samples have been sent to a laboratory for analysis.
But this wasn't the 1st such case of anthrax to be reported. In September last year [2017], there were 5 cases of anthrax reported

PRO/PL> Root knot disease, citrus & guava - India: (TN)

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 04/12/2018 - 18:18
Other Plant Disease -- India
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU) has identified root-knot nematode in citrus plants for the 1st time in Tamil Nadu. A farmer had brought a wilted citrus sapling. TNAU's K Poornima said, "We found that the sapling was infected with root-knot nematodes. In the past few months, we found root-knot in citrus saplings in Coimbatore and Erode districts."
"There are also instances where there have been heavy losses in guava," said TNAU's S Subramanian [ProMED-mail post

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Africa (07): multi-country campaign, WHO

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 04/12/2018 - 15:41
Yellow Fever -- Worldwide/Unknown
Nearly one billion people will be vaccinated against yellow fever in 27 high-risk African countries by 2026 with support from WHO, Gavi - the Vaccine Alliance, UNICEF and more than 50 health partners.
The commitment is part of the Eliminate Yellow fever Epidemics (EYE) an Africa strategy, which was launched by Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General, Professor Isaac Folorunso Adewole, Nigeria's Minister of Health and partners at a regional meeting in Abuja, Nigeria on [Tue 10

PRO/AH/EDR> Drug abuse - USA (03): (IL) synthetic cannabinoids, bleeding disorder

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 04/11/2018 - 23:31
Poisoning -- United States
Fake marijuana likely contaminated with rat poison has killed 3 people in Illinois and caused severe bleeding in more than 100 others, including a few in 4 other states.
The federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has alerted doctors nationwide that patients with severe, unexplained bleeding may be additional cases.
The CDC is helping Illinois authorities investigate the outbreak in that state, which began in early March 2018. Illinois reported 7 more cases on Tuesday [10 Apr

PRO/EDR> Botulism - USA (03): (CA) wound, injection drug-related

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 04/11/2018 - 23:26
Botulism -- United States
Three recent wound botulism cases are linked to black tar heroin use, according to an alert issued Tue 10 Apr 2018 by the county Health and Human Services Agency.
In the past month, public health investigators have confirmed 2 cases and are in the process of confirming a 3rd among men aged 28, 42 and 67. Though the trio did not appear to know each other, each used black tar heroin.
They were hospitalized after experiencing a range of symptoms including double vision, drooping eyelids,

PRO/AH/EDR> Monkeypox - Africa (07): Liberia

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 04/11/2018 - 18:04
Monkeypox -- Liberia
Liberian health authorities on Tuesday [10 Apr 2018] issued an alert on the possible outbreak of monkeypox, an infectious disease found mostly in central and western Africa.
Liberia's chief medical officer Francis Kateh said the disease, caused by the monkeypox virus, has already been discovered in the southern county of River Cess.
Kateh said there are currently 4 confirmed cases of the disease. A couple of suspected cases have also been sent for testing.
According to the health

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (66): China (HK) HPAI H5N6, wild bird

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 04/11/2018 - 17:48
Avian Influenza H5N6 -- China
A spokesman for the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department (AFCD) said today [9 Apr 2018] that the carcass of a crested myna found in Fanling had been confirmed as positive for the H5N6 avian influenza virus after laboratory testing.
The bird's carcass was found and collected at Kun Lung Wai, Fanling. It was suspected to be positive for the H5 virus after initial laboratory testing on [6 Apr 2018]. The crested myna is a common resident species.
The spokesman said no chicken

PRO/AH/EDR> White nose syndrome, bats - North America (03): (TX)

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 04/11/2018 - 12:01
White nose syndrome -- United States
The fungus that causes white-nose syndrome [WNS] in bats -- first detected in Texas last year [2017] along the Panhandle -- has now spread into Central Texas, the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department [TPWD] said.
In a press advisory, officials said this is the 1st time the potentially lethal fungus has been detected in the area after being found at 2 sites in Blanco county, located southeast of Austin. The fungus also has been spotted in Foard county, twice in Kendall county, and once in

PRO/AH/EDR> Q fever - Spain: (PV) waste treatment facility

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 04/11/2018 - 11:58
Q Fever -- Spain
The workers of the Mechanical Biological Treatment Plant (TMB) of Monte Arraiz [Biscay, Basque Country] have relived the experience of 2014, when an outbreak of Q fever made 49 people sick. 5 years later, at least 2 employees, are infected with the bacterium _Coxiella burnetti_, which usually spreads through the placental or fetal tissues of dead animals such as cows, sheep, goats ...
In addition to the 2 confirmed cases, 3 other workers of the waste treatment plant are awaiting the result

PRO/EDR> Chikungunya (03): Asia (Pakistan)

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 04/11/2018 - 11:56
Chikungunya -- Pakistan
Due to the poor sanitary conditions, mosquito-borne vector diseases are on the rise, and 10 more chikungunya suspected cases have been reported throughout Karachi in a week. According to the weekly report issued by the Sindh Health Department, a total of 4868 chikungunya suspected cases have been reported throughout the Sindh province last year [2017], of which 4138 were from Karachi and 730 from other districts of the province. In Karachi, a total of 73 cases had been reported in the month of

PRO/AH/EDR> E. coli EHEC - USA (03): O157, expansion of NJ outbreak

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 04/11/2018 - 11:55
E. coli -- United States
CDC, several states, the US Food and Drug Administration, and the US Department of Agriculture's Food Safety and Inspection Service are investigating a multistate outbreak of Shiga toxin-producing _E. coli_ O157:H7 infections. This investigation includes _E. coli_ O157:H7 infections recently reported by the New Jersey Department of Health.
Public health investigators are using the PulseNet system to identify illnesses that may be part of this outbreak. PulseNet is the national subtyping

PRO/AH/EDR> Lassa fever - West Africa (22): Nigeria

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 04/10/2018 - 18:26
Lassa Fever -- Nigeria
- In the reporting week 14 (2-8 Apr 2018) 8 new confirmed cases were recorded from 5 States - Edo (3 cases), Ondo (2), Ebonyi (1), Plateau (1), and Taraba (1) with 3 new deaths in confirmed cases from Ondo (1), Ebonyi (1) Taraba (1) and a backlog of an old death in a confirmed case from Kogi state.
- From 1 Jan - 8 Apr 2018, a total of 1781 suspected cases have been reported from 20 states. Of these, 408 were confirmed positive, 9 are probable, 1351 are negative (not a case) and 13 are

PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - Israel (02): (HZ) bovine, st. O, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 04/10/2018 - 18:25
Foot and Mouth -- Israel
Information received on 9 Apr 2018 from Dr Shlomo Garazi, Chief Officer for Import and Export of the Veterinary Services, Veterinary Services and Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, BET DAGAN, Israel
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 2 Apr 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 8 Apr 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: June 2017
Manifestation of disease: clinical

PRO/AH/EDR> Red tide - USA (FL): fish kill

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 04/10/2018 - 15:35
Algae -- United States
An outbreak of red tide is killing fish off the southwest Florida coast.
The Naples Daily News reports that fish kills have been reported off Lee County and in Florida Bay. The paper says numerous dead fish were spotted Sunday [8 Apr 2018] off a North Naples beach.
Red tide organisms grow naturally in the Gulf of Mexico. But high concentrations are harmful to wildlife and can cause respiratory problems in humans.
Typically, red tide season is from late summer to early fall. Not a lot

PRO/AH/EDR> Trypanosomiasis (Chagas desease) - Venezuela: (TA)

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 04/10/2018 - 15:21
Chagas -- Venezuela
A total of 5 people died in the city of Puerto Nuevo in Táchira state, west of Venezuela, from a suspected outbreak of acute Chagas disease, informed the regional governor Laidy Gómez. "Official information: Epidemiologic outbreak of acute Chagas was detected in Puerto Nuevo, Libertador municipality, leaving 5 dead" wrote the governor on Twitter.
The fatalities were an 11 month old baby, a 79 year-old woman and 3 men of 31, 42 and 51 years old respectively. Gómez announced there was

PRO/AH/EDR> White spot syndrome, prawn - Australia: (QL)

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 04/10/2018 - 15:16
Other Animal Disease -- Australia
The white spot virus that devastated Queensland prawn farms last year [2017], has been detected in the Brisbane area.
The positive results were reportedly found in crab and prawn samples from the northern Moreton Bay region near the Redcliffe Peninsula.
Minister for Agricultural Industry Development and Fisheries Mark Furner said the results for Logan and Brisbane rivers were still being processed but should be completed within 2 weeks.
"This is the same area that positive results
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