Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed illness - Mali (MO) fatal, RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 08/08/2018 - 16:44
Undiagnosed -- Mali
The mysterious illness reported in Mondoro in Douentza Cercle [Mopti region] has been confirmed by the non-governmental organisation [NGO] Médecins Sans Frontières. According to the NGO, 204 cases of the disease, including 161 in Douna and 43 Tiguila have been recorded. According to Dr Patrick Inengé samples have been taken from some patients because this pathology has already caused numerous deaths.
According to local officials, this pathology has already killed more than 40 people in

PRO/EDR> Poliomyelitis update (34): Nigeria, cVDPV, WHO

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 08/08/2018 - 12:15
Polio -- Nigeria
On [5 Jun 2018], a circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) outbreak was confirmed in Sokoto state, Nigeria. From [30 Jan 2018] through 23 May 2018, 10 environmental samples collected from 2 collection sites all tested positive for genetically-related VDPV2 viruses. No associated cases of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) have been detected with this cVDPV2.
Nigeria is also affected by an ongoing separate cVDPV2 outbreak. A cluster of cVDPV2 was detected in Yobe state from a stool

PRO/EDR> Malaria - India (02): (Delhi)

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 08/08/2018 - 12:10
Malaria -- India
With 34 fresh cases reported last week [week of 30 Jul 2018], the total number of malaria cases has reached at 207 according to data released by the South Delhi Municipal Corporation (SDMC) on [Mon 6 Aug 2018]. Out of 207 cases of malaria diagnosed, 93 patients belong to neighbouring states.
Civic bodies also reported breeding of mosquitoes from nearly 77 272 households in the national capital this year till [4 Aug 2018], according to the civic bodies, which are grappling with the rising

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (62): Congo DR (NK) WHO, response, genetics

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 08/08/2018 - 05:16
Ebola -- DR Congo
The province of North Kivu is among the most populated provinces, with 8 million inhabitants. It shares borders with 4 other provinces (Ituri, South Kivu, Maniema, and Tshopo) as well as with Uganda and Rwanda. The subregion has been experiencing intense insecurity and worsening humanitarian crisis, with over 1 million internally displaced people and a continuous efflux of refugees to the neighbouring countries, including Uganda, Burundi, and Tanzania.
--
communicated

PRO/AH/EDR> West Nile virus (12): Europe (Greece)

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 08/08/2018 - 05:04
West Nile Virus -- Greece
Greek health officials have reported 21 additional confirmed human West Nile virus (WNV) cases during the past week, bringing the country total to 43 in 2018. Of the total, 35 presented with neuro-invasive disease (WNND, encephalitis and/or meningitis and/or acute flaccid paralysis) and 8 cases with mild symptoms (febrile syndrome). No deaths have been reported.
In Europe, since the beginning of the 2018 transmission season, as of 2 Aug 2018, 111 human cases have been reported in the

PRO/AH/EDR> Babesiosis, bovine - Romania: (CJ) OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 08/08/2018 - 05:00
Babesiosis -- Romania
Information received on 7 Aug 2018 from Dr Geronimo Raducu Branescu, president secretary of state chief veterinary officer, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 11 Jun 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 11 Jun 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 2004
Manifestation of

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - USA (34): (KY,AR)

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 08/08/2018 - 04:55
Hepatitis A -- United States
Since [Tue 1 Aug 2017], the Kentucky Department for Public Health (DPH) has identified 1276 cases of acute hepatitis A, a liver disease caused by the hepatitis A virus. An increase in cases since [Tue 1 Aug 2017], primarily among the homeless and drug users, prompted declaration of a statewide outbreak in November 2017. Viral sequencing has linked several outbreak-associated cases in Kentucky with outbreaks in California and Utah.
The DPH is working closely with the Centers for Disease

Circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 – Nigeria

WHO Disease Outbreaks news - Tue, 08/07/2018 - 21:16
On 5 June 2018, a circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) outbreak was confirmed in Sokoto State, Nigeria. From 30 January through 23 May 2018, ten environmental samples collected from two collection sites all tested positive for genetically-related VDPV2 viruses. No associated cases of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) have been detected with this cVDPV2.

PRO/AH> African swine fever - Europe (33): Moldova (CH) domestic, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 08/07/2018 - 17:15
African Swine Fever -- Moldova
Information received on [and dated] 7 Aug 2018 from Dr Vitalie Caraus, head of the Sanitary Veterinary Surveillance Department, Sanitary and Veterinary Surveillance Division, National Food Safety Agency, National Food Safety Agency of the Republic of Moldova, Chisinau, Moldova
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 31 Jul 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 1 Aug 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous

PRO/EDR> Norovirus - USA (05): (NC,WA)

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 08/07/2018 - 17:13
Norovirus -- United States
Transylvania Public Health has received confirmatory laboratory tests from the NC State Laboratory of Public Health. Of those people who were tested by their medical providers, a majority were positive for norovirus. We believe this outbreak was caused by being exposed to a highly-contagious virus in a public place.
Although more information is continuing to come in, Transylvania Public Health has received more than 70 cases of nausea, vomiting and diarrhea reported by medical providers, as

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (89): Malaysia (Sabah) H5N1, poultry, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 08/07/2018 - 17:09
Avian Influenza H5N1 -- Malaysia
Information received on 6 Aug 2018 from Dr Quaza Nizamuddin Bin Hassan Nizam, deputy director general (veterinary health), Department of Veterinary Services, Division of Livestock Resources & Technology Development, Putrajaya, Malaysia
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 27 Jul 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 30 Jul 2018
Reason for notification: reoccurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 1 Apr 2017
Manifestation of

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - Romania: (BT) porcine, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 08/07/2018 - 12:58
Anthrax -- Romania
Information received on [and dated] 7 Aug 2018 from Dr Geronimo Raducu Branescu, president secretary of state chief veterinary officer, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 24 Jul 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 2 Aug 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 5 Oct

PRO/AH/EDR> Red tide - USA (02): (FL)

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 08/07/2018 - 12:44
Algae -- United States
A record red tide is occurring right now off the south west coast of Florida, and the effects on marine life are horrifying.
A "red tide" is a sudden bloom of microscopic marine organisms, particularly certain phytoplankton and dinoflagellates that contain red or brown pigments. When such species reach sudden abundance, the water can appear any color from a pinkish-tan, to deep blood red. These species are often found near shore, and in places where fresh water flows off the land to make

PRO/PL> Rosette disease, peanut - Ghana: (NP)

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 08/07/2018 - 11:15
Other Plant Disease -- Ghana
There is an outbreak of the groundnut rosette disease in Gushiegu [district] in the Northern Region. The disease is caused by a virus that leads to stunting and distortion of the shoots of the plant. The disease [was] found in 10 communities and so far has affected 25 acres [about 10 ha] of groundnut farms. Some farmers [said] that the disease was fast spreading but they did not have any chemical to control it, there were many other farmers who were also struggling to deal with the

PRO/AH/EDR> MERS-CoV (24): Saudi Arabia, MoH reports

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 08/07/2018 - 02:35
MERS -- Saudi Arabia
[The Saudi MOH MERS-CoV webpages have been unavailable for the past several months, so regular updates on reports from their website have not been available. Updated information for the period 22 May 2018 through 6 Aug 2018 has just become available, and the following information comes from these updated pages. - Mod.MPP]
As of today, 6 Aug 2018, there have been 1864 cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS)-CoV infection reported by the Saudi Ministry of Health (MOH) to the World

PRO/EDR> Measles update (49): Americas, Europe, Asia

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 08/07/2018 - 02:31
Measles -- Brazil
Brazil's Health Ministry says more than 1000 people have been infected and 5 have died in a measles outbreak linked to cases imported from neighboring Venezuela. The ministry says on its website that 1053 cases of the disease have been reported so far in 2018. All but 31 of these cases have been registered in the northern jungle states of Amazonas and Roraima that share borders with Venezuela, where health services have collapsed amid political and economic turmoil. A total of 4 died in

Nipah virus – India

WHO Disease Outbreaks news - Mon, 08/06/2018 - 21:00
As of 17 July 2018, a total of 19 Nipah virus (NiV) cases, including 17 deaths, were reported from Kerala State: 18 of the cases were laboratory-confirmed and the deceased index case was suspected to have NiV but could not be tested. The outbreak was localized to two districts in Kerala State: Kozhikode and Malappuram. No new cases or deaths have been reported since 1 June 2018 and, as of 30 July, human-to-human transmission of NiV has been contained in Kerala State.

PRO/AH/EDR> Rift Valley fever - Eastern Africa (24): Kenya, animal, spread, vacc, RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 08/06/2018 - 17:24
Rift Valley Fever -- Kenya
The county government plans to vaccinate at least 70 000 cattle against Rift Valley fever [RVF] in Baringo South Constituency. The disease has so far killed over 500 livestock, mostly goats and sheep, at Kiserian in the past 2 months. This has left many families that rely on livestock without a source of livelihood.
Baringo South veterinary officer Julius Cheruiyot yesterday [Sat 4 Aug 2018] said vaccination was started after samples taken to government laboratories were positive for Rift

PRO/EDR> Poliomyelitis update (33): Papua New Guinea (EG)

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 08/06/2018 - 17:19
Polio -- Papua New Guinea
The National Department of Health of Papua New Guinea (NDOH) and the World Health Organization (WHO) today [Mon 6 Aug 2018] announced a case of polio in a 3 year old boy from Mulitaka, Laigam District in Enga Province. The case is the 3rd in the country, following confirmation of 2 cases from Lae, Morobe Province in June and July 2018.
The confirmation was made on [Fri 3 Aug 2018] by the Victorian Infectious Disease Reference Laboratory -- a WHO Collaborating Centre in Australia. The boy

PRO/AH> Carbon dioxide exposure, acute, marine wildlife - UK: (SCT) research

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 08/06/2018 - 15:19
Animal Die-off -- United Kingdom
Scientists believe carbon dioxide from industry and land run off could cause irreparable damage to marine ecosystems. Their warning came after tests found acute levels of the gas cause starfish to dissolve.
A team of marine scientists made the discovery during a 4-day experiment at Loch Sween on Scotland's west coast. They wanted to find out how whole marine ecosystems respond to short-term carbon dioxide exposure. Previously, tests had focused on the effect high levels of the gas had on
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