Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever - Europe (12): Lithuania, Estonia (SA) domestic swine, RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 07/15/2017 - 21:45
African Swine Fever -- Lithuania
The Lithuanian State Food and Veterinary Service (VMVT) confirmed on Thursday [13 Jul 2017] the largest numbers of cases of African swine fever (ASF) to ever hit the country, following years of the Baltic country's efforts to tackle the spread of the virus.
The positive ASF results were found in a test at a pig farm in Central Lithuania with 23 464 pigs, said VMVT.
This is "the biggest ASF case in Lithuania so far," said VMVT in an announcement.
All the pigs kept by the farm will have

PRO/AH/EDR> Lymphocryptovirus 1 - Africa: Rwanda, Uganda, 1st report

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 07/15/2017 - 21:25
Other Animal Disease -- Rwanda
Scientists from the University of California, Davis have detected a herpes virus in wild mountain gorillas that is very similar to the Epstein-Barr virus in humans, according to a study published today [13 Jul 2017] in the journal Scientific Reports [].
Epstein Barr virus, or EBV, infects more than 90 percent of the human population, typically without major health consequences or symptoms. It can be challenging, however, for people with HIV/AIDS and suppressed immune systems, leading to

PRO/AH/EDR> La Crosse encephalitis - USA: (OH)

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 07/15/2017 - 21:19
La Crosse Encephalitis -- United States
The Zanesville-Muskingum County Health Department is reporting a confirmed case of La Crosse encephalitis in a 4-year-old child.
According to WHIZ-TV, the health department began investigating after it learned of the case on Wed 12 Jul 2017.
La Crosse encephalitis is rare and is caused by a virus spread by the bite of an infected mosquito. Health department officials went to the child's home and surrounding properties and removed some containers of standing water, WHIZ reports.
The

PRO/AH/EDR> Monkeypox - Africa (05): Central African Republic

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 07/15/2017 - 21:11
Monkeypox -- Central African Republic
The frequency of monkeypox epidemics in the Central Africa Republic [CAR] in recent years proves that this virus is endemic in some regions of the country, such as the southwest (Lobaye prefecture) and the southeast in Mbomou. However, the reservoir of the virus is poorly known even though several authors report squirrels and some rodents as probable reservoirs.
From 2010 to the present, the Central African Republic has recorded 7 monkeypox epidemics in these 2 prefectures, and, although it

PRO/AH/EDR> Kyasanur Forest disease - India (13): (MH) update

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 07/15/2017 - 13:33
Hemorrhagic Fever, Kyasanur Forest Disease -- India
Kyasanur Forest disease (KFD), or monkey fever, has spread to newer areas in the state. The virus, which was 1st reported from a village in Maharashtra's Sindhudurg district in January last year [2016], has now spread to over 60 villages. It has infected 331 people and killed 19 in Dodamarg and Sawantwadi this year [2017], so far.
This has put health officials on their toes, prompting them to intensify their fever surveillance activity in the surrounding areas and initiating

PRO/EDR> Meningococcal disease, eculizumab: complement deficiency, increased risk

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 07/15/2017 - 13:25
Meningitis - Neisseria -- Worldwide/Unknown
McNamara LA, Topaz N, Wang X, Hariri S, Fox L, MacNeil JR
"Use of eculizumab (Soliris, Alexion Pharmaceuticals), a terminal complement inhibitor, is associated with a 1000-fold to 2000-fold increased incidence of meningococcal disease (1). Administration of meningococcal vaccines is recommended for patients receiving eculizumab before beginning treatment (2,3). Sixteen cases of meningococcal disease were identified in eculizumab recipients in the United States during 2008-2016; among these,

PRO/AH/EDR> Hendra virus - Australia (06): (NS)

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 07/15/2017 - 13:20
Nipah/Hendra Virus -- Australia
The confirmed case of the Hendra virus in Lismore has caused concern for local vets who now must make tough decisions when deciding how to treat sick horses.
The virus, which was discovered in 1994, spreads from bats to horses most commonly through feed, pasture or water that has been contaminated by flying fox urine and faeces.
Clarence Valley Mobile Vet Louisa Poutsma said she had concerns about the virus, including that it could be transferred to humans, and urged all owners to have

PRO/AH/EDR> Hantavirus - Americas (41): USA (NM)

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 07/14/2017 - 19:30
Hantavirus -- United States
New Mexico Department of Health officials have reported the 2nd hantavirus death this year [2017] in the state. They say a 53-year-old woman from McKinley County died while a 35-year-old woman in Lincoln County was hospitalized with hantavirus but has recovered.
State health officials say there have been 5 lab-confirmed cases of hantavirus in New Mexico this year [2017]. In 2016, there were 8 cases in the state with 5 fatalities.
Hantavirus is a severe respiratory disease in humans. It

PRO/AH/EDR> Cyclosporiasis - France ex Mexico: (QR)

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 07/14/2017 - 16:35
Other Human Disease, Gastroenteritis -- France

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - Bangladesh (04): (KH) bovine, human

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 07/14/2017 - 13:40
Anthrax -- Bangladesh
At least 7 people have been confirmed as infected with anthrax at Daulatpur upazila [subdistrict] in Kushtia [district, Khulna division]. Locals said that on [26 Jun 2017], a cow [whose owner was not among the sick. - Mod.MHJ] at Gobra village in the upazila was slaughtered after it had fallen sick. The 7 people were involved with processing and cooking the meat. The owner said that after slaughtering the cow, the meat was sold among the people of the village.
After 4 days, many of them

PRO/AH/EDR> Chronic wasting disease, cervid - USA (09): (PA) free ranging deer

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 07/14/2017 - 12:43
Chronic Wasting Disease -- United States
Chronic wasting disease [CWD] has spread to free-ranging deer in an area of the state where it previously had been detected only in captive deer.
The Pennsylvania Game Commission [Wed 12 Jul 2017] announced a free-ranging whitetail buck in Bell Township, Clearfield County, has tested positive for chronic wasting disease.
The CWD-positive buck was shot by a wildlife conservation officer 7 Jun 2017 on State Game Lands 87 because it showed signs of being diseased. Preliminary tests

PRO/AH/EDR> Salt poisoning - Canada: (SK) bovine

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 07/14/2017 - 12:41
Poisoning -- Canada
For decades, cattle farmers have sent their livestock to graze on the sprawling Shamrock pasture, about 80 km [about 50 mi] south of Chaplin in southwest Saskatchewan. Shamrock is where a 4th-generation cattle farmer, has for years raised nearly a quarter of his cattle. It's the same place [his] father sent his cattle.
But some time between last Monday and Friday [3-7 Jul 2017], the cows and calves at Shamrock began to die. It's not known whether the deaths happened all at once or slowly

PRO/AH/EDR> Cytauxzoonosis, feline - USA (02): (TN)

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 07/14/2017 - 12:32
Other Animal Disease -- United States
A deadly disease passed from bobcats to domestic cats through ticks is on the rise.
NewsChannel 5 in Nashville [Tennessee] talked to an area veterinarian, Dr Frankie Locklar of Maury County Animal Hospital in Columbia, about the disease.
"Actually the last 3 years we've seen an uptick [in bobcat fever]," Locklar explained. "Used to, you'd see 1 or 2 cases a summer. Now we're actually starting to see in the 20s."
Bobcat fever is almost always fatal in domestic cats. "It [the lone star

PRO/AH/EDR> Powassan virus encephalitis - USA (06): (NY)

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 07/14/2017 - 12:30
Encephalitis -- United States
A Saratoga County [New York] resident who was recently diagnosed with Powassan virus -- a rare but often fatal tick-borne disease -- has died, the state Department of Health said [Wed [12 Jul 2017].
State health officials would not say whether the person died of Powassan virus or had some other underlying illness or complication. Bryon Backenson, director of the State Health Department's Vector Surveillance Unit, cited patient confidentiality reasons.
The patient was likely exposed to

PRO/AH/EDR> Lassa fever - West Africa (26): Nigeria

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 07/14/2017 - 12:27
Lassa Fever -- Nigeria
1. Lassa fever
Please note that the data reflect the routine reports, that is, all suspected cases including the laboratory positive and negative cases
1.1. 9 suspected cases of Lassa fever with 7 Laboratory confirmed and 2 deaths (CFR, 22. 22 percent) were reported from 5 LGAs [local government areas] (4 states: Bauchi - 1, Edo - 1, Ondo - 6, Ogun - 1) in week 25, 2017 [week ending 23 Jun 2017] compared with 2 suspected cases from 2 LGAs (2 states) at the same period in 2016.
1.2.

PRO/EDR> Undiagnosed illness - Bangladesh: (CG) fatal, children, RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 07/13/2017 - 21:54
Other Human Disease, Diarrhea, Fever, Rash -- Bangladesh
A mysterious disease has killed 9 children while 35 others still remain sick in a remote hilly area of Sitakunda in Chittagong.
Up to 26 of the children from the minority Tripura community have been admitted to Bangladesh Institute of Tropical and Infectious Disease (BITID) Fouzderhat in Chittagong. The children at Sonaichhari in Baro Awlia under Sitakunda upazila reportedly come down with fever, rash, diarrhea, vomiting and respiratory problems all at the same time.
A medical team from

PRO/AH/EDR> Jamestown Canyon virus - USA (ME)

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 07/13/2017 - 21:16
Bite -- United States
An unnamed adult in Kennebec County was hospitalized after showing symptoms of Jamestown Canyon virus [infection], which is carried by a species of mosquitoes found in Maine, state officials said [Thu 13 Jul 2017].
A Kennebec County resident was diagnosed recently with a rare illness transmitted by mosquitoes, prompting the Maine Center for Disease Control to advise Mainers to protect themselves from the insect.
The unnamed adult in Kennebec County showed symptoms of Jamestown Canyon

PRO/EDR> Botulism - Canada: (QC) whale meat

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 07/13/2017 - 21:08
Botulism -- Canada
During 1985-2005, a total of 91 laboratory-confirmed outbreaks of foodborne botulism occurred in Canada; these outbreaks involved 205 cases and 11 deaths. Of the outbreaks, 75 (86.2 percent) were caused by _Clostridium botulinum_ type E, followed by types A (7, (8.1 percent)) and B (5, (5.7 percent)). Approximately 85 percent of the outbreaks occurred in Alaska Native communities, particularly the Inuit of Nunavik in northern Quebec and the First Nations population of the Pacific coast of

PRO/AH/EDR> Powassan virus encephalitis - USA (05)

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 07/13/2017 - 21:03
Encephalitis -- United States
Reference: Hermance Meghan E. and Thangamani Saravanan. Powassan Virus: An Emerging Arbovirus of Public Health Concern in North America
Abstract
Powassan virus (POWV, Flaviviridae) is the only North American member of the tick-borne encephalitis serogroup of flaviviruses. It is transmitted to small - and medium-sized mammals by _Ixodes scapularis_, _Ixodes cookei_, and several other _Ixodes_ tick species. Humans become infected with POWV during spillover transmission from the natural

PRO/AH/EDR> Infectious salmon anemia - Norway (02): (MR) ser. HPR-deleted, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 07/13/2017 - 20:59
Other Animal Disease -- Norway
Information received on [and dated] 13 Jul 2017 from Dre Kristina Landsverk, Chief Veterinary Officer, Norwegian Food Safety Authority, Ministry of Agriculture and Food, Brumunddal, Norway
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 7 Jul 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 12 Jul 2017
Reason for notification: Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: Dec 2016
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: Infectious salmon
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