Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/AH/EDR> Chikungunya (17): Asia (Bangladesh)

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 05/18/2017 - 15:53
Chikungunya -- Bangladesh
Mosquito-borne chikungunya is spreading fast in the capital Dhaka with intermittent rains. The government's disease monitoring arm, IEDCR [Institute of Epidemiology Disease Control & Research], has asked people to be aware of the viral infection that has some similarities with dengue fever caused by _Aedes aegypti_ mosquito.
[SHS] has been struggling to bring his fever down. A doctor by training, he could not figure out why his fever persisted as high as 104 deg F [40 deg C] despite taking

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

WHO Disease Outbreaks news - Thu, 05/18/2017 - 11:15
On 5 May 2017, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China (NHFPC) notified WHO of 24 additional laboratory-confirmed human infections with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China.

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (22): WHO sit rep, news, research, vaccine

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 05/18/2017 - 10:45
Ebola -- DR Congo
Situation update
WHO continues to monitor the outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in Likati Health Zone, Bas Uele Province located in the north east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Between 15 May and 16 May 2017, 2 new suspected EVD cases were reported in Azande (1 case) and Nambwa (1 case) health areas in Lakati Health Zone. As of 16 May 2017, 21 suspected EVD cases including 3 deaths (case fatality rate of 14.3 percent) have been reported. Most of the cases

PRO/AH/EDR> Venomous snake bites - Nepal: (Kathmandu) incidence increase

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 05/17/2017 - 23:17
Poisoning -- Nepal
Over the past few days, there has been a sudden increase in the number of snakebite victims who visited Sukraraj Tropical and Infectious Disease Hospital (STIDH) to receive medical treatment. The majority of these patients showed coagulopathy due to viper bites. The number of snakebite cases usually increases significantly during the monsoon season. A total of 60 snakebite victims were admitted in the month of June alone last year [2016]. More snakebite victims, therefore, are expected to be

PRO/EDR> Zika virus (09): Americas, Asia, Europe, research, observations

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 05/17/2017 - 21:51
Zika virus -- Worldwide/Unknown
Country / Locally acquired: suspected / Confirmed /Imported / Deaths / Conf. Congenital Syndrome
North America:
Bermuda / 0 / 0 / 6 / 0 / 0
Canada / 0 / 0 / 499 / 0 / 1
USA / 0 / 225 / 4973 / 0 / 66
Latin America:
Mexico / 0 / 8731 / 15 / 0 / 5
Central American Isthmus:
Belize / 1294 / 206 / 0 / 0 / 0
Costa Rica / 6327 / 1800 / 32 / 0 / 5
El Salvador / 11 499 / 51 / 0 / 0 / 4
Guatemala / 3634 / 921 / 0 / 0 / 59
Honduras / 32 130 / 302 / 0 / 0 / 4
Nicaragua / 0 / 2060 / 3 / 0 /

PRO/AH/EDR> Whirling disease - Canada: (AB) fish removal

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 05/17/2017 - 21:03
Other Animal Disease -- Canada
Officials have started pulling all the fish from the lake in Banff National Park where the deadly fish parasite that causes whirling disease was 1st detected in Canada, in a bid to stop its spread.
Whirling disease now infects entire Oldman River basin, including Waterton Lakes National Park.
The disease predominantly affects trout and whitefish and can cause them to swim in a whirling pattern and die prematurely.
Whirling disease was 1st detected in Canada when it was found in

PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (29): Asia (Yemen)

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 05/17/2017 - 20:58
Cholera, Diarrhea, Dysentery -- Yemen
A cholera outbreak in Yemen has killed 209 people in recent weeks with 17 200 suspected cases across the war-torn country, the United Nations children's agency said [Wed 17 May 2017]. UNICEF's Yemen mission said that there had been an "alarming increase" in cholera-related deaths.
The agency's Yemen spokesman Mohammed Al-Asaadi told AFP that 3000 new suspected cholera cases a day were being reported.
The International Committee of the Red Cross said [Mon 15 May 2017] that 184 people had

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - Niger: (TL) livestock, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 05/17/2017 - 20:52
Anthrax -- Niger
Information received on 17/05/2017 from Dr Abdoul Malick Haido, Directeur général des Services véterinaires, Direction de la Santé Animale, Direction Générale des Services Vétérinaires, Niamey, Niger
Report type: Immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 23/03/2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 24/03/2017
Report date: 17/05/2017
Date submitted to OIE: 17/05/2017
Reason for notification: Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence:

PRO/EDR> Varicella - Pakistan (02): (PB)

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 05/17/2017 - 20:49
Chicken Pox -- Pakistan
Punjab is in the midst of a chickenpox epidemic as at least 19 deaths have been reported from Faisalabad's hospitals thus far in 2017.
According to the health department, 1591 cases of chickenpox have been reported in Punjab, of which 821 were from Faisalabad district alone. In Lahore, 86 cases were reported, while there were 6 in Chinot, 11 in Nankana Sahib, 189 in Toba Tek Singh and 185 in Sahiwal. In Gujaranwala and Multan, one case from each city was reported.
Minister for Primary

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis C - Taiwan: nosocomial, reused needles

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 05/17/2017 - 20:30
Hospital-Related Infection -- China
The reuse of syringes at a Taoyuan clinic to treat hepatitis C patients may have spread the disease to an estimated 1200 patients, according to the Ministry of Health and Welfare.
The ministry investigated the incident after 5 hepatitis C cases emerged at Weilian Clinic in Taoyuan City. It later determined that needles used to administer treatment for the 5 infected patients were not disposed of but used repeatedly, possibly infecting 1200. The incident represents the first iatrogenic

PRO/AH/EDR> Hepatitis E - France (03): rabbit source

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 05/17/2017 - 20:29
Hepatitis E -- France
Abravanel F, Lhomme S, El Costa H, Schvartz B, Peron J-P, Kamar N and Izopet J
Reports of hepatitis E virus (HEV) infections in humans and animals are becoming more frequent. HEV is a member of the family _Hepeviridae_. HEV strains that infect humans (HEV1, HEV2, HEV3, HEV4, and HEV7) belong to the genus _Orthohepevirus_ (1). In industrialized countries, HEV transmission is mainly zoonotic, and the most prevalent genotype is HEV3. This genotype is transmitted mainly by direct contact with

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (21): Congo DR, Nigeria, news, research, vaccine

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 05/17/2017 - 20:27
Ebola -- DR Congo
[The isolation of the Northeast area of the Democratic Republic of the Congo affected by Ebola poses a considerable logistical challenge to the deployment of medical aid but also acts as a natural barrier limiting the progression of the highly contagious disease.
The authorities said on [Fri 12 May 2017] that the country was facing its 8th epidemic of Ebola since the discovery of this virus on its soil in 1976. The disease was detected in the province of Bas-Uélé, about 1300 km [807.78

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - Kenya (05): (KB) human recovery

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 05/17/2017 - 15:13
Anthrax -- Kenya
"We closed the slaughter house because the 8 are people who regularly transport meat from the slaughter house. Our fears were that they could have visited the slaughter house and contaminated it without our knowledge. We are yet to find out where the 8 transporters came into contact with the carcass," Kiambu director of veterinary services, livestock and fisheries development Dr Philip Ndarua said during a meeting attended by stakeholders at the closed Makongeni slaughter house. The police are

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza, human (52): CHINA, H7N9

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 05/17/2017 - 15:09
Avian Influenza H7N9 -- China
According to the HFPC of Sichuan province, Sichuan province reported 11 new human H7N9 AIV cases during the period of 26th April to 15th May. Sichuan province has reported 31 human H7N9 AIV cases so far.
Communicated by:

[2] Hebei
Date: Mon 15 May 2017, 12:5 PM
Source: FIC (Flu Information Centre/Flu in China) [edited]

One human H7N9 AIV case reported in Dongjiazhuang village of Qianxiguan town of Gaocheng district of Shijiazhuang city on the morning

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever - Europe (09): Ukraine (CK, PL) domestic swine, spread

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 05/17/2017 - 14:04
African Swine Fever -- Ukraine
Ukraine's State Service for Food Safety and Consumer Rights Protection in the past several days received confirmation of an African swine fever (ASF) outbreak recorded in Poltava and Cherkasy regions.
According to a posting on the website of the authority, pigs died in public joint-stock company Kaplyntsivske (Poltava region) and private enterprise Shulz (Cherkasy region). ASF was diagnosed during the examination of the selected samples of biological material of the pigs on [12 and 13 May

PRO/AH/EDR> Kyasanur Forest disease - India (10): (MH), update

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 05/17/2017 - 13:29
Hemorrhagic Fever -- India
The Kyasanur Forest Disease (KFD), commonly known as the monkey fever, has claimed 11 lives in Maharashtra this year [2017], according to health officials. All the victims were from Sindhudurg district and succumbed to the viral infection between [January and May 2017], they said.
According to Sindhudurg District Health officer, Dr Yogesh Sale, cases of monkey fever were detected in Maharashtra last year in February [2016] when it claimed 8 lives. This year [2017], the disease death toll

PRO/AH/EDR> Chronic wasting disease, cervid - USA (05): (PA)

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 05/17/2017 - 13:16
Chronic Wasting Disease -- United States
The Pennsylvania Game Commission plans to expand the disease management area (DMA) in Franklin County after finding chronic wasting disease (CWD) in wild deer and on deer farms outside DMA 2.
The eastward expansion will include the area around the captive facility in Franklin County where a CWD-positive deer was detected. The expanded boundaries for DMA 2 are not yet final.
Special regulations for DMAs aim to reduce the risk of spreading CWD. Transporting deer carcasses, feeding deer and

PRO/PL> Blight, sweet chestnut - Germany: (BY)

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 05/17/2017 - 13:15
Other Plant Disease -- Germany
In June 2016, _Cryphonectria parasitica_ (EPPO A2 List) was found on _Castanea sativa_ (sweet chestnut) in Bavaria, Germany. Before this finding, the fungus was known to occur in Germany only in parts of Baden-Württemberg and Rhineland-Palatinate.
The infection was detected on 2 trees growing in a forest during a research project on sweet chestnuts, and then notified to the plant protection service. The 2 infected trees were destroyed in November 2016 and the forestry district concerned

PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (28): Africa (Horn of Africa)

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 05/17/2017 - 11:07
Cholera, Diarrhea, Dysentery -- Worldwide/Unknown
An outbreak of cholera in war-torn South Sudan has killed more than 20 people in the country's southeastern state of Kapoeta, which borders
northern Kenya, a health official said [Mon 15 May 2017]. Stella Lorika, the Kapoeta minister of health, told local radio that 20 people have died of cholera in the region since an outbreak was declared in April 2017. "The cases of cholera are increasing on a daily basis in Kapoeta North County especially when it rains," Lorika said.
In April 2017,
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