Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - France (02): (PR) bovine

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 08/06/2018 - 14:49
Anthrax -- France
This is the 10th household spotted in the Hautes-Alpes. Health services, state services and farmers are puzzled, 'it is a head-breaker!'. Unlike "classic" epizootics, the disease comes from soils. "This is the place that is contaminated and it re-contaminates the animals. When a beast is found dead, we disinfect it, we treat [the soil] where we found it, but how do we know where exactly the animal has been eating and how far it reached?" explains René Degioanni. Indeed, anthrax is caused by

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (61): Congo DR (NK) WHO, cases, response

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 08/06/2018 - 14:48
Ebola -- DR Congo
On 1 Aug 2018, an Ebola virus outbreak was declared in Nord Kivu, after 4 out of 6 samples from patients affected by an 'unknown disease' tested positive. This outbreak is the 2nd one in DRC since the beginning of 2018, and comes barely one week after the last Ebola virus outbreak in Equateur province was officially declared over. The current outbreak is located some 2500 km [approx. 1550 mi] from Equateur province and any connection is unclear. However, initial tests identified the strain of

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - USA (33)

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 08/06/2018 - 11:55
Hepatitis A -- United States
Since March 2018, the West Virginia Bureau for Public Health has reported an increase in the number of confirmed cases of acute hepatitis A virus [infection]. As of 3 Aug 2018, health officials have reported 791 outbreak cases. While cases have been reported in 2 dozen counties, the bulk of the cases are reported in 2 counties -- Kanawha (416) and Cabell (167). 6 out of 10 people required hospitalization and 2 deaths were reported.
This increase in cases has primarily been among injection

PRO/AH> Pneumonia, ovine - USA (03): (UT,NV) bighorn sheep

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 08/06/2018 - 11:42
Pneumonia -- United States
After a health scare this week [30 Jul-5 Ago 2018] with bighorn sheep in Zion National Park [south west Utah], scientists are monitoring the health of our local [Nevada] herd. The population was hit hard by pneumonia just a few years ago.
Waiting for bighorn sheep to make their way into Hemenway Park in Boulder City [Nevada] takes patience, but during the summer they rarely disappoint. Visitors were joined by Doug Nielsen with the Nevada Department of Wildlife, monitoring the heard from a

PRO/AH/EDR> Crimean-Congo hem. fever - East Africa (08): Uganda, WHO

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 08/06/2018 - 11:15
Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever -- Uganda
The source WHO document [for the Outbreak News Today article] at [item 2 below] states 2 confirmed cases, 42 contacts, (not 42 suspected cases): "On 13 Jul 2018, a case of CCHF was confirmed by the Uganda Virus Research Institute (UVRI) in a 30 year old female, originally from Rwanda and Democratic Republic of the Congo, living in Katojo Camp in Nakivale Refugee Settlement. She presented with a 4 day history of fever and a bleeding diathesis on 7 Jul 2018.
"By 17 Jul 2018 the husband of

PRO/EDR> Infant botulism - USA (02): (TX) comment

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 08/05/2018 - 21:13
Botulism -- United States
The use of chamomile is common among many people, particularly those of Latin origin. A study from Argentina found the contamination of chamomile by _C. botulinum_ is as common as that of honey. The diagnosis is easy enough if a pediatrician thinks of it. Any infant worked up for "sepsis" at that age should have the diagnosis of infant botulism considered.
Steven Marcus, MD
Professor Emeritus
NJ Medical School of the Rutgers University
Former director, NJ Poison Information and

PRO/AH/EDR> Angiostrongylus cantonensis - USA (03): (TX)

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 08/05/2018 - 19:14
Other Human Disease -- United States
A rare parasitic infection has been found in people in 8 states, several that don't share borders, according to the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, calling into question just how uncommon rat lungworms really are.
Rat lungworm infection, which in extreme cases can cause meningitis in humans, was detected in 16 people between 2011 and 2017 and confirmed in 12, according to a CDC report released Thursday [2 Aug 2018] that acknowledged researchers might not have learned

PRO/AH/EDR> Capnocytophaga infection - USA: (WI) quadruple amputation

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 08/05/2018 - 13:26
Other Human Disease -- United States
A 48-year-old man with a history of good health and who has spent his life around dogs was forced to have all of his limbs amputated after contracting a rare blood infection that likely came from his own pooch. The man of West Bend, WI landed in the emergency room last month [June 2018] with what he thought was the flu, Fox 6 Now reported.
"It hit him with a vengeance," his wife, told the news outlet. "Just bruising all over him. Looked like somebody beat him up with a baseball

PRO/AH/EDR> Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (15): (NC) equine

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 08/05/2018 - 13:13
Eastern Equine Encephalitis -- United States
The North Carolina Department of Agriculture has confirmed eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) in an unvaccinated yearling donkey jenny in Duplin County, the Equine Disease Communication Center reported on 30 Jul 2018.
A viral disease, EEE affects the central nervous system and is transmitted to equids by infected mosquitoes. Clinical signs of EEE include moderate to high fever, depression, lack of appetite, cranial nerve deficits (facial paralysis, tongue weakness, difficulty swallowing),

PRO/AH/EDR> Japanese encephalitis & other - India (14): (AS)

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 08/05/2018 - 11:11
Japanese Encephalitis -- India
At least 4 persons died of Japanese encephalitis (JE), while 22 others suffering from JE have been admitted at Jorhat Medical College and Hospital and other private medical centres within the past 72 hours, said sources from the office of the Joint Director of Health Services on Thursday [2 Aug 2018].
The 4 victims all hail from different areas of Jorhat like Dhekorgorah, Melang Bali Chapori, Mariani and Deberapara.
The District Malaria officials distributed DDT, bleaching powder and

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (88): Viet Nam, HPAI H5N6, poultry, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 08/05/2018 - 11:10
Avian Influenza H5N6 -- Vietnam
Information received on [and dated] 3 Aug 2018 from Dr Dong Pham Van, director general, chief veterinary officer, Department of Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Hanoi, Viet Nam
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 28 Jul 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 3 Aug 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 19 Feb 2018
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease

PRO/EDR> Varicella update (13): USA (SC)

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 08/05/2018 - 11:07
Chicken Pox -- United States
Varicella cases have spiked in Gaffney, South Carolina, with 5 cases in just 2 days.
"My brother had them 1st, and he was 2," said Gaffney Mom of her chickenpox case at age 5. "My grandmother said to put 2 of us in the bath together with betadine." She said her soon-to-be son Jackson gets his vaccines soon.
"I just knew that it was the right thing to do," she said of vaccinations. "Do what's necessary to keep your child and others safe."
It's something Carolina Pediatric Associates

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (60): DR Congo (NK) case update, response, risk

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 08/05/2018 - 11:03
Ebola -- DR Congo
Since the declaration of the epidemic on Wed 1 Aug 2018, several rapid response teams from the Ministry of Health have been sent to the city of Beni and the health zone of Mangina, epicenter of the current epidemic of Ebola.
The case that alerted the provincial health authorities is that of a 65-year-old woman living in Mangina who had been hospitalized at the Mangina Reference Health Center (CSR) a few days before being discharged in mid-July 2018. She died at home a few days later. After

PRO/AH/EDR> Lumpy skin disease - Europe (03): Georgia, bovine, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 08/05/2018 - 10:34
Lumpy Skin Disease -- United States
Information received on [and dated] 3 Aug 2018 from Dr Lasha Avaliani, Head of Animal Especially Dangerous Infectious Diseases Supervision and Risk Analysis Division, Veterinary Department, National food Agency, Tbilisi, Georgia
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 26 Jul 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 1 Aug 2018
Reason for notification: Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 5 Jul 2017
Manifestation of disease: Clinical

PRO/EDR> Infant botulism - USA: (TX)

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 08/05/2018 - 10:25
Botulism -- United States
1. Underwood K, Rubin S, Deaker T, Newth C: Infant botulism: A 30-year experience spanning the introduction of botulism immune globulin intravenous in the intensive care Unit at Childrens Hospital Los Angeles. Pediatrics 2007; 120(6): e1380-5; available at .
2. Pifko E, Price A, Sterner S: Infant botulism and indications for administration of botulism immune globulin. Pediatric Emerg Care 2014; 30(2): 120-4; quiz 125-7. doi: 10.1097/PEC.0000000000000079; abstract available at -

PRO/EDR> Undiagnosed fever - Uganda (07): (MD) RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 08/05/2018 - 10:23
Fever -- Uganda
A 14-year-old boy in Mubende district succumbed to a strange disease on Thursday [2 Aug 2018] following a severe headache and vomiting.
According to a press release from ministry of health, 16 suspected similar cases have been reported, with 8 deaths within Kibalinga sub-county.
"There were 7 picked for analysis at the Uganda Virus Research Institute, and 5 patients were isolated in Mubende hospital. Their condition is stable," reads the press release.
Samples sent to the laboratory

PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - Algeria (05): bovine, st O, topotype EA-3, spread

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 08/05/2018 - 10:20
Foot and Mouth -- Algeria
The number of cattle affected by foot-and-mouth disease [FMD] since the inception of the epizootic on [Thu 21 Jun 2018] reached 190 cases in 10 provinces, according to a statement from the Ministry of Agriculture.
The 10 provinces where these cases have been recorded are Tizi-Ouzou, Bouira, Bejaia, Setif, Tipaza, Medea, Oum El Bouaghi, Bourd Bou Arreridj, Chlef, and Blida.
The affected cattle were slaughtered, according to the same communication from the Ministry of Agriculture, and

PRO/EDR> Dengue/DHF update (15): Asia, Europe, Australia, vector, vaccine

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 08/05/2018 - 10:18
Dengue -- Australia
Deadly dengue fever has been wiped out for the 1st time across an entire city in Australia, following the release of millions of anti-virus modified mosquitoes. Anti-dengue mosquitoes were released in Townsville, Australia in 2014. No cases have been recorded in the Queensland city, which has around 167 800 residents, since the pests' release. This is compared to 54 dengue cases between 2010 and 2014.
A total of 4 million mosquitoes were infected with Wolbachia bacteria over 2 years. The

PRO/AH/EDR> Potomac horse fever, equine - USA (04) (KY)

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 08/04/2018 - 21:57
Other Animal Disease -- United States
Eighteen cases of Potomac horse fever (PHF) have been reported thus far this year [2018] in Kentucky [through Tue 24 Jul 2018].
The 1st confirmed case of Potomac horse fever (PHF) diagnosed in Kentucky during calendar year 2018 was reported on [Fri 1 Jun 2018]. The diagnosis was confirmed by PCR testing and compatible clinical symptoms observed.
Historically, Kentucky's PHF cases are 1st detected later in the year (mid-July), and our thought is that the early detection this year was most

PRO/AH/EDR> Lumpy skin disease, bovine - Kazakhstan: (QS) vaccine source susp, RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 08/04/2018 - 21:55
Lumpy Skin Disease -- Kazakhstan
Signs of a disease similar to nodular dermatitis [lumpy skin disease, LSD] have been recorded in cattle in the Amangeldy district of the Kostanay [Qostana] region. In the veterinary department of the Kostanay region, this was explained as a post-vaccination reaction after the application of a live vaccine, a MIA Kazinform correspondent reported.
As informed by Bauyrzhan Beket, head (acting) of the Veterinary Department of Kostanay region, as of this year [2018], the Kostanay region belongs
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