Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/EDR> Varicella update (07): Mexico (YU) vaccination sequelae

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 04/10/2018 - 15:15
Chicken Pox -- Mexico
A case series published in the journal Pediatric Dermatology [see citation above] describes the occurrence of herpes zoster at the site of varicella-zoster vaccination in 7 healthy children without a history of primary varicella.
Each of the 7 children received varicella-zoster vaccination between 12 and 14 months of age; the children were between the ages of 1.5 and 6 years old when they presented with symptoms. Viral exanthem, eczema herpeticum, atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis,

PRO/AH/EDR> Hantavirus - Asia: Taiwan

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 04/10/2018 - 15:12
Hantavirus -- China
On 3 Apr 2018, the Taiwan Centers for Disease Control (Taiwan CDC) announced this year's [2018] 1st case of hantavirus hemorrhagic fever in a 44-year-old male who resides in northern Taiwan and works in the food and beverage industry. The case's primary areas of daily activities include places around his work place, residence, and the nearby mountain. He had not recently traveled domestically and internationally. On [9 Mar 2018], he developed symptoms, including fever and dizziness. When his

PRO/AH/EDR> Listeriosis - Australia (04): fatal, cantaloupe, international distribution, WHO

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 04/10/2018 - 15:11
Listeriosis -- Australia
Epidemiological investigations suggested that the source of the outbreak was rockmelon (cantaloupe melons) from a single grower in Australia. Epidemiological and environmental investigations were undertaken, which led to the recall of rockmelons produced by the single grower on 27 Feb 2018.
On 1 Mar 2018, the Australian NFP was notified that international distribution of the affected product had occurred. Australian authorities received information from trace forward investigations on 2 Mar

PRO/EDR> Undiagnosed respiratory illness - Canada (02): (AB) fatal, Ind.children, comment

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 04/10/2018 - 10:48
Respiratory Illness -- Canada
Indigenous Services Canada confirms that the cluster event in one household in the Stoney Nakoda First Nation was caused by common seasonal respiratory viral infections such as influenzae B, human metapneumovirus, entero, and rhinovirus. We cannot comment on any patient's medical history or condition for privacy reasons. However, there is no ongoing health risk to the community or general public.
Dr Wadieh Yacoub
Senior Medical Officer of Health
First Nations and Inuit Health

PRO/AH/EDR> Rift Valley fever - South Sudan (09): (EL) human, animal, WHO

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 04/10/2018 - 02:13
Rift Valley Fever -- South Sudan
Report from World Health Organization, Government of the Republic of South Sudan. Published on [25 Mar 2018].
Rift Valley Fever outbreak - Yirol East with 43 suspect human cases including 6 confirmed; 3 probable; 19 non-cases; and 15 pending classification.
A total of 9 confirmed animal cases (cattle).
Communicated by:

[On 3 Apr 2018, South Sudan's Veterinary Services (Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, Tourism, Animal Resources, Fisheries, Cooperatives, JUBA)

PRO/EDR> Meningitis, meningococcal - Taiwan: sg.B, ciprofloxacin-resistant, military, 2017

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 04/09/2018 - 23:51
Meningitis - Neisseria -- China
Hsueh-Mei Chiang, Chien-Shun Chiou, Chuen-Sheue Chiang, Shu-Man Yao,Hao-Hsin Wu, Yu-Ning Fan, Hsin-Yi Wei
On 23 Jul 2017, a hospital in Taoyuan reported a suspected case of meningococcal disease, who was a soldier in a military base, to Taoyuan Department of Health. After investigation, another 2 soldiers who served in the same base with the index case developed symptoms of meningitis and were reported subsequently. Blood cultures from all 3 cases yielded serogroup B _Neisseria

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (65): China (Hong Kong) wild bird, HPAI H5N6, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 04/09/2018 - 17:05
Avian Influenza H5N6 -- China
Information received on [and dated] 9 Apr 2018 from Dr. Thomas Sit, Chief Veterinary Officer/Assistant Director (Inspection & Quarantine), Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government, Hong Kong, Hong Kong (SAR-PRC)
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 4 Apr 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 9 Apr 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 7

PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - Zambia (02): (CE) bovine, serotype pending, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 04/09/2018 - 15:36
Foot and Mouth -- Zambia
Information received on [and dated] 6 Apr 2018 Dr Yona Sinkala, Director, Department of Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock, Lusaka, Zambia
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 23 Mar 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 24 Mar 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: Dec 2017
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: foot-and-mouth disease virus

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - Uganda: (AX) bovine, human, refugee camp, RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 04/09/2018 - 14:51
Anthrax -- Uganda
Anthrax has broken out at a refugee camp in the northwestern Ugandan district of Arua, killing one person and leaving 2 others hospitalized, a local official said [Fri 30 Mar 2018]. Willy Nguma, the veterinary officer in Arua district, told Xinhua that blood samples taken from 3 people at a refugee settlement camp in Arua have tested positive for anthrax. "2 other victims are still undergoing treatment as more people are at the risk of contracting this deadly disease because many of them are

PRO/EDR> Meningitis, meningococcal - Fiji (02): fatal, children

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 04/09/2018 - 13:45
Meningitis - Neisseria -- Fiji
The Fiji Ministry of Health and Medical Services (MoHMS) declared an outbreak of meningococcal [serogroup] C on [Tue 20 Mar 2018]. The Ministry, through the National Meningococcal Disease Taskforce, continues to coordinate the response to the outbreak, including strengthening surveillance, laboratory diagnostics, clinical management, public health interventions, and risk communications.
National surveillance is coordinated by the Fiji Centre

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabbit hemorrhagic disease - New Zealand (03): (OT) RHDV1 K5, rabbit, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 04/09/2018 - 13:42
Other Animal Disease -- New Zealand
Information received on [and dated] 4 Apr 2018 from Dr Tony Zohrab, Policy and Trade Branch, Ministry for Primary Industries, Wellington, New Zealand
Report type: immediate notification (final report)
Date of start of the event: 16 Mar 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 3 Apr 2018
Reason for notification: new strain of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent: Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus 1 strain K5
Serotype: RHDVa
Nature of diagnosis: clinical, laboratory

PRO/EDR> Measles update (22): USA, South America, Europe, Pacific, epi update, comment

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 04/09/2018 - 13:40
Measles -- United States
[5] Venezuela (Delta Amacuro state): indigenous children, fatal
[6] Romania
[7] UK (England: Birmingham, West Midlands)
[8] Philippines
[9] New Zealand (South Island)
[10] Australia (Brisbane, Queensland)
[11] PAHO epidemiological update
[12] Comment
[1] California (San Francisco Bay area) ex Europe
Date: Thu 6 Apr 2018
Source: Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy (CIDRAP) [edited]

The San

PRO/PL> Swollen shoot, cocoa - West Africa, Sri Lanka: new viruses

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 04/09/2018 - 10:04
Other Plant Disease -- Sri Lanka
_Cacao swollen shoot virus_ (CSSV) populations in West Africa are highly variable and genetically structured into several different groups. To unravel the extent of isolate diversity and address the problems of low titer and mixed viral sequences in samples, we used Next Generation Sequencing technology.
We were able to reconstruct de novo 20 new complete genomes from cacao samples in the Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana (CRIG) Museum and from field samples collected in Côte d'Ivoire or

Listeriosis – Australia

WHO Disease Outbreaks news - Sun, 04/08/2018 - 21:00
On 2 March 2018, the Australian National Focal Point (NFP) notified WHO of an outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes infection (listeriosis) associated with the consumption of rockmelons (cantaloupe) from a single grower.

PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed deaths, bovine - India (02): (MN) RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 04/08/2018 - 13:16
Undiagnosed -- India
Many cattle have been killed by an unknown disease at K Leihaoram village located within Ukhrul district but close to Nongpok Sekmai of Thoubal district. The matter came to light when a team of the United Naga Council (UNC) visited Kasom Khullen block.
More than 60 cattle have been killed during the past 3 weeks. With the villagers unable to bury all the carcasses, many of them were disposed of on road sides and other vacant places. As the carcasses have started decomposing, a very

PRO/EDR> Gonococcal disease - Sweden: increasing cases, MSM, Stockholm

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 04/08/2018 - 10:58
Gonorrhea -- Sweden
Swedish cases of the sexually transmitted disease gonorrhea saw a record-breaking rise in 2017, continuing the reverse of a trend, which saw the disease being almost totally eradicated just a decade ago. There were some 2550 new cases in 2015. Earlier reports stated the number of people who sought treatment for gonorrhea in the early part of 2017 was already 3 times higher than the same period in 2016.
While rates of infection with the disease were traditionally broadly similar between

PRO/EDR> Pertussis (05): USA, China

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 04/08/2018 - 10:55
Whooping Cough -- United States
The resurgence of pertussis over the past decades has resulted in incidence levels not witnessed in the United States since the 1950s. The underlying causes have been the subject of much speculation, with particular attention paid to the shortcomings of the latest generation of vaccines. We formulated transmission models comprising competing hypotheses regarding vaccine failure and challenged them to explain 16 years of highly resolved incidence data from Massachusetts, United States. Our

PRO/AH/EDR> Black flies - USA (AR): livestock deaths

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 04/08/2018 - 10:06
Other Animal Disease -- United States
Livestock producers in the Arkansas delta are working to protect their animals after a population explosion of bloodsucking black flies is being blamed for the deaths of a bull and cow in Arkansas County and the recent closure of a nature center.
Black flies are part of the Simuliidae family and are also known as buffalo gnats or turkey gnats.
Between heavy rain and temperatures bouncing between the 40s and 70s in the last few weeks, "we're seeing a bumper crop of black flies, likely as

PRO/AH/EDR> Mycoplasma bovis, bovine - New Zealand (06)

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 04/08/2018 - 10:01
Other Animal Disease -- New Zealand
Officials on the hunt for the source of the cattle disease _Mycoplasma bovis_ have narrowed their search to 2 properties in the upper North Island and one in Southland, sources say.
Two sources with a close knowledge of the situation said the North Island raids carried out in late March 2018 by the Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) officials were related to veterinary businesses importing illegal drugs. The Southland search involved a farm.
One of the sources said some veterinary

PRO/AH/EDR> Equine herpesvirus - North America (12): USA (NJ, MI) equine

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 04/08/2018 - 09:58
Equine Herpes Virus -- United States
Watchung Stables closed its doors to the public after 2 horses tested positive for equine herpes.
The news of the stable temporarily closing was posted on Union County's website. After the 1st horse was diagnosed, the estimated opening date was 5 Apr 2018, but after the 2nd diagnosis came in, the opening date has been pushed further back.
Last month [March 2018], the state announced a horse had tested positive for the "highly infectious equine herpes myeloencephalopathy" at the Union
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