Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/EDR> Legionellosis - Europe (07): France (BF) fatal

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 09/14/2017 - 20:04
Legionnaires' -- France
A person who contracted an infection during the month of August [2017] in Belfort, has just passed away. The prefecture of the territory of Belfort [Bourgogne-Franche-Comte region] announced the death of the person after contracting the infection.
A statement by the state services said that 6 patients had been affected by legionnaires' disease in August [2017] in Belfort. Among them, one person died.
The individual had multiple medical comorbidities. Environmental investigations carried

PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (98): Africa, Asia

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 09/14/2017 - 19:01
Cholera -- Worldwide/Unknown
Two cases of cholera appeared in Khartoum North, after the capital of Sudan witnessed a relatively low infection rate for several weeks. The isolation center in the Nierteti Hospital recorded 6 new cases in the past 2 days. The cholera victims came from Teibat El Ahamda district this weekend [9-10 Sep 2017] and have been taken to the local emergency room, a volunteer reported to Radio Dabanga. "The emergence of new cases may be a result of the accumulation of rainwater and dirt, and the

PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed abortions, bovine - Namibia: RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 09/14/2017 - 18:43
Undiagnosed -- Namibia
Government and private veterinarians are working around the clock to identify the cause of hundreds of reported incidents of cattle abortions in the Windhoek district [Namibia]. The reports originate from various farms, with losses ranging from 5 to 45 and even 128 on certain farms. It is suspected the incidents of abortion are occurring more widely than reported.
Numerous samples have been submitted to the Windhoek Central Veterinary Laboratory (CVL), as well as to Onderstepoort and Path

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - USA (28): (CA) fatal, RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 09/14/2017 - 18:35
Hepatitis A -- United States
On [1 Sep 2017], the San Diego County Public Health Officer declared a local public health emergency due to the ongoing hepatitis A virus (HAV) outbreak in the county. The County Board of Supervisors ratified this declaration on [6 Sep 2017]. This health advisory updates local healthcare providers about the outbreak and provides updated recommendations and resources on HAV.
Situation:
As of [11 Sep 2017], 421 confirmed or probable HAV cases have been reported in an ongoing local outbreak

PRO/EDR> Non-TB mycobacteria - USA (02): (LA) nosoc,heater-coolers,peds,M. abscessus, RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 09/14/2017 - 07:42
Mycobacteria, non-TB -- United States
1. Sax H, Bloemberg G, Hasse B, et al: Prolonged outbreak of _Mycobacterium chimaera_ infection after open-chest heart surgery: Clin Infect Dis 2015; 61(1): 67-75; doi: 10.1093/cid/civ198, 1st published online: 11 Mar 2015. Abstract available at .
2. Achermann Y, Roessle M, Hoffmann M, et al: Prosthetic valve endocarditis and bloodstream infection due to _Mycobacterium chimaera_. J. Clin. Microbiol. 2013; 51(6): 1769-73. Available at .
Children's Hospital of New Orleans is a non-profit

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Africa (04): Cote d'Ivoire

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 09/14/2017 - 07:35
Yellow Fever -- Cote d'Ivoire
A yellow fever outbreak has killed at least 15 people in Ivory Coast and threatens many more in the West African country, the head of a government crisis team said on [Fri 8 Sep 2017].
The United Nation's World Health Organisation appealed for funds on [Wed 6 Sep 2017] to help the cash-strapped government in an emergency campaign to vaccinate 3 million people.
"Up to now we have had 128 suspected cases of which 20 were confirmed in the laboratory and 15 are dead," said Guillaume Loukou

PRO/PL> Septoria, wheat - Zambia: (CO)

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 09/14/2017 - 07:31
Other Plant Disease -- Zambia
Septoria, a fungal disease on wheat, has hit some areas on the Copperbelt [province] and some parts of the country. Zambia National Farmers Union (ZNFU) said that Mpongwe [district] is showing serious drop in yields on early planted wheat by around 33 per cent in some areas and up to 50 per cent on other patches.
"In other parts of the country, wheat growers have reported minimal evidence of septoria. The overall impact that this may have on production will not be known until harvest is

PRO/PL> Xylella, grapevine - Spain: (PM)

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 09/14/2017 - 07:29
Xylella Fastidiosa -- Spain
The dangerous plant pathogen _Xylella fastidiosa_ has infected at least 14 vineyards across the island [and] is now threatening Mallorca's wine industry. The contagious disease has already infected hundreds of olive and almond trees. At present the outbreaks are restricted to small, private vineyards. If the disease is confirmed on large wine producing estates the results could be catastrophic for the island's wine industry.
EU scientists recently left Mallorca after evaluating the damage

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - Tanzania (03): (Ruaha Natl Park) wildlife

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 09/13/2017 - 21:24
Anthrax -- Tanzania
An outbreak of anthrax has killed at least 42 hippos in south-central Tanzania's famed Ruaha National Park, authorities have said. Christopher Timbuka, Ruaha Chief Park Warden, said earlier investigation show the wild animals were killed by anthrax, an infection caused by the bacterium _Bacillus anthracis_.
According to the official, a survey carried between August and early September [2017] shows that death cases were found in 3 key areas, which are popular for hosting hippos in the

PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (97): Asia (Yemen)

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 09/13/2017 - 21:15
Cholera -- Yemen
- Between 27 Apr 2017 and 8 Sep 2017, 635 752 suspected cholera cases and 2062 associated deaths have been reported across the country.
- In total, 22 out of 23 (96 percent) governorates and 300 out of 333 districts (90 percent) are affected by the outbreak.
-The outbreak is far from over. During the past 3 weeks, a significant increase in the number of suspected cholera cases has been reported in select districts of 7 governorates. The most concerning increase is in 3 governorates:

PRO/AH/EDR> E. coli EHEC - Japan (06): (GM) O157, fatal

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 09/13/2017 - 21:10
E. coli -- Japan
The city government of Maebashi in eastern Japan said [Wed 13 Sep 2017] a 3-year-old girl has died hit by an _E. coli_ bacterial outbreak, after eating fried shrimp and bamboo shoots bought in August 2017 at a local delicatessen. The girl from Tokyo died in early September 2017 after being hospitalized, according to the city government, becoming the 1st fatality of last month's [August 2017] outbreak, the source of which has yet to be determined.
More than 20 people were infected with the

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - Romania (05): (GR) caprine, human, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 09/13/2017 - 21:04
Anthrax -- Romania
Information received on [and dated] 12 Sep 2017 from Dr Marius Grigore, Director, Head of Unit Animal Health Department General Sanitary Veterinary Directorate, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 22 Aug 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 11 Sep 2017
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 5 Jul 2017
Manifestation of disease:

PRO/AH/EDR> Glanders, equine - India (05): (UP)

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 09/13/2017 - 21:01
Glanders -- India
1. Elschner MC, Neubauer H, and Sprague LD. The resurrection of glanders in a new epidemiological scenario: a beneficiary of "global change". Curr Clin Microbiol Rep. 2017; 4(1): 54-60. Abstract available at .
2. Van Zandt KE, Greer MT, Gelhaus HC. Glanders: an overview of infection in humans. Orphanet J Rare Dis. 2013; 8: 131. doi: 10.1186/1750-1172-8-131; available at . - Mod.AS]
[See Also:
Glanders, equine - India (04): (UP) http://promedmail.org/post/20170827.5276922
Glanders, equine -

PRO/AH/EDR> MERS-CoV (59): Oman, Saudi Arabia, WHO

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 09/13/2017 - 20:57
MERS -- Oman
On [30 Aug 2017], the national IHR focal point of Oman reported one case of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV). The last report of MERS-CoV from Oman was on [29 Nov 2016].
Details of the case
Detailed information concerning the case, a 54-year-old male living in Al Musanaa Batinah region, reported to WHO can be found in a separate document (see link below).
MERS-CoV case reported on [30 Aug 2017]
Date of notification to WHO / Reporting country / City of residence

PRO/AH/EDR> Hepatitis C - USA (09): (NY) nosocomial transmission

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 09/13/2017 - 20:45
Hospital-Related Infection, Hepatitis C -- United States
An osteopathic doctor in Westchester County has been ordered to stop practicing immediately after 4 of his patients tested positive for the same strain of hepatitis C. The New York State Health Department is urging all patients of Dr. Timothy Morely, who owns Tomorrow Medicine and practices out of Mount Kisco and White Plains, to get tested for hepatitis and HIV.
"As the health commissioner for Westchester County, I strongly encourage any of Dr. Timothy Morely's patients who have received

PRO/AH/EDR> Hantavirus - Americas (49): Panama (LS)

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 09/13/2017 - 20:03
Hantavirus -- Panama
The Gorgas Commemorative Institute for Health Studies (ICGES) confirmed a new case of [a] hantavirus [infection] from the Pintadita in Tonosi, Los Santos province.
The affected individual is a 62 year old woman who was hospitalized in the Nelson Collado Hospital in Chitre, Herrera province, and was subsequently released. Tests done by ICGES confirmed the woman's hantavirus disease.

Altogether, 17 cases have been registered: 4 in Las Tablas, 1 in Agua Buena de Los Santos and 12 in Tonosi

PRO/AH/EDR> Mayaro virus disease - Brazil

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 09/13/2017 - 19:52
Other Human Disease -- Brazil
Hotez PJ, Murray KO (2017) Dengue, West Nile virus, chikungunya, Zika--and now Mayaro? PLoS Negl Trop Dis 11(8): e0005462. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0005462
Is Mayaro virus infection the latest in a series of new arbovirus diseases expanding across the Western Hemisphere?
Since the launch of the 2000 Millennium Development Goals, we have seen an explosion of new arboviruses affecting the Americas. According to the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015, there has been a 143.1

PRO/AH/EDR> Hurricane Irma: risk of diseases

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 09/13/2017 - 19:34
Other Human Disease -- Worldwide/Unknown
In the aftermath of Hurricane Irma, the most immediate risks in the affected areas of the Caribbean are increased transmission of diarrhoeal diseases related to lack of access to safe drinking water and acute respiratory infection in children accommodated in overcrowded shelters. The risk of an upsurge in cholera cases in areas with previous transmission and flood-specific risks (e.g. tetanus and leptospirosis) should be given priority when adopting mitigating measures. Mosquito-borne diseases

PRO/AH/EDR> Brucellosis - USA (10): (TX) unpasteurized milk, B. abortus vaccine strain

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 09/13/2017 - 19:27
Brucellosis -- United States
Summary
-------
The Texas Department of State Health Services, with assistance from CDC, is investigating _Brucella_ RB51 exposures and illnesses that may be connected to the purchase and consumption of raw (unpasteurized) milk from K-Bar Dairy in Paradise, Texas. Symptoms of brucellosis can include: fever, sweats, malaise, anorexia, headache, fatigue, muscle & joint pain, and potentially more serious complications (e.g., swelling of heart, liver, or spleen, neurologic

PRO/AH/EDR> Plague - Iraq: (Baghdad) MOH, denied, RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 09/13/2017 - 13:45
Plague -- Iraq
The Ministry of Health denied on [Tue 12 Sep 2017] what has been circulated in some social media sites and other media sources about the occurrence of plague cases. The spokesman for the Ministry of Health, Saif Al-Bader, said in a statement that "after communicating with the relevant authorities and departments, it has been found that no deaths due to plague have occurred." He indicated that "this disease was eliminated from Iraq a long time ago and the health departments, whether in Baghdad
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