Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - USA (13): (CA) fatal

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 07/13/2017 - 20:57
Hepatitis A -- United States
A hepatitis A outbreak in the San Diego area has claimed the life of a 5th person, county health officials reported on [Wed 12 Jul 2017].
The outbreak now totals 228 cases and required the hospitalization of 161 of those sickened, according to the county Health and Human Services Agency. So far, the disease has mostly affected the homeless population and/or users of illegal drugs, with 7 out of every 10 cases affecting those populations. One of every 5 people sickened with hepatitis A also

PRO/AH/EDR> Hantavirus - Americas (40): Panama (LS), Chile (LG)

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 07/13/2017 - 20:54
Hantavirus -- Chile
[A] hantavirus infection is confirmed in a 5-year-old child resident of the Cambutal community in the Tonosí district
This information was confirmed by Germán Solís, Regional Health Director in Los Santos [province].
The child has been presenting symptoms of [a] hantavirus [infection] since this past [Sat 8 Jul 2017] and the medical tests confirmed the diagnosis.
Solís explained that the test was positive and it is confirmed that he has hantavirus fever.
With this case, there

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Americas (50): dissemination risk

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 07/13/2017 - 15:01
Yellow Fever -- Worldwide/Unknown
Dorigatti I, Hamlet A, Aguas R, Cattarino L, Cori A, Donnelly CA, Garske T, Imai N and Ferguson NM. International risk of yellow fever spread from the ongoing outbreak in Brazil, December 2016 to May 2017.
Abstract
States in south-eastern Brazil were recently affected by the largest Yellow Fever (YF) outbreak seen in a decade in Latin America. Here we provide a quantitative assessment of the risk of travel-related international spread of YF indicating that the United States, Argentina,

PRO/EDR> Poliomyelitis update (18): global (Pakistan, Syria)

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 07/13/2017 - 14:04
Polio -- Pakistan
New wild poliovirus cases reported this week: 1
Total number of wild poliovirus cases in 2017: 7
Total number of wild poliovirus cases in 2016: 37
New cVDPV cases reported this week: 0
Total number of cVDPV cases in 2017: 27
Total number of cVDPV cases in 2016: 5
Headlines
---------
- At the G20 Head of State Summit in Hamburg, Germany, [7-8 Jul 2017], leaders acknowledged the efforts to eradicate and committed to completing the job of polio eradication.
- Journal of Infectious

PRO/EDR> Conjunctivitis - Panama: (CL)

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 07/13/2017 - 11:52
Conjunctivitis -- Panama
The Ministry of Health [MINSA, according to its Spanish initials] exhorted all citizens to take prevention and control measures because of the increase in the number of cases of acute conjunctivitis in Colon province, especially in Chagres and Colon districts.
According to the institution, the 1st cases were reported on [3 Jul 2017], and to date 36 cases have been diagnosed in persons of both sexes between 2 and 67 years old.
Amongst personal hygiene measures, MINSA recommends frequent

PRO/AH/EDR> Japanese encephalitis & other - India (09): (BR)

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 07/13/2017 - 11:50
Japanese Encephalitis -- India
With at least 8 suspected and one confirmed case of Japanese encephalitis (JE), Gaya district's health delivery system has again been put to test.
According to Anugrah Narain Memorial Medical College and Hospital (ANMMCH) superintendent SK Sinha, microbiology report has confirmed one JE positive case, admitted to the hospital.
"Another 7 suspected cases of encephalitis have been reported in the ANMMCH; 3 of the suspected cases are attributed to acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) of

PRO/PL> Downy mildew, cucurbits - USA (multistate) Canada (ON)

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 07/13/2017 - 11:48
Other Plant Disease -- United States
Cucurbit downy mildew was reported in an organic, commercial cucumber field in Buncombe County, North Carolina, and confirmed by Inga Meadows, Extension Plant Pathologist for Vegetables. Growers are recommended to take immediate action to protect cucurbit crops in NC. Typically, cucumbers, melons, and watermelons are more susceptible to the disease than squash and pumpkin.
[Byline: Inga Meadows]
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Communicated by:
ProMED-mail

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[2] USA (New Jersey, Maryland, Delaware,

PRO/EDR> Meningitis, meningococcal - Fiji: (LM) college

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 07/13/2017 - 11:43
Meningitis - Neisseria -- Fiji
The Ministry of Health and Medical Services yesterday [11 Jul 2017] confirmed there were 5 cases of meningococcal disease at St John's College in Levuka [Lomaiviti province, Ovalau Island]. A student also died at the beginning of this term, after the disease outbreak at the school.
Health Ministry permanent secretary Philip Davies said they approached the World Health Organization (WHO) to support vaccination of students. When contacted yesterday [11 Jul 2017] for a comment, WHO said it

PRO/AH/EDR> Newcastle disease - Portugal: (CO) pigeon, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 07/13/2017 - 10:06
Newcastle Disease -- Portugal
Information received on [and dated] 12 Jul 2017 from Dr Bernardo Fernando, [General Directorate of Food and Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Rural Development], Lisbon, Portugal
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 7 Jul 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 7 Jul 2017
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: August 1997
Manifestation of disease: sub-clinical infection
Causal

PRO/PL> Coconut wilt-related phytoplasma, cassava - Cote d'Ivoire: 1st rep (LN)

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 07/13/2017 - 10:04
Other Plant Disease -- Cote d'Ivoire
Cassava (_Manihot esculenta_) is one of the staple foods in Africa, cultivated in around 40 countries. In Côte d'Ivoire, [it] is widely used [and] has become an alternative income source in coconut-growing areas, since the Côte d'Ivoire lethal yellowing phytoplasma (CILY, 16SrXXII-B, '_Candidatus_ Phytoplasma palmicola-related strains') devastated over 400 hectares of coconut plantations.
Recently, symptoms of leaf mosaic, curling and yellowing were observed in cassava orchards in

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (122): Viet Nam (HM) backyard, HPAI H5N1, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 07/13/2017 - 10:01
Avian Influenza H5N1 -- Vietnam
Information received on 12 Jul 2017 from Dr Dong Pham Van, director general, chief veterinary officer, Department of Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Hanoi, Viet Nam
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 4 Jul 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 6 Jul 2017
Reason for notification: reoccurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 26 May 2017
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: highly

PRO/AH/EDR> Tick-borne encephalitis - Japan

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 07/12/2017 - 21:00
Tick-borne Encephalitis -- Japan
Hokkaido Prefecture announced that a man in his 70s in the southern part of the prefecture died from tick-borne encephalitis, the 3rd case of tick virus infection in Japan and the 2nd death.
The prefecture's public health division said on Tue 11 Jul 2017 that the man became sick in mid-June [2017], running a high fever and slipping in and out of consciousness. He checked into a hospital in the city of Hakodate but died earlier this month [July 2017], according to the division.
No tick

PRO/AH/EDR> Equine infectious anemia - Switzerland (02): (AG) OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 07/12/2017 - 20:54
Equine Infectious Anemia -- Switzerland
Information received on 10 Jul 2017 from Mr Hans Wyss, Chief Veterinary Officer, Schwarzenburgstrasse 161, Swiss Federal Veterinary Office, Liebefeld Berne, Switzerland
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 5 Jul 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 7 Jul 2017
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 1991
Manifestation of disease: Sub-clinical infection
Causal agent: equine infectious anaemia

PRO/EDR> Measles update (35): Europe, USA

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 07/12/2017 - 20:51
Measles -- France
France will require all parents vaccinate their children, French Prime Minister Édouard Philippe announced in a speech on Wed [5 Jul 2017]. The announcement follows a warning from the World Health Organization (WHO) that measles is spreading across Europe, despite vaccines which can prevent the virus, Independent reported.
France currently requires all children to be vaccinated against diphtheria, tetanus and polio, and will add 8 more required vaccinations -- pertussis, measles, mumps,

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (31): Malaysia (SK) canine, feline, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 07/12/2017 - 20:45
Rabies -- Malaysia
Information received on 11 Jul 2017 from Dr Quaza Nizamuddin Bin Hassan Nizam, Deputy Director General (Veterinary Health), Department of veterinary services, Division of livestock resources & technology development, Putrajaya, Malaysia
Summary:
Report type: Immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 4 Jul 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 8 Jul 2017
Reason for notification: Reoccurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 18 Sep 2015
Manifestation of

PRO/EDR> Poliomyelitis update (17): Syria (DY, RA), cVDPV update

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 07/12/2017 - 20:42
Polio -- Syria
Summary
New cVDPV cases this week: 0
Total number of cVDPV cases: 23*
Outbreak grade: 3
Index case
Onset of paralysis: [3 Mar 2017]
Location: Mayadeen district, Deir Ez-Zor [Governorate]
Age: 22 months
Vaccination status: 2 OPV doses
22 nt divergence from Sabin
Most recent case
Mayadeen district, Deir Ez-Zor [Governorate]
Onset of paralysis: 28 May 2017,
Age: 15 months,
Vaccination status: 1 OPV/zero IPV
26 nt divergence from Sabin
Extent of outbreak
Mayadeen and Tell

PRO/AH/EDR> Leishmaniasis, visceral - Kenya: (MB, WJ)

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 07/12/2017 - 15:32
Leishmaniasis -- Kenya
Since the beginning of the year, Kenya has reported 277 visceral leishmaniasis, or kala-azar cases, including 7 deaths from 2 counties; Marsabit County in the mid-north of the country and Wajir County in the east of Kenya, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
Last month [June 2017], officials from the National Kala-azar Programme in Nairobi and WHO visited Marsabit County to provide on-the-ground support. The Ministry also dispatched testing kits and medical supplies to the

PRO/AH/EDR> Fibropapillomatosis, turtle - USA: (FL)

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 07/12/2017 - 13:11
Other Animal Disease -- United States
There's a new effort to determine why green sea turtles in the Indian River Lagoon [Florida] are covered with tumors. Nearly half of the green sea turtles in the Indian River Lagoon suffer from the tumors.
Kate Mansfield of the University of Central Florida says the number and range of cases are expanding. But what's causing them is a mystery. Mansfield says all of the turtles with the tumors have a certain virus, but not every turtle with that virus has tumors. So other contributors are

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis E - Nigeria (02): (BO) WHO

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 07/12/2017 - 13:10
Hepatitis E -- Nigeria
On 18 Jun 2017, the Nigerian Ministry of Health notified WHO of an outbreak of hepatitis E located in the northeast region of the country. The 1st case was detected on 3 May 2017 in Damasak, a locality at the border with the Republic of the Niger. Samples were collected from the case and sent to laboratory for confirmation. Cases were later reported in Ngala, one of the local government areas in Borno State that borders Cameroon. As of 2 Jul 2017, 146 confirmed and suspected cases were

Cholera – Nigeria

WHO Disease Outbreaks news - Wed, 07/12/2017 - 06:55
On 7 June 2017, World Health Organization (WHO) was notified of a cholera outbreak in Kwara State, Nigeria, where the event currently remains localized. The first cases of acute watery diarrhoea were reported during the last week of April 2017 and a sharp increase in the number of cases and deaths has been observed since 1 May 2017. However, the number of new cases reported has shown a decline over the last four reporting weeks.
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