Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (30): Americas, USA (MN) bat, comment

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 06/08/2018 - 17:09
Rabies -- United States
The moderator commented: "Never, but NEVER pick up a sick bat. In fact leave sick and dead bats alone. Leave it to the state wildlife folk to come and collect it for testing. Not all sick bats have rabies but many of the diseases that they suffer from you do not want to share."
Excellent advice, but there is little more to be said, which we summarized in this article:

This is the most important part of the what-to-do-if-you-see-a-bat-on-the-ground advice: "Practically unknown is that

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - USA: (TX) bovine

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 06/08/2018 - 12:33
Anthrax -- United States
Texas Animal Health Commission (TAHC) officials confirmed anthrax in one calf on a Jim Hogg County premises on [1 Jun 2018]. This is the 1st anthrax case in Texas this year.
The premises is located about 30 miles [48 km] south of Hebbronville and has been quarantined. TAHC rules require proper disposal of affected carcasses and vaccination of other cattle on the premise prior to release of the quarantine. "TAHC will continue to closely monitor the situation," said Dr Susan Rollo, TAHC state

PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed hemorrhagic fever - Uganda (03): (MW) children, malaria conf

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 06/08/2018 - 12:09
Malaria -- Uganda
We defined a suspected case as onset of high grade fever and red/black/brown/maroon coloured urine with any of the following: loss of appetite, fatigue, abdominal pain, abdominal distention, anemia, jaundice, headache, vomiting, palpitation, sweating and painful urination.
We actively searched for suspected cases in Bugobero HCIV [health centre IV] and some of the affected communities. We reviewed current and past medical records for the suspected cases (deceased inclusive) whenever

PRO/AH/EDR> West Nile virus (05): Americas (Brazil) equine, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 06/08/2018 - 06:36
West Nile Virus -- Brazil
Information received on [and dated] 6 Jun 2018 from Dr Figueiredo Marques Guilherme Henrique, director, [Department of Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, and Supply], Brasilia, Brazil
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 25 Apr 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 4 Jun 2018
Reason for notification: 1st occurrence of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: West Nile fever virus
Nature of

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (29): Congo DR, cases, MSF, antivirals

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 06/08/2018 - 05:57
Ebola -- DR Congo
Ebola is back. The disease that killed more than 11 000 people in West Africa just a few years ago has returned, striking the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Last week [week of 28 May 2018], intervention with a new vaccine was initiated to help contain the outbreak, adding another tool to a response that is exponentially better than it was 4 years ago. But we are not out of the woods. No matter how long this Ebola outbreak continues, the world faces critical tests in its battle against

PRO/AH/EDR> Japanese encephalitis - Viet Nam

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 06/08/2018 - 05:40
Japanese Encephalitis -- Vietnam
In all, 37 severe cases of encephalitis--meningitis are being treated at the Department of Infectious Diseases of Viet Nam National Children's Hospital, reported Phu Nu Viet Nam (Viet Nam Women) newspaper. Of all these cases, 2 children were diagnosed with the deadly Japanese encephalitis, a contagious [infectious] disease carried by mosquitoes. Both were not vaccinated properly, or possibly not at all.
A 13 year old from Hai Duong Province was hospitalised after suffering from acute fever

PRO/AH/EDR> Lassa fever - West Africa (32): Sierra Leone

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 06/08/2018 - 05:36
Lassa Fever -- Sierra Leone
The surveillance supervisor of the Lassa Fever Unit at the government hospital in Kenema, Lansana Kanneh, said the rate of Lassa fever infection in the Kenema district is increasing at an alarming rate. In 2017, in Kenema District, the Lassa Fever Unit recorded 17 cases and 11 died. From January to May 2018, 18 cases have been recorded and 7 have died. He said the unit is expecting more cases.
Kanneh attributed the high rate of death to delayed arrival at the hospital. He said people

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - USA (22): (KY,NC)

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 06/08/2018 - 05:19
Hepatitis A -- United States
There is a hepatitis A outbreak in Louisville. The outbreak was declared in November of 2017. As of [Tue 5 Jun 2018], there have been 432 cases and 3 deaths associated with this outbreak.
The Louisville Metro Department of Public Health and Wellness continues to work to control an outbreak of acute hepatitis A that has centered in the city's homeless, people with unstable housing, and among those who with any illicit drug use (not just injecting drug use).
Hepatitis A is a

PRO/EDR> Poliomyelitis update (17): Venezuela, cases conf. global (Pakistan), RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 06/07/2018 - 23:35
Polio -- Venezuela
New wild poliovirus cases reported this week: 1
New cVDPV cases reported this week: 0
Type of Virus: 2017 / 2018 (to date) / new this week
WPV: 22 / 10 / 1
cVDPV: 96 / 5 / 0
Summary of newly-reported viruses this week:
Pakistan: 1 new wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) case
Afghanistan: 1 new WPV1-positive environmental sample
- No new cases of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) have been reported this week. The total number of WPV1 cases in 2018 remains 8.
- 1 new

PRO/AH> Newcastle disease, poultry - USA (04): (CA) more cases

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 06/07/2018 - 16:29
Newcastle Disease -- United States
The United States Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service confirmed 3 additional cases of virulent Newcastle disease in backyard birds in San Bernardino County, California.
A complete list of confirmed cases is available on our website at .
Virulent Newcastle disease has not been found in commercial poultry in the United States since 2003.
communicated by:

[The count today is as follows for the 13 outbreaks to date:
17 May

PRO/AH/EDR> Sarcoptic mange, bear - USA: (PA)

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 06/07/2018 - 15:19
Scabies -- United States
[ProMED-mail regrets the delay in posting]

Pennsylvania's black bear population is experiencing a mange epidemic, and a Penn State research team will work with the state Game Commission to gain a better understanding of the disease and develop strategies to manage it.
Mange is a highly contagious skin disease carried by parasitic mites that results in hair loss and sometimes emaciation and death. It has afflicted mammals around the world for centuries and likely much longer. To learn

PRO/AH/EDR> Japanese encephalitis & other- India (06): (HP)

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 06/07/2018 - 15:15
Japanese Encephalitis -- India
The Centre [source does not specify further. - Mod.SH] on [Tue 5 Jun 2018] confirmed the outbreak of Japanese encephalitis in Himachal, with 2 children from Solan district testing positive for the mosquitoborne viral infection of the brain.
Both children are currently in Indira Gandhi Medical Hospital, Shimla. One, a 3 year old boy from Dharampur is critical and on ventilator support. The other, a 6 year old boy from Dhalli is also under intensive care. Altogether, 7 Solan kids were

PRO/AH/EDR> E. coli EHEC - USA (16): (TN) raw milk

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 06/07/2018 - 13:13
Foodborne Illness -- United States
East Tennessee Children's Hospital said [Tue 5 Jun 2018] it has treated "close to 10" children, all younger than 4, for a "serious outbreak" of _Escherichia coli_-caused illness over the past 10 days. The Knox County Health Department has confirmed 2 likely sources of the outbreak are unpasteurized milk and farm animals.
Most of the ill children are known to have consumed raw milk from a local cow-share dairy, French Broad Farm in Knox County, the health department said in an alert issued

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (78): China (LN) poultry, HPAI H7N9, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 06/07/2018 - 13:10
Avian Influenza H7N9 -- China
Information received on [and dated] 6 Jun 2018 from Dr Zhang Zhongqui, director general, China Animal Disease Control Centre, Veterinary Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, China (People's Rep of)
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 22 May 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 30 May 2018
Reason for notification: new strain of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: highly pathogenic avian influenza [HPAI]

PRO/PL> Mosaic disease, cassava - Cambodia: 1st rep (RO,TB)

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 06/07/2018 - 13:06
Other Plant Disease -- Cambodia
Ker Munthivuth, Department of Plant Protection [of Cambodia], said the ministry has acknowledged presence of the [cassava mosaic] virus in Cambodia. "We confirm that the cassava mosaic disease is present in Ratanakkiri and Tboung Khmum provinces, but there is no sign of the virus in the western provinces that share a border with Thailand," he said.
"After we found the virus in Ratanakkiri and Tboung Khmum, the ministry issued a statement to farmers with guidelines to stop its spread. The

PRO/AH> Foot & mouth disease - Israel (05): (HZ) bov, gt O/ME-SA/PanAsia-2(QOM-15)

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 06/07/2018 - 13:04
Foot and Mouth -- Israel
WRLFMD website published the genotyping results of 4 FMD virus samples collected from grazing beef cattle in Gazit, north eastern Israel. The following results are drawn from the report addressing virus sample ISR/1/2018.
Location of origin: Kibbutz Gazit
Country of origin: Israel
Date of collection: 5 Apr 2018
Host species: cattle
Serotype: O
Topotype: ME-SA
Lineage: PanAsia-2
Sublineage: QOM-15
Sequence length: 633
Harvest date of material: 26 Apr 2018
Received for sequencing:

PRO/EDR> Dengue/DHF update (12): Asia, Oceania, Africa, Europe, WHO, vacc

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 06/07/2018 - 13:00
Dengue -- Bangladesh
Northern hemisphere
As of 15 May 2018, a total of 694 suspected dengue cases have been reported in Cambodia. In weeks 18 and 19, there were 81 and 99 new suspected dengue cases, respectively. In weeks 18 and 19 [30 Apr-13 May 2018], the number of reported dengue cases has increased compared to the previous week, above the alert threshold level.
As of 30 Apr 2018, a total of 25 dengue cases were reported in China. The number of reported cases is

PRO/AH> Strangles, equine - Canada (03): (NB)

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 06/07/2018 - 05:00
Strangles -- Canada
A preventive vaccine followed by a booster is available for about 65 USD. It doesn't work in the midst of an outbreak, but many horses north of Fredericton have been getting it, according to Wanamaker. She said it's about 60 or 70 per cent effective. "It won't stop the disease," said Wanamaker. "It will at least reduce the severity of the clinical signs, and hopefully the horse won't maybe have as high of a fever, the abscesses may not appear, things like that."
Wanamaker recommends horse

Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo

WHO Disease Outbreaks news - Sun, 05/13/2018 - 21:00
Since the publication of the first Disease Outbreak News on the Ebola outbreak in Equateur province, Democratic Republic of the Congo on 10 May 2018, an additional seven suspected cases have been notified by the country’s Ministry of Health. Importantly, since the last update, cases have been reviewed and reclassified, and some discarded.

Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo

WHO Disease Outbreaks news - Wed, 05/09/2018 - 21:00
On 8 May 2018, WHO was notified by the Ministry of Health of the Democratic Republic of the Congo of two confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease occurring in Bikoro health zone, Equateur province.
Syndicate content