Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/AH/EDR> Bluetongue - Asia: India (AD, TG), ruminants, st 4, evolutionary analysis

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 11/11/2017 - 16:25
Bluetongue -- India
Citation: Reddy YV, Susmitha B, Patil S, et al. Isolation and evolutionary analysis of Australasian topotype of bluetongue virus serotype 4 from India.
Bluetongue (BT) is a _Culicoides_-borne disease caused by several serotypes of bluetongue virus (BTV). Similar to other insect-borne viral diseases, distribution of BT is limited to distribution of _Culicoides_ species competent to transmit BTV. In the tropics, vector activity is almost year long, and hence, the disease is endemic,

PRO/AH/EDR> Lyme disease - USA (05): (OH) increase cases

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 11/11/2017 - 16:03
Lyme Disease -- United States
The Ohio Department of Health is reporting Lyme disease cases in the state this year are up 33 percent from 2016. The department says 241 cases of Lyme disease have been reported in 60 Ohio counties so far in 2017. There were only 160 cases in 2016.
The increase in cases coincides with the increase of the blacklegged tick in Ohio.
Lyme disease is a bacterial disease transmitted to humans via the bite of an infected deer tick. Symptoms can include a flu-like illness, muscle pain, and

PRO/AH/EDR> E. coli EHEC - USA (36): (CA) military outbreak, O157

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 11/11/2017 - 15:47
E. coli -- United States
No source has been determined in the _E. coli_ outbreak that has sickened dozens of U.S. Marine recruits in San Diego. Ten new cases have been reported, according to officials at Marine Corps Recruit Depot San Diego. The base, located near San Diego International Airport, is the 1st stop for recruits as they begin basic training to join the U.S. Marine Corps. Approximately 79 Marine recruits were still undergoing treatment among more than 5000 recruits in training.
Up to 9 out of 17

PRO/EDR> Legionellosis - USA (20): (NYC) elder community, RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 11/11/2017 - 15:41
Legionnaires' -- United States
The Hebrew Home at Riverdale has implemented more stringent water restrictions and testing after 5 residents contracted Legionnaires' disease. All 5 have recovered, according to Hebrew Home officials, and none required hospitalization.
"I've been here 32 years, and this is the 1st time we ever dealt with something like this," said David Pomeranz, chief operating officer of RiverSpring Health, the Hebrew Home's parent organization.
Doctors at the Hebrew Home discovered the 5 were infected

PRO/AH/EDR> Contaminated water - Argentina: (SC), RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 11/11/2017 - 12:26
Waterborne Illness -- Argentina
There are at least 150 persons affected - intoxicated - presumably by some kind of bacteria present in the water supply delivered to Antigua population [Los Antiguos, Santa Cruz Province].
Sources from the community consulted by Diario Nuevo Dia (a local newspaper) reported that classes in schools have been suspended, and that the hospital has become completely full ('collapsed') with affected persons.
Meanwhile, the local Municipality held a press conference led by Mr. Marcelo Arias,

PRO/AH/EDR> Equine herpesvirus - North America (19): USA (OR) equine

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 11/11/2017 - 12:17
Equine Herpes Virus -- United States
Veterinarians have diagnosed a horse from the Coos Bay area with a form of equine herpes virus, the Oregon State University College of Veterinary Medicine said [Wed 8 Nov 2017].
Equine herpes virus is "a naturally occurring virus that can cause serious illness in horses," the college said in a statement. "The horse is being treated for the neurotropic form of the virus, which is a mutated type of EHV-1 with a higher likelihood of causing neurologic disease."
The horse "became acutely

PRO/AH/EDR> Equine infectious anemia - Canada (06): (AB)

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 11/11/2017 - 11:04
Equine Infectious Anemia -- Canada
Horse owners should take precautions to protect their animals, particularly if they're purchasing or receiving animals from areas in western Canada from equine infectious anemia (EIA), officials say.
There has been one confirmed case in Red Deer County this year [2017], with other confirmed cases in Beaver County and the County of Two Hills.
According to the Canadian Food Inspection Agency, EIA is an infectious and potentially fatal viral disease, which affects horses and other members

PRO/AH/EDR> Chronic wasting disease, cervid - USA (14): (MT) 1st case deer

ProMED Mail Reports - Sat, 11/11/2017 - 10:53
Chronic Wasting Disease -- United States
A mule deer buck harvested south of Billings in October [2017] has tested positive for Chronic Wasting Disease, officials confirmed [Wed 8 Nov 2017]. CWD is deadly and contagious to deer, elk and moose.
Montana Fish Wildlife and Parks (FWP or MFWP) says a sample collected from the hunter-killed deer 10 miles southeast of Bridger tested positive during an initial round of testing. A 2nd, more thorough test is now being done on the sample at Colorado State University to confirm the presence

PRO/AH/EDR> Hantavirus - Americas (56): Argentina (SA)

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 11/10/2017 - 21:17
Hantavirus -- Argentina
There is confirmation of 2 cases of [a] hantavirus [infection] in students in the Hugo Luna School in Oran, Salta [province]
These involve 2 girls who were hospitalized with symptoms of the virus [infection] and so the school was closed for a cleanup and classes were suspended.
Monica Carabajal, the principal of the primary school, confirmed to Cadena 3, "This past [Fri 3 Nov 2017] a 3rd grade girl was admitted [to hospital]. I directed that there was a fumigation and cleanup. Later,

PRO/AH/EDR> MERS-CoV (71): Oman, Saudi Arabia (QS), WHO

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 11/10/2017 - 20:56
MERS -- Oman
On [Wed 1 Nov 2017], the International Health Regulations (2005) national focal point of Oman reported one case of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection. Prior to this case, the most recent case of MERS-CoV from Oman was reported on [Wed 30 Aug 2017].
Details of the case
The patient, a 27-year-old male living in Sharqiyah Region, reported contact with dromedaries prior to symptom onset. Details of the case reported to WHO can be found in a separate document (see

PRO/EDR> Hand, foot & mouth disease update (11): China (Hong Kong), Chile (LG)

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 11/10/2017 - 19:32
Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease -- China
The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health is today [Mon 6 Nov 2017] investigating an outbreak of hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) in a primary school in Sheung Shui, and again urged the public, schools and institutions to maintain strict hand, personal and environmental hygiene.
The 19 affected pupils, 11 boys and 8 girls aged 7 -- 11, and one staff member have developed fever, rashes over hands and feet, and oral ulcers from [Wed 4 Oct - Fri 3 Nov 2017]. Among them,

PRO/AH/EDR> Food poisoning, undiagnosed fatalities - India: (MH) susp. pesticide, RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 11/10/2017 - 18:55
Undiagnosed -- India
A day after a farmer died due to suspected food poisoning and nearly 69 others fell ill, the police here [in Nashik, Maharashtra State] have registered offences against 2 caterers and an official of a pesticide producing company where the victims had a meal, an official said today [Thu 9 Nov 2017].
After eating the food served yesterday [Wed 9 Nov 2017] at Umarale village in Nashik district, where the private company had organised a seminar on tomato crops, at least 70 farmers had

PRO/AH/EDR> Tuberculosis, elephant - USA (02): (MO)

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 11/10/2017 - 16:49
Tuberculosis -- United States
A 46-year-old Asian elephant at the Saint Louis Zoo, has tested positive for tuberculosis, according to Zoo officials.
Veterinarians and the elephant care team at the Zoo are preparing to start the elephant on an appropriate treatment regimen, they said.
The Saint Louis Zoo said it has informed the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the Missouri Department of Agriculture and other local agencies about the elephant's test results. Zoo officials said that she does not pose an exposure risk to

PRO/AH/EDR> Bluetongue - Europe (07): UK ex France, bovine, st 8, assessment

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 11/10/2017 - 16:38
Bluetongue -- United Kingdom

Vets have been urged to be extra vigilant following the detection of bluetongue virus in cattle imported to the UK from France.
Post-import tests picked up the BTV-8 strain in cattle brought in from an assembly centre in an area of France, where multiple cases have been confirmed since September this year.
A total of 32 animals entered the country on [Tue 10 Oct 2017] destined for 2 farms in England (Preston and Kendal) and 2 in Scotland (Dumfries and

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - Namibia (13): (Bwabwata Natl Park) hippopotamus, buffalo, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 11/10/2017 - 16:34
Anthrax -- Namibia
Information received on [and dated] 8 Nov 2017 from Dr Adrianatus Florentius Maseke, Chief Veterinary Officer, Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Forestry, Windhoek, Namibia
Report type: follow-up report No.1, 8 Nov 2017
Date of start of the event: 1 Oct 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 11 Oct 2017
Report date: 13 Oct 2017
Date submitted to OIE: 13 Oct 2017
Date of previous occurrence: Apr 2017
Reason for notification: re-occurrence of a listed

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - Georgia (02): (SZ)

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 11/10/2017 - 14:57
Anthrax -- United States
Georgia's 2nd anthrax fatality this year [2017] has been confirmed. A Poti [Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti region] resident, aged 28, died from exposure to anthrax, Maka Gabunia, an epidemiologist of the Georgian Healthcare Ministry's Poti regional laboratory, told reporters on [8 Nov 2017].
The tentative cause of death is that the woman sought medical aid too late, Gabunia said. The patient was showing symptoms of the disease when she was admitted to a hospital, she said. "The appropriate medical

PRO/EDR> Measles update (53): Africa, Asia, Southeast Asia, Eastern Europe

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 11/10/2017 - 13:47
Measles -- Nigeria
[5] Viet Nam (Hanoi)
Eastern Europe
[6] Serbia
[1] Nigeria (Yobe)
Date: Fri 3 Nov 2017
Source: The Eagle Online [edited]

UNICEF says 23 893 cases of measles have been recorded in Yobe between January and June, this year [2017]. Samuel Sesay, the UNICEF Consultant in the state, made this known on [Fri 3 Nov 2017] at a workshop for Measles Vaccination Campaign in Damaturu [local government area, LGA, Yobe].
He attributed the high figure

PRO/EDR> Chikungunya (45): Italy, France

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 11/10/2017 - 12:45
Chikungunya -- Italy
Since August 2017, both France and Italy have reported autochthonous transmission of chikungunya virus. In France, the Var department [Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur region] is affected while in Italy, the Lazio and Calabria regions reported autochthonous transmission. The 2 events involve strains of different origin and are therefore not related.
Update of the week
As of 27 Oct 2017, the Ministry of Health in Italy reports 331 cases in Lazio region, 176 of which are confirmed. Guardavalle

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Americas (63): Brazil (SP) susp, RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 11/10/2017 - 12:30
Yellow Fever -- Brazil
The Sao Paulo Municipal Health Secretary is investigating 10 cases suspected of having contracted yellow fever in the city. According to officials, 4 cases were discarded after initial tests. Initially. the Secretariat had said that 14 were under investigations and later stated that 10 continue under investigation.
Of the suspected cases, 2/3 are people who live in the north zone of Sao Paulo, Tremembe region, where the Horto Florestal [Sao Paulo Forest Gardens] and Cantareira State Park,

PRO/EDR> Mumps update (32): South America, USA, New Zealand

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 11/10/2017 - 11:18
Mumps -- Bolivia
This year [2017] Bolivia is experiencing an unusual outbreak of mumps. According to data from the Ministry of Health, the number of reported cases until now is 3 times higher compared to figures recorded 5 years ago.
"We've had an important outbreak of mumps this year [2017]," pointed out Adolfo Zarate, Head of the Epidemiology area of the Ministry of Health, who also mentioned that during this year 2044 cases of mumps have been reported. This is 3 times the figure for 2013, when a similar
Syndicate content