Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/AH/EDR> European foulbrood, apis - Europe: Liechtenstein (SN) OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 05/16/2017 - 23:02
Other Animal Disease -- Liechtenstein
Information received on 16 May 2017 from Dr. med. vet. Peter Malin, CVO / Chief Veterinary Officer, Ressort Gesundheit, Amt fur Lebensmittelkontrolle und Veterinarwesen, Schaan, Liechtenstein
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 10 May 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 11 May 2017
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 21 Jun 2016
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent:

PRO/AH/EDR> Cutaneous & renal glomerular vasculopathy, canine - UK (05): England, spread

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 05/16/2017 - 19:27
Other Animal Disease -- United Kingdom
Four new cases emerged over the weekend and, for the 1st time, a greyhound has been confirmed as suffering from the flesh-destroying condition [Alabama rot/cutaneous & renal glomerular vasculopathy].
The 1st dogs to contract the mysterious disease were greyhounds in the southern United States in the 1980s. It took then almost 30 years to appear in Britain, but since 2012, cases have steadily increased across a wide geographical area.
The announcement today [16 May 2017] that 4 new cases

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Americas (46): Brazil, virus mutations

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 05/16/2017 - 19:25
Yellow Fever -- Brazil
Researchers from the Owsaldo Cruz Institute have discovered that the virus from the latest outbreak of yellow fever in Brazil -- the largest since the Health Ministry began record keeping -- has a genetic sequence that has never been encountered before.
Motivated by the extent of the current epidemic, they performed a complete genetic sequencing of the genome of the virus and discovered 8 mutations that had never been seen before in some of the genetic sequences.
Of the variations, 7

PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - Palestinian Auth (03): (WE) bovine,ovine, st pending, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 05/16/2017 - 19:17
Foot and Mouth -- Palestinian Authority
Information received on 16 May 2017 from Dr Iyad Adra, Director General of Veterinary Services & Animal Health, CVO, Ministry of Agriculture, Ramallah, Palestinian Auton. Territories
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 1 May 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 10 May 2017
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: Nov 2016
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: Foot and mouth disease

PRO/EDR> Measles update (27)

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 05/16/2017 - 19:12
Measles -- Pakistan
Confirmed cases as of 12 May 2017: 54
(Updated Monday-Friday at 1 p.m.)
Outbreak Overview
54 total cases: 48 in Hennepin County
2 in Ramsey County
4 in Crow Wing County
Vaccination status: 51 confirmed to be unvaccinated
1 had 1 dose of MMR
2 had 2 doses of MMR
Age: 51 in children (ages 0-17 years)
3 cases in adults
47 of the cases are Somali Minnesotan.
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail Rapporteur Kunihiko Iizuka
[The state of Minnesota can be

PRO/PL> Pepino mosaic virus, tomato - UK

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 05/16/2017 - 10:16
Other Plant Disease -- United Kingdom
Pepino mosaic virus (PepMV) is one of the most economically important diseases of tomatoes. There are known to be 3 strains present on UK crops. Fruit infected with multiple strains of the virus experience more severe symptoms. As a result, steps must be taken to ensure, even where infection has already been confirmed, that no additional strains are brought in. Severe infections can have significant economic impact, with one nursery estimating that the disease caused around GBP 400 000 [about

PRO/PL> Leaf rust, coffee - Honduras: new strain susp.

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 05/15/2017 - 22:46
Other Plant Disease -- Honduras
World Coffee Research [WCR] has confirmed that the Lempira coffee variety is no longer resistant to leaf rust. This confirms the industry's worst fear since outbreaks were reported earlier this year [2017] in important Honduran coffee-producing regions.
"Lempira, makes up a significant portion of Honduran coffee and has been widely planted since an epidemic of leaf rust hit Central America beginning in 2012," WCR said. Rust infections [were reported] in January 2017. WCR conducted DNA

PRO/AH/EDR> Anisakiasis - Portugal: raw fish dishes

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 05/15/2017 - 22:43
Anisakis -- Portugal
A 32-year-old man in Portugal went to the hospital after experiencing stomach pain, vomiting and fever. The culprit? A parasitic worm called Anisakis in the sushi he had just eaten.
The incident highlights an increasing number of infections from a parasite found in raw fish that doctors are seeing in Western countries, as sushi dishes rise in popularity, according to a new report.
In the report [Carmo J et al. Anisakiasis: a growing cause of abdominal pain! BMJ Case Rep. 11 May 2017.

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (20): Congo DR, news, vaccine, update

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 05/15/2017 - 22:39
Ebola -- DR Congo
Ebola has surfaced in a remote part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the 1st outbreak of the disease since the West African epidemic that killed more than 11 000 people before it came to an end 2 years ago. A vaccine proved its worth in that epidemic -- which hit major cities -- but it is still awaiting approval from regulatory agencies, and the DRC government has yet to request the vaccine's use to quell this outbreak.
As of 14 May 2017, there were 19 people suspected of

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (101): South Korea, poultry, HPAI H5N8, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 05/15/2017 - 22:33
Avian Influenza H5N8 -- South Korea
Information received on 13 May 2017 from Dr Oh Soon-Min, Director -- Chief Veterinary Officer, General Animal Health Division, Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (MAFRA), Sejong-Si, Korea (Rep. of)
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 6 Feb 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 6 Feb 2017
Report date: 12 May 2017
Date submitted to OIE: 13 May 2017
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence:

PRO/AH/EDR> Chikungunya (16): Asia (Bangladesh)

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 05/15/2017 - 16:20
Chikungunya -- Bangladesh
Mosquito-borne chikungunya is spreading [in Dhaka, the capital city in Bangladesh]. The disease is transmitted by biting _Aedes albopictus_ and _Aedes aegypti_ mosquitoes. Many people in the capital city [Dhaka] have been known to be affected with the disease in this summer [2017].
The doctors say that chikungunya is a viral disease. It is not life-threatening, but many physical discomforts may be seen in people affected with the disease. The former director of the Institute of

PRO/AH/EDR> Kyasanur Forest disease - India (09): (GA) susp. fatal case

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 05/15/2017 - 16:18
Hemorrhagic Fever -- India
The Goa Health Service authorities are unsure whether the recent death of one AG, 60, of Valpoi, North Goa was due to monkey fever or Kyasanur Forest disease (KFD).
According to family sources, AG died on 29 Apr 2017 of KFD. However, Dr. Utkarsh Betodkar, epidemiologist of Goa Health Services monitoring KFD-related issues, told The Hindu on Saturday [13 May 2017] that according to medical papers of the patient, he was admitted for KFD fever around a month before his death at the Goa Medical

PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (27): Asia (Yemen)

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 05/15/2017 - 16:14
Cholera -- Yemen
1. Guerrant RL, Carneiro-Filho BA and Dillingham RA. Cholera, diarrhea, and oral rehydration therapy: triumph and indictment. Clin Infect Dis. 2003;37(3):398-405.
2. Gregorio GV, Gonzales ML, Dans LF and Martinez EG. Polymer-based oral rehydration solution for treating acute watery diarrhoea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009;(2):CD006519. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD006519.pub2.
3. Gore SM, Fontaine O and Pierce NF. Impact of rice based oral rehydration solution on stool output and duration of

PRO/AH/EDR> Powassan virus encephalitis - USA (03): (NH) Alert

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 05/15/2017 - 13:10
Encephalitis -- United States
Although there have been only 2 cases confirmed by the Centers for Disease Control in New Hampshire, Powassan virus, spread by ticks, as is Lyme disease, is of great concern to health professionals.
State Epidemiologist Dr Benjamin Chan said Powassan virus has the potential to cause permanent neurological damage to an affected person and is being watched carefully.
According to information on the CDC website, Powassan, also called POW is one of a group of arthropod-borne viruses

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - Spain: (MD) MSM

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 05/15/2017 - 13:03
Hepatitis A -- Spain
The rise of hepatitis A throughout Spain is especially strong in the Community of Madrid, where registered cases have gone from 73 during 2015 to 223 in 2016, and 372 only so far in 2017. Although not generally treated as a serious illness - the symptoms are mild, although in adults they may last for months - the Ministry of Health has transmitted its concern to the health centers so that they are alert, and it will make a campaign of diffusion of preventive measures through different LGBT

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - Kenya (04): (KB) official response

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 05/14/2017 - 22:05
Anthrax -- Kenya
That 6 cases of anthrax are admitted to Thika Level 5 Hospital speaks volumes about our unwillingness to learn lessons from past episodes of contagion, and limit future recurrences.
The authorities have done a commendable job in closing the offending slaughterhouse from which the 6 meat loaders contracted anthrax. Questions, however, must be asked about the competence and commitment of the meat inspectors who failed to isolate and destroy the infected carcasses. Because of their

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (19): Congo DR, Nigeria preparedness

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 05/14/2017 - 22:04
Ebola -- DR Congo
In a statement dated 13 May 2017, the World Health Organization announced it is now investigating 3 Ebola cases in The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), with the 1st case possibly being the "index case." The 2 additional suspected cases were identified after the Ebola outbreak was declared on 12 May 2017, according to Reuters. Government and WHO health care workers reached the remote area in Bas-Uele province in northeastern Congo, on the border with Central African Republic on Sat [12 May

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