Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

Acute hepatitis E – Nigeria

WHO Disease Outbreaks news - Wed, 07/12/2017 - 06:23
On 18 June 2017, the Nigerian Ministry of Health notified World Health Organization (WHO) of an outbreak of hepatitis E located in the north-east region of the country. The first case was detected on 3 May 2017 in Damasak, a locality at the border with the Republic of the Niger. Samples were collected from the case and sent to laboratory for confirmation. Cases were later reported in Ngala, one of the local government areas in Borno State that borders Cameroon. As of 2 July 2017, 146 confirmed and suspected cases were reported including 21 confirmed cases.

PRO/AH/EDR> E. coli EHEC - USA (15): (UT) O157, fatalities

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 07/11/2017 - 18:02
E. coli -- United States
A public health department on Tue 11 Jul 2017 said that the number of _E. coli_ O157 cases in Hildale, UT had increased to 11 and issued a warning to residents there about consuming raw milk and ground beef.
The outbreak, which began in June 2017, has already killed 2 children. A 3 Jul 2017 alert from the Southwest Utah Public Health Department said 6 cases of _E. coli_ had been confirmed in Hildale.
David Heaton, a spokesman for the Southwest Utah Public Health Department said that most

PRO/AH/EDR> Varroa mite, apis - USA: (NY)

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 07/11/2017 - 17:08
Pests -- United States
A plague of parasitic mites is exterminating New York bee colonies, threatening USD 500 million in losses from the state's annual agricultural production that relies on bee pollination and honey production.
Commercially operated bee colonies in upstate New York have sustained up to 70 percent population loss over the past several years due to pesticides, loss of habitat and disease, according to state officials.
But the _Varroa_ mite has recently emerged as one of the leading causes of

PRO/AH/EDR> MERS-CoV (47): Saudi Arabia (MK)

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 07/11/2017 - 16:04
MERS -- Saudi Arabia
As of today [Tue 11 Jul 2017], there has been a total of:
1674 laboratory-confirmed cases of MERS-CoV infection, including
680 deaths [reported case fatality rate 40.6 percent],
981 recoveries, and
13 currently active cases/infections.
[As previously mentioned, the numbers of deaths, recoveries and currently active cases come from my spreadsheet tallies and differ from those listed on the Saudi MOH website; my spreadsheet counts asymptomatic infections. - Mod.MPP]
Since the last

PRO/EDR> Gonococcal disease - antibiotic resistance, WHO

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 07/11/2017 - 13:18
Gonorrhea, Antimicrobial resistance -- Worldwide/Unknown
Data from 77 countries show that antibiotic resistance is making gonorrhoea - a common sexually-transmitted infection - much harder, and sometimes impossible, to treat.
"The bacteria that cause gonorrhoea are particularly smart. Every time we use a new class of antibiotics to treat the infection, the bacteria evolve to resist them," said Dr Teodora Wi, Medical Officer, Human Reproduction, at WHO.
WHO reports widespread resistance to older and cheaper antibiotics. Some countries -

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza, human (62): China, H7N9, cases, research

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 07/11/2017 - 12:10
Avian Influenza H7N9 -- China
The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health is today [Fri 7 Jul 2017] monitoring a notification from the National Health and Family Planning Commission about one additional human case of avian influenza A(H7N9) which was recorded from [30 Jun 2017 to 6 Jul 2017] in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. It strongly urged the public to maintain strict personal, food and environmental hygiene both locally and during travel.
The 35-year-old male patient, who was known to have

PRO/AH> Chikungunya (23): Asia (Bangladesh), case numbers

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 07/11/2017 - 12:00
Chikungunya -- Bangladesh
The government's disease monitoring arm has refuted media reports on chikungunya saying 'confusion' has been created over the number of people suffering from the viral disease.
The IEDCR released a statement on [Sun 9 Jul 2017] saying the story of one in 11 people suffering from this Aedes Aegypti mosquito-borne disease being published in the media is "not correct". It pointed out that the report might have been picked up from an incomplete telephone-based survey of the IEDCR. It had

PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (70): Asia (Yemen)

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 07/11/2017 - 11:58
Cholera, Diarrhea, Dysentery -- Yemen
At least 1732 people have been killed by a cholera outbreak in war-torn Yemen since late April 2017, according to the WHO. A total of 313 538 suspected cases of cholera have been registered in 21 Yemeni provinces, the WHO said on [Tue 11 Jul 2017]. The northwestern Hajjah province is the hardest-hit by the disease, while the southern province of Socotra remains the only Yemeni province where the cholera epidemic has not spread.
Impoverished Yemen has remained in a state of civil war since

PRO/AH/EDR> Equine infectious anemia - Switzerland: (AG) 1st case

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 07/10/2017 - 21:03
Equine Infectious Anemia -- Switzerland
A case of Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) has been diagnosed in Mülligen, canton Aargau; this is the 1st case of EIA in Switzerland since 1991. EIA is notifiable for horses and other solipeds like donkeys and mules. The cantonal veterinary service has declared the Birrfeld area as a restricted zone for the said. The disease does not affect humans and other animal species.
So far, there is no evidence that the disease has spread beyond Mülligen.
Infected animals, such as the one in

PRO/AH/EDR> Lassa fever - West Africa (26): Nigeria

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 07/10/2017 - 13:21
Lassa Fever -- Nigeria
A student of Federal Government Girls College, FGGC, Langtang in Plateau State has been confirmed dead as a result of fresh outbreak of Lassa fever, the State Commissioner for Health, Kuden Kamshak confirmed.
He added modality has been put in place to curtail its spread as the disease is not new to the State. Also, a statement issued yesterday [Fri 7 Jul 2017] after the burial of the deceased student and signed by Nkiruka Pedro-Iyalla, for the Exco of the School's Old Girls' Association

PRO/AH/EDR> Tilapia syncytial hepatitis - Taiwan (03): (Taoyuan) update

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 07/10/2017 - 13:19
Hepatitis -- China
A total of 2 more tilapia fish farms in Taoyuan have been hit by the tilapia lake virus (TiLV), bringing the total number of farms affected to 9 since the virus was 1st reported in the city in June [2017], the Council of Agriculture (COA) said.
All 9 infected fish farms are in the city's Guanyin District, according to Shih Tai-hua, deputy director-general of COA's Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine.
Since the virus was 1st reported in Taoyuan on June 13 [2017],

PRO/PL> Dickeya blackleg, potato - Australia: 1st rep (WA), alert

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 07/10/2017 - 10:10
Other Plant Disease -- Australia
[An] alert was issued [to] potato growers following the detection of a new bacterium. Department Irrigated Agriculture's John Ruprecht said the bacteria _Dickeya dianthicola_ had been confirmed in a commercial potato crop north of Perth. "The department has measures in place to contain the bacteria and is carrying out tracing and surveillance to determine its spread," he said. [The] property where the bacteria have been found is under quarantine. A suspect property and 2 trace properties in

PRO/AH/EDR> Strangles, equine - USA (02): (FL) equine

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 07/10/2017 - 10:04
Strangles -- United States
On [Fri 7 July 2017], one premise in Pinellas County, Florida was placed under quarantine for clinical signs and positive PCR confirmation of strangles, according to an Equine Disease Communication Center (EDCC) alert [Fri 7 July 2017].
The index case became clinical in [Fri 30 Jun 2017]. One of the 5 horses on the property was clinical at time of quarantine. This is the 1st case for Pinellas County and case 25 for Florida in 2017.
The highly contagious upper respiratory disease of

PRO/AH/EDR> Japanese encephalitis & other - India (08): (AS)

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 07/10/2017 - 09:58
Japanese Encephalitis -- India
The death toll from encephalitis in Dibrugarh district has touched 20 this year [2017] even as health authorities are trying their best to combat the deadly vector-borne disease. Six people died of Japanese encephalitis (JE) while 14 succumbed to acute encephalitis syndrome (AES).
Another 140 persons from the district have tested positive for JE and AES and are undergoing treatment at Assam Medical College and Hospital. Most of the cases were recently reported from the rural pockets of the

PRO/AH/EDR> Hendra virus, equine - Australia (05): (NS)

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 07/09/2017 - 21:07
Nipah/Hendra Virus -- Australia
Horse owners are being urged to remain vigilant after an unvaccinated horse infected with the Hendra virus was euthanised in northern NSW.
The infected 11-year-old gelding, from a property near Lismore, is the 1st confirmed case of the virus in NSW this year [2017], Department of Primary Industries chief veterinary officer Dr Christine Middlemiss said in a statement on Sunday [9 Jul 2017]. The horse wasn't eating and was wobbly on its feet on Friday - a day after it was noticed to be

PRO/AH/EDR> Chlamydia, livestock - Australia

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 07/09/2017 - 20:21
Chlamydia -- Australia
With chlamydia "highly prevalent" in Australian sheep, a Sunshine Coast researcher hopes to find a way to better spot infections of the painful disease.
University of Sunshine Coast Associate Professor Adam Polkinghorne kicked off his chlamydia research with koalas and after a trip to Europe, discovered the disease was common in other species.
The molecular microbiologist will use a $593 000 [USD 450 668] grant to better detect the disease.
"It turns out sheep and cattle have lots of

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (30): Malaysia (SK)

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 07/09/2017 - 20:09
Rabies -- Malaysia
Another child from Serian has been admitted to the Sarawak General Hospital (SGH) for treatment for suspected rabies infection, bringing the total number of cases to 4.
Women, Family and Community Development Minister Datuk Seri Rohani Abdul Karim said the hospital was, however, still awaiting test results to confirm whether the young victim is infected with rabies.
She did not disclose the identity and age of the child, although she confirmed that the victim had come from one of the

PRO/AH/EDR> Anaplasmosis - USA: (NY)

ProMED Mail Reports - Sun, 07/09/2017 - 16:44
Anaplasmosis -- United States
A tick-borne illness is becoming more prevalent in Rensselaer County [New York State]. NewsChannel 13 reported that 8 cases of anaplasmosis were reported Friday morning [7 Jul 2017] alone, and more than 100 cases have been reported in the county since May [2017]. In June [2017], the Rensselaer County health department issued an alert about the bacterial infection.
Symptoms of the disease include headache, fever, chills, muscle aches, and weakness. Some individuals may experience confusion,
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