ProMED Mail Reports

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The latest alerts on infectious disease around the world
Updated: 16 min 13 sec ago

PRO/AH/EDR> White nose syndrome, bats - North America (07): (GA) update

2 hours 23 min ago
White nose syndrome -- United States
Deadly and fast-spreading, the disease named for the snow-white fungus sometimes found on the muzzles and skin of affected bats has killed millions of bats in North America. That toll, estimated at 5.7 million to 6.7 million bats in 2011, is rising.
White-nose, often called White nose syndrome (WNS), was documented in Georgia in 2013. The state Department of Natural Resources [DNR] has been working since to track and slow the advance of the disease and gauge its impact.
When Georgia bat

PRO/AH/EDR> Lassa fever - West Africa (41): Nigeria

2 hours 46 min ago
Lassa Fever -- Nigeria
The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) yesterday [Thu 9 Aug 2018] confirmed 9 new cases of Lassa fever epidemic with 2 deaths, in one week, including the 1st confirmed case in Enugu State since beginning of outbreak.
The NCDC, however, blamed the persistent outbreak of Lassa fever in the country on poor environmental sanitation conditions observed in high burden communities.
Latest figures from the NCDC published yesterday [Thu 9 Aug 2018] stated: "In the reporting Week 31 (w/e 5

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - China (07): (NM) human, bovine susp

3 hours 36 min ago
Anthrax -- China
Local authorities said [Tue 14 Aug 2018] that 20 people have been confirmed to be infected with cutaneous anthrax in north China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
Cases of cattle deaths from unknown causes in Shengli Village, Horqin district in the city of Tongliao, have been reported as of last week [week of 6 Aug 2018]. Cutaneous anthrax is usually contracted when a person with a cut or sore on their skin comes into direct, unprotected contact with anthrax spores on a sick or dead

PRO/AH/EDR> Invasive mosquito - Spain: (AS)

3 hours 39 min ago
Pests -- Spain
"This finding shows once more the utility of the "Mosquito Alert" platform as a surveillance tool for early detection of invasive mosquitoes," highlighted the Director of the platform, Frederic Bartumeus.
"We remember from before the tiger mosquito [_A. albopictus_] that had been found and now it is _A. japonicus_, and we continue looking for the yellow fever mosquito [_A aegypti_]," added the director.
One hopes that during the next months the experts will carry out more studies in the

PRO/AH/EDR> Leptospirosis - Israel: (HZ) recreation, streams, alert

3 hours 41 min ago
Leptospirosis -- Israel
The Israel Nature and Parks Authority has banned bathing in 2 rivers in the north of the country [Hazafon/Northern district] after over a dozen swimmers fell ill with symptoms feared to be leptospirosis, a bacterial disease that can be fatal.
The Zavitan and Zaki streams have both been placed off limits by the authority until further notice.
Some 25 people, including 12 Israeli soldiers, have been hospitalized after displaying symptoms of the disease, according to Army

PRO/EDR> HIV - Viet Nam: (PT) contaminated medical equipment susp

4 hours 46 min ago
HIV/AIDS -- Vietnam
Health authorities in the northern province of Phu Tho, a 2-hour drive northeast of Hanoi, are investigating an HIV outbreak which they suspect is connected to unlicensed examinations offered by a private clinic.
Health officials last month [July 2018] took blood samples from 500 residents in the remote commune to carry out a quick HIV test after 2 people died of HIV/AIDS disease and 4 new HIV cases were spotted in the commune between February and June [2018]. The blood test results found

PRO/AH/EDR> West Nile virus (15): Europe (Romania)

4 hours 50 min ago
West Nile Virus -- Romania
In a follow-up on the West Nile virus (WNV) situation in Romania, the National Center for Communicable Disease Surveillance and Control reported (computer translated) since the start of surveillance on [2 May 2018], 23 meningitis/meningo-encephalitis have been reported due to West Nile virus infection and a death in the case of a 79-year-old patient who had comorbidities.
Officials say the cases in Romania are sporadic and there is currently no risk of an epidemic.
In addition to Romania

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (91): Taiwan (PT, YL) poultry, HPAI H5, OIE

6 hours 13 min ago
Avian Influenza -- China
Information received on [and dated] 13 Aug 2018 from Dr Tai-Hwa Shih, Chief Veterinary Officer, Deputy Director General, Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine Council of Agriculture Executive Yuan, Ministry of Agriculture, Taipei, Chinese Taipei
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 12 Jan 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 17 Jan 2018
Report date: 13 Aug 2018
Date submitted to OIE: 13 Aug 2018
Reason for notification:

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (68): Congo DR (NK) WHO, Uganda cases, concerns, challenges

7 hours 34 min ago
Ebola -- DR Congo
In a vaccination update, Tedros said 216 health workers have received the VSV-EBOV vaccine and that 20 people from the community have also been immunized.
Health officials are hoping to speed up deployment of the vaccine, he said, adding that experienced immunization teams from Guinea arrived in Kinshasa yesterday and are expected to be on the ground in Beni and Mangina today [14 Aug 2018].
So far, responders are sticking with the ring vaccination strategy, which targets contacts of

PRO/EDR> Undiagnosed fever - Uganda (08): (KA) RFI

Tue, 08/14/2018 - 23:47
Fever -- Uganda
Another strange disease has been reported in the Western district of Kibaale, with symptoms similar to those of the 1st strange cases that were detected in Mubende district in the central region, about 70 km [45 miles] away (see Undiagnosed fever - Uganda (07): (MD) RFI
Emmanuel Ainebyoona, the Ministry of Health's senior public relations officer, has confirmed that a 5-year-old girl presented with symptoms of vomiting and headache before her

PRO/AH/EDR> Panleukopenia virus, feline - Japan: (TK)

Tue, 08/14/2018 - 23:43
Other Animal Disease -- Japan
Ever since opening its 1st branch in Tokyo's Ikebukuro district in February 2015, Cat Cafe Mocha has become a hugely successful business for Japan's KI Corporation, expanding quickly throughout Japan with outlets in some of the city's most popular areas and also further abroad in locations like Osaka and Nagoya, all in its 1st 2 years.
According to a statement released by KI Corporation on 2 Aug 2018, 2 cats at their Tachikawa branch were taken to a veterinary specialist late at night on 26

PRO/AH/EDR> Die-off, seal - USA: (ME) undiagnosed

Tue, 08/14/2018 - 23:41
Undiagnosed -- United States
Marine mammal experts are at a loss to explain why a large number of harbor seals have turned up dead on beaches in southern Maine this summer [2018].
The most recent cluster of deaths was reported [Mon 13 Aug 2018] when the carcasses of 11 harbor seals, mostly pups, were discovered on Bayview and Kinney Shores beaches in Saco. Those beaches are situated between Ocean Park and Ferry Beach State Park.
In the past 2 days, more than 30 dead harbor seals have washed ashore on southern Maine

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (67): Congo DR (NK) cases, response, issues, research

Tue, 08/14/2018 - 23:29
Ebola -- DR Congo
In a statement yesterday [12 Aug 2018], the WHO said over a 2-day visit in the outbreak zone that was accompanied by the DRC health ministry, the group's leadership saw 1st-hand the complexities responders face in implementing Ebola activities in North Kivu province. They visited the city of Beni and the Mangina health area, the location of most confirmed cases reported so far.
A range of armed groups are active in the area, creating challenging security issues for health teams who need to

PRO/EDR> Typhoid fever - Zimbabwe (02): (MI) waterborne

Tue, 08/14/2018 - 13:13
Typhoid -- Zimbabwe
5 people have died, while 350 others have tested positive for typhoid in Gweru, the 3rd largest city in Zimbabwe. Health and Child Care Minister Dr David Parirenyatwa said residents who contracted the waterborne disease are being treated at various clinics across the city.
The disease was initially thought to be confined to 4 villages of the city, in the oldest, largest, and most-run down high-density suburb of Mkoba. However, Dr Parirenyatwa said it has spread to all parts of the city

PRO/AH/EDR> Japanese encephalitis & other - India (16): (UP)

Tue, 08/14/2018 - 09:17
Japanese Encephalitis -- India
The deadly encephalitis has claimed 103 lives since January this year [2018], while hundreds of patients are undergoing treatment at Baba Roghav Das Medical College [Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh/UP] official sources said on [Sun 12 Aug 2018].
They said that in 2014 until August, 249 had died; in 2015 the numbers were 135; in 2016 it was 200; and last year [2018], 182 patients had died til August.
Sources said that the number of patients was increasing gradually while there was a shortage of

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (90): Malaysia (SA) H5N1, poultry, comment

Mon, 08/13/2018 - 22:05
Avian Influenza H5N1 -- Malaysia
The article referenced in the comment made by Mod.TTM in ProMED-MBDS posting provides useful information on the avian influenza situation in Malaysia.
The abstract of the article indicated:
"Malaysia has experienced avian influenza virus (AIV) outbreaks over the past 3 decades. Four waves of H5N1 high pathogenicity avian influenza (HPAI) took place in 2004, 2006, 2007, and 2017. The 1st epidemics of HPAI H5N1 subtype occurred in Kelantan, Kuala

PRO/AH/EDR> Invasive tick - Germany

Mon, 08/13/2018 - 22:04
Pests -- Germany

PRO/AH/EDR> Marijuana, canine - USA: (OR)

Mon, 08/13/2018 - 22:01
Poisoning -- United States
After Oregon legalized marijuana for recreational use, the number of pets poisoned by pot has risen.
Recently, U.S. authorities has been looking into the health benefits marijuana can bring to pets suffering from seizures, anxiety, and other illnesses. Studies show many pet owners have turned to marijuana to treat their pets. However, the increase in pet pot poisoning cases in Oregon may dissuade U.S. authorities from allowing veterinarians to prescribe pot-based treatments to their

PRO/AH/EDR> Newcastle disease, poultry - USA (12): (CA) more cases

Mon, 08/13/2018 - 21:41
Newcastle Disease -- United States
During the week of 3-9 Aug 2018, the United States Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service confirmed 16 additional cases of virulent Newcastle disease [vND] in backyard exhibition chickens in Los Angeles, Riverside and San Bernardino counties, California.
Over the past few weeks, the response team intensified its efforts and identified additional cases of vND within existing disease-control areas. Affected flocks are quickly being euthanized. Together,