ProMED Mail Reports

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The latest alerts on infectious disease around the world
Updated: 5 min 1 sec ago

PRO/AH/EDR> Newcastle disease - Bulgaria (02): (KK) poultry, OIE

Fri, 09/22/2017 - 22:17
Newcastle Disease -- Bulgaria
Information received on 21 Sep 2017 from Dr Damyan Iliev, Chief Veterinary Officer & Deputy Executive Director, Bulgarian Food Safety Agency, Ministry of Agriculture and Food, Sofia, Bulgaria
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 20 Sep 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 20 Sep 2017
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 2 Sep 2017
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: Newcastle

PRO/EDR> Poliomyelitis update (26): global (Syria, DR Congo)

Fri, 09/22/2017 - 22:13
Polio -- Syria
As of: 20 Sep 2017
New wild poliovirus cases reported this week: 0
Total number of wild poliovirus cases in 2017: 10
Total number of wild poliovirus cases in 2016: 37
New cVDPV cases reported this week: 2
Total number of cVDPV cases in 2017: 49
Total number of cVDPV cases in 2016: 5
- Summary of newly-reported viruses this week: Pakistan: one new wild poliovirus type one (WPV1) positive environmental sample; Syria: one new circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2

PRO/AH/EDR> MERS-CoV (60): UAE, Saudi Arabia, WHO

Fri, 09/22/2017 - 19:25
MERS -- United Arab Emirates
On 23 August 2017, the national IHR focal point of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) reported one additional case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) infection.
Details of the case
MERS-CoV case reported on 23 August 2017
Date of notification to WHO / Reporting country / City of residence / Age / Sex / Health care worker / Comorbidities / Exposure to camels / Camel milk consumption / Exposure to MERS-CoV cases / Date of symptoms onset / Date of 1st hospitalization / Date of

PRO/AH/EDR> Plague - Madagascar (05): fatal

Fri, 09/22/2017 - 19:23
Plague -- Madagascar
The number of cases of pulmonary plague is increasing in Antananarivo. The Ministry of Public Health is stepping up its efforts to prevent the spread of the disease. The Ambohimiandra anti-plague hospital (CHAPA) admitted its 6th case yesterday, [Thu 21 Sep 2017].The rapid diagnostic test (RDT) for the pneumonic plague was positive.[Wed 20 Sep 2017], in the early evening, another case was admitted. Shortly before this, a young man living in Manjakaray was also hospitalized. In total,

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - Tanzania (04): (Ruaha Natl Park) wildlife, OIE

Fri, 09/22/2017 - 19:20
Anthrax -- Tanzania
Information received on 22/09/2017 from Dr Abdu A. Hayghaimo, Director, Veterinary Services, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries Development, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania
Report type: Immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 08/09/2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 13/09/2017
Report date: 22/09/2017
Date submitted to OIE: 22/09/2017
Reason for notification: Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 07/02/2017
Manifestation of disease: Clinical

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - USA (34): (NYC) MSM

Fri, 09/22/2017 - 19:15
Hepatitis A -- United States
Since 2011, the New York City (NYC) Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) has typically been notified of 3 or fewer cases of hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection each year among men who have sex with men (MSM) who reported no travel to countries where HAV is endemic. In 2017, DOHMH noted an increase in HAV infections among MSM with onsets in January-March 2017, and notified other public health jurisdictions via Epi-X, CDC's communication exchange network. As a result, 51 patients with

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - Nepal (02): (LM) comments

Fri, 09/22/2017 - 19:10
Hepatitis A -- Nepal
1. Jacobsen KH, Weirsma ST. Hepatitis A virus seroprevalence by age and world region, 1990 and 2005. Vaccine. 2010; 28 (41): 6653-7.
2. Sawayama Y, Hayashi J, Ariyama I, et al. A ten-year serological survey of hepatitis A, B and C viruses infections in Nepal. J Epidemiol. 1999; 9(5): 350-4.
3. Shrestha SM, Shrestha S, Tsuda F, et al. Molecular investigation of hepatitis E virus infection in patients with acute hepatitis in Kathmandu, Nepal. J Med Virol 2003; 69 (2): 207- 14.
Dr. Sher

PRO/AH> Foot & mouth disease - Bhutan: (SJ) bovine, new, st A, gt VII, OIE

Fri, 09/22/2017 - 14:16
Foot and Mouth -- Bhutan
Information received on [and submitted] 16 Sep 2017 from Dr Tashi Samdup, Director General, Department of Livestock, Ministry of Agriculture and Forests, Thimphu, Bhutan
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 31 Mar 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 4 Sep 2017
Report date: 19 Sep 2017
Reason for notification: new strain of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent: Foot and mouth disease virus (lineage G-VII)
Serotype: A
Nature of diagnosis:

PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - Botswana: (NW) bovine, st pending, OIE

Fri, 09/22/2017 - 09:40
Foot and Mouth -- Botswana
Information received on [and dated] 21 Sep 2017 from Dr Letlhogile Modisa, Director, Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture, Gaborone, Botswana
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 19 Sep 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 21 Sep 2017
Reason for notification: reoccurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 30 Mar 2016
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: Foot and mouth disease virus

PRO/EDR> Melioidosis - USA: (PA) ex Thailand, 2016

Thu, 09/21/2017 - 21:43
Melioidosis -- United States
In mid-July 2016, a Pennsylvania resident aged 15 years who had recently returned from Thailand was treated by a pediatrician for sore throat, fever, and bilateral thigh abscesses at the sites of mosquito bites (Figure - for figure, see original URL. - Mod.LL). She had traveled to northeast Thailand with 9 other teens as part of an 18-day service-oriented trip run by an Ohio-based youth tour company that arranges travel to Thailand for approximately 500 persons annually. This trip included

PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (101): Asia (Yemen)

Thu, 09/21/2017 - 15:36
Cholera -- Yemen
A whopping 704 454 cases of cholera have been registered in Yemen since [27 Apr 2017], according to the WHO. In a report released [Thu 21 Sep 2017], the WHO also said at least 2103 cholera-related deaths had been recorded in 22 out of Yemen's 23 provinces. Yemen's Socotra province, a small four4island archipelago in the Arabian Sea, is the only part of the country to remain unaffected by the epidemic.
According to the WHO, the highest number of fatalities, almost 400, were recorded in

PRO/EDR> Malaria, falciparum - Viet Nam: artemisinin resistance

Thu, 09/21/2017 - 15:05
Malaria -- Vietnam
The spread of artemisinin resistance in _Plasmodium falciparum_ and the subsequent loss of partner antimalarial drugs in the Greater Mekong subregion presents one of the greatest threats to the control and elimination of malaria. Artemisinin resistance is associated with mutations in the PfKelch gene.
Initially multiple independent Kelch mutations were observed (1), but in a recent sinister development, a single dominant artemisinin-resistant P falciparum C580Y mutant lineage has arisen in

PRO/AH/EDR> Peste des petits ruminants - Bangladesh: (RP) caprine

Thu, 09/21/2017 - 15:02
Peste des petits ruminants -- Bangladesh
At least 100 goats have died of peste des petits ruminants (PPR), also known as goat plague, in flood affected areas of the [Lalmonirhat] district [Rangpur division].
[MA], 42, of Dharla river Char Shiberkuti in Sadar upazila [sub-district] said 2 of his 3 goats died of the disease last week [week of 11 Sep 2017] and another was affected yesterday [19 Sep 2017]. "I took the affected goat to the upazila livestock office for vaccination," he said. No livestock official visited their village

PRO/EDR> Dengue/DHF update (13): Americas, research

Thu, 09/21/2017 - 14:39
Dengue -- United States
Cases by Country / Week updated [w/e] / Probable / Conf. / Virus type / DHF severe / Deaths
North America
USA / 34 [w/e 25 Aug 2017] / 107 / 107 / D? / 0 / 0
Central America and Mexico
Costa Rica / 34 [w/e 25 Aug 2017] / 4254 / 0 / D 1,2 / 0 / 0
El Salvador / 34 [w/e 25 Aug 2017] / 2627 / 104 / D2 / 3 / 0
Guatemala / 33 [w/e 18 Aug 2017] / 2280 / 386 / D 1,2,3,4 / 15 / 0
Honduras / 34 [w/e 25 Aug 2017] / 4097 / 0 / D 1,2,3 / 77 / 0
Mexico / 34 [w/e 25 Aug 2017] / 30 519 / 4399 / D

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - USA (33): (UT), RFI

Thu, 09/21/2017 - 14:25
Hepatitis A -- United States
The Salt Lake County Health Department is trying to stop an outbreak of a deadly virus that has already taken lives in California. Health officials have discovered 21 cases of hepatitis A among homeless people in Salt Lake county. "This is a significant increase," said Dr Ilene Risk, Salt Lake County Health Department Epidemiologist. "We would typically see 1 or 2 cases during this time period."
This particular strain of hepatitis has killed 16 people and infected more than 500 people in

PRO/AH/EDR> E. coli EHEC - USA (27): (WI) O157, RFI

Thu, 09/21/2017 - 14:09
E. coli -- United States
1. Wong CS, Jelacic S, Habeeb RL, et al. The risk of the hemolytic-uremic syndrome after antibiotic treatment of _Escherichia coli_ O157:H7 infections. N Engl J Med. 2000; 342(26): 1930-6; available at
2. Kimmitt PT, Harwood CR, and Barer MR. Toxin gene expression by Shiga toxin-producing _Escherichia coli_: the role of antibiotics and the bacterial SOS response. Emerg Infect Dis. 2000; 6(5): 458-65; available at .
3. Hayashi T, Makino K, Ohnishi M, et al. Complete genome of sequence of

PRO/PL> Citrus canker, lime - Sudan: 1st rep (GD) new strain

Wed, 09/20/2017 - 23:27
Other Plant Disease -- Sudan
In Sudan, during surveys of citrus trees conducted in commercial orchards, nurseries and gardens from 2013 to 2014, symptoms of citrus canker were observed on lime trees (_Citrus aurantifolia_) in the state of Al Qadarif (Gadaref). High disease incidence was observed near the city of Al Qadarif. Studies have revealed the presence of a new strain of _Xanthomonas citri_ subsp. _citri_ (EPPO A1 List). It is concluded that further research is needed to characterize strains of _X. citri_ subsp.

PRO/AH/EDR> Plague - Madagascar (04): fatal

Wed, 09/20/2017 - 17:45
Plague -- Madagascar
In a follow-up to a report last [Fri 15 Sep 2017], on the pneumonic plague outbreak in Madagascar, the WHO offered up an updated case count and additional details surrounding the occurrence of plague on the island nation off the southeast coast of Africa. The outbreak was detected on [Mon 11 Sep 2017] following the notification of the death of 47-year-old woman from Fort Duchesne, admitted to Soavinandriana Hospital with respiratory disease. After confirmation that the cause of illness and

PRO/AH/EDR> Hantavirus - Americas (50): Panama (VR), USA (NV)

Wed, 09/20/2017 - 16:30
Hantavirus -- Panama
The person confirmed as positive for [a] hantavirus is currently improving, although remains in an intensive care unit.
Authorities say that it is important to adopt sanitary measures for prevention of hantavirus [infections]. A health alert has been issued for health units, after the Dr. Luis "Chicho" Fábrega Veraguas Regional Hospital, reported that a 67 year old man from the Almadano community, Soledad subdistrict of the Soná district, tested positive for [a] hantavirus