ProMED Mail Reports

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The latest alerts on infectious disease around the world
Updated: 1 min 27 sec ago

PRO/AH/EDR> Equine herpesvirus - North America (09): USA (AZ, ID, KY, NY)

Sun, 02/18/2018 - 10:44
Equine Herpes Virus -- United States
The Equine Disease Communication Center (EDCC) reported [Tue 12 Feb 2018] that the Arizona Department of Agriculture has confirmed equine herpesvirus myeloencephalopathy (EHM; caused in this case by wild-type equine herpesvirus-1, or EHV-1) in a horse at Turf Paradise, a Thoroughbred and Quarter Horse racetrack in Maricopa County.
"The horse presented with neurologic signs on [Thu 8 Feb 2018], and was moved to a referral hospital," the EDCC stated. "One barn at the racetrack has been

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Americas (14): PAHO/WHO

Sat, 02/17/2018 - 20:44
Yellow Fever -- Brazil
Between January 2016 and January 2018, 7 countries and territories of the Region of the Americas reported confirmed cases of yellow fever: the Plurinational State of Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Peru, and Suriname. The number of human cases and epizootics collectively reported in this period in the Region of the Americas is the highest observed in decades.
Since the 12 Jan 2018 Epidemiological Update on Yellow Fever published by the Pan American Health Organization /

PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis, st I 4,[5],12:b:- and Newport - USA (02): frozen coconut, recall

Sat, 02/17/2018 - 20:39
Salmonella -- United States
CDC, public health and regulatory officials in several states, and the FDA investigated a multistate outbreak of Salmonella infections.
Public health investigators used the PulseNet system to identify illnesses that were part of this outbreak. PulseNet is the national subtyping network of public health and food regulatory agency laboratories coordinated by CDC. DNA fingerprinting was performed on _Salmonella_bacteria isolated from ill people by using techniques called pulsed-field gel

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Americas (13): Brazil

Sat, 02/17/2018 - 18:38
Yellow Fever -- Brazil
From 1 July [2017], 118 people have been killed to the present date in Brazil by the yellow fever, out of a total of 407 cases infected by the disease throughout the country, said the Ministry of Health.
The states with the highest death toll are Sao Paulo (46 fatalities and 183 confirmed cases), Minas Gerais (44 fatalities and 157 cases) and Rio de Janeiro (27 fatalities and 68 cases), said the ministry while reiterating that in the same period of 2017, the disease claimed 166 lives and

PRO/AH/EDR> Brucellosis - Oman: (JA) caprine, ovine, bovine

Sat, 02/17/2018 - 18:21
Brucellosis -- Oman
A study conducted by Sultan Qaboos University (SQU) shows that goats and other [livestock] in Jebel Akhdar, Saham and some areas in Dhofar are infected by brucellosis - a disease caused by [the] bacteria Brucella.
The study titled, 'A Novel Molecular Approach to Study Brucellosis in Cattle, Sheep, Goats and Camels in the Sultanate of Oman' shows that cattle in the area have been infected by brucellosis. In Jebel Akhdar, 11.4 per cent goats were found infected and in Saham one per cent

PRO/EDR> Norovirus - South Korea (03): (KW) Winter Olympics

Sat, 02/17/2018 - 16:09
Norovirus -- South Korea
Two Swiss athletes are the first at the Winter Olympics confirmed to have contracted norovirus, which has affected hundreds of people in Pyeongchang.
The Swiss Olympic delegation said in a statement on [Fri 16 Feb 2018] that the 2 athletes had shown signs of the highly contagious virus "in the past several days," and that they no longer had symptoms after receiving care. It said they were sequestered in private rooms and were not staying at the Olympic Village. The statement did not

PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (06): Africa, Asia, Oceania

Fri, 02/16/2018 - 19:52
Cholera -- Worldwide/Unknown
1. Guerrant RL, Carneiro-Filho BA and Dillingham RA. Cholera, diarrhea, and oral rehydration therapy: triumph and indictment. Clin Infect Dis. 2003;37(3):398-405; available at .
2. Gregorio GV, Gonzales ML, Dans LF and Martinez EG. Polymer-based oral rehydration solution for treating acute watery diarrhoea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009;(2):CD006519. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD006519.pub2; available at
.
3. Gore SM, Fontaine O and Pierce NF. Impact of rice based oral rehydration solution on

PRO/AH/EDR> Toxic coffee - Malaysia: (PP) methamphetamine

Fri, 02/16/2018 - 19:46
-- Malaysia
The urine and blood samples of 2 more victims who experienced fatigue and dizziness after drinking premixed coffee were found positive for syabu. [Syabu is an amphetamine derivative used in the form of a crystalline hydrochloride. - Mod.TG]
Penang police chief Datuk A. Thaiveegan said the results were obtained last week [week of Sun 4 Feb 2018] but the police were still waiting for the chemistry department to produce results of the coffee samples.
He said so far, test results of blood

PRO/EDR> Sporotrichosis - Australia: (WA)

Fri, 02/16/2018 - 16:32
Sporotrichosis -- Australia
A warning has been issued after an increase in cases of the fungal infection sporotrichosis, also known as rose gardener's disease or mouldy hay disease, in the South West during recent months. There have been 11 cases diagnosed in the region, mostly in the Margaret River area, according to WA Country Health Service South West Population Health Unit.
The fungus lives throughout the world in soil, plants, and decaying vegetation, and outbreaks have been documented in the United States and

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (32): Cambodia (PY) poultry, HPAI H5N1, spread

Fri, 02/16/2018 - 13:47
Avian Influenza H5N1 -- Cambodia
A moratorium on the movement of chickens, dead or alive, has been put into effect in a commune of Prey Veng's Ba Phnom district after a chicken sample tested positive for avian influenza H5N1, the provincial Department of Agriculture, Forests and Fisheries said today [Thu 15 Feb 2017].
The infected bird originated from Prey Phdao village and was one among 100 tested from Sdao Korng commune, according to department director Ouk Samnang, who said that the Ministry of Agriculture had ordered

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - USA (08): (WY)

Fri, 02/16/2018 - 13:25
Hepatitis A -- United States
The Wyoming Department of Health (WDH) and the Casper-Natrona County Health Department continue to investigate a growing Natrona County hepatitis A outbreak that began in October 2017. Since then, 14 cases have been confirmed among Natrona County residents, which is a significant increase over the usual total for Wyoming. Previously, the long-term average statewide was 2 cases annually with the last reported local hepatitis A infection in 2012.
"While some of the Natrona County cases did

PRO/AH/EDR> Psittacosis - China: (HK)

Fri, 02/16/2018 - 13:23
Psittacosis -- China
The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health is investigating 2 linked cases of psittacosis, a bird-borne disease.
The 1st case involves a previously healthy 51-year-old woman who developed fever, cough, shortness of breath and malaise beginning in late January 2018. She was admitted to Ruttonjee Hospital on 11 Feb 2018 and was transferred to the intensive care unit for further management on the next day. Her condition subsequently improved and she was transferred back

PRO/AH/EDR> Equine infectious anemia - Slovakia: (BC) OIE

Fri, 02/16/2018 - 12:59
Equine Infectious Anemia -- Slovakia
Information received on [and dated] 13 Feb 2018 from Dr Jozef Bires, Director and Chief Veterinary Officer, State Veterinary and Food Administration , Ministry of Agriculture, Bratislava, Slovakia
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 12 Feb 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 12 Feb 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 6 Mar 2017
Manifestation of disease: sub-clinical infection
Causal agent:

PRO/EDR> Lymphatic filariasis - Côte d'Ivoire

Thu, 02/15/2018 - 21:53
Filariasis -- Cote d'Ivoire
https://www.7sur7senegal.com/Cote-d-Ivoire-74-districts-sanitaires-touches-par-la-maladie-elephantiasis_a8912.html [Edited]

In a recent PNLMTN-CP [Programme National de Lutte contre les Maladies Tropicales Négligées à Chimiothérapie Préventive/national programme for the control of neglected tropical diseases through preventive chemotherapy] Secretariat report on tropical disease training in Côte d'Ivoire, 74 out of 83 health districts are affected by lymphatic filariasis or

PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonella, pet food - USA: recall

Thu, 02/15/2018 - 21:36
Salmonella -- United States
A total of 4 pet food companies issued recalls after reports surfaced about contamination by salmonella after reports of pets dying or becoming ill.
The recalls involve a variety of products, all surfacing in the last week [week of Sun 4 Feb 2018] after 6 pets died or were sickened. One was a kitten, but the types of the other pets were not disclosed. Also, 2 children became ill, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (US, FDA).
The 6 animal cases were connected to

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (08): Americas (USA) fox, susp., human exposure

Thu, 02/15/2018 - 21:32
Rabies -- United States
A fox attacked 3 people on [Tue 13 Feb 2018] at Saguaro National Park. One of those people is missing and officials want that person to immediately seek medical care for rabies. The incident was originally reported as a fox attacking a bicyclist along the Cactus Forest Loop in the Rincon Mountain District.
Park spokesman Chief Ranger Ray O'Neil says that since it's rare for foxes to attack people, they are concerned that it might have been rabid. "It appears the fox may have approached

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - Papua New Guinea: (MD) porcine, susp

Thu, 02/15/2018 - 21:31
Anthrax -- Papua New Guinea
"Following earlier reports of anthrax in New Guinea (Gee 1938; Australian Mobile Veterinary Survey Unit 1946), it was described in 1964 as widespread in the highlands, with a further enzootic area of about 100 sq mi [approx. 260 sq km] in the Lumi area of West Sepik Province, and unconfirmed reports from the Ramu River mouth in Madang Province (Egerton and Rothwell 1964; Egerton 1965a). Egerton described anthrax as probably the most important bacterial disease of animals in New Guinea. He

PRO/AH/EDR> Strangles, equine - USA: (MI)

Thu, 02/15/2018 - 21:19
Strangles -- United States
The Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development has confirmed a case of strangles in an 8-year-old Quarter Horse mare from Wayne County. The horse is recovering and no quarantines were enacted.
As of 26 Jan 2018, strangles was added to Michigan's reportable disease list, which can be found on . This is the first reported case of strangles in Michigan in 2018.
The Equine Disease Communication Center (EDCC) works to protect horses and the horse industry from the threat of

PRO/EDR> Coccidioidomycosis - Worldwide: outbreaks, epidemiology, 1940-2015

Thu, 02/15/2018 - 21:14
Valley Fever -- Worldwide/Unknown
"Coccidioidomycosis causes substantial illness and death in the United States each year. Although most cases are sporadic, outbreaks provide insight into the clinical and environmental features of coccidioidomycosis, high-risk activities, and the geographic range of _Coccidioides_ fungi. We identified reports published in English of 47 coccidioidomycosis outbreaks worldwide that resulted in 1464 cases during 1940-2015. Most (85 percent) outbreaks were associated with environmental exposures;