ProMED Mail Reports

Syndicate content HealthMap Global Disease Alerts
The latest alerts on infectious disease around the world
Updated: 17 min 48 sec ago

PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - China (13): (GS) st O, bovine

Sat, 09/15/2018 - 17:33
Foot and Mouth -- China
China's Ministry of Agriculture reported on Friday [14 Sep 2018] an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease [FMD] in a herd of cattle that was transported to the Xinjiang region from Gansu province.
On Thu 6 Sept 2018, authorities discovered the suspected outbreak, and on 14 Sep 2018 they confirmed a diagnosis of the O-type strain of the disease. The local government in Xinjiang then culled 47 cattle following the outbreak.
The outbreak is now under control, the ministry

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever - Europe (40): Belgium (LX) wild boar, spread, control

Sat, 09/15/2018 - 17:30
African Swine Fever -- Belgium
Federal Agriculture Minister Denis Ducarme confirmed the discovery of 3 new cases of wild boar carrying African swine fever (ASF). They were discovered in a protected area in the Belgian province of Luxembourg. Further examination was conducted to confirm whether the wild boars were carriers of the virus. The University of Liege carried out the 1st tests on the carcasses, and according to the DEMNA (Department of the Study of the Natural and Agricultural Environment), the 3 new cases mentioned

PRO/AH/EDR> Tick-borne encephalitis - Switzerland (04)

Sat, 09/15/2018 - 14:18
Tick-borne Encephalitis -- Switzerland
About 1 percent of cases of tick-borne encephalitis can be deadly. It is a virus carried by ticks that can cause brain swelling and neurological damage.
The period between March and November is when most people get infected, according to the Swiss Federal Office of Public Health (FOPH). Ticks become active when the temperature reaches 7 deg C [45 deg F]. May, June and July are peak months.
So far in 2018, 322 cases of tick-borne encephalitis have been reported in Switzerland, about 20

PRO/AH/EDR> Hendra virus, equine - Australia: (NS)

Sat, 09/15/2018 - 13:44
Nipah/Hendra Virus -- Australia
The New South Wales (NSW) Department of Primary Industries (DPI) is urging horse owners to remain vigilant, following confirmation of Hendra virus infection in an unvaccinated horse near Tweed Heads. NSW Chief Veterinary Officer, Dr. Sarah Britton, said the property near Tweed Heads has been placed under movement restrictions by Local Land Services.
"This is the 1st confirmed case of Hendra virus in NSW this year [2018]," Dr. Britton said. "Samples from the horse were sent by a private

PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed deaths, human - Egypt: (BA) poisoning susp

Fri, 09/14/2018 - 23:24
Poisoning -- Egypt
The room next door to where a British couple died in an Egyptian hotel last month on [20 Aug 2018] had been fumigated with "farm-strength" insecticide just hours earlier, it has been confirmed.
An investigation was launched after the couple died at the luxury 5-star resort, although a further post-mortem into their deaths will be carried out when their bodies are repatriated. Egyptian officials said on [Mon 10 Sep 2018] they would release the bodies so they can be returned to the UK, and

PRO/EDR> Botulism - Ukraine (02): (KS) smoked fish, fatal

Fri, 09/14/2018 - 22:37
Botulism -- Ukraine
1. Weber JT, Hibbs RG, Darwish A, et al. A massive outbreak of type E botulism associated with traditional salted fish in Cairo. J Infect Dis 1993;167(2):451-4. Abstract available at: .
2. Hughes JM, Hatheway CL, Ostroff SM: Botulism. In: Scheld WM, Whitley RJ, Durack DT, editors. Infections of the central nervous system. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven; 1997. pp. 615-28.
HealthMap/ProMED map available at:
Ukraine: ]
[See Also:
Botulism - Ukraine

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (96): USA (CA) poultry, LPAI H7N3, OIE

Fri, 09/14/2018 - 21:48
Avian Influenza -- United States
Information received on [and dated] 12 Sep 2018 from Dr John Clifford, official delegate, chief trade advisor, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, US Department of Agriculture, Washington, USA
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 6 Sep 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 8 Sep 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 30 Apr 2018
Manifestation of disease: sub-clinical infection

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (89): Congo DR (NK) case update, WHO

Fri, 09/14/2018 - 21:28
Ebola -- DR Congo
This Thu 13 Sep 2018, the minister of health, Dr Oly Ilunga Kalenga, chaired a videoconference between Kinshasa Emergency Operations Center (EOC), Beni NUC, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Atlanta. This videoconference is an extension of the collaboration between the Ministry of Health and the CDC and the visit of CDC director Dr. Robert Redfield to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) last August [2018]. After a short word of welcome by the minister of health, the

PRO/EDR> Poliomyelitis update (42): global WPV, cVDPV cases, commentary

Fri, 09/14/2018 - 20:53
Polio -- Pakistan
New wild poliovirus cases reported this week: 2
Total number of wild poliovirus cases in 2018: 17
Total number of wild poliovirus cases in 2017: 22
New cVDPV cases reported this week: 5
Total number of cVDPV cases (all types) in 2018: 41
Total number of cVDPV cases (all types) in 2017: 96
Summary of new viruses this week
Afghanistan: 1 new case of wild poliovirus (WPV1)
Pakistan: 1 new case of WPV1
Papua New Guinea: 3 new cases of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus

PRO/AH/EDR> West Nile virus (35): Europe (Germany, Croatia) wild bird, OIE

Fri, 09/14/2018 - 18:05
West Nile Virus -- Germany
Information received on [and dated] 13 Sep 2018 from Dr Karin Schwabenbauer, Ministerial Director and Chief Veterinary Officer, Directorate of Animal Health, Animal Welfare, [Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture] (BMEL), Bonn, Germany
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 12 Sep 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 12 Sep 2018
Report date: 13 Sep 2018
Date submitted to OIE: 13 Sep 2018
Reason for notification: 1st occurrence of a listed

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - Turkey (07): (BT) bovine, human

Fri, 09/14/2018 - 16:03
Anthrax -- Turkey
Holding a joint press conference in Diyarbakir, health organizations have announced that a 10-year-old child has lost his or her life because of anthrax. The Diyarbakir Chamber of Medicine, Diyarbakir Chamber of Veterinary Surgeons, Diyarbakir Chamber of Dentists, and Health and Social Service Laborers' Union Diyarbakir Branch (SES) organized a joint press conference to report on people diagnosed with anthrax, as well as their medical condition, quarantine, number of imported animals and where

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - Uganda (09): livestock vaccination

Fri, 09/14/2018 - 15:51
Anthrax -- Uganda
Uganda's Ministry of Health, Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries have dispatched teams of experts to contain the anthrax outbreak in the western, northwestern, and eastern regions. Minister of State for Health, Sarah Opendi Achieng told Xinhua [News Agency] on [Fri 14 Sep 2018] that health and veterinary experts have been sent to the districts of Arua, Kween, and Kirihura to contain the outbreak following new cases of the disease.
"We have a national joint taskforce. The agriculture

PRO/PL> Black pod, cocoa - Nigeria, Cote d'Ivoire

Fri, 09/14/2018 - 08:41
Other Plant Disease -- Nigeria
Nigeria's cocoa harvest is threatened by floods and an outbreak of fungal disease as heavy rains fall in the West African country's main growing regions, the Cocoa Association said. "Just as flooding is threatening the survival of the cocoa trees, excessive rain is boosting the spread of black pod disease." The worst-affected southeastern cocoa belt could lose as much as 40 per cent of its estimated output of 72 000 metric tons of cocoa beans.
[Byline: Tolani Awere]

PRO/PL> Blast & bacterial leaf blight, rice - India

Fri, 09/14/2018 - 08:38
Other Plant Disease -- India
Bacterial leaf blight (BLB) of rice is caused by _Xanthomonas oryzae_ pv. _oryzae_ (Xoo). In Asia, millions of hectares of rice paddies are severely affected every year, with reported yield losses of up to 60 per cent. The pathogen causes yellowing and drying of leaves and wilting of seedlings. Blight lesions caused by severe strains elongate over the entire length of the flag leaf, giving a striped appearance. Severe strains may also affect panicles. Mild strains cause only small leaf lesions

PRO/PL> Cucumber mosaic & tomato spotted wilt viruses, capsicum - Europe: (Balkan region)

Fri, 09/14/2018 - 08:24
Other Plant Disease -- Worldwide/Unknown
The whole of the Balkan region is facing big problems with virus infection. CMV (cucumber mosaic virus) is the primary problem, and the secondary being TSWV [tomato spotted wilt virus] on peppers [capsicum]. The problems are especially big in unheated greenhouses.
Due to excessive virus damage, the [2018] season is turning out to be very bad. Middle of May [2018] symptoms appeared first on the top of the plants, then on the fruits, which stay small and deformed with brown-red stripes. All

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever - Europe (39): Belgium (LX) wild boar, OIE

Fri, 09/14/2018 - 08:12
African Swine Fever -- Belgium
Information received on [and dated] 14 Sep 2018 from Dr Jean-François Heymans, Director, Animal Health and Safety of Products of Animal Origin, Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain (FASFC), Brussels, Belgium
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 9 Sep 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 12 Sep 2018
Reason for notification: Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 1985
Manifestation of disease: Clinical

PRO/ALL> New in IJID (09): September 2018

Thu, 09/13/2018 - 21:30
-- Worldwide/Unknown
A meta-analysis of effectiveness of interventions to improve adherence in pregnant women receiving antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa
Int J Infect Dis. 2018 (Sep); 74: 71-82
Olumuyiwa Omonaiye, Pat Nicholson, Snezana Kusljic, Elizabeth Manias

Original Reports
The exhausted CD4+CXCR5+ T cells involve the pathogenesis of human tuberculosis disease
Int J Infect Dis. 2018 (Sep); 74: 1-9
Munyemana Jean Bosco, Ming Wei, Hongyan Hou, Jing Yu, Qun Lin, Ying Luo, et

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever - Europe (38): Belgium (LX) wild boar, 1st outbreak

Thu, 09/13/2018 - 17:57
African Swine Fever -- Belgium
African swine fever [ASF] has been confirmed in 2 wild boars in the commune of Etalle (province of Luxembourg). Coordinated actions between the various levels of power are being taken to prevent a possible spread of the virus at the level of wildlife (regions) and pig farms (federal). Belgium remains unscathed from the disease at the level of pig farms.
The Food Agency's national reference laboratory, Sciensano, and the Walloon region have held on [Thu 13 Sep 2018] an emergency meeting to

PRO/AH/EDR> White nose syndrome, bats - North America (08): (TX)

Thu, 09/13/2018 - 15:05
White nose syndrome -- United States
Millions of bats across the nation are dying while wildlife organizations are getting funding to fight the disease responsible.
This year [2018], for the 1st time, the fungus that causes white-nose syndrome [WNS] was found in Central Texas. This is a concern for Austin as bats are iconic to the city.
Aside from being a nightly spectacle at the South Congress Bridge, bats are crucial to farmers. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is providing 1 million USD to be divided up among 39