ProMED Mail Reports

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The latest alerts on infectious disease around the world
Updated: 16 min 18 sec ago

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - Czech Republic: (US)

Fri, 11/17/2017 - 17:36
Hepatitis -- Czech Republic
The health authorities are struggling to contain a hepatitis epidemic in Ustí nad Labem, north of Prague. Doctors report 30 new cases in the last 6 days alone. Altogether 276 people have contracted the infectious disease in different parts of the city. Of the 30 new cases, 17 are children. Vaccinations are underway in schools and the locals have been asked to take precautions when visiting crowded places, such as supermarkets and public transport. Doctors say it may take up to 2 months to

PRO/AH/EDR> Plague - Madagascar (33): fatal, WHO

Fri, 11/17/2017 - 17:32
Plague -- Madagascar
Highlights
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- The epidemic remains active in 09 health districts.
- A total of 2158 cases have been recorded from 1 August to 13 November 2017, of which 76 percent of were pneumonic.
- About 60 percent of the 174 total deaths occurred at community level.
- 1180 patients have been cured since the beginning of this epidemic, 28 others are receiving treatment in hospitals.
- There has been a marked decrease in new cases, from 502 cases the week of 2 to 8 October 2017 to 70

PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (130): Asia (Yemen)

Fri, 11/17/2017 - 16:34
Cholera -- Yemen
The WHO has recorded at least 2200 cholera-related deaths in war-torn Yemen since [Thu 27 Apr 2017], according to a WHO report released [Wed 15 Nov 2017]. As of[ Tue 14 Nov 2017], a whopping 926 187 suspected cases of cholera have been registered countrywide over the same period, the report stated.
According to the UN organization, cholera cases have been reported in 22 out of Yemen's 23 provinces. The only part of the country to have remained unaffected by the epidemic is Yemen's Socotra

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian pox - India: (TN) pigeon

Fri, 11/17/2017 - 14:18
Other Animal Disease -- India
The outbreak of pox disease among pigeons has raised concern among pigeon lovers and rearers in Tiruchi district.
The polyclinics run by the Department of Animal Husbandry in Tiruchi district particularly at Palakarai on Madurai road are reported to have received many pigeons affected with pox during the last few days. Increased incidence of pigeon pox is noticed in and around Adavathur, where pigeons are reared in large numbers.
"Many pigeons have been affected with pox. We are really

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - USA (56): (MI) western spread

Fri, 11/17/2017 - 13:40
Hepatitis A -- United States
A hepatitis A outbreak that has gripped southeast Michigan has now reached West Michigan. The Michigan Department of Health and Human Services [MDHHS] says 3 cases of hepatitis A that were reported in Calhoun County are linked to the strain in southeast Michigan. Health officials say 2 of those cases were in people who live in southeast Michigan but were diagnosed in Calhoun County; one of the people is a Calhoun County resident. Since August 2016, health officials have received reports of 486

PRO/EDR> Influenza (33): WHO global update

Fri, 11/17/2017 - 12:25
Influenza H3N2, Influenza, Respiratory Illness, Influenza H1N1 -- Worldwide/Unknown
Summary
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Influenza activity remained at low levels in the temperate zone of the northern hemisphere. Declining levels of influenza activity were reported in the temperate zone of the southern hemisphere and in some countries of South and South East Asia. In Central America and the Caribbean, low influenza activity was reported in a few countries. Worldwide, influenza A(H3N2) and B viruses accounted for the majority of influenza detections.
- In North America, overall influenza

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - Turkey: (DN) bovine

Thu, 11/16/2017 - 19:25
Anthrax -- Turkey
A total of 4 neighborhoods in the Aegean province of Denizli were quarantined against the risk of anthrax on [Thu 16 Nov 2017].
Denizli's local head of Food, Agriculture and Livestock, Ahmet Kocakaplan said livestock sales in the Emirhisar, Haydan, Omerli and Incecoy neighborhoods in Denizli's Civril district are banned for 21 days.
The anthrax concern was raised after the death of 2 cattle in the Emirhisar neighborhood. Teams arrived at the scene to take samples from dead cattle for

PRO/AH/EDR> Strep. Group B - Singapore: serotype III, ST283, invasive, foodborne, fish, 2015

Thu, 11/16/2017 - 19:23
Foodborne Illness -- Singapore
A new report details the investigation into a large outbreak of group B _Streptococcus_ in Singapore that was caused by a type of raw fish salad.
The 2015 outbreak sickened 238 people and was associated with consuming yusheng, a dish typically made from 2 freshwater fish species, Asian bighead carp and snakehead, Lee C. Ng, PhD, director of the Singapore National Environment Agency's Environmental Health Institute, and colleagues wrote in Emerging Infectious Diseases [1,2].
The discovery

PRO/AH/EDR> Plague - Madagascar (32): fatal, WHO

Thu, 11/16/2017 - 19:20
Plague -- Madagascar
Since [Tue 1 Aug 2017], Madagascar has been experiencing a large outbreak of plague. As of [Fri 10 Nov 2017], a total of 2119 confirmed, probable and suspected cases of plague, including 171 deaths (case fatality rate: 8 percent), have been reported by the Ministry of Health of Madagascar to WHO.
From 1 Aug through 10 Nov 2017, 1618 (76 percent) cases and 72 deaths have been clinically classified as pneumonic plague, including 365 (23 percent) confirmed, 573 (35 percent) probable and 680

PRO/EDR> Poliomyelitis update (36): global (Pakistan, Afghanistan, Syria)

Thu, 11/16/2017 - 17:32
Polio -- Pakistan
New wild poliovirus cases reported this week: 1
Total number of wild poliovirus cases in 2017: 15
Total number of wild poliovirus cases in 2016: 37
New cVDPV cases reported this week: 0
Total number of cVDPV cases in 2017: 73
Total number of cVDPV cases in 2016: 5
Headlines
- New on : Polio infrastructure helping to stop malaria in Nigeria, and Innovations in reverse cold-chain building resilience for disease surveillance in Sudan.
- Underlining their commitment to a polio-free

PRO/EDR> Meningitis, meningococcal - USA (04): (MA) college, sg. B

Thu, 11/16/2017 - 17:23
Meningitis - Neisseria -- United States
University of Massachusetts Amherst officials say a student on campus has been diagnosed with meningitis weeks after another student fell ill with a related illness and are suggesting students consider an additional vaccination as a precaution.
A student was diagnosed with a meningococcal illness last month [October 2017] that was later determined to be a strain of the disease not covered by the vaccine students must have to attend the school. The 2nd student, who lives in a residence hall,

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - USA (55): (CA, UT)

Thu, 11/16/2017 - 15:55
Hepatitis A -- United States
On [1 Sep 2017], the San Diego County public health officer declared a local public health emergency due to the ongoing hepatitis A outbreak in the county. The outbreak is being spread person-to-person and through contact with fecally contaminated environments. The majority of people who have contracted hepatitis A during this outbreak have been homeless and/or illicit drug users.
Efforts of the County and its community partners to halt the hepatitis A outbreak focus on 3 key areas:

PRO/EDR> Legionellosis - New Zealand: (CA) potting soil

Thu, 11/16/2017 - 13:27
Legionnaires' -- New Zealand
Gardeners are being urged to take extra care following 10 people in Christchurch [Canterbury] contracting legionnaires' disease. 10 people are in hospital with the disease, suspected to be from potting mix; 2 of those hospitalised are said to be fighting for their lives. Canterbury District Health Board has confirmed that all 10 cases were reported in the last week.
Legionnaires' disease is caused by a bacterium [_Legionella_ species] and is a severe form of pneumonia, which can often make

PRO/EDR> Diphtheria - Yemen: fatal

Thu, 11/16/2017 - 13:25
Diphtheria -- Yemen
There is little that can introduce or reintroduce a infectious disease back to a country than the chaos that surrounds war and political and social instability. We see numerous examples of this today to include diphtheria, measles, and malaria reappearance in socialist Venezuela or the humanitarian crisis that continues in South Sudan. However, no country is facing more serious problems than the poorest country in the Middle East -- Yemen.
Besides the starvation and destruction brought on

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (45): Kazakhstan, canine, OIE

Wed, 11/15/2017 - 21:41
Rabies -- Kazakhstan
Information received on 15 Nov 2017 from Dr Zhomart Nurkenov, Chairman of Committee of veterinary control and supervision, RSE "National Reference Center for Veterinary", Ministry of Agriculture, ASTANA, Kazakhstan
Summary
Report type: immediate notification (final report)
Start date: 5 Sep 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 7 Nov 2017
Report date: 15 Nov 2017
Date submitted to OIE: 15 Nov 2017
Date event resolved: 15 Nov 2017
Reason for notification: 1st occurrence of a listed

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza, human (78): human-animal interface, WHO

Wed, 11/15/2017 - 17:26
Avian Influenza -- Worldwide/Unknown
Risk assessment: The overall public health risk from currently known influenza viruses at the human-animal interface has not changed, and the likelihood of sustained human-to-human transmission of these viruses remains low. Further human infections with viruses of animal origin are expected.
IHR compliance: All human infections caused by a new influenza subtype are required to be reported under the International Health Regulations (IHR, 2005). This includes any animal and non-circulating

PRO/EDR> Mumps update (33): USA (NY,DC,HI) CDC

Wed, 11/15/2017 - 17:21
Mumps -- United States
In Syracuse, NY, officials with SU Health Services report the number of confirmed and probable mumps cases are 39 and 77, respectively, as of 9 Nov 2017.
A 3rd dose of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), the "outbreak dose" was offered to students all week free of charge.
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[3] Hawaii
Date: Fri 10 Nov 2017
Source: DG Alerts, State Health Agency;

PRO/AH/EDR> Influenza (32): swine origin, human-animal interface, WHO

Wed, 11/15/2017 - 14:16
Influenza, Influenza H3N2 -- United States
New infections: since the previous update, new human infections with influenza A(H1N2)v and A(H3N2)v variant 2 viruses were reported.
Risk assessment: The overall public health risk from currently known influenza viruses at the human-animal interface has not changed, and the likelihood of sustained human-to-human transmission of these viruses remains low. Further human infections with viruses of animal origin are expected.
IHR compliance: All human infections caused by a new influenza

PRO/AH/EDR> Brucellosis - USA (15): (TX) unpasteurized milk, B. abortus vaccine strain, RFI

Tue, 11/14/2017 - 21:06
Brucellosis -- United States
The New Jersey Department of Health has issued cease-and-desist orders to Udder Milk, a home delivery company that has illegally sold unpasteurized milk in New Jersey.
State and federal officials are investigating to determine from which farms Udder Milk acquired its raw milk, after a North Jersey woman became ill with a rare bacterial infection, the department said.
"It is illegal in New Jersey to sell or distribute raw milk or products made from raw milk, such as yogurt, soft cheese