ProMED Mail Reports

Syndicate content HealthMap Global Disease Alerts
The latest alerts on infectious disease around the world
Updated: 12 min 43 sec ago

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (14): South Africa, HPAI H5N8, tern

Mon, 01/15/2018 - 18:46
Avian Influenza H5N8 -- South Africa
Spread [of avian influenza] amongst poultry has halted. Alan Winde, Minister of Economic Opportunities, today [9 Jan 2018] announced that no new cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) have been confirmed at previously uninfected poultry farms in the province since 31 Oct 2017. In December 2017, there was a reoccurrence at a previously infected farm, which was still under quarantine.
Laboratory tests have, however, confirmed the presence of the H5N8 virus in swift terns found in

PRO/AH/EDR> Influenza, canine - Canada (02): H3N2, more canine cases

Mon, 01/15/2018 - 16:45
Influenza H3N2 -- Canada
Health officials say 5 more dogs have tested positive for a strain of canine influenza in southwestern Ontario, bringing the total number of infected up to 7 in what they're calling the virus's 1st known incursion into the country.
The Windsor-Essex County Health Unit says the 2 dogs that initially tested positive for H3N2 canine flu were brought to Canada from South Korea through the United States late last month [December 2017].
It says the 7 dogs that most recently tested positive for

PRO/EDR> Norovirus - USA: (WA) restaurant

Mon, 01/15/2018 - 16:33
Norovirus -- United States
In a follow-up on the norovirus outbreak linked to 2 El Toro Restaurants in the Tacoma, [Washington] area, Tacoma-Pierce County Health Department has identified new cases of norovirus, bringing the total number from the outbreak to 434. The Tacoma location, 5716 N 26th St, has 423 cases. The restaurant in University Place, 3820 Bridgeport Way W, has 11. Both restaurants closed for a thorough cleaning and sanitizing, a Health Department requirement for outbreaks like this. They have since

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - USA (04): (MI,KY)

Mon, 01/15/2018 - 15:45
Hepatitis A -- United States
677 / 554 (81.8) / 22 (3.2)
The table does not include all reported hepatitis A cases in the SE MI outbreak region; only those cases that are identified as outbreak-related. Data are provisional and subject to change.
Communicated by:

[Cumulative case data
Report date / Cases / Deaths / New cases per week
26 Jun 2017 / 190 / 10 /
15 Sep 2017 / 319 / 14 /
6 Oct 2017 / 376 / 14 /
13 Oct 2017 / 397 / 15 / 21
20 Oct 2017 / 431 / 17 / 34
27 Oct 2017 / 457 / 18 /

PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis, st. Agona - France (02): infant formula, more cases, add. recall

Mon, 01/15/2018 - 15:25
Salmonella -- France
Identification of the outbreak
At the end of [November 2017], the French National Reference Centre (NRC) for _Salmonella_ noted an unusual increase in _Salmonella [enterica_ serotype] Agona among infants, with 22 cases identified between [August and November 2017] in children younger than 6 months. On [1 Dec 2017], interviews with the caregivers of 8 of these infants by the French National Institute for Public Health (Sante Publique France (SPF)) identified

PRO/AH/EDR> Schmallenberg virus - Europe (02): Ireland (CN,LM,SO) bovine

Mon, 01/15/2018 - 11:58
Schmallenberg -- Ireland
1. De Regge N. Akabane, Aino and Schmallenberg virus -- where do we stand and what do we know about the role of domestic ruminant hosts and Culicoides vectors in virus transmission and overwintering? Curr Opin Virol. 2017; 27: 15-30. doi: 10.1016/j.coviro.2017.10.004.
2. Collins AB, Barrett GD, Doherty ML, et al. Significant re-emergence and recirculation of Schmallenberg virus in previously exposed dairy herds in Ireland in 2016. Transbound Emerg Dis. 2017; 64(5): 1359-63; .

PRO/AH/EDR> Leptospirosis - USA: (CA) canine

Sun, 01/14/2018 - 20:34
Leptospirosis -- United States
A dog park in the East Bay is raising safety concerns after several dogs developed a painful bacterial infection called leptospirosis. The infection is known to leave dogs weak and unable to keep food down, and a dog owner says it could take months for your pet to recover.
One dog owner believes his dog Freda may have gotten infected at a Fremont dog park. According to the Parks and Recreation Superintendent, 3 other owners reported their dogs got sick last November [2017]. "It's very

PRO/AH/EDR> Foodborne illness - Madagascar: (AS) sea turtle meat, fatal

Sun, 01/14/2018 - 20:19
Foodborne Illness -- Madagascar
"In December 1994, a mass food poisoning through ingestion of turtle affected about 60 persons on the northeastern coast of Madagascar. The prevailing clinical signs were digestive (nausea, vomiting, dysphagia, acute stomatitis) and might persist during several weeks. The poisoning attack rate was 48 percent with a lethality of 7.7 percent. Such [an] accident, even if rare in Madagascar, requires a structured organization to control sea products poisoning and to set up adequate prevention

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (13): Japan (KG) poultry, HPAI H5N6, OIE

Sun, 01/14/2018 - 11:30
Avian Influenza H5N6 -- Japan
Information received on [and dated] 12 Jan 2018 from Dr Kazuo Ito, Director, International Animal Health Affairs Office, Animal Health Division, Food Safety and Consumer Affairs Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Tokyo, Japan
Report type: Immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 10 Jan 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 12 Jan 2018
Report date: 12 Jan 2018
Date submitted to OIE: 12 Jan 2018
Reason for notification: Recurrence of a listed

PRO/AH/EDR> West Nile virus: neuropathogenesis

Sun, 01/14/2018 - 11:29
West Nile Virus -- Worldwide/Unknown
Charise Garber, Michael J. Vasek, Lauren L. Vollmer, Tony Sun, Xiaoping Jiang & Robyn S. Klein. Astrocytes decrease adult neurogenesis during virus-induced memory dysfunction via IL-1.
"Memory impairment following West Nile virus neuroinvasive disease (WNND) is associated with loss of hippocampal synapses with lack of recovery. Adult neurogenesis and synaptogenesis are fundamental features of hippocampal repair, which suggests that viruses affect these processes. Here, in an

PRO/AH/EDR> Hantavirus - Americas (02): Argentina (ER) susp., RFI

Sun, 01/14/2018 - 01:38
Hantavirus -- Argentina
A 38-year-old man who was a poultry worker, was admitted in the Gualeguaychú hospital during the holidays, suspected of having contracted [a] hantavirus [infection] or leptospirosis. A complaint was lodged against the farm where he worked.
The department of Gualeguaychú confirmed that the poultry worker was hospitalized since [Wed 20 Dec 2017] in a private clinic in the city for a zoonosis yet to be determined.
The 38-year-old man died as a result of a serious viral clinical condition

PRO/AH/EDR> Angiostrongylus cantonensis - USA: (HI) task force

Sun, 01/14/2018 - 01:33
-- United States
The Governor's Task Force on Rat Lungworm Disease says the problem is spreading, it's become an "emerging" tropical disease and that unanswered questions need to be addressed with research.
"It's very striking how severe (rat lungworm) is here in Hilo," said Kenton Kramer, a task force member and associate professor in the Department of Tropical Medicine at the University of Hawaii at Manoa.
People who develop rat lungworm in Puna and Hilo typically get very sick, whereas people

PRO/AH/EDR> Influenza, canine - USA: (WA) H3N2

Sun, 01/14/2018 - 01:32
Influenza H3N2 -- United States
It's been a rough flu season. There has been a spike in human flu cases in Washington and across the country. The Washington State Department of Health reports at the end of December [2017], there had been at least 29 deaths from influenza. But people aren't the only one susceptible to the flu. So is your dog.
Veterinarians are warning pet owners that a spike in dog flu cases has raced across the country. Canine influenza has been reported in 46 states -- including here in Washington. Dog

PRO/AH/EDR> Mycoplasma bovis, bovine - New Zealand: national testing

Sun, 01/14/2018 - 01:26
Other Animal Disease -- New Zealand
New Zealand will roll out a nationwide program to test dairy farms for the cattle disease [caused by] _Mycoplasma bovis_ as the number of affected properties steadily grows, the Ministry for Primary Industries said on [Fri 5 Jan 2018]. Fourteen farms in the world's biggest dairy exporter have tested positive for the disease since it was 1st detected in South Canterbury on the country's South Island in July [2017].
_Mycoplasma bovis_ is common in many countries and can lead to conditions

PRO/AH/EDR> Bovine tuberculosis - Israel (02): (HD) bovine, human, control

Sat, 01/13/2018 - 23:55
Bovine TB -- Israel
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Tuberculosis in Kibbutz Gal'On: About 10 days ago, Uri Koren ["Hachaklait" veterinary practitioner attending this dairy farm] reported about one of the plant's employees (a student from Uganda) who was hospitalized in the "Shmuel HaRofeh" hospital with active tuberculosis. The said employee has been in Israel since the beginning of September 2017. The information was transferred to the Veterinary Services at the beginning of the week [week of 7-13 Jan 2018] and the

PRO/EDR> Poliomyelitis update (02): (Pakistan, Afghanistan, Congo DR)

Sat, 01/13/2018 - 23:39
Polio -- Pakistan
New wild poliovirus cases reported this week: 0
Total number of wild poliovirus cases in 2017: 21
Total number of wild poliovirus cases in 2016: 37
New cVDPV cases reported this week: 0
Total number of cVDPV cases in 2017: 86
Total number of cVDPV cases in 2016: 5
Summary of newly-reported viruses this week:
- Afghanistan: 3 new wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) positive environmental samples have been reported, 1 collected from Kandahar, 1 from Hilmand, and 1 from Nangarhar

PRO/AH/EDR> Trypanosomiasis (Chagas disease) - Brazil: Amazonas

Sat, 01/13/2018 - 16:43
Chagas -- Brazil
At least 3 Chagas disease cases have been reported from the southernmost municipality of Lábrea in Amazonas state, Brazil, according to a report
Amazonas Health Surveillance Foundation (FVS-AM) and the Municipal Secretariat of Health of Labrea (Semsa-Lábrea) are investigating the cases to determine if the disease was contracted through the consumption of contaminated acai.
According to information from Semsa-Lábrea, samples of açaí production were collected and analyzed at the

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (12): Iraq (BB) HPAI H5N8, poultry, spread

Sat, 01/13/2018 - 13:22
Avian Influenza -- Iraq
Iraq's Agriculture Minister Falah Hassan Zaidan al-Lahibi said on [Thu 11 Jan 2018] that one poultry field in the central Iraqi province of Babil was infected with avian flu, days after controlling the epicenter of the disease in Diyala province.
The ministry spokesman Hamid Nayef said in a statement that "the Veterinary Department moved as soon as it was informed of the news in all its departments and in cooperation with the relevant authorities in the province in order to determine the

PRO/AH/EDR> Fascioliasis - Somalia: (SD) caprine

Sat, 01/13/2018 - 13:18
Fascioliasis -- Somalia
Herders in Mahaday district of southern Somalia's Middle Shabelle region [map at ] complain that they are losing their goats to an outbreak of disease caused by water-borne parasites.
According to the social welfare representative in the district, Salah Fulel Haji, 430 pastoralist families are being affected by the livestock disease in areas where the water has been contaminated after seasonal flooding of the river Shabelle.
Veterinary experts say the disease killing the goats is

PRO/EDR> Influenza (04): WHO global update, multiple locations, preparedness

Sat, 01/13/2018 - 13:02
Influenza -- China
Influenza activity continued to increase in the temperate zone of the northern hemisphere while in the temperate zone of the southern hemisphere activity was at inter-seasonal levels. Worldwide, influenza A(H3N2) and B viruses accounted for the majority of influenza detections although influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses were predominant in some countries.
- In North America, overall influenza activity continued to increase in the region, with detections of predominantly