ProMED Mail Reports

Syndicate content HealthMap Global Disease Alerts
The latest alerts on infectious disease around the world
Updated: 10 min 35 sec ago

PRO/EDR> Poliomyelitis update (29): global (Afghanistan, Somalia, Pakistan)

Thu, 07/12/2018 - 15:05
Polio -- Afghanistan
New wild poliovirus cases reported this week: 1
Total number of wild poliovirus cases in 2018: 12
Total number of wild poliovirus cases in 2017: 22
New cVDPV cases reported this week: 1
Total number of cVDPV cases in 2018: 14
Total number of cVDPV cases in 2017: 96
- A Disease Outbreak News (DON) notification was issued on [10 Jul 2018] on the Democratic Republic of the Congo's [DRC] 3 concurrent circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) outbreaks.
- Papua

PRO/EDR> Measles update (42): Somoa, MMR vaccine recall

Thu, 07/12/2018 - 15:03
Measles -- Samoa
Samoa has issued an immediate recall of the vaccine for mumps, measles and rubella (MMR) following the deaths of 2 infants who reportedly passed away just hours after receiving their shots. The 2 children, a boy and a girl, were both aged about 12 months. They were not related, came from different communities and were vaccinated on [Fri 6 Jul 2018] using the same batch of the MMR vaccine.
Australian forensic experts will fly into the country tonight to help investigate the incident, which

PRO/AH/EDR> Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (10): (NC)

Thu, 07/12/2018 - 14:59
Eastern Equine Encephalitis -- United States
A 4-year-old quarter horse stallion in Richmond County was euthanized after contracting the 1st case of Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis [EEE] in North Carolina this year. EEE is a mosquito-borne disease that is preventable in equine by vaccination.
EEE causes inflammation or swelling of the brain and spinal cord and is usually fatal. Symptoms include impaired vision, aimless wandering, head pressing, circling, inability to swallow, irregular staggering gait, paralysis, convulsions and

PRO/EDR> Rocky Mountain spotted fever - USA (02): (WI) fatal

Thu, 07/12/2018 - 14:47
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever -- United States
A La Crosse woman has died of a disease that is considered rare in the Midwest, health officials said. The Wisconsin Department of Health Services and the La Crosse County Health Department said [Tue 10 Jul 2018], that the death is the 1st documented from Rocky Mountain spotted fever in Wisconsin.
Jo Foellimi, a La Crosse County public health nurse, says a tick bit the woman while she was camping in western Wisconsin in early May [2018]. The woman was diagnosed with RMSF in mid-June and

PRO/PL> Fungal diseases, apple - India: (JK)

Thu, 07/12/2018 - 14:43
Other Plant Disease -- India
[Member of Legislative Assembly] Kulgam Mohammad Yousuf Tarigami expressed serious concern over the outbreak of disease in apple crops in Kashmir and urged the Horticulture Department to take immediate action to control the situation. Intermittent downpours have badly affected the horticulture, especially in southern parts. The outbreak of diseases like scab, alternaria in apple crops has hugely affected the apple production. The growers are now facing upheaval as the production has

PRO/PL> Virus & blast diseases, rice - Viet Nam: (Mekong Delta)

Thu, 07/12/2018 - 14:42
Other Plant Disease -- Vietnam
_Rice ragged stunt virus_ (RRSV; genus _Oryzavirus_) has been reported to cause yield losses of up to 90 per cent in several Asian countries. Symptoms include ragged appearance of plants, twisted leaves, vein swelling, unfilled grains and severe stunting of plants. Its only way of spread is vector transmission by brown plant hoppers (BPH; _Nilaparvata lugens_). The insects transmit the virus in a persistent manner and remain infectious for life. Infected hoppers can be transported on air

PRO/AH/EDR> Japanese encephalitis & other - India (13): (UP)

Wed, 07/11/2018 - 21:25
Japanese Encephalitis -- India
With 135 cases of acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) -- which manifests itself in the form of brain fever -- Lucknow district has the maximum number of cases of the deadly disease this year [2018] among 48 districts of the state where it is reported. This is 15 times more than the number of cases last year [2017].
The data maintained by the health department from 1 Jan - 6 Jul this year [2018] records 11 AES deaths in Lucknow. Apart from this, 6 cases of Japanese encephalitis (JE), a disease

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever - Europe (26): Romania, spread, EFSA scientific opinion

Wed, 07/11/2018 - 17:09
African Swine Fever -- Romania
Until May this year [2018], in Romania the occurrence of African swine fever (ASF) appeared to be limited to a few cases in Satu Mare county, close to both the Ukraine and Hungary borders.
Predominantly, the figures shared from Tulcea county, close to the Black Sea, appear worrisome. In total, 249 [outbreaks] of ASF have been reported between that date and now. This included mostly backyard farms, a national park, one slaughterhouse, and one large professional farm.
The farm in Tulcea

PRO/AH/EDR> MERS-CoV (23): Saudi Arabia, WHO, RFI

Wed, 07/11/2018 - 17:06
MERS -- Saudi Arabia
- At the end of June 2018, a total of 2229 laboratory-confirmed cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), including 791 associated deaths (case-fatality rate: 35.5%) were reported globally; the majority of these cases were reported from Saudi Arabia (1853 cases, including 717 related deaths with a case-fatality rate of 38.7%).
- During the month of June [2018], a total of 4 laboratory-confirmed cases of MERS were reported in Saudi Arabia including 1 associated death

PRO/AH/EDR> Chlamydia caviae: community-acquired pneumonia

Wed, 07/11/2018 - 17:02
Pneumonia -- Worldwide/Unknown
van Grootveld R, Bilsen MP, Boelsums TL, et al. _Chlamydia caviae_ Causing Community-Acquired Pneumonia: An Emerging Zoonosis. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2018 Jul 9. doi: 10.1089/vbz.2018.2304. [Epub ahead of print]
We describe a case of community-acquired pneumonia due to _Chlamydia caviae_ in a patient with no direct animal exposure, raising questions about the zoonotic reservoirs and potential transmission routes. Genotyping of _Chlamydia_ isolates that cause

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (85): France (IF) poultry, LPAI H7N7, OIE

Wed, 07/11/2018 - 15:30
Avian Influenza -- France
Information received on [and dated] 9 Jul 2018 from Dr. Loic Evain, [Deputy Director General, CVO, General Directorate of Food, Ministry of Agriculture, Agrifood, and Forestry, Paris, France
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 6 Jun 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 11 Jun 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 25 Jan 2017
Manifestation of disease: sub-clinical infection
Causal agent: Low

PRO/AH/EDR> Equine infectious anemia - USA (04): (MD)

Wed, 07/11/2018 - 15:00
Equine Infectious Anemia -- United States
A horse stabled in Montgomery County, Maryland, has tested positive for equine infectious anemia (EIA). The positive horse was discovered during a routine wellness examination by a private veterinarian and was confirmed positive on [9 Jul 2018] by the National Veterinary Services Lab, in Ames, Iowa. The infected horse will be euthanized.
The Maryland State Veterinarian's office has placed the farm under a 60-day investigational hold order. The department will do initial EIA tests on the

PRO/AH/EDR> Newcastle disease, poultry - USA (06): (CA) more cases

Wed, 07/11/2018 - 14:58
Newcastle Disease -- United States
The United States Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service confirmed 4 additional cases of virulent Newcastle disease in backyard exhibition chickens in California - one in Riverside County and 3 in San Bernardino County.
A complete list of confirmed cases is available on our website at .
Communicated by:

[This brings the total to 43 outbreaks with 40 in San Bernadino County, 2 in Riverside County, and the index outbreak in Los

PRO/PL> Silvering disease, sugar beet - Netherlands

Wed, 07/11/2018 - 14:53
Other Plant Disease -- Netherlands
The IRS [Dutch Institute of Sugar Beet Research] and knowledge centre for sugar beet cultivation has received beet [samples] affected by [the] rare silvering disease. Diagnostics have revealed beets [are] affected. Beets with this syndrome have only been found sporadically in the Netherlands. Beet growers in Belgium have been dealing with silvering for a number of years.
The seed-borne bacterium _Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens_ pv. _betae_ causes the disease. The main symptoms are thick and

PRO/AH/EDR> Rift Valley fever - Eastern Africa (13): Uganda, WHO

Wed, 07/11/2018 - 14:41
Rift Valley Fever -- Uganda
On [29 Jun 2018], the Uganda Ministry of Health notified WHO of an outbreak of Rift Valley fever (RVF) in Isingiro and Kasese districts, all located in the western region of the country. On [28 Jun 2018], 2 unrelated simultaneous cases were confirmed, one in each district. The 1st case-patient was a 47-year-old male from Kanyatsi village in Munkunyu sub-county, Kasese District, whose main occupation was as a butcher. He fell ill on [20 Jun 2018] with symptoms of fever and headache, and

PRO/AH/EDR> Tick-borne encephalitis - Switzerland

Wed, 07/11/2018 - 14:39
Tick-borne Encephalitis -- Switzerland
A significant increase in cases of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) this year [2018] has been reported by the Federal Office of Public Health, which recommends getting vaccinated against the virus. Some 150 people have already been infected with the virus - which in rare cases can be fatal - since the beginning of 2018, the health authorities said in a report external link on [Mon 9 Jul 2018]
In June [2018] alone, 73 people fell ill with early-summer meningoencephalitis. This is a significant

PRO/AH/EDR> Lassa fever - West Africa (37): Liberia, WHO

Wed, 07/11/2018 - 14:37
Lassa Fever -- Liberia
Liberia has continued to experience sporadic cases of Lassa fever since the beginning of 2018. In week 25 (week ending 26 Jun 2018), 2 new confirmed Lassa fever cases were reported in Nimba County, the only county with active transmission currently. Nimba County has reported 5 confirmed Lassa fever cases since [12 May 2018]. In the latest event (the 2 confirmed cases in week 25), the 1st case-patient, a 59-year- old male from Gbehlay Geh district, fell ill on [4 Jun 2018] and was treated with

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - Sweden: Polish frozen strawberries

Tue, 07/10/2018 - 20:23
Hepatitis A -- Sweden
Thirteen people in Sweden have been infected by hepatitis A virus linked to frozen strawberries from Poland. Eleven confirmed and 2 suspected cases are reported from 4 Swedish counties, Skane, Blekinge, Kalmar and Gavleborg. Nine women and 4 men aged 11 to 92 are affected. The most recent person to fall ill had symptoms begin on 18 Jun 2018.
The Public Health Agency of Sweden (Folkhalsomyndigheten), the National Food Agency (Livsmedelsverket) and local authorities are involved in the

PRO/EDR> Gastroenteritis - USA (02): (TN) zipline course

Tue, 07/10/2018 - 20:21
Gastroenteritis -- United States
In response to a survey sent out by health officials, at least 548 people reported gastrointestinal illness after visiting CLIMB Works in Gatlinburg, Tennessee since 15 Jun 2018. That number is likely a low estimate.
According to Gail Harmon, East Tennessee regional assistant director with the Tennessee Department of Health, 2901 surveys were sent out to people who booked zip line tours online with CLIMB Works. As of Tuesday morning, 10 Jul 2018, 808 people had responded, with 548 of those