ProMED Mail Reports

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The latest alerts on infectious disease around the world
Updated: 10 min 45 sec ago

PRO/AH/EDR> Equine infectious anemia - Canada (03): (AB) equine

Tue, 07/10/2018 - 20:13
Equine Infectious Anemia -- Canada
Canada's control program for equine infectious anemia (EIA) has made significant progress in reducing the prevalence of the disease in Canada. However, despite the best efforts of the horse industry and governments, EIA continues to be detected in Western Canada.
Horse owners and owners of properties where horses commingle should take measures to protect their animals, particularly if they are purchasing or receiving animals from the areas where infected animals have been detected.
The

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - Albania: (DB) bovine

Tue, 07/10/2018 - 20:11
Anthrax -- Albania
The Nodular Dermatosis [outbreak of Lumpy Skin disease] has not yet passed, and Mat shows another cattle disease. It is about Anthrax, for which the 1st case was noted.
According to "Balkanweb", the case was recorded in the village Frankth of the Komsi Administrative Unit in the Municipality of Mat. Immediately after that, residents urgently sought the vaccination of their cattle.
Meanwhile, the veterinarian of the Veterinary Service at the Agriculture Office Mat, Selman Kurti, said that

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (39): Americas (USA) fox, human exposure, susp

Tue, 07/10/2018 - 20:08
Rabies -- United States
According to Police, a man was bitten by a fox [Sun 8 Jul 2018] in Robertsdale. Officers were called to a home on Mattingly Street around 1 pm. The victim said he was sitting on his porch when a fox bit his foot. He was taken to a hospital for treatment.
About 2 hours later, police were called to East Chicago Street where a group of people said a fox was charging at them. Officers were able to capture the fox. It will be tested for rabies tomorrow.
Robertsdale Police Department posted

PRO/AH/EDR> Brucellosis - Algeria: (TO) unpasteurized cow's milk

Tue, 07/10/2018 - 20:01
Brucellosis -- Algeria
No less than 36 new cases of people with brucellosis have been registered in the province of Tizi Ouzou in the last 48 hours. These new cases are in addition to the 31 cases recorded at the beginning of June [2018]. The same observation must be made concerning the 2 balance sheets.
Almost all cases of brucellosis recorded are concentrated in the Ouaguenoun Circle, a locality located 15 km northeast of the provincial capital. Indeed, out of the 36 cases lamented during the last 48 hours, 29

PRO/EDR> Poliomyelitis update (28): (DR Congo, Papua New Guinea) cVDPVs, WHO

Tue, 07/10/2018 - 16:59
Polio -- DR Congo
In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 3 different circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) outbreaks have been detected in acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) cases. In February 2018, the government declared cVDPV2 to be a national public health emergency.
The cVDPV2 strain initially detected and reported in June 2017 from Haut Lomami Province spread in late 2017 and early 2018 to Tanganyika and Haut Katanga provinces, respectively. The same virus was confirmed in Ituri Province

PRO/AH/EDR> Nipah virus - India (15): (AS, WB) fruit bats

Tue, 07/10/2018 - 16:50
Nipah/Hendra Virus -- India
A study report published in a recent edition of the Indian Journal of Medical Research says bats with nipah virus have been found in Assam's Dhubri and West Bengal's Cooch Behar districts.
During the study, conducted from March till December 2015, 107 _Pteropus giganteus_ bats were captured from Assam and Bengal - 60 from Dhubri, 39 from Cooch Behar and 8 from Jalpaiguri district in Bengal. Tissue specimens of the 107 bats were sent to the National Institute of Virology, Pune, which found 6

PRO/EDR> Vibrio parahaemolyticus - USA (02): (MD) imported Venezuelan crab meat

Tue, 07/10/2018 - 09:33
Vibrio parahaemolyticus -- United States
The Maryland Department of Health is warning consumers to avoid eating fresh crab meat imported from Venezuela because of potential risk of infection.
The Department is investigating a cluster of _Vibrio_ infections in individuals who reported eating "fresh" (non-pasteurized) crab meat from a plastic tub with a label indicating that it is imported from Venezuela. The imported crab meat is sold under different brand names. Maryland crab products have not been associated with this cluster.

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis E - Namibia (10): more cases, fatal

Mon, 07/09/2018 - 21:16
Hepatitis E -- Namibia
6. Naidu SS, Viswanathan R. Infectious hepatitis in pregnancy during Delhi epidemic. Indian J Med Res. 1957; 45(Suppl): 71-76.
11. Patra S, Kumar A, Trivedi SS, Puri M, Sarin SK. Maternal and fetal outcomes in pregnant women with acute hepatitis E virus infection. Ann Intern Med. 2007; 147: 28-33.
12. Teo CG. Fatal outbreaks of jaundice in pregnancy and the epidemic history of hepatitis E. Epidemiol Infect. 2012; 140: 767-787.
13. Devi SG, Kumar A, Kar P, Husain SA, Sharma S. Association of

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever - Europe (25): Romania (BH) domestic swine, OIE

Mon, 07/09/2018 - 21:13
African Swine Fever -- Romania
Information received on [and dated] Mon 9 Jul 2018 from Dr Geronimo Raducu Branescu, President Secretary of State Chief Veterinary Officer, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 25 Jun 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 6 Jul 2018
Reason for notification: 1st occurrence of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease: clinical

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (51): Congo DR, cases, response

Mon, 07/09/2018 - 21:11
Ebola -- DR Congo
The epidemiological situation of the Ebola Virus Disease dated 6 Jul 2018:
- A total of 53 cases of haemorrhagic fever were reported in the region, of which 38 were confirmed and 15 were probable.
- 24 people have been cured of Ebola virus disease since the beginning of the epidemic.
29 deaths were recorded, including 14 confirmed cases.
News from the Ebola response
------------------------------
Strategic Review of the Response
From 3-5 Jul 2018, the Ministry of Health,

PRO/AH/EDR> Rift Valley fever - Eastern Africa (12): FAO, forecast

Mon, 07/09/2018 - 21:06
Rift Valley Fever -- Worldwide/Unknown
After a period of abnormal, heavy rainfall and floods in the Eastern African region, an outbreak of Rift Valley fever (RVF) was 1st reported in humans in Kenya; later it was confirmed that the disease was present in animals. These outbreaks are ongoing and pose a threat to the whole Eastern African region. Although the upcoming [dry] season from July 2018 onwards will be unsuitable for the vector populations in most of the Eastern African region (except for Ethiopia, South Sudan, and southern

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - USA (28)

Mon, 07/09/2018 - 21:01
Hepatitis A -- United States
New numbers that were just released show the amount of hepatitis A cases in Indiana are still growing. Just this week, there were 2 more cases reported in Lawrence County, which brings the total number of people infected to 28. In the state, 202 are reported with hepatitis A.
FOX59 News reports a Bedford man is bedridden after contracting the virus. The health department says they are working to figure out how he became infected. The individual reported says he had recently eaten at 2 of

PRO/AH/EDR> Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (09): (VA) EEE & WNV equine vaccination

Mon, 07/09/2018 - 20:55
Eastern Equine Encephalitis, West Nile Virus -- United States
Virginia's 2018 mosquito season is proving to be one of the worst in years, animal health officials said as they encouraged owners to ensure their horses' EEE and WNV vaccines are up to date.
Recent deluges of rain have created stagnant pools of water perfect for mosquito breeding, while cooler temperatures have helped to slow the maturation of larvae, delaying the pests' season this year [2018]. "Now it has hit in full force, and horses are at risk of contracting mosquito-borne diseases

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (38): Americas (USA) deer, fox, skunk

Mon, 07/09/2018 - 19:52
Rabies -- United States
Brunswick police on Tuesday [3 Jul 2018] said there appears to be a "widespread rabies epidemic" in the city after a 4th confirmed case of the disease. Police were notified this week that a 4th wild animal has tested positive for rabies in the past 3 weeks. A rabid animal -- a fox -- attacked a man who was gardening on Bouchard Drive on 29 Jun 2018. The man was able to subdue the fox with a shovel without being exposed, according to police.
On 13 Jun 2018, a woman on High Street let her dog

PRO/AH/EDR> Neospora caninum, bovine - UK (02): (Wales) spread, preventn, cntrl, comment,RFI

Mon, 07/09/2018 - 19:44
Other Animal Disease -- United Kingdom
It would be interesting to know how these _Neospora_ abortion storms were diagnosed. Being vertically transmitted organisms, PCR on the fetus and serology on the dams only indicate the contact with the agent and, for PCR, the presence of the organism in the fetus. We also wonder if the fetuses were evaluated for the presence of BVDV [Bovine viral diarrhea virus], which in the past was present in aborted fetuses with _Neospora_.
The gold standard remains the complete histologic evaluation of

PRO/EDR> Botulism - USA (06): (CA) wound, injection drug-related

Mon, 07/09/2018 - 13:46
Botulism -- United States
Black tar heroin use is believed to be linked to 3 recent suspected cases of wound botulism, the L.A. County Department of Public Health reported [Tue 3 Jul 2018]. No further details were released.
Drug users who inject heroin under their skin or into a muscle are at risk of contracting the illness, according to public health officials. This comes after a recent outbreak of heroin-caused botulism in San Diego. Three men there contracted botulism after injecting black tar heroin over the

PRO/EDR> Measles update (41): Americas, Europe, Pacific

Mon, 07/09/2018 - 13:43
Measles -- Canada
In June [2018], a 26-year-old patient died of the disease. And last February [2018], a 32-year-old mother who was not vaccinated died at CHU [Centres Hospitaliers Régionaux et Universitaires] Poitiers.
The MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine is now mandatory for children born after 1 Jan 2018. The 2nd dose that is administered later guarantees immunity.
[Byline: Alexandre Muffon Cattin]
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PRO/AH/EDR> Yersiniosis - Norway: undefined source

Mon, 07/09/2018 - 13:35
Foodborne Illness -- Norway
The Norway Institute of Public Health reports investigating an outbreak of gastrointestinal bacterium, _Yersinia enterocolitica_ O:9. To date [Sat 7 Jul 2018], 18 people from several counties have been diagnosed with the infection. The patients are between 13 and 60 years old and 60 percent of them are women. They are residents from Troms, Oslo, Akershus, Trøndelag, Vestfold, Rogaland, Nordland, Hordaland and Møre og Romsdal, and are tested in May and early June [2018]. Bacteria with similar

PRO/AH/EDR> Invasive tick - USA (07)

Mon, 07/09/2018 - 13:16
Pests -- United States
The presence of the longhorned tick, a non-native species dangerous to livestock, pets and humans, has been confirmed locally in Putnam and Lincoln counties, according to the West Virginia Department of Agriculture. The tick has also been found in Tyler, Taylor, Ritchie and Hardy counties.
The ticks were discovered on pet dogs in Putnam and Lincoln counties in June [2018].
The longhorned tick is considered a serious threat to livestock, particularly cattle, and is known to carry several

PRO/AH/EDR> St Louis encephalitis virus - USA: (CA)

Sun, 07/08/2018 - 21:40
St. Louis Encephalitis -- United States
The Fresno Mosquito and Vector Control District has confirmed that _Culex_ mosquitoes in Fresno have tested positive for the Saint Louis encephalitis (SLE) virus.
According to a press release from the Fresno County Department of Public Health (FCDPH), the infected mosquitoes were found in the areas of East Floradora Avenue and Highway 41, and Shields and Van Ness avenues. The notification was made by the FCDPH on Thursday [3 Jul 2018].
SLE virus is mosquito-transmitted and causes