ProMED Mail Reports

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The latest alerts on infectious disease around the world
Updated: 9 min 27 sec ago

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - Uganda (05): livestock, human, OIE

Fri, 05/18/2018 - 20:24
Anthrax -- Uganda
Information received on [and dated] 18 May 2018 from Dr Juliet Sentumbwe, Director Animal Ressources, Department of Livestock, Health and Entomology, OUG Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries, ENTEBBE, Uganda
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 17 May 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 17 May 2018
Reason for notification: Unexpected change in the distribution or increase in morbidity or mortality of a listed disease
Summary

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - USA (19): (MI, UT, IN)

Fri, 05/18/2018 - 16:35
Hepatitis A -- United States
Since the beginning of the outbreak in August 2016, public health response has included increased healthcare awareness efforts, public notification and education, and outreach with vaccination clinics for high-risk populations. No common sources of food, beverages, or drugs have been identified as a potential source of infection. Transmission appears to be through direct person-to-person spread and illicit drug use. Those with history of injection and non-injection drug use, homelessness or

PRO/EDR> Mumps update (05): USA (IL, VA), New Zealand (OT)

Fri, 05/18/2018 - 15:24
Mumps -- United States
As per the Illinois Department of Public Health, 4 students studying at Western Illinois University have been reported to come down with cases of mumps."
[Byline: Erryn Deane]
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Communicated by:
ProMED-mail from HealthMap Alerts

[A Healthmap/ProMED of United States can be found at and of Illinois, United States:
]
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[2] United States (Virginia)
Date: Tue 8 May 2018
Source: Epi-X (Epidemic Information Exchange; edited; not open access)

Health officials in

PRO/EDR> Hand, foot & mouth disease update (04): China

Fri, 05/18/2018 - 14:57
Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease -- China
On [Wed 16 May 2018], the Anhui Provincial Health Planning Commission issued the report on the epidemic situation of infectious diseases in April. The report shows that in April the province reported a total of 38 918 cases of statutory infectious diseases. Among them, the number of reported cases of hand-foot-mouth disease [HFMD] in the province was 15 447 cases. The Anhui Provincial Health and Family Planning Commission reminded [the reader] that Anhui has entered the season of high

PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (19): Asia (Syria)

Fri, 05/18/2018 - 14:31
Cholera -- Syria
More than 10 fatal cases of cholera have been registered in the IDP [internally displaced persons] camp near Deir ez-Zor rural area according to the local news network "Furat Post".
The cause of the cholera outbreak is possibly related to contaminated water sources in the camp, which receives its water supply from water tankers previously used for other purposes.
The network warned of the spread of infection among a larger number of people if preventive measures are not taken, through

PRO/AH/EDR> Mayaro virus disease - Canada: (AB) ex Peru

Fri, 05/18/2018 - 14:26
Other Human Disease -- Canada
1. Esposito DLA, Fonseca BALD. Will Mayaro virus be responsible for the next outbreak of an arthropod-borne virus in Brazil? Braz J Infect Dis 2017: 21(5); 540-4; available at .
2. Pabbaraju K, Wong S, Gill K, et al. Simultaneous detection of Zika, chikungunya and dengue viruses by a multiplex real-time RT-PCR assay. J. Clin Virol 2016: 83; 66-71. doi: 10.1016/j.jcv.2016.09.001; available at .
3. Calisher CH, el-Kafrawi AO, Al-Deen Mahmud MI, et al. Complex-specific immunoglobulin M antibody

PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - Jordan: 2017, st O, genotyped, phylogenetics

Fri, 05/18/2018 - 07:21
Foot and Mouth -- Jordan
sequence // virus name // host // percentage Id. // No. ambig // serotype // topotype // lineage // sublineage
viba_25914 // UAE/1/2015 // gazelle // 99.2 // 0 // O // ME-SA // Ind-2001 // e
viba_23824 // SAU/10/2016 // bov // 99.2 // 0 // O // ME-SA // Ind-2001 // e
viba_23808 // SAU/1/2016 // bov // 99.1 // 0 // O // ME-SA // Ind-2001 // e
viba_26240 // SAU/18/2015 // bov // 99.1 // 0 // O // ME-SA // Ind-2001 // e
viba_26244 // SAU/19/2015 // bov // 99.1 // 0 // O // ME-SA // Ind-2001

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (10): urban case Congo DR, response, support

Thu, 05/17/2018 - 19:31
Ebola -- Worldwide/Unknown
[2] WHO: Emergency Committee
[3] MSF Response
[4] Vaccine
[5] Community alarm system
Support
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[6] World Bank support
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[1] WHO: urban case Congo DR
Date: Thu 17 May 2018
Source: WHO [edited]

WHO concerned as one Ebola case confirmed in urban area of Democratic Republic of the Congo
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One new case of Ebola virus disease (EVD) has been confirmed in Wangata, one of the 3 health zones

PRO/AH/EDR> Zika virus (06) - Americas, Asia, research, observations

Thu, 05/17/2018 - 17:11
Zika virus -- Worldwide/Unknown
Citation
Mead PS, Duggal NK, Hook SA, et al. Zika Virus Shedding in Semen of Symptomatic Infected Men. N Engl J Med. 2018;378(15):1377-1385. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1711038
Abstract
Background
Zika virus (ZIKV) is an emerging mosquito-borne flavivirus that has been linked to adverse birth outcomes. Previous reports have shown that person-to-person transmission can occur by means of sexual contact.
Methods
We conducted a prospective study involving men with symptomatic ZIKV infection to

PRO/AH/EDR> Listeriosis - South Africa (13): fatal, ST6

Thu, 05/17/2018 - 16:59
Listeriosis -- South Africa
The world's largest listeriosis epidemic is now under control because meat products from Enterprise and Rainbow Chicken have been recalled, Health Minister Aaron Motsoaledi told the South African Parliament earlier this week [week 14 to 20 May 2018].
"Since the recall, we have had fewer than 5 cases a week in the past 5 weeks compared to 40 a week before the recall," Motsoaledi told Parliament.
According to South Africa's National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD) recent

PRO/AH/EDR> Piscine reovirus - Canada: (BC) wild chinook at risk

Thu, 05/17/2018 - 14:17
Respiratory Illness -- Canada
1. Di Cicco E, Ferguson HW, Kaukinen KH, et al. The same strain of _Piscine orthoreovirus_ (PRV-1) is involved with the development of different, but related, diseases in Atlantic and Pacific Salmon in British Columbia. Accepted for publication in FACETS on 23 Apr 2018. doi: 10.1139/facets-2018-0008
The 1st cases of heart and skeletal muscle inflammation (HSMI), were registered in 1999 in the Hitra/Frøya area of Norway. Since then, there have been an increasing number of outbreaks along

PRO/EDR> Syphilis - USA (05): (CA) congenital, rising incidence

Thu, 05/17/2018 - 14:16
Syphilis -- United States
Los Angeles County Department of Public Health (Public Health) announces since 2012, rates of syphilis among both men and women have been steadily increasing in Los Angeles county and in California. Cases in women rose by 50 percent from 2016 to 2017, affecting individuals in almost every area of the county. Most notably, more pregnant women have been diagnosed with syphilis and the number of cases of congenital syphilis has increased over the past 5 years, from 6 in 2012 to 44 cases in

PRO/AH/EDR> Rift Valley fever - South Africa: (Free State) livestock, OIE

Thu, 05/17/2018 - 13:47
Rift Valley Fever -- South Africa
Information received on [and dated] 16 May 2018 from Dr Bothle Michael Modisane, Chief Director , Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Animal Production and Health, Pretoria, South Africa
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 28 Apr 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 16 May 2018
Report date: 16 May 2018
Date submitted to OIE: 16 May 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 30 Aug

PRO/AH/EDR> E. coli EHEC - USA (13): O157, romaine lettuce, increasing cases, fatality

Thu, 05/17/2018 - 13:43
E. coli -- United States
Case count update
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Since the last update on 9 May 2018, 23 more ill people were added to this outbreak.
As of 15 May 2018, 172 people infected with the outbreak strain of _E. coli_ O157:H7 have been reported from 32 states. Illnesses started on dates ranging from 13 Mar 2018 to 2 May 2018. Ill people range in age from 1 to 88 years, with a median age of 29. 65 percent of ill people are female. Of 157 people with information available, 75 (48 percent) have been

PRO/EDR> Influenza (15): WHO global update, Brazil

Thu, 05/17/2018 - 13:40
Influenza -- Brazil
Information in this report is categorized by influenza transmission zones, which are geographical groups of countries, areas, or territories with similar influenza transmission patterns.
Summary
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Influenza activity returned to inter-seasonal levels in most of the countries in the temperate zone of the northern hemisphere except for some countries in Eastern Europe. Activity increased in some countries in tropical America. In the temperate zone of the southern hemisphere, influenza

PRO/AH> Equine infectious anemia - USA: (TX)

Thu, 05/17/2018 - 09:47
Equine Infectious Anemia -- United States
The EIA [equine infectious anemia]-positive quarter horse from Bexar county has been euthanized and the affected Maverick county quarter Horse has been transferred to a quarantine facility.
The Equine Disease Communication Center (EDCC) reported 14 May 2018 the Texas Animal Health Commission [TAHC] has confirmed equine infectious anemia (EIA) in a Maverick county quarter horse and a Bexar county quarter horse.
"The Bexar county horse has been euthanized and the premises will remain under

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (09): update, alerts, prevention

Wed, 05/16/2018 - 21:15
Ebola -- Worldwide/Unknown
The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) reported 42 cases of the Ebola virus disease (EVD) in the ongoing outbreak, Jessica Ilunga, spokeswoman for the country's Ministry of Public Health said on [Tue 15 May 2018].
The DRC ministry of health publicly declared the beginning of the EVD epidemic on [8 May 2018].
The World Health Organisation (WHO) in a press statement on [Mon 14 May 2018] said that from [4 Apr to 13 May 2018], a total of 39 Ebola virus disease cases had been reported in DRC,

PRO/AH/EDR> Hantavirus - Americas (34): USA (WA) confirmed

Wed, 05/16/2018 - 14:55
Hantavirus -- United States
Health officials announced [Tue 15 May 2018] that they have confirmed a case of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome [HPS] in a Grant County resident.
Grant County Health District officials said the person is believed to have been exposed to contaminated deer mouse dropping while cleaning out their vehicle. The person has been released from the hospital and is expected to make a full recovery.
Officials said this is the 1st confirmed case of [a] hantavirus [infection] in Grant County in 6

PRO/AH/EDR> Trypanosomiasis (Chagas disease) - Mexico: (YU)

Wed, 05/16/2018 - 11:21
Chagas -- Mexico
With the confirmation of 7 cases in the last epidemiological week reported by the Ministry of Health , the cases of American trypanosomiasis, known as the Chagas disease, number 15 in the State.
Specialists point out that 3 out of every 10 infected patients suffer cardiac disorders and one out of every 10 presents digestive alterations (typically, enlargement of the esophagus or colon), neurological or mixed.
According to the National Epidemiological Surveillance System, of the cases