ProMED Mail Reports

Syndicate content HealthMap Global Disease Alerts
The latest alerts on infectious disease around the world
Updated: 13 min 27 sec ago

PRO/EDR> Undiagnosed illness - Viet Nam: (QG) fatal, palmoplantar hyperkeratosis, resurg.

Sat, 01/13/2018 - 12:44
Undiagnosed -- Vietnam
Mysterious skin disease kills one in Quang Ngai. A strange skin disease has claimed the life of a student in Ba To District, central province of Quang Ngai, according to the provincial Health Department. Nguyen Tan Duc, the department's director, on [Tue 9 Jan 2018] confirmed the death of the 13-year-old student from Ba Ngac Secondary School in Ba Ngac Commune.
The health centre in Ba To District came across the student earlier this year [2018]. He was believed to be suffering from an

PRO/AH/EDR> Peste des petits ruminants - Burundi: (GI) ovine, caprine, OIE

Sat, 01/13/2018 - 12:39
Peste des petits ruminants -- Burundi
Information received on 11 Jan 2018 from Dr Deogratias Nsanganiyumwami, Directeur, Sante Animale, Ministere de l'Agriculture et de l'Elevage, Gitega, Burundi
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 1 Jan 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 5 Jan 2018
Reason for notification: First occurrence of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent: Peste des petits ruminants virus
Nature of diagnosis: clinical, laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a

PRO/AH/EDR> West Nile virus - Europe: France, equine, human, OIE

Fri, 01/12/2018 - 22:25
West Nile Virus -- France
Information received on 11 Jan 2018 from Dr Loic Evain, Directeur General adjoint, CVO, Direction generale de l'alimentation, Ministere de l'Agriculture et de l'Alimentation, Paris, France
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 1 Dec 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 1 Dec 2017
Reason for notification: Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 10 Dec 2015
Manifestation of disease: sub-clinical infection
Causal agent: West Nile

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever - Europe (02): Romania domestic, Latvia wild boar, OIE

Fri, 01/12/2018 - 22:21
African Swine Fever -- Romania
Information received on [and dated] 12 Jan 2018 from Dr Marius Grigore, director, head of Unit Animal Health Department General Sanitary Veterinary Directorate, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 16 Dec 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 11 Jan 2018
Reason for notification: Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 20 Nov 2017
Manifestation of disease:

PRO/AH/EDR> MERS-CoV (03): Saudi Arabia, new cases, research

Fri, 01/12/2018 - 21:46
MERS -- Saudi Arabia
An experimental treatment developed from cattle plasma for Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) coronavirus infection shows broad potential, according to a small clinical trial led by National Institutes of Health scientists and their colleagues. The treatment, SAB-301, was safe and well tolerated by healthy volunteers, with only minor reactions documented.
The 1st confirmed case of MERS was reported in Saudi Arabia in 2012. Since then, the MERS coronavirus has spread to 27 countries and

PRO/EDR> Measles update (03): Europe, Pacific, USA

Fri, 01/12/2018 - 19:10
Measles -- United Kingdom
[3] Australia (West Australia)
Date: Thu 11 Jan 2018 2:47AM
Source: Perth Now [edited]

WA Health authorities have issued a measles alert, after a confirmed case in an airline passenger who was infected in Thailand.
The Health Department has warned the public to be aware of an increased risk of the disease because the Thai Airways passenger may have been infectious on a flight to Perth and in several locations in the northern suburbs during the past week [week of Sun 31 Dec

PRO/AH/EDR> Dolphin morbilivirus, fatal - Brazil: (RJ)

Fri, 01/12/2018 - 18:58
-- Brazil
Brazilian scientists say a virus is the main cause for the death of close to 200 grey dolphins in little more than 40 days on the coast of Rio de Janeiro state.
The School of Oceanography of the State University of Rio de Janeiro said in a statement that an outbreak of "cetacean morbillivirus" is responsible for the death of more than 170 grey dolphins in the Bay of Sepetiba since late November [2017]. The bay is about 45 miles (70 kilometres) west of the city of Rio de Janeiro.

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (05): Americas (USA) fox, susp., human exposure

Fri, 01/12/2018 - 18:50
Rabies -- United States
A woman was bitten by a possibly rabid fox in the Vail area on [Wed 10 Jan 2018].
According to a news release from the Arizona Game and Fish Department, the woman was walking on a path along the Pantano Wash in Rancho Del Lago at about 11:30 a.m. when the fox attacked her. She was apparently bitten on her calf as she tried to kick the fox away. She is being treated for possible exposure to rabies.
The fox was found dead after apparently drowning in a golf course pond after the attack.

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (11): S.Korea (CN) HPAI H5N6, poultry, spread, vaccine discussed

Fri, 01/12/2018 - 18:35
Avian Influenza H5N6 -- South Korea
Information received [and dated] on 11 Jan 2018 from Dr Oh Soon-Min, Director General - Chief Veterinary Officer, Animal Health Policy Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (MAFRA), SEJONG-SI, Korea (Rep. of)
Report type: Follow-up report No. 9
Date of start of the event: 17 Nov 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 19 Nov 2017
Date submitted to OIE: 11 Jan 2018
Reason for notification: Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 13 Oct

PRO/AH/EDR> Bovine tuberculosis - Israel: (HD) bovine, OIE

Fri, 01/12/2018 - 18:30
Bovine TB -- Israel
Information received on [and dated] 11 Jan 2018 from Dr Shlomo Garazi, Chief Officer for Import and Export of the Veterinary Services, Veterinary Services and Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Bet Dagan, Israel
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 11 Sep 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 10 Jan 2018
Report date: 11 Jan 2018
Date submitted to OIE: 11 Jan 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Americas (02): Brazil vaccination

Fri, 01/12/2018 - 17:10
Yellow Fever -- Brazil
The Brazil Ministry of Health today [10 Jan 2017] announced a "fractionated" vaccination campaign in the states of São Paulo, Río de Janeiro, and Bahía, with the goal of immunizing 19.7 million people against yellow fever, due to the increase in cases since last year [2017].
In an announcement, the agency stated that in order to have an effective campaign, the states will adopt the fractionated dose method, that is to say, a dose of the yellow fever vaccine that would normally be applied

PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - China (GZ): st O & A, livestock, OIE

Fri, 01/12/2018 - 17:06
Foot and Mouth -- China
Information received on 10 Jan 2018 from Dr Zhang Zhongqui, Director General, China Animal Disease Control Centre, Veterinary Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, China (People's Rep. of)
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 3 Jan 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 8 Jan 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 7 Apr 2017
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: Foot and

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (04): Americas (USA, Brazil) bat, human, Milwaukee protocol

Thu, 01/11/2018 - 23:56
Rabies -- United States
A 6-year-old boy in Florida is fighting for his life after getting rabies. [RR] had hallucinations and then seizures a few weeks after an infected bat bit him. His parents rushed him to the emergency room, where doctors broke the devastating news.
Rabies in the U.S. has become very rare. According to the CDC, there were only 3 cases reported in humans in 2015, the latest year for which numbers are available. It is nearly always fatal once symptoms start. But [RR's] doctors haven't given up.

PRO/AH/EDR> Chronic wasting disease, cervid - USA (02): (TX) white tail

Thu, 01/11/2018 - 23:31
Chronic Wasting Disease -- United States
A roadkill white-tailed deer collected by Texas Parks and Wildlife Department personnel on U.S. Highway 87 between Dalhart and Hartley has tested positive for chronic wasting disease (CWD). This marks the 1st discovery of CWD in a Texas roadkill and the 1st case in a Texas Panhandle whitetail.
"The roadkill was found along the border between the current CWD Containment Zone and Surveillance Zone, and as a result will likely necessitate a precautionary expansion of the Containment Zone,"

PRO/AH/EDR> Equine herpesvirus - North America: USA (NY) equine

Thu, 01/11/2018 - 23:23
Equine Herpes Virus -- United States
New York Racing Association officials and the New York State Gaming Commission received confirmation that one horse has tested positive for equine herpesvirus-1 in Barn 44 at Belmont Park, NYRA reported on [Wed 10 Jan 2018].
The horse, an unnamed, unraced 3-year-old male, was sent to the Cornell Ruffian Equine Hospital near Belmont after developing a fever and a mild respiratory issue. On [Tue 9 Jan 2018] afternoon, he tested positive for EHV-1. The horse, trained by Linda Rice, has shown

PRO/AH/EDR> Cryptosporidiosis - Ireland: (LK)

Thu, 01/11/2018 - 16:15
Cryptosporidium -- Ireland
The Department of Public Health (HSE) is investigating an outbreak of an infectious type of gastroenteritis in a Limerick city suburb. The HSE is looking into 11 reported cases of cryptosporidiosis, caused by the parasite _cryptosporidium_, in Castletroy, including 6 confirmed cases among children attending the Tall Trees Creche in Monaleen.
Potentially fatal for those with compromised immune systems, the illness results in diarrhoea, vomiting, stomach cramps and fever. Human

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - USA (03): (UT)

Thu, 01/11/2018 - 15:43
Hepatitis A -- United States
1. Sharapov UM, Kentenyants K, Groeger J, et al: Hepatitis A infections Among food handlers in the United States, 1993-2011. Public Health Rep. 2016; 131: 26-29, available at:
"We reviewed news reports of hepatitis A virus (HAV)-infected food handlers in the USA from 1993 to 2011 using the LexisNexis® search engine. Using USA news reports, we identified 192 HAV-infected food handlers who worked while infectious; of these HAV-infected individuals, 34 (18 percent)

PRO/EDR> Botulism - Canada: trout caviar, risk, expanded recall

Thu, 01/11/2018 - 15:39
Botulism -- Canada
"Background: Botulism is classically described as a bilateral, symmetric, descending flaccid paralysis in an afebrile and alert patient without sensory findings. We describe the reported spectrum of clinical findings among persons older than 12 months of age in the USA during 2002-2015.
"Methods: The CDC collects clinical findings reported by physicians treating suspected cases of botulism nationwide. We analyzed symptoms and signs, and neuroimaging and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) results. A

PRO/AH/EDR> Sea star wasting syndrome - North America: (Pacific coast) update

Thu, 01/11/2018 - 15:37
Undiagnosed -- Worldwide/Unknown
With their distinctive shape and colorful exteriors, sea stars, also known as starfish, were once a staple of marine life along British Columbia's coastline.
"You can tell this one is healthy because his legs are stretched out and his exterior is firm," explained Nick Campbell while holding an okra sea star in the touch pool at the Shaw Centre for the Salish Sea.
While the animals once littered the ocean floor, sea stars from Mexico to Alaska are now dying at an alarming rate. Since