ProMED Mail Reports

Syndicate content HealthMap Global Disease Alerts
The latest alerts on infectious disease around the world
Updated: 13 min 12 sec ago

PRO/EDR> Influenza (03): Asia (Pakistan, Nepal)

Thu, 01/11/2018 - 15:21
Influenza -- Pakistan
A total of 400 suspected cases of H1N1 influenza have been reported across the country so far, out of which 120 influenza positive cases have been confirmed, resulting in 20 deaths.
Talking to Pakistan Today, National Institute of Health (NIH) Senior Scientific Officer Dr Mumtaz Ali Khan said that a total of 400 suspected cases have been reported so far, out of which around 120 cases were positive. He said that the virus had also caused 20 deaths, including one in Islamabad, while the rest

PRO/AH/EDR> Brucellosis - Paraguay (02): (AS) veterinary school

Thu, 01/11/2018 - 15:16
Brucellosis -- Paraguay
"Caprine brucellosis is a chronic infectious disease caused by the gram-negative cocci-bacillus _Brucella melitensis_. Middle- to late-term abortion, stillbirths, and the delivery of weak offspring are the characteristic clinical signs of the disease that is associated with an extensive negative impact in a flock's productivity. _B. melitensis_ is also the most virulent _Brucella_ species for humans, responsible for a severely debilitating and disabling illness that results in high morbidity

PRO/AH/EDR> Kyasanur Forest disease - India (02): (GA)

Thu, 01/11/2018 - 12:47
Hemorrhagic Fever -- India
A person tested positive for Kyasanur Forest disease (KFD) or monkey fever on [Wed 10 Jan 2018], taking the number of cases detected in Sattari to 8.
Health officer at the Community Health Centre [CHC], Dr Gajanan Naik, said that Manipal Centre for Virus Research, Manipal University detected 8 cases of monkey fever this season, and added that the patients are from Kumthal, Velge, and Budruk-Karmalli.
The 7 patients are fine and discharged from CHC, Dr Naik added. He further said that a

PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed die-off, kangaroo - Australia: (NS)

Thu, 01/11/2018 - 12:36
Animal Die-off -- Australia
[This URL is available only with a subscription. A similar article can be accessed at .]
Millions of kangaroos have died in NSW [New South Wales] in the past year [2017] as a result of a mysterious illness that has left experts baffled. Wildlife health researchers have found red and grey kangaroos on the Western Plains suffering "massive haemorrhaging", total or partial blindness, internal bleeding around the joints, stilted movement and inflammation.
"You would see a whole family

PRO> New in IJID (01): January 2018

Thu, 01/11/2018 - 00:12
Other Human Disease -- Worldwide/Unknown

Quantification of sexual HIV transmission risk in Africa
Jens Lundgren
Int J Infect Dis. 2018; 66(January): 135-136

From mass gatherings medicine to mass gatherings health: Conclusions from the 3rd International Conference on Mass Gatherings Medicine, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
S. Yezli, A. Assiri, H. Nabulsi, A. Awam, L. Blumberg, T. Endericks, A. Stergachis, S. Reicher, B. McCloskey, E. Petersen, B. Alotaibi
Int J Infect Dis.

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (10): UK (England) wild bird, HPAI H5N6, OIE

Thu, 01/11/2018 - 00:05
Avian Influenza H5N6 -- United Kingdom
Information received on [and dated] 10 Jan 2018 from Dr Nigel Gibbens, Chief Veterinary Officer, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, London, United Kingdom.
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 9 Jan 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 9 Jan 2018
Reason for notification: New strain of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent: highly pathogenic influenza A virus

PRO/AH/EDR> Chronic wasting disease, cervid - USA (01): (MO)

Wed, 01/10/2018 - 23:45
Chronic Wasting Disease -- United States
The Missouri Department of Conservation reports 15 free-ranging Missouri deer have tested positive for chronic wasting disease out of nearly 18 400 test results received so far for the season. According to an MDC release, these results show that efforts are working to limit the spread of the disease.
The 15 new cases consist of 1 from Cedar County from a hunter-harvested adult buck; 3 from Franklin County from hunter-harvested adult bucks; 1 from Jefferson County from a hunter-harvested

PRO/AH/EDR> E. coli EHEC - USA: O157, leafy greens

Wed, 01/10/2018 - 23:43
E. coli -- United States
In the USA, a total of 24 EHEC O157:H7 infections have been reported from California (4), Connecticut (2), Illinois (1), Indiana (2), Maryland (3), Michigan (1), Nebraska (1), New Hampshire (2), New Jersey (1), New York (1), Ohio (1), Pennsylvania (2), Vermont (1), Virginia (1), and Washington (1). Illnesses started on dates from 15 Nov 2017 through 12 Dec 2017. Among the 18 ill people for whom CDC has information, 9 were hospitalized, including one person in California who died. Two people

PRO/AH/EDR> Japanese encephalitis & other - India: (KA, UP)

Wed, 01/10/2018 - 23:41
Japanese Encephalitis -- India
Japanese encephalitis (JE), an infection of the brain caused by the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), has claimed its 1st victim in the district this year [2018]. This is also the 1st ever death due to JE in the district.
The victim is a man, 55, a resident of Puttur. He was admitted for fever on 4 Dec [2017] in Puttur and later was shifted to a hospital in Mangaluru as the fever did not subside. He went back home a few days in January [2018], and the infection recurred. He died at a

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (03): Asia (Israel) wild, domestic, OIE

Wed, 01/10/2018 - 23:36
Rabies -- Israel
Information received on 9 Jan 2018 from Dr Shlomo Garazi, Chief Officer for Import and Export of the Veterinary Services, Veterinary Services and Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, BET DAGAN, Israel
Report type: immediate notification
Start date: 8 Oct 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 9 Oct 2017
Report date: 9 Jan 2018
Reason for notification: Unexpected change in the distribution or increase in morbidity or mortality of a listed

PRO/PL> Late blight, potato - Bangladesh: (RP)

Wed, 01/10/2018 - 23:34
Other Plant Disease -- Bangladesh
Potato growers of Rangpur are worried as the vegetable is facing serious setback due to severe attack of late blight disease. Potato cultivators of the region alleged that they gave their best efforts to get expected yield. But potato fields at different areas have been affected [and] the disease is gradually turning acute across the region. [It] occurred mainly due to severe cold and foggy weather.
Department of Agriculture Extension (DAE) Rangpur said officials have been given

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - Brazil (03): (RJ)

Wed, 01/10/2018 - 23:26
Hepatitis A -- Brazil
According to a note published by Fiocruz today (10 Jan 2018), 3 out of 10 water samples collected in the Vidigal community were positive for HAV. The analyses were carried out by using real-time PCR.
Communicated by:
EpiCore Global Surveillance Project member
Tatiana Pinto, PhD,
Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ)
Rio de Janeiro

[ProMED thanks Dr. Pinto for her prompt responses. - Mod.LL
A HealthMap/ProMED-mail map can be accessed at: .]
[See Also:
Hepatitis A -

PRO/AH/EDR> Scrapie, sheep - Iceland: (NV) OIE

Wed, 01/10/2018 - 23:24
Scrapie -- Iceland
Information received on [and dated] 10 Jan 2018 from Dr Sigurborg Daoadottir, Chief Veterinary Officer, Icelandic Food and Veterinary Authority, Ministry of Industries and Innovation, Selfoss, Iceland
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 13 Dec 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 13 Dec 2017
Reason for notification: reoccurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 1 Nov 2016
Manifestation of disease: Sub-clinical infection

PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis - USA : frozen coconut, alert, recall

Wed, 01/10/2018 - 18:35
Salmonella -- United States
Evershing International Trading Company is recalling 16 ounces Coconut Tree Brand Frozen Shredded Coconut (Item number 331223, UPC 05216-44081) because they have the potential to be contaminated with _Salmonella_, an organism which can cause serious and sometimes fatal infections in young children, frail or elderly people, and others with weakened immune system. Healthy persons infected with salmonellosis often experience fever, diarrhea (which may be bloody), nausea, vomiting and abdominal

PRO/EDR> Scabies - Liberia: susp., RFI

Wed, 01/10/2018 - 18:27
Scabies -- Liberia
A rare skin disease appears to be causing panic amongst many Liberians after over 600 people were diagnosed infected. The disease appears like heat-bumps on the surface of the skin of patients and causes severe itching. It has been almost a month since it was first diagnosed in the country, according to the national public health institute of Liberia (NPHIL).
"The scratching thing here is a serious business (problem), so it is call "Be serious" but some people call it 'Ebola fanfan',

PRO/AH/EDR> Trichinellosis - Viet Nam: (LI)

Wed, 01/10/2018 - 18:22
Trichinosis -- Vietnam
Doctors have advised people not to consume the meat of sick pigs, following the death of one person who ate infected pork. Another person is in critical condition.
Nguyen Trung Cap, head of the Emergency Department at the Central Hospital for Tropical Diseases (CHTD), said the department received 2 patients infected with the parasite _Trichinella_.
The patients hailed from Lai Chu Province and were brought to the hospital after suffering from exhaustion and painful muscles. They could

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - Brazil (02): (RJ)

Wed, 01/10/2018 - 15:04
Hepatitis A -- Brazil
The Vidigal favela, in the south of Rio, is suffering an acute hepatitis A outbreak. A total of 92 cases have been reported, most of them between 20 and 30 years old. It is suspected that the outbreak in the favela is related to water contamination.
Agents of Rio's prefecture are monitoring the water in Vidigal, collecting samples at 8 distribution points in the favela. The samples are being analyzed by the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz) and in Sanitary Surveillance

PRO/AH/EDR> Die-off, flying fox - Australia: (NS) heat susp.

Wed, 01/10/2018 - 13:08
Animal Die-off -- Australia
Western Sydney's sizzling heat claimed the lives of hundreds of young flying foxes during the weekend [6 and 7 Jan 2018]. The final count could run into the thousands.
WIRES (Wildlife Rescue NGO) volunteers worked around the clock to treat as many as possible in the Parramatta Park and Campbelltown bat colonies and keep the remaining bats cool with misting.
The barometer peaked at noon, reaching 43 deg. C (109.4 deg.F) at Parramatta Park. Volunteers from WIRES North West worked alongside

PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis - Chile: (BI): mayonnaise

Tue, 01/09/2018 - 22:42
Salmonella -- Chile
2 large eggs, at room temperature
2 teaspoons fresh squeezed lemon juice (or vinegar)
1 cup of neutral flavored oil (like light olive oil, grapeseed oil, walnut or sweet almond oil)
A pinch of good quality fine grain sea salt
'Tips for Successfully Making Mayo
- Use room temperature eggs. Cold eggs will often result in mayonnaise that does not thicken.
- Always add the lemon juice first. Lemon juice helps breakdown the protein in the egg yolks so they emulsify better.
- Start with a

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (02): Asia (Israel) wild, domestic, spread, control measures

Tue, 01/09/2018 - 22:37
Rabies -- Israel
The Ministry of Agriculture continues its activity to reduce the incidence of rabies. In this framework, the ministry will budget the local authorities in the Valleys region more than NIS 4.5 million [about USD 1.31 million] so that each authority will receive approximately NIS 240 000 [USD 70 000] for 3 months.
The ministry's budget will be used by the authorities to reinforce the professional teams in the area, especially for the hiring of a veterinarian, an inspector, a vehicle for work