ProMED Mail Reports

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The latest alerts on infectious disease around the world
Updated: 9 min 24 sec ago

PRO/AH/EDR> Classical swine fever - Japan (02): (GF) OIE

Mon, 09/10/2018 - 19:02
Classical Swine Fever -- Japan
Information received [and dated] on 9 Sep 2018 from Dr Norio Kumagai, Director, Chief Veterinary Officer, Animal Health Division, Food Safety and Consumer Affairs Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Tokyo, Japan

Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 3 Sep 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 9 Sep 2018
Report date: 9 Sep 2018
Date submitted to OIE: 9 Sep 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of

PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis, st Enteritidis - Australia: (NSW) eggs, alert, recall

Mon, 09/10/2018 - 18:43
Salmonella -- Australia
NSW Food Authority on [Sat 8 Sep 2018], said 23 cases of _Salmonella [enterica_ serotype] Enteritidis had been confirmed in Sydney, leading to egg supplier Eggz on the Run to voluntarily recall some products sold under the Glendenning Farm brand. Consumers are advised not to consume any Glendenning Farm whole shell eggs sold in NSW with best before dates of Sep 8, 10, 15, 17, 22, 24, 29 or Oct 1 [2018]. The products were sold in small independent supermarkets and retailers.
"Either bin or

PRO/EDR> Pneumonia - Italy: (LM) fatal, waterborne, susp., RFI

Mon, 09/10/2018 - 18:16
Pneumonia -- Italy
[Figure shows a map of what appears to be the Lombardy Region of Italy () with 2 pie charts:]
1. In the July [2018] legionellosis outbreak in Bresso: 52 cases, 4 deaths
[Bresso is a city with a population of 26 255 residents (2001) in the Province of Milan in the Italian region of Lombardy, located about 8 km (5 miles) north of Milan; (). ProMED-mail previously reported this outbreak. See Legionellosis - Italy: (LM) fatal - Mod.ML.]
2. In the

PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (34): Africa

Mon, 09/10/2018 - 12:28
Diarrhea -- Zimbabwe
1. Guerrant RL, Carneiro-Filho BA and Dillingham RA. Cholera, diarrhea, and oral rehydration therapy: triumph and indictment. Clin Infect Dis. 2003; 37(3):398-405. doi: 10.1086/376619. .
2. Gregorio GV, Gonzales ML, Dans LF and Martinez EG. Polymer-based oral rehydration solution for treating acute watery diarrhoea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009; (2): CD006519. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD006519.pub2. .
3. Gore SM, Fontaine O and Pierce NF. Impact of rice based oral rehydration solution on

PRO/AH/EDR> Eastern equine encephalitis - Canada (02): (ON)

Sun, 09/09/2018 - 20:58
Eastern Equine Encephalitis -- Canada
The City of Hamilton on Friday [7 Sep 2018] confirmed its 1st case of eastern equine encephalitis (EEE).
A horse has tested positive for the virus, which is typically found in wild birds and transmitted by infected mosquitoes.
Generally, humans do not show symptoms when they are infected, according to public health. Yet in severe cases, EEE can progress to swelling of the brain, seizures, or a coma. Lesser symptoms include the sudden onset of chills, fever and vomiting.
To date, there

PRO/AH/EDR> Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (21): (VA) equine

Sun, 09/09/2018 - 20:53
Eastern Equine Encephalitis -- United States
The Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (VDACS) announced on 27 Aug 2018 that another horse from the Hampton Roads area had contracted eastern equine encephalitis [EEE] via the bite of an infected mosquito and has been euthanized.
The animal, an American Quarter Horse stabled in Chesapeake, is the 2nd to be diagnosed with EEE and the 2nd fatality from the disease in August 2018. Earlier in August 2018, a Quarter Horse mare stabled in the Suffolk area also succumbed to

PRO/AH/EDR> West Nile virus (32): Americas, USA (VA) equine

Sun, 09/09/2018 - 20:33
West Nile Virus -- United States
The Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (VDACS) reported on 15 Aug 2018 that a 9-year-old pony in Fauquire County had tested positive for the West Nile virus. That horse was not vaccinated for West Nile but has recovered.
Signs include a loss of control of bodily movements and partial paralysis in the hind limbs, a dazed appearance, and lack of ability to stand.
West Nile has a 30 percent fatality rate in horses.
Dr. Joe Garvin, head of VDACS' Office of Laboratory

PRO/EDR> Undiagnosed febrile illness - Haiti: Mayaro virus susp. RFI

Sun, 09/09/2018 - 19:23
Undiagnosed -- Haiti
[There has been significant chatter on social media from individuals working in Haiti and their colleagues, friends and family, suggesting there is a "new, as yet undiagnosed outbreak," possibly of a mosquito-borne disease, in the expat and local Haitian communities. Some of the content of this social media chatter is excerpted below [edited for clarity/readability - CopyEd.MSP]. - Mod.MPP]
"...there is some sort of new mosquito-borne virus in Haiti. Do I know for sure that it is a virus

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - Chile: (AN)

Sun, 09/09/2018 - 17:00
Hepatitis A -- Chile
Health authorities in the region of Antofagasta in northern Chile are on alert for an outbreak of hepatitis A that adds 201 cases so far in 2018, 2 more than those recorded throughout 2017, they said today, 5 Sep 2018.
"Unfortunately, we are having about 5 cases every 2 weeks, which means that we are facing an epidemic," Cooperativa Rossana Díaz, ministerial regional Secretary of Health, told Radio. It is a situation "that is controllable with the help of the community," which, in his

PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis - USA (11): (TX) restaurant

Sun, 09/09/2018 - 13:30
Salmonella -- United States
The number of people reporting getting sick at the Wurzbach Road location of Pasha Mediterranean Grill has increased.
The San Antonio Metropolitan Health District released the latest figures Friday afternoon, 7 Sep 2018, showing 255 reports of people getting ill, far more than the initial estimate of 60-plus cases since 5 Sep 2018. 12 people have been hospitalized. Officials said they have laboratory evidence of salmonellosis for 14 of the 255 people. Others are still being tested.

PRO/AH/EDR> Classical swine fever - Japan: (GF) recurrence

Sun, 09/09/2018 - 11:04
Classical Swine Fever -- Japan
Japan's agriculture ministry said on Sunday [9 Sep 2018] it had confirmed the country's 1st outbreak of swine fever in 26 years and suspended exports of pork and wild boar meat.
The fever, a different kind from the African swine fever that has broken out in China, was found in a farm in central Japan's Gifu city, the ministry said.
[Classical] swine fever [CSF] occurs among pigs and wild boar, and is not infectious to humans, the ministry said in a statement.
African swine fever was

PRO/AH/EDR> E. coli EHEC - USA (25): (WA) raw milk

Sun, 09/09/2018 - 10:48
Foodborne Illness -- United States
Health experts are warning people in Washington of the possible dangers of drinking raw milk after 2 people in the state fell ill with _E. coli_.
The Washington State Department of Health reported on Fri 7 Sep 2018 that an Island County child under the age of 5 and a Clallam County person in their 70s became ill with _E. coli_ after drinking Dungeness Valley Creamery raw milk.
Experts caution that raw milk doesn't go through the pasteurization process where harmful germs and bacteria are

PRO/AH/EDR> Monkeypox - UK ex Nigeria

Sat, 09/08/2018 - 23:50
Monkeypox -- United Kingdom
Public Health England (PHE) can confirm an individual has been diagnosed with monkeypox in England. This is the first time this infection has been diagnosed in the United Kingdom (UK).
Monkeypox is a rare viral infection that does not spread easily between people. It is usually a mild self-limiting illness and most people recover within a few weeks. However, severe illness can occur in some individuals.
The infection can be spread when someone is in close contact with an infected person;

PRO/AH/EDR> Varroosis, apis - Swaziland: (SH, LU) OIE

Sat, 09/08/2018 - 21:04
Other Animal Disease -- Swaziland
Information received on [and dated] Wed 5 Sep 2018 from Dr. Roland Xolani Dlamini, director of Veterinary and Livestock Services, Ministry of Agriculture, Mbabane, Swaziland
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 21 Aug 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 4 Sep 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 23 Jul 2011
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: _Varroa destructor_
Nature of

PRO/AH/EDR> MERS-CoV (35): South Korea ex Kuwait

Sat, 09/08/2018 - 18:55
MERS -- South Korea
A South Korean man, 61, was diagnosed with the potentially deadly Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) and is being treated at a hospital in Seoul, the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC) said on Saturday [8 Sep 2018].
The patient returned to Seoul on Friday [7 Sep 2018] after a business trip to Kuwait from [Thu 16 Aug 2018 to Thu 6 Sep 2018], according to the KCDC.
This is the 1st time since July 2015 that an outbreak of MERS has been reported in South

PRO/AH/EDR> West Nile virus (31): Americas (USA)

Sat, 09/08/2018 - 18:12
West Nile Virus -- United States
West Nile virus disease cases* and presumptive viremic blood donors by state: USA, 2018 (as of Tue 4 Sep 2018)
West Nile virus disease cases by state 2018
State / Neuroinvasive* / Non-neuroinvasive** / Total cases / Deaths / Presumptive viremic blood donors***
Alabama / 7 / 6 / 13 / 0 / 2
Arizona / 6 / 0 / 6 / 0 / 0
California / 17 / 13 / 30 / 0 / 13
Colorado / 8 / 8 / 16 / 0 / 1
Connecticut / 5 / 4 / 9 / 0 / 0
Delaware / 1 / 0 / 1 / 0 / 0
District of Columbia / 4 / 4 / 8 / 0 /

PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed deaths, bovine - India (03): (WB) foot & mouth disease susp

Sat, 09/08/2018 - 17:42
Undiagnosed -- India
An outbreak of the highly infectious foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) has killed more than 100 cows across Sabang area in West Bengal's West Midnapore district over the past 7 days, officials said on Friday [7 Sep 2018]. The outbreak has created panic among farmers, and the state animal resource development (ARD) department has sent teams across Sabang to tackle the situation.
District administration officials said they have been informed about deaths of more than 100 cows and calves in the