ProMED Mail Reports

Syndicate content HealthMap Global Disease Alerts
The latest alerts on infectious disease around the world
Updated: 9 min 16 sec ago

PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - Israel (04): (HZ) bovine, wildlife, spread

Tue, 05/15/2018 - 18:32
Foot and Mouth -- Israel
The 4-wheel-drive tour, planned for the Nahal Tavor and Nahal Issachar Nature reserve, has been, unfortunately, cancelled. I incidentally came across a news flash on one of the websites indicating that the said nature reserves have been closed to the public due to an outbreak of foot and mouth disease affecting gazelles.
A quick inquiry revealed that the measure has already been immediately applied and is already in force. We have to change the route, trying to maintain our plans for an

PRO/AH> Malaria - USA (02): ex Costa Rica (PU) comment

Tue, 05/15/2018 - 17:47
Malaria -- United States
Although CDC declared that there is no risk for malaria to American travelers in Costa Rica as of 2014, 6 of 11 cases reported by the latter in 2017 were classified as "autochthonous" [1].
For much of the past 50 years, Costa Rica has reported the lowest rates of malaria in Central America, and rates for the entire region have decreased dramatically since 2000 [2,3]. [I've compared data for these countries

PRO/EDR> Gonococcal disease: UK, Australia, antibiotic resist. ceftriaxone/azithro. ECDC

Tue, 05/15/2018 - 17:46
Gonorrhea -- United Kingdom
"The 1st 3 cases of infection with extensively drug-resistant (XDR) _Neisseria gonorrhoeae_ displaying resistance to ceftriaxone (MIC = 0.5 mg/L) and high-level resistance to azithromycin (MIC over 256 mg/L) at a global level were reported by the United Kingdom (one case) and Australia (2 cases) in February and March 2018, respectively. The case from the UK and one case from Australia were travel-associated, and both acquired gonorrhoea in Southeast Asia. These strains are the 1st global

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - India (07): (KA) bovine

Tue, 05/15/2018 - 17:13
Anthrax -- India
The anthrax scare has come back to Bandipur Tiger Reserve this summer [2018]. At least 10 head of cattle died due to this disease at Shivapura village over the past 2 weeks. This small village in Gundlupet taluk, 8 km [approx. 5 mi] from Melkammanahalli at the entrance to Bandipura Tiger Reserve, has triggered alarm among villagers and wildlife activists as the disease can infect humans as well as mammals.
In 2013, there was panic among forest officers after the death of cattle on the

PRO/AH/EDR> Invasive mosquito - Jamaica

Tue, 05/15/2018 - 17:06
Pests -- Jamaica
Bonizzoni M, Gasperi G, Chen X, James AA. The invasive mosquito species _Aedes albopictus_: current knowledge and future perspectives. Trends Parasitol. 2013; 29(9): 460-8. doi: 10.1016/j.pt.2013.07.003;
- Mod.TY
HealthMap/ProMED-mail map
Jamaica: ]
[See Also:
2017
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Invasive mosquito - USA (15): (CA) http://promedmail.org/post/20171004.5360083
Invasive mosquito - USA (12): (NM) http://promedmail.org/post/20170910.5307587
Invasive mosquito - USA (10): (MI)

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (08): summary, emergency plan, vaccine, roads

Tue, 05/15/2018 - 17:03
Ebola -- DR Congo
[See source URL above to access downloadable PDF report which includes:
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
B. Summary of the current response
Overview of host national society]
"In response to the current outbreak, the Red Cross of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC RC) has already mobilized 36 volunteers. At the headquarters level, a WASH [water, sanitation and hygiene] specialist and a logistician are to be deployed on 12 May [2018] to be part of the joint assessment

PRO/EDR> Diphtheria - Yemen (05): fatal, more cases

Tue, 05/15/2018 - 10:41
Diphtheria -- Yemen
The World Health Organization (WHO) said on [Sat 12 May 2018] that the diphtheria outbreak has killed at least 91 people in war-torn Yemen since late October [2017].
A total of 1725 suspected cases of diphtheria have been recorded in 20 of Yemen's 23 provinces, compared to 1516 suspected diphtheria cases with 84 associated deaths reported on [3 Apr 2018].
Also in the day, a UN-backed national campaign for immunizing children against diphtheria was launched.
In March [2018], the WHO,

PRO/EDR> Acinetobacter - USA: ped, antibiotic resistant, increasing frequency, 1999-2012

Tue, 05/15/2018 - 10:30
Acinetobacter baumannii -- United States
1. Logan LK, Gandra S, Trett A, et al. _Acinetobacter baumannii_ resistance trends in children in the United States, 1999-2012. J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc. 2018 Mar 22. doi: 10.1093/jpids/piy018; ]
--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail from HealthMap Alerts

[The following is the abstract of the journal article referenced in the news report above:
Abstract
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"Background. _Acinetobacter baumannii_ is a common cause of healthcare-associated infections. Carbapenem-resistant (CR) _A.

PRO/EDR> Measles update (31): Asia, Africa, Europe, Americas

Mon, 05/14/2018 - 15:55
Measles -- United States
[4] USA: Louisiana (New Orleans) travel associated
[5] USA: New York, New Jersey, Connecticut: alert
******
[1] Japan (Okinawa)
Date: Sat 12 May 2018
Source: Japan Times [edited]

Okinawa measles outbreak sparks vaccination checks at Japanese hospitals and nurseries - procedure being tightened after 94 more cases logged there on [Thu 11 May 2018].
The government says it plans to ensure staff at hospitals and nursery schools get 2 measles vaccines amid an outbreak of the highly

PRO/EDR> Malaria - USA: ex Costa Rica: (PU)

Mon, 05/14/2018 - 10:57
Malaria -- Costa Rica

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (07): Congo DR, nurse, Uganda susp, WHO, border, vaccine

Sun, 05/13/2018 - 21:55
Ebola -- DR Congo
The 1st death of a new Ebola outbreak has been confirmed in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The World Health Organization said it was preparing for the "worst case scenario."
The Democratic Republic of Congo's Ebola outbreak has killed a nurse, according to the Health Ministry.
The nurse died overnight at a hospital in nearby Ikoko Impenge, where 4 new suspected cases of Ebola have been reported, Health Minister Oly Ilunga said at a news conference. Seven people with a hemorrhagic

PRO/AH/EDR> Glanders, equine - India (03): (MP), control

Sun, 05/13/2018 - 19:04
Glanders -- India
1. Elschner MC, Neubauer H and Sprague LD. The resurrection of glanders in a new epidemiological scenario: a beneficiary of "global change". Curr Clin Microbiol Rep. 2017; 4(1): 54-60. Abstract available at .
2. Van Zandt KE, Greer MT and Gelhaus HC. Glanders: an overview of infection in humans. Orphanet J Rare Dis. 2013; 8: 131. Available at .
A map of Madhya Pradesh State, India: . - Mod.AS]
[See Also:
Glanders, equine - India (02): (GJ)

PRO/AH/EDR> Trypanosomiasis (Chagas disease) - USA: ex El Salvador, central nervous system

Sun, 05/13/2018 - 18:45
Chagas -- United States
A 31-year-old man who had recently received a diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome [AIDS] presented to the emergency department with headache, confusion, and gait instability.
He had immigrated to the United States from El Salvador 6 years earlier. Fever (temperature, 38.9 deg C [102 deg F]) and an ataxic gait were noted on physical examination.
Laboratory test results were notable for a CD4 positive cell count of 60 per cubic

PRO/AH/EDR> Infectious hematopoietic necrosis, trout - Italy: (TT) OIE

Sun, 05/13/2018 - 11:13
Other Animal Disease -- Italy
Information received on [and dated] 11 May 2018 from Dr Silvio Borrello, Chief Veterinary Officer, Food Safety and Collegial Bodies for Health Protection, [Ministry of Health], Department for Veterinary Public Health, Rome, Italy
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 17 Apr 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 8 May 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 15 Oct 2015
Manifestation of disease:

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever - Europe (11): Moldova (GA), domestic, OIE

Sat, 05/12/2018 - 17:38
African Swine Fever -- Moldova
Information received on [and dated] 11 May 2018 from from Dr Vitalie Caraus, Head, Sanitary and Veterinary Surveillance Division, National Food Safety Agency, Ministry of Agriculture, Regional Development and Environment of the Republic of Moldova, Chisinau, Moldova
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 7 May 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 10 May 2018
Reason for notification: First occurrence of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease:

PRO/AH/EDR> Mycoplasma bovis, bovine - New Zealand (08): (CA) ovine

Sat, 05/12/2018 - 16:38
Other Animal Disease -- New Zealand
A sheep and beef farm near Cheviot [Hurunui district] in north Canterbury has been confirmed infected with the cattle disease _Mycoplasma bovis_.
It is the 1st time the disease has been detected in the region, and brings the total number of farms infected throughout the country to 36.
Late last year [2017] the disease was discovered on a lifestyle block in Rangiora, north of Christchurch, but that is considered in Canterbury, whereas the new detection is in a new, separate

PRO/AH/EDR> Leishmaniasis - Nepal: new genotype

Sat, 05/12/2018 - 15:16
Leishmaniasis -- Nepal
Abstract
--------
_Leishmania donovani_ is the responsible agent for visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in the Indian subcontinent (ISC). The disease is lethal without treatment and causes 0.2 to 0.4 million cases each year.
Recently, reports of VL in Nepalese hilly districts have increased as well as VL cases caused by _L. donovani_ from the ISC1 genetic group, a new and emerging genotype.
In this study, we perform for the 1st time an integrated, untargeted genomics and metabolomics approach

PRO/AH/EDR> Equine herpesvirus - North America (19 ): USA (SD, TX, WA) equine

Sat, 05/12/2018 - 13:50
Equine Herpes Virus -- United States
Resources from the USDA [US Department of Agriculture], AAEP [American Association of Equine Practitioners], AVMA [American Veterinary Medical Association], and others may be found online.
ProMED-mail covers equine herpesvirus reports frequently, and I thought it time to provide an in-depth comment as there are may different components of this disease. The majority of this comment has been extracted from the American Association of Equine Practitioners (AAEP) at .
- Mod.TG]
[See

PRO/AH/EDR> Botulism, avian - Australia: (NS)

Sat, 05/12/2018 - 10:07
Botulism -- Australia
Healthy birds, affected birds, and dead birds in various stages of decay are commonly found in the same area. The toxin affects the nervous system by preventing impulse transmission to muscles. Birds are unable to use their wings and legs normally or control the 3rd eyelid, neck muscles, and other muscles. Birds with paralyzed neck muscles cannot hold their heads up and often drown. Death can also result from water deprivation, electrolyte imbalance, respiratory failure, or