ProMED Mail Reports

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The latest alerts on infectious disease around the world
Updated: 10 min 25 sec ago

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Americas (33): Brazil, monkeys

Thu, 07/05/2018 - 21:38
Yellow Fever -- Brazil
Karen Strier knew something was wrong as soon as she entered the patch of Brazil's Atlantic Forest in the southeastern state of Minas Gerais where she has been studying primates for 35 years. Instead of the usual deafening roar of howler monkeys, some of the most common monkeys in the region, there was an "eerie silence, like when something is wrong," says the University of Wisconsin-Madison anthropologist. "It was stunning." The animals had been silenced by the yellow fever virus, which had

PRO/AH/EDR> Newcastle disease - Belgium: (OV) poultry, OIE

Thu, 07/05/2018 - 21:23
Newcastle Disease -- Belgium
Information received on [and dated] Thu 5 Jul 2018 from Dr Jean-François Heymans, Director, Animal Health and Safety of Products of Animal Origin, Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain (FASFC), Brussels, Belgium
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: Thu 28 Jun 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: Wed 4 Jul 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: Mon 9 Aug 2010
Manifestation of disease:

PRO/AH/EDR> Brucellosis - USA (03): (OR) B. abortus vaccine infection, needle stick, 2017

Thu, 07/05/2018 - 19:43
Brucellosis -- United States
Hatcher SM, Shih D, Holderman J, Cossaboom C, Leman R, DeBess E. Notes from the field: Adverse event associated with unintentional exposure to the _Brucella abortus_ RB51 vaccine - Oregon, December 2017. doi:
On 7 Dec 2017, a previously healthy, middle-aged male veterinarian was evaluated at an Oregon emergency department (ED) for cough, malaise, myalgia, fever, and arthralgia of 4 days' duration. The patient reported having sustained a needle stick while administering the _Brucella

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever - Europe (22): Romania (CT) domestic swine, OIE

Thu, 07/05/2018 - 19:36
African Swine Fever -- Romania
Information received on [and dated] Thu 5 Jul 2018 from Dr Geronimo Raducu Branescu, President Secretary of State Chief Veterinary Officer, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: Wed 4 Jul 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: Wed 4 Jul 2018
Reason for notification: 1st occurrence of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease:

PRO/AH/EDR> Nerve agent poisoning - UK (03): (England) Novichok

Thu, 07/05/2018 - 16:24
Poisoning -- United Kingdom
A couple rushed to hospital by paramedics dressed in hazmat suits were poisoned by the same nerve agent used against former Russian spy Sergei Skripal, police confirmed.
Female victim DS, 44, and her partner male victim CR, 45, are fighting for life after they were exposed to the deadly Novichok substance in Amesbury [England] on [Sat 30 Jun 2018].
They were exposed just 300 yards [275 m] from where Mr Skripal and his daughter ate on the day they were poisoned 4 months ago, and it was

PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - China (08): (YN) st O, swine, OIE, RFI

Thu, 07/05/2018 - 15:55
Foot and Mouth -- China
Information received on [and dated] 4 Jul 2018 from Dr Zhang Zhongqui, Director General, China Animal Disease Control Centre, Veterinary Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, China (People's Rep. of)
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 10 Jun 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 27 Jun 2018
Report date: 4 Jul 2018
Date submitted to OIE: 4 Jul 2018
Reason for notification: new strain of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease: clinical

PRO/AH/EDR> Bovine tuberculosis - France: red fox

Thu, 07/05/2018 - 15:38
Bovine TB -- France
Michael Gove's pledge to cull thousands of badgers to end the tuberculosis epidemic in England's cattle faces a scientific challenge, from research showing foxes can also carry the disease.
If confirmed, it could make Gove's cull pointless because it is based on the belief that badgers are the only wild animals to infect cattle.
Last month French government scientists published evidence showing foxes could also carry and transmit bovine TB (bTB). "Infection in wild red foxes was found in

PRO/AH/EDR> Brucellosis - Fiji: (CK,TL) bovine

Thu, 07/05/2018 - 13:35
Brucellosis -- Fiji
Recent tests carried out by the Livestock Department within the Ministry of Agriculture detected brucellosis bacteria in livestock in Savusavu and Taveuni [Cakaudrove province].
The ministry's senior livestock officer Anasa Ralogaivau said brucellosis was a highly contagious zoonosis caused by consumption of unpasteurised milk or undercooked meat from infected animals, or by close contact with their secretions.
Mr Ralogaivau said after the discovery, transportation of cows and cattle out

PRO/AH> Botulism, equine - Canada (02): (NS) hay

Thu, 07/05/2018 - 12:36
Botulism -- Canada
Two zonkeys -- crosses between donkeys and zebras -- and a standardbred gelding have been diagnosed with botulism at Integrity's Haven Equine Rescue Centre Society in Chester, [Nova Scotia].
The centre already lost 2 horses to the deadly disease in June [2018]. A mare named Koko who was diagnosed around the same time is still fighting to survive. According to the centre's owner [AW], the horses became sick after eating contaminated hay.
Botulism is a progressive paralyzing disease which

PRO/AH/EDR> Equine herpesvirus - North America (24): USA (CA) equine

Thu, 07/05/2018 - 12:29
Equine Herpes Virus -- United States
Veterinarians confirmed a 15-year-old pony mare displaying neurologic signs of equine herpesvirus myeloencephalopathy (EHM) on 27 Jun 2018. The mare originated from a San Mateo county facility, and an additional horse originating from the same property -- a 24-year-old Tennessee walking horse mare -- displayed a fever and tested positive for equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1).
Authorities have isolated and placed both mares under quarantine, and enhanced biosecurity is in effect. Exposed horses

PRO/AH/EDR> Strangles, equine - USA (03): (MI)

Thu, 07/05/2018 - 12:10
Strangles -- United States
The Equine Disease Communication Center has confirmed 8 cases of a highly contagious disease in the state, including one in St Clair county [Michigan].
The Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development confirmed the case in an 8-year-old quarter horse mare in St Clair county [Fri 29 Jun 2018]. It also confirmed strangles cases were found in a 10-year-old quarter horse gelding in Clinton county and in a standardbred gelding from Washtenaw county.
"All horses developed nasal

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever - Europe (21): Romania (BR) domestic, OIE

Wed, 07/04/2018 - 21:59
African Swine Fever -- Romania
Information received on [and dated] Tue 3 Jul 2018 from Dr Geronimo Raducu Branescu, President Secretary of State Chief Veterinary Officer, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: Fri 29 Jun 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: Tue 3 Jul 2018
Reason for notification: 1st occurrence of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease:

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever: vaccine efficacy, reduced doses

Wed, 07/04/2018 - 21:49
Yellow Fever -- Angola
Highlights
- Seroconverters to yellow fever (YF) vaccine in reduced doses remained seropositive 8 years later.
- This applies equally well to doses from 27 476 IU down to 31 IU.
- This study supports the minimum dose required by WHO, 1000 IU.
- This information is crucial when use of fractional YF vaccine is considered.
Abstract
In 2009, Bio-Manguinhos conducted a dose-response study with the yellow fever vaccine, administering the vaccine in the usual mean dose of 27 476 IU (full

PRO/EDR> Measles update (40): Middle East, Europe, Americas

Wed, 07/04/2018 - 20:26
Measles -- Israel
The Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH) and Chicago Department of Public Health are conducting an investigation of a Chicago resident who traveled while contagious and may have exposed people in multiple jurisdictions from 24 Jun-2 Jul 2018.
The case traveled from O'Hare International Airport in Chicago, Illinois to LaGuardia Airport in New York City, New York on 27 Jun 2018.
From 27-30 Jun 2018, the case visited multiple restaurants and tourist attractions in New York City.
On

PRO/AH/EDR> Listeriosis - South Africa (14): fatal, ST6

Wed, 07/04/2018 - 20:19
Listeriosis -- South Africa
New information out of South Africa shows that 1053 people have been confirmed with listeria infections in the past 18 months. One in 5 has died in what the World Health Organization has determined to be the largest listeriosis outbreak in recorded history.
Infants in their 1st month of life have been harder hit than any other age group in the outbreak. Of the infants who are 28 days or younger, for whom complete information is available, 91 have died. Overall, at least 212 people have died

PRO/AH/EDR> E. coli EHEC - Ireland (02): increased numbers

Wed, 07/04/2018 - 20:15
E. coli -- Ireland
1. Schmidt H, Geitz C, Tarr PI, et al. Non-O157:H7 pathogenic Shiga-toxin producing _Escherichia coli_: phenotypic and genetic profiling of virulence traits and evidence for clonality. J Infect Dis 1999; 179(1): 115-23; available at:
2. Bettelheim KA. Role of non-O157 VTEC. Symp Ser Soc Appl Microbiol 2000; (29): 38S-50S; abstract available at: . - Mod.LL
HealthMap/ProMED map available at:
Ireland: ]
[See Also:
E. coli EHEC - France (02): O26, unpasteurized cheese, more cases

PRO/EDR> Botulism - Denmark (02): homemade food

Wed, 07/04/2018 - 17:00
Botulism -- Denmark
An outbreak of foodborne botulism in Denmark, with 6 confirmed cases, has been linked to a homemade dish served at a private party in June 2018. Fodevarestyrelsen (Danish Veterinary and Food Administration) said a sample from the homemade dish was positive with botulinum toxin type A. The same type was identified in the patients.
All 6 confirmed infections and one possible case attended a private party in Danish town Sonderborg in June 2018 and were later hospitalized. DVFA said

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (36): Americas (USA) bat, alert

Wed, 07/04/2018 - 16:56
Rabies -- United States
The Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS) is seeing an uptick in bats testing positive for rabies. As of [Thu 28 Jun 2018], the MDHHS Bureau of Laboratories has identified rabies in 22 bats and 2 skunks. Last year [2017] at this time, MDHHS had identified 9 bats with rabies. Michiganders are reminded to adopt practices that protect their families and animals from rabies.
Rabies is a viral disease of mammals that is transmitted through the bite or scratch of an infected

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (49): Congo DR, suspect deaths comment

Wed, 07/04/2018 - 16:50
Ebola, Cholera -- DR Congo
While the source () cited in [the post referenced above] indicates a possible Ebola virus disease outbreak, the following report rather suggests an outbreak of cholera.
Translated from original French text by Radio Okapi published on 2 Jul 2018 (, edited):
"Suspected cases of cholera have been detected in the Lusambo health zone in Sankuru [district, Kasai-Oriental province] for 2 weeks. As of [Sat 30 Jun 2018], 30 cases have been reported, including 7 deaths.
Lusambo Chief Medical

PRO/AH/EDR> Rift Valley fever - Eastern Africa (10): Kenya, WHO, livestock vaccination

Wed, 07/04/2018 - 15:15
Rift Valley Fever -- Kenya
The Rift Valley fever (RVF) outbreak in Kenya continues to evolve. Since our last report on 22 Jun 2018 (Weekly Bulletin 25; ), an additional 36 RVF cases (with no new deaths) have been reported. A retrospective epidemiologic investigation has established that the date of onset of illness in the index case was 11 May 2018, marking the beginning of the outbreak. Since then, a cumulative total of 90 cases and 10 deaths (case fatality rate 11 percent) have been reported as of 27 Jun 2018. Of the