ProMED Mail Reports

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The latest alerts on infectious disease around the world
Updated: 15 min 41 sec ago

PRO/EDR> Hand, foot & mouth disease update (11): China (Hong Kong), Chile (LG)

Fri, 11/10/2017 - 19:32
Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease -- China
The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health is today [Mon 6 Nov 2017] investigating an outbreak of hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) in a primary school in Sheung Shui, and again urged the public, schools and institutions to maintain strict hand, personal and environmental hygiene.
The 19 affected pupils, 11 boys and 8 girls aged 7 -- 11, and one staff member have developed fever, rashes over hands and feet, and oral ulcers from [Wed 4 Oct - Fri 3 Nov 2017]. Among them,

PRO/AH/EDR> Food poisoning, undiagnosed fatalities - India: (MH) susp. pesticide, RFI

Fri, 11/10/2017 - 18:55
Undiagnosed -- India
A day after a farmer died due to suspected food poisoning and nearly 69 others fell ill, the police here [in Nashik, Maharashtra State] have registered offences against 2 caterers and an official of a pesticide producing company where the victims had a meal, an official said today [Thu 9 Nov 2017].
After eating the food served yesterday [Wed 9 Nov 2017] at Umarale village in Nashik district, where the private company had organised a seminar on tomato crops, at least 70 farmers had

PRO/AH/EDR> Tuberculosis, elephant - USA (02): (MO)

Fri, 11/10/2017 - 16:49
Tuberculosis -- United States
A 46-year-old Asian elephant at the Saint Louis Zoo, has tested positive for tuberculosis, according to Zoo officials.
Veterinarians and the elephant care team at the Zoo are preparing to start the elephant on an appropriate treatment regimen, they said.
The Saint Louis Zoo said it has informed the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the Missouri Department of Agriculture and other local agencies about the elephant's test results. Zoo officials said that she does not pose an exposure risk to

PRO/AH/EDR> Bluetongue - Europe (07): UK ex France, bovine, st 8, assessment

Fri, 11/10/2017 - 16:38
Bluetongue -- United Kingdom

Vets have been urged to be extra vigilant following the detection of bluetongue virus in cattle imported to the UK from France.
Post-import tests picked up the BTV-8 strain in cattle brought in from an assembly centre in an area of France, where multiple cases have been confirmed since September this year.
A total of 32 animals entered the country on [Tue 10 Oct 2017] destined for 2 farms in England (Preston and Kendal) and 2 in Scotland (Dumfries and

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - Namibia (13): (Bwabwata Natl Park) hippopotamus, buffalo, OIE

Fri, 11/10/2017 - 16:34
Anthrax -- Namibia
Information received on [and dated] 8 Nov 2017 from Dr Adrianatus Florentius Maseke, Chief Veterinary Officer, Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Forestry, Windhoek, Namibia
Report type: follow-up report No.1, 8 Nov 2017
Date of start of the event: 1 Oct 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 11 Oct 2017
Report date: 13 Oct 2017
Date submitted to OIE: 13 Oct 2017
Date of previous occurrence: Apr 2017
Reason for notification: re-occurrence of a listed

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - Georgia (02): (SZ)

Fri, 11/10/2017 - 14:57
Anthrax -- United States
Georgia's 2nd anthrax fatality this year [2017] has been confirmed. A Poti [Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti region] resident, aged 28, died from exposure to anthrax, Maka Gabunia, an epidemiologist of the Georgian Healthcare Ministry's Poti regional laboratory, told reporters on [8 Nov 2017].
The tentative cause of death is that the woman sought medical aid too late, Gabunia said. The patient was showing symptoms of the disease when she was admitted to a hospital, she said. "The appropriate medical

PRO/EDR> Measles update (53): Africa, Asia, Southeast Asia, Eastern Europe

Fri, 11/10/2017 - 13:47
Measles -- Nigeria
[5] Viet Nam (Hanoi)
Eastern Europe
[6] Serbia
[1] Nigeria (Yobe)
Date: Fri 3 Nov 2017
Source: The Eagle Online [edited]

UNICEF says 23 893 cases of measles have been recorded in Yobe between January and June, this year [2017]. Samuel Sesay, the UNICEF Consultant in the state, made this known on [Fri 3 Nov 2017] at a workshop for Measles Vaccination Campaign in Damaturu [local government area, LGA, Yobe].
He attributed the high figure

PRO/EDR> Chikungunya (45): Italy, France

Fri, 11/10/2017 - 12:45
Chikungunya -- Italy
Since August 2017, both France and Italy have reported autochthonous transmission of chikungunya virus. In France, the Var department [Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur region] is affected while in Italy, the Lazio and Calabria regions reported autochthonous transmission. The 2 events involve strains of different origin and are therefore not related.
Update of the week
As of 27 Oct 2017, the Ministry of Health in Italy reports 331 cases in Lazio region, 176 of which are confirmed. Guardavalle

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Americas (63): Brazil (SP) susp, RFI

Fri, 11/10/2017 - 12:30
Yellow Fever -- Brazil
The Sao Paulo Municipal Health Secretary is investigating 10 cases suspected of having contracted yellow fever in the city. According to officials, 4 cases were discarded after initial tests. Initially. the Secretariat had said that 14 were under investigations and later stated that 10 continue under investigation.
Of the suspected cases, 2/3 are people who live in the north zone of Sao Paulo, Tremembe region, where the Horto Florestal [Sao Paulo Forest Gardens] and Cantareira State Park,

PRO/EDR> Mumps update (32): South America, USA, New Zealand

Fri, 11/10/2017 - 11:18
Mumps -- Bolivia
This year [2017] Bolivia is experiencing an unusual outbreak of mumps. According to data from the Ministry of Health, the number of reported cases until now is 3 times higher compared to figures recorded 5 years ago.
"We've had an important outbreak of mumps this year [2017]," pointed out Adolfo Zarate, Head of the Epidemiology area of the Ministry of Health, who also mentioned that during this year 2044 cases of mumps have been reported. This is 3 times the figure for 2013, when a similar

PRO/EDR> Gonococcal dis., chlamydia, syphilis, HIV, Hep C - Australia (02): background

Thu, 11/09/2017 - 12:27
Hepatitis C, Gonorrhea, Chlamydia -- Australia
Rates of gonorrhea and genital chlamydia infection in Australia have been increasing for several years (1,2). The following charts were generated by a tool in GIDEON, which converts yearly incidence data into rates per 100 000, and combines graphs selected by the user (3). Note that trends in the United States parallel those of Australia, with lower rates for individual diseases reported in the latter. Rates (per 100 000) of granuloma inguinale in Australia bear a striking resemblance to those

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Americas (62): Brazil (SP)

Thu, 11/09/2017 - 09:55
Yellow Fever -- Brazil
The state Secretary of Health confirmed this [Tue 7 Nov 2017], the 2nd case of yellow fever in humans in Itatiba [Sao Paulo, SP].
The patient, 68 years old, remained hospitalized in the Unicamp hospital in Campinas, without forecasted release. On [17 Oct 2017], the municipal government said that a 76-year-old died of yellow fever in the city.
According to a note issued by the Itatiba municipal government at the time, the individual lived on the border with Jundiai (SP), a municipality

PRO/PL> Panama disease TR4, banana - Laos, Viet Nam: 1st reps

Wed, 11/08/2017 - 18:43
Other Plant Disease -- Laos
Tropical Race 4 of Panama disease (TR4 of Fusarium wilt) is spreading to new localities in Asia and the Middle East, [due to] expansion of Cavendish banana production. The 1st incidences in Laos and Viet Nam have just been reported [see links below].
The 1st global campaign to address the disease has just been launched by the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and partners [see link below]. Currently, the only [control] option are Cavendish variants bred in Taiwan,

PRO/AH/EDR> Bluetongue - Europe (06): UK (England) ex France, bovine, RFI

Wed, 11/08/2017 - 18:27
Bluetongue -- United Kingdom
Farmers have been urged to up their vigilance after the bluetongue virus was detected at a farm in Kendal.
Movement restrictions are in place at the unidentified premises while the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) rules out spreading by local midges.
The disease was found in 32 cattle imported from an area in France where the disease is prevalent.
Two of the animals were found in Kendal, and experts are stressing the need for farmers in South Lakeland to vaccinate their stock

PRO/EDR> Poliomyelitis update (35): Syria (DY)

Wed, 11/08/2017 - 18:19
Polio -- Syria
Key highlights
- Ten (10) new cases of cVDPV2 were reported this week from Mayadeen and Boukamal districts, Deir Ez-Zor governorate. Isolates from some cases had been laboratory pending for some time. The most recent case (by date of onset) remains [25 Aug 2017]
- The total number of cVDPV2 cases is 63
- IPV will be offered to children 2-23 moths in areas of Damascus and Rural Damascus with large IDP populations in the upcoming Sub-National Immunization Days (SNIDs) targeting children

PRO/EDR> Malaria - India (02): (DL)

Wed, 11/08/2017 - 13:33
Malaria -- India
Malaria has broken again the record of last 4 years. According to latest reports released by the anti-malaria headquarters of the South Delhi municipal corporation till [Sat 4 Nov 2017] altogether 552 cases of malaria have been reported while 423 cases were reported for the same period in 2016, 305 cases in 2015, 193 cases in 2014 and 456 cases in 2013.
Altogether 82 cases of malaria have been reported from each of North and South Corporations while East Delhi has reported 50 cases of

PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (129): Asia (Yemen)

Wed, 11/08/2017 - 13:28
Cholera -- Yemen
Suspected cases = 910 996
Associated deaths = 2195
Case fatality rate = 0.24 percent
Governorates affected = 96 percent (22 of 23)
Districts affected = 92 percent (305 of 333)
Key cholera indices per governorate
Governorate / Cases / Deaths / CFR / Population / Attack rate per 100 000
Amran / 89 411 / 170 / 0.19 percent / 1 160 559 / 770.41
Al Mahwit / 52 777 / 145 / 0.27 percent / 730 209 / 722.77
Al Dhale'e / 46 721 / 81 / 0.17 percent / 731 496

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza, human (77): China, H7N9, WHO

Wed, 11/08/2017 - 13:25
Avian Influenza H7N9 -- China
On 8 and 15 Sep 2017, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China (NHFPC) notified WHO of 2 additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China.
Details of the case-patients
On 8 Sep 2017, the NHFPC reported one laboratory-confirmed human case of infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China. The case-patient is a 67-year-old male from Hunan province who developed symptoms on 27 Aug 2017,

PRO/AH/EDR> Marburg virus disease - Uganda (QW,QP), Kenya (TN) WHO

Wed, 11/08/2017 - 09:50
Marburg Fever -- Uganda
On 17 Oct 2017, the Ugandan Ministry of Health (MoH) notified WHO of a confirmed outbreak of Marburg virus disease in Kween district, Eastern Uganda. The Ministry for Health officially declared the outbreak on 19 Oct 2017.
As of [3 Nov 2017], the 3 cases that have been previously reported (2 confirmed and one probable case, the latter being the index case) have died, thus, resulting in an overall case-fatality rate of 100 percent. The cases were epidemiologically linked and come from one