ProMED Mail Reports

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The latest alerts on infectious disease around the world
Updated: 15 min 26 sec ago

PRO/EDR> Legionellosis - Portugal (02): (LI) fatal, nosocomial, RFI

Wed, 11/08/2017 - 09:32
Legionnaires' -- Portugal
The Health Directorate General (DGS) of Portugal announced on [Mon 6 Nov 2017], the deaths of 2 people following a [legionellosis] outbreak in Lisbon.
The outbreak occurred at Sao Francisco Xavier Hospital, and caused the death of a 77-year-old man and a 70-year-old woman. 26 other people were diagnosed with the same infection.
The outbreak that broke out at Sao Francisco Xavier Hospital was detected on [31 Oct 2017]. It was determined to have originated in the facility's water

PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed die-off, marine wildlife - Russia: (Black Sea) corr, Lake Baikal

Wed, 11/08/2017 - 09:26
Animal Die-off -- Russia
The subject line of post above incorrectly stated the Black Sea as the location of the incident. The seals died in Lake Baikal, near the Mongolian border, as noted in the story. Our apologies for the error. - Mod.JH
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Undiagnosed die-off, marine wildlife - Russia: (Black Sea)

PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed die-off, turtle - El Salvador: toxic algae susp.

Tue, 11/07/2017 - 19:50
Algae -- El Salvador
Hundreds of dead sea turtles have been found floating off El Salvador's Pacific coast, leaving officials scratching their heads as to what caused the massacre. Between 300 and 400 dead sea turtles were found floating around 7 nautical miles [8 mi] offshore from Jiquilisco Bay.
Most of the animals were decomposing when they were found, the ministry said, without giving their species. "We don't know what caused the sea turtles' death," the ministry said, adding that laboratory tests would be

PRO/AH/EDR> Bluetongue - Europe (05): France (AR) bovine, st. 4, OIE

Tue, 11/07/2017 - 19:35
Bluetongue -- France
Information received [and dated] on 7 Nov 2017 from Dr Loic Evain, Directeur General adjoint, CVO, Direction generale de l'alimentation, Ministere de l'Agriculture, de l'Agroalimentaire et de la Foret, Paris, France
Report type: Follow-up report No. 11
Date of start of the event: 29 Oct 2016
Date of confirmation of the event: 1 Dec 2016
Report date: 6 Nov 2017
Date submitted to OIE: 7 Nov 2017
Reason for notification: Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous

PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed deaths, poultry - India: (MN) RFI

Tue, 11/07/2017 - 19:10
Undiagnosed -- India
Following the outbreak of a mysterious disease at Shakok village at Phungyar block, hundreds of fowl have perished.
In a telephone conversation, one of the villagers said that hundreds of village chickens have died, adding that the disease seems to attack fully grown chickens.
During the day, the chickens look healthy with no symptoms of any illness, but the next morning, they are found dead beneath the shed, which is usually built atop trees in the courtyard.
The chickens started

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - USA (53): (CA) fatal

Tue, 11/07/2017 - 18:50
Hepatitis A -- United States
On [1 Sept 2017], the San Diego County public health officer declared a local public health emergency due to the ongoing hepatitis A outbreak in the county. The outbreak is being spread person-to-person and through contact with fecally contaminated environments. The majority of people who have contracted hepatitis A during this outbreak have been homeless and/or illicit drug users. Efforts of the County and its community partners to halt the hepatitis A outbreak focus on three key areas:

PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (128): Africa, Asia, Americas

Tue, 11/07/2017 - 18:44
Cholera -- DR Congo
The efforts of humanitarian partners to achieve the objective of zero cases of cholera continue with encouraging results. Thus, between January and September 2017, the country recorded a total of 10 814 suspected cases of cholera and 107 deaths against 30 211 cases and 289 deaths for the same period of 2016, a decrease of 64.2 percent.
The highest peak in the number of cholera cases occurred in the department of Artibonite with 64.9 percent of the suspected cases in the month of September

PRO/EDR> Gonococcal dis. chlamydia, syphilis, HIV, Hep C - Australia: annual report 2016

Tue, 11/07/2017 - 16:00
Hepatitis C, Gonorrhea, Chlamydia, Syphilis, HIV/AIDS -- Australia
Rates of new gonorrhea diagnoses among Australians rose 63 percent in just 5 years, reveals a new report on the nation's sexual health. Australian health experts highlighted the alarming rise -- from 62 to 101 infections per 100 000 people -- and the need for people to be more aware of the infection as the reasons behind the trend are not yet fully understood. There were more than 23 800 new cases of gonorrhea diagnosed in 2016, and about 75 percent of them were among men, according to the

PRO/AH/EDR> Influenza (31): USA (NE), swine origin, H3N2v

Tue, 11/07/2017 - 15:55
Influenza H3N2 -- United States
Officials with the Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) say surveillance systems picked up one case of a variant flu virus (H3N2v). When a flu virus that normally circulates in swine is identified in people, it's called a variant virus.
The patient reported no contact with swine during the week preceding illness onset, however a member of same household did report exposure to swine. The person was hospitalized and released. This is Nebraska's 1st case of H3N2v. According

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (156): Bulgaria, poultry, HPAI H5N8, spread

Tue, 11/07/2017 - 13:04
Avian Influenza H5N8 -- Bulgaria
A total of 4 bird flu outbreaks have been registered so far across Bulgaria. They are in the northeastern region of Dobrich and the southeastern regions of Haskovo, Sliven and Yambol, the Bulgarian Food Safety Agency said in a press release [Sun 5 Nov 2017].
A total of 2 sources of bird flu have been registered in 2 villages in Straldzha Municipality, Yambol Region, Regional Governor Dimiter Ivanov said [Fri 3 Nov 2017]. Birds tested positive for bird flu at a poultry farm in Zimnitsa,

PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed die-off, marine wildlife - Russia: (Black Sea)

Tue, 11/07/2017 - 12:23
Animal Die-off -- Russia
Researchers are now adding the death of more than a hundred seals in Russia to their growing list of animal mass mortality events around the world. Russian officials are investigating the deaths of 141 Baikal earless seals after experts say they starved to death.
AK, an attorney, told the Interfax news agency that the seals' growing population could have attributed to their starvation. "The dead animals were all hungry," she said. "There was no food in their stomachs."
The seals who

PRO/EDR> Legionellosis - Portugal: (LI) nosocomial, RFI

Tue, 11/07/2017 - 10:14
Hospital-Related Infection, Legionnaires' -- Portugal
A Legionella outbreak at Lisbon's Sao Francisco Xavier [Hospital] has so far infected a total of 26 patients.
The Health Minister admitted last night [Sun 5 Nov 2017] that "something had gone wrong", but told reporters that he was confident the hospital had been following the best practices.
The disease is believed to have spread through the hospital's water system, with officials ordering a full commission of inquiry into the reasons for the outbreak of Legionnaire's

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Africa (13): Nigeria

Tue, 11/07/2017 - 10:04
Yellow Fever -- Nigeria
The outbreak of yellow fever in Nigeria, initially notified to WHO on [Fri 15 Sep 2017] by the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), has evolved. The index case was a 7-year-old girl from Oro-Ago community in Ifelodun Local Government Area (LGA), Kwara State who developed acute jaundice syndrome on [Wed 16 Aug 2017]. On [Tue 29 Aug 2017], specimens from the case-patient tested positive for yellow fever virus at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH) laboratory by polymerase chain

PRO/AH/EDR> MERS-CoV (70): Oman (SN), Saudi Arabia (RI)

Mon, 11/06/2017 - 23:47
MERS -- Oman
In response to an RFI sent through the EpiCore Surveillance Project requesting more information on the reported case of MERS-CoV infection in Oman, we received the following information from an EpiCore member.
The patient is a 27 yr old male from the North Sharqiyah governorate who sought medical help on [22 Oct 2017] at a health center and again on [24 Oct 2017] at a private clinic before finally being admitted to a hospital on [28 Oct 2017]. His presenting symptoms include fever, cough