ProMED Mail Reports

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The latest alerts on infectious disease around the world
Updated: 10 min 15 sec ago

PRO/EDR> Poliomyelitis update (26): Papua New Guinea, WHO, Congo DR, cVDPVs

Wed, 07/04/2018 - 14:57
Polio -- Papua New Guinea
On 21 May 2018, the regional polio reference laboratory reported to WHO the isolation of vaccine derived poliovirus type 1 (VDPV1) from a child with acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) in Lae, Morobe province, Papua New Guinea. The onset of the child's paralysis occurred on [24 Apr 2018].
In response to this single case of VDPV1, enhanced surveillance and active case finding were implemented, including the collection of stool samples from household and community contacts of the index case.

PRO/EDR> Cyclosporiasis - USA (05): (TX)

Wed, 07/04/2018 - 14:09
Other Human Disease -- United States
Texas health officials say they are investigating 56 cases of illness due to the _Cyclospora_ parasite since the beginning of May [2018].
Sixteen of the cases are from Travis County, more than any other county in the state.
The Department of State Health Services says it is working with local health departments around the state and country after seeing an outbreak of Cyclosporiasis, which is an intestinal illness caused by consuming food or water contaminated with the microscopic

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever - Europe (20): Romania (TL) domestic swine, spread

Wed, 07/04/2018 - 13:53
African Swine Fever -- Romania
Romania has reported an outbreak of African swine fever [ASF] at a breeding farm for pigs in the southern county of Tulcea, the national food safety authority ANSVSA said on [Mon 2 Jul 2018].
It said all pigs on the holding, or 44 580, would be culled. "Carcasses of pigs are being destroyed under official supervision, with support from the defense ministry which brought 4 mobile incinerators."
In June [2018], Romania reported an outbreak of ASF among backyard pigs in the same

PRO/EDR> Influenza (21): Brazil, viral stability

Wed, 07/04/2018 - 12:33
Influenza -- Brazil
Kormuth KA, Lin K, Prussin AJ II, et al. Influenza virus infectivity is retained in aerosols and droplets independent of relative humidity. J Infect Dis. 2018 Jun 7. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiy221. [Epub ahead of print]
Pandemic and seasonal influenza viruses can be transmitted through aerosols and droplets, in which viruses must remain stable and infectious across a wide range of environmental conditions. Using humidity-controlled chambers, we studied the impact of relative

PRO/AH/EDR> Nipah virus - India (14): (KL)

Wed, 07/04/2018 - 11:57
Nipah/Hendra Virus -- India
Putting to rest suspense about the source of the Nipah virus infections in Kerala, scientists from the Indian Council of Medical Research have now found the virus in bats that were caught from the affected areas. At least 17 people died of Nipah infection in Mallapuram and Kozhikode districts of Kerala over April and May [2018].
While the 1st batch of bats caught from the well in Kozhikode in the house from where the 1st case was reported, had tested negative; of the 2nd batch of 52 fruit

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (48): Congo DR, MSF, susp. deaths, RFI

Tue, 07/03/2018 - 20:47
Ebola -- DR Congo
After a 2-month emergency intervention in Equateur Province, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Doctors Without Borders/Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) teams have begun handing over Ebola response activities to the Congolese Ministry of Health (MoH) and other nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in Mbandaka, Bikoro, Itipo, and Iboko.
"This Ebola outbreak is not yet officially over, but we are very pleased with the progress that has been made," said Henry Gray, MSF emergency coordinator in

PRO/AH/EDR> Botulism, bovine - Ireland: (MH, KE)

Tue, 07/03/2018 - 19:53
Botulism -- Ireland
Three cases of suspected botulism have been reported in Meath and Kildare. On one farm, 20 beef animals, worth close to EU 30 000 [USD 35 000], died within a period of hours. It is understood that up to 10 animals died in the other suspected cases.
Speaking in the Dail last week, Agriculture Minister Michael Creed said poultry litter containing "residual poultry carcasses" must be disposed of in an incineration plant approved by the Department of Agriculture or the EPA, or in an approved

PRO/EDR> Undiagnosed illness, fatal - Zimbabwe: (MN) methanol susp.

Tue, 07/03/2018 - 19:38
Undiagnosed -- Zimbabwe
One man has died, and up to 70 others have fallen ill in Victoria Falls after consuming what they thought was red wine left over by tourists. It is believed that the tainted drink was found at a local dumpsite in the resort town.
The state-run Chronicle says the victim died 2 days after consuming the liquid. He is reported to have shared what he believed to be red wine with his brother and other curio sellers at Victoria Fall's Thokozani Craft Market last week.
Local reports say up to 70

PRO/AH/EDR> Hantavirus - Americas (44): Panama (LS)

Tue, 07/03/2018 - 19:20
Hantavirus -- Panama
A 9-year-old child, resident of Cambutal de Tonosi, a victim of hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome, was moved early this morning, 2 Jul 2018, to the Children's Hospital in the capital city.
The Los Santos regional epidemiology coordinator, Carlos Munoz, stated that as of this Monday morning [2 Jul 2018], the number of cases of hantavirus [infection] is 40.
Munoz indicated that the child was moved because in the area there is no intensive care unit that attends children. He stated that